and Local Government Training
The Bosnia Business
and Local Government Governance Training Program offers home stay-based,
two- to five-week practical training opportunities in the United States
for business leaders, business academics and local government officials
from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Funded by the Support for Eastern
European Democracy Act (SEED), the program is based on the successful
Community Connections Program, also administered by the Office of Citizen
Exchanges. This program
- provides professional
training and exposure to day-to-day functioning of a free market system;
- introduces Bosnian
participants to local governance and culture through meetings and
practical training with their US counterparts;
- creates direct
linkages between communities in the US and communities in BiH that
will continue beyond the Bureau-sponsored initiative; and
- encourages the
fostering of a transparent, mutually beneficial relationship between
BiH government and business leaders in order to promote a democratic,
free-market economy throughout the country.
in Business Management
The Bureau is currently
funding programs that establish and expand distance learning programs
in business and management at Russian universities and institutes outside
Moscow. The beneficiaries of these projects are both students and business
people already working for Russian enterprises. These programs include
- delivery of management
and business content through low-end technology such as the Internet,
e-mail, CD-ROMs, and video;
- replication of
successful local projects throughout Russia;
- travel to the
US by Russian service providers and travel to Russia by American course
- modest purchases
of information technology hardware to facilitate these programs.
participating in these programs consult closely with the Bureau and
USIS posts in Russia to select eligible partner institutions in Russia.
Ethics in the
Education is needed
for both the public and civil servants in Russia and Ukraine on what
each can expect of the other in terms of ethics and government responsiveness.
Training of government workers includes
- training in public
- discussion of
ethical standards; and
- strategies for
improving government procedures.
will be for public sector employees as well as concerned citizens. Citizen
action can be encouraged in:
- monitoring government
- working through
channels rather than offering bribes; and
- lobbying elected
leaders to create responsive, honest, and open structures.
organizations in Central and Eastern Europe have lessened their dependency
on foreign donors and are beginning to raise money from in-country sources.
The Bureau has funded projects that encourage local businesses to support
community development and demonstrate the benefits of corporate philanthropy
not only to worthy causes but to the businesses themselves. Fundraising
training includes workshops in grant-writing.
Although some Central
and Eastern European countries have made strides in upholding intellectual
property rights, there remain significant problems regarding software
piracy, illegal cable retransmission of satellite broadcasts, illegal
photocopying of protected works, illegal reproduction of protected works
for direct commercial gain, and the Internet.
These programs focus
on intellectual property rights with a special concentration on copyright
protection for films, videos, music recordings, computer software, and
similar products subject to piracy. The Bureau intends to help local
organizations develop advocacy skills for intellectual property rights
issues through training and consultations by American experts. Participants
- government officials
responsible both for drafting and enforcing laws and regulations;
- lawyers, judges
and distributors of licensing organizations involved in presenting
and deciding infringement cases; and
- press and media,
to engage them in raising public consciousness about intellectual
property rights protection.
The goal of these
projects is to create Internet access in newsrooms of major media outlets
(both print and broadcast) and to provide training from US experts on
how to include Internet-based information in local reporting. This includes
- training on how
to set up websites for newspapers and broadcast outlets;
- working with
interested broadcasters to develop public-service programs on the
- modest purchases
of information technology hardware, if necessary.
This program was
initially designed for implementation in Bosnia & Herzegovina and Serbia,
but as a result of recent events in the region its scope is currently
limited to Bosnia.
of a free and open media has been described as fundamental in the development
of democratic societies in Central and Eastern Europe. The Bureau funds
projects that provide media training for journalists and media managers.
