Sec. 514.1  Purpose.
(a) The regulations set forth in this part implement the Mutual
Educational and Cultural Exchange Act of 1961 (the "Act"), as
amended, Public Law 87-256, 22 U.S.C. 2451, et seq. (1988). The
purpose of the Act is to increase mutual understanding between
the people of the United States and the people of other
countries by means of educational and cultural exchanges. 
Educational and cultural exchanges assist the Agency in
furthering the foreign policy objectives of the United States.
These exchanges are defined by section 102 of the Act, 22 U.S.C.
2452, and section 101(a)(15)(J) of the Immigration and
Nationality Act, as amended, 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(J).
(b) The Director of the United States Information Agency
facilitates activities specified in the Act, in part, by
designating public and private entities to act as sponsors of the
Exchange Visitor Program.  Sponsors may act independently or with
the assistance of third parties. The purpose of the Program is to
provide foreign nationals with opportunities to participate in
educational and cultural programs in the United States and return
home to share their experiences, and to encourage Americans to
participate in educational and cultural programs in other
countries. Exchange visitors enter the United States on a J visa.
The regulations set forth in this subpart are applicable to all