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Background: An Introduction to International Cultural Property Protection in the U.S.

I. Introduction  
IIA. The Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act
IIB. Provisions of the Cultural Property Implementation Act  
III. Role of the United States Information Agency (USIA) 
IV. Role of Other U.S. Government Agencies 

IV. Role of Other U.S. Government Agencies 

A. The Department of the Treasury (U.S. Customs Service) 
The enforcement authority of the Cultural Property Implementation Act (hereinafter, the "Act") rests with the U.S. Customs Service which must implement the import restrictions that are authorized by Section 307 of the Act. The U.S. Customs Service gives public notice in the Federal Register of the designated list of restricted objects. 
B. The Department of State
The Department of State has been delegated the president's function to negotiate a bilateral or multilateral agreement under Section 303 of the Act. The Department must consult with USIA and the Department of the Treasury (U.S. Customs Service) in such negotiations. The decisions of USIA with respect to agreement authority, emergency action, and extensions of import restrictions, are made in consultation with the Department of State. 
C. The Department of the Interior
In U.S. territories or areas outside the jurisdiction of the U.S. Customs Service, import restrictions under the Act are enforced by the Department of the Interior. 

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Revised: November 10, 1998
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