Glossary and Definitions
GlossaryAgreement. "In law, a concord of understanding and intention between two or more parties with respect to the effect upon their relative rights and duties, of certain past or future facts or performances." (Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed., p. 67)
State Party. A nation ratifying
the 1970 UNESCO Convention.
DefinitionsThe source of the following definitions is the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act.
Cultural property. (1) Object of archaeological interest; (2) Object of ethnological interest; or (3) Fragment or part of any object referred to in (1) or (2) which was first discovered within, and is subject to export control by, the State Party [nation signing the 1970 UNESCO Convention]. -syns. artifacts, antiquities, art
Archaeological object. Culturally significant material object, at least 250 years old, which is normally discovered as a result of scientific excavation, clandestine or accidental digging, or exploration on land or under water.
Ethnological object. Product of a tribal or nonindustrial society that is important to the cultural heritage of a people because of its distinctive characteristics, comparative rarity, or its contribution to the knowledge of the origins, development, or history of that people.
Such action can be taken when sites
are in jeopardy from pillage, dismantling, dispersal, or fragmentation
which is, or threatens to be, of crisis proportions.
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Revised: November 10, 1998