This program includes
- a week-long orientation;
- an internship
program of approximately six weeks in small to medium-sized media
- a three-day debriefing.
from print, radio, and television in Bosnia, Bulgaria, Macedonia and
Training Program for Duma Staffers
With Duma national
elections scheduled for December 19, 1999, the Bureau is interested
in programs that will enhance Duma staffers' management skills. Applicants
must demonstrate expertise and knowledge of the Russian political landscape
and how the Duma functions. Programs may include a combination of US-based
internships, in-country workshops, roundtables, panel discussions, case
studies and specially tailored projects. Training topics may address
accountability to and communication with constituencies; working with
the press; negotiation skills; conflict resolution; consensus building;
coalition building (particularly related to bloc or partisan communications);
ethics in government; working with diverse populations; conducting issue-related
casework; drafting legislation and implementing policy.
Return to the Beginning
Trafficking in Women
Trafficking of women
and girls from the NIS has grown at an alarming rate. The US government
is seeking to assist NIS governments and NGOs in the region to address
the problem by focusing on prevention, protection, and prosecution of
these crimes. These Bureau-funded programs aim to
- educate young
women and girls about trafficking so that they will not fall victim
to traffickers' tactics of coercion, fraud and deceit;
- provide protection
and assistance for victims; and
- enhance the capability
of law enforcement officials to combat trafficking.
in these countries is increasingly focused on this serious problem.
Information campaigns, including the production and distribution of
informational materials are seeking to inform the public about this
issue. Bureau-funded anti-trafficking programs are currently operating
in Russia and Ukraine.
Professional and Business Associations
Business and professional
associations have the potential to stimulate economic growth, policy
development and advancement in various professional fields. Functioning
democracies need mediating structures such as associations that allow
for a free flow of information among peer groups and provide channels
for citizens to work with government. The Bureau wishes to help establish
and sustain associations that are committed to community advancement
and professional growth and is interested in supporting programs that
- chambers of commerce;
- legal, environmental,
educational or trade associations;
- women's business
whose membership represents an organized minority group or that is
devoted to minority issues.
to the Beginning
The Bureau supports
initiatives that provide program support to public libraries to modernize
systems and reform library management. Effective library management
and training in technology-based information management are encouraged.
Training may include
- building effective
library support networks (i.e. fundraising, acquisitions of books
and equipment, interlibrary cooperation); and
- engaging the
community (i.e. summer reading programs, children's activities, bookmobiles,
to the Beginning
Reform of Court
has become increasingly important throughout Central Europe as governments,
legal professionals, and concerned citizens recognize the need for a
modern, efficient court system to keep pace with the social, economic,
and political changes in their countries. Legal experts note that courts
throughout the region are overburdened, inefficient, and unresponsive
focus on promoting an independent judiciary in Central Europe by exposing
judicial and legal practitioners from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania,
Slovakia and Slovenia to:
- US court structures;
- Functions, practices,
and characteristics of the American judiciary; and
- US court management
and administration practices.
In Phase One of
the program, two participants from each country listed above - one lawyer
and one judge, both fluent English speakers - spend approximately two
weeks in the US The first week consists of training and the second week
is spent in a city other than Washington, D.C., where participants visit
courts at all levels, bar associations and prisons. In Phase Two of
the program American experts visit the five countries to address in
detail concerns identified by the participants.
The concept of strategic
planning for universities is just now developing in Poland. The Bureau
is funding programs to train university administrators how to use their
limited resources (financial, physical, and human) more effectively
to implement their mission and achieve their long-term goals. Project
activities include countrywide workshops for university rectors, vice-rectors,
and deans on how to implement strategic planning, and a U.S.-based program
for a select number of participants. The program is geared toward non-English
Over the past decade
women and women's groups in the NIS have come forth as the leaders in
grassroots activism and have been the cornerstone of social development.
Women's groups have shown their willingness to cooperate and coordinate
with organizations in both the NIS and the West. The main thrust of
the Bureau's Women's Leadership programs is on
- identifying priorities,
and setting organizational and work plans;
- forming networks
and coalitions; and
- advocacy training
regarding specific issues important to local communities and regions.
These programs target
women in outlying regions and do not focus on capital cities.