Sec. 514.4  Categories of participant eligibility.
Sponsors may select foreign nationals to participate in their
exchange visitor programs. Participation by foreign nationals in
an exchange visitor program is limited to individuals who shall
be engaged in the following activities in the United States:
(a) Student. An individual who is:
(1) Studying in the United States:
(i) Pursuing a full course of study at a secondary accredited
educational institution;
(ii) Pursuing a full course of study leading to or culminating in
the award of a U.S. degree from a post-secondary accredited
educational institution; or
(iii) Engaged full-time in a prescribed course of study of up to
24 months duration conducted by:
(A) A post-secondary accredited educational institution; or
(B) An institute approved by or acceptable to the post-secondary
accredited educational institution where the student is to be
enrolled upon completion of the non-degree program;
(2) Engaged in academic training as permitted in Sec. 514.23(f);
or 
(3) Engaged in English language training at:
(i) A post-secondary accredited educational institution, or
(ii) An institute approved by or acceptable to the post-secondary
accredited educational institution where the college or
university student is to be enrolled upon completion of the
language training.
(b) Short-term scholar. A professor, research scholar, or person
with similar education or accomplishments coming to the United
States on a short-term visit for the purpose of lecturing,
observing, consulting, training, or demonstrating special skills
at research institutions, museums, libraries, post-secondary
accredited educational institutions, or similar type of
institutions.
(c) Trainee. An individual participating in a structured training
program conducted by the selecting sponsor.
(d) Teacher. An individual teaching full-time in a primary or
secondary accredited educational institution.
(e) Professor. An individual primarily teaching, lecturing,
observing, or consulting a post-secondary accredited educational
institutions, museums, libraries, or similar types of
institutions. A professor may also conduct research, unless
disallowed by the sponsor.
(f) Research scholar. An individual primarily conducting
research, observing, or consulting in connection with a research
project at research institutions, corporate research facilities,
museums, libraries, post- secondary accredited educational
institutions, or similar types of institutions. The research
scholar may also teach or lecture, unless disallowed by the
sponsor. 
(g) Specialist. An individual who is an expert in a field of
specialized knowledge or skill coming to the United States for
observing, consulting, or demonstrating special skills.
(h) Other person of similar description. An individual of
description similar to those set forth in paragraphs (a) through
(g) coming to the United States, in a program designated by the
Agency under this category, for the purpose of teaching,
instructing or lecturing, study, observing,
conducting research, consulting, demonstrating special skills, or
receiving training.  The programs designated by the Agency in
this category consist of:
(1) International visitor. An individual who is a recognized or
potential leader, selected by the Agency for consultation,
observation, research, training, or demonstration of special
skills in the United States.
(2) Government visitor. An individual who is an influential or
distinguished person, selected by a U.S. federal, state, or local
government agency for consultation, observation, training, or
demonstration of special skills in the United States.
(3) Camp counselor. An individual selected to be a counselor in a
summer camp in the United States who imparts skills to American
campers and information about his or her country or culture.