Training Programs
Listed by Themes







































































































What are Program Themes?

Each grant administered by the Office of Citizen Exchanges evolves from a particular theme, or topic or issue of interest in a particular geographic area. Generally, the theme of a particular program depends upon the country or region listed in the Request for Proposals (RFP). The following themes outline the scope of the Bureau's mission abroad.

For easier browsing, select a theme:


Bosnia Business and Local Government Training

The Bosnia Business and Local Government Governance Training Program offers home stay-based, two- to five-week practical training opportunities in the United States for business leaders, business academics and local government officials from Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). Funded by the Support for Eastern European Democracy Act (SEED), the program is based on the successful Community Connections Program, also administered by the Office of Citizen Exchanges. This program

  • provides professional training and exposure to day-to-day functioning of a free market system;
  • introduces Bosnian participants to local governance and culture through meetings and practical training with their US counterparts;
  • creates direct linkages between communities in the US and communities in BiH that will continue beyond the Bureau-sponsored initiative; and
  • encourages the fostering of a transparent, mutually beneficial relationship between BiH government and business leaders in order to promote a democratic, free-market economy throughout the country.
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Distance Learning in Business Management

The Bureau is currently funding programs that establish and expand distance learning programs in business and management at Russian universities and institutes outside Moscow. The beneficiaries of these projects are both students and business people already working for Russian enterprises. These programs include

  • delivery of management and business content through low-end technology such as the Internet, e-mail, CD-ROMs, and video;
  • replication of successful local projects throughout Russia;
  • travel to the US by Russian service providers and travel to Russia by American course organizers; and
  • modest purchases of information technology hardware to facilitate these programs.

US institutions participating in these programs consult closely with the Bureau and USIS posts in Russia to select eligible partner institutions in Russia.

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Ethics in the Public Sector

Education is needed for both the public and civil servants in Russia and Ukraine on what each can expect of the other in terms of ethics and government responsiveness. Training of government workers includes

  • training in public relations;
  • discussion of ethical standards; and
  • strategies for improving government procedures.

Training projects will be for public sector employees as well as concerned citizens. Citizen action can be encouraged in:

  • monitoring government performance;
  • working through channels rather than offering bribes; and
  • lobbying elected leaders to create responsive, honest, and open structures.
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Fundraising for NGOs

Non-governmental organizations in Central and Eastern Europe have lessened their dependency on foreign donors and are beginning to raise money from in-country sources. The Bureau has funded projects that encourage local businesses to support community development and demonstrate the benefits of corporate philanthropy not only to worthy causes but to the businesses themselves. Fundraising training includes workshops in grant-writing.

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Intellectual Property Rights

Although some Central and Eastern European countries have made strides in upholding intellectual property rights, there remain significant problems regarding software piracy, illegal cable retransmission of satellite broadcasts, illegal photocopying of protected works, illegal reproduction of protected works for direct commercial gain, and the Internet.

These programs focus on intellectual property rights with a special concentration on copyright protection for films, videos, music recordings, computer software, and similar products subject to piracy. The Bureau intends to help local organizations develop advocacy skills for intellectual property rights issues through training and consultations by American experts. Participants include

  • government officials responsible both for drafting and enforcing laws and regulations;
  • lawyers, judges and distributors of licensing organizations involved in presenting and deciding infringement cases; and
  • press and media, to engage them in raising public consciousness about intellectual property rights protection.
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Internet Training for Journalists

The goal of these projects is to create Internet access in newsrooms of major media outlets (both print and broadcast) and to provide training from US experts on how to include Internet-based information in local reporting. This includes

  • training on how to set up websites for newspapers and broadcast outlets;
  • working with interested broadcasters to develop public-service programs on the Internet; and
  • modest purchases of information technology hardware, if necessary.

This program was initially designed for implementation in Bosnia & Herzegovina and Serbia, but as a result of recent events in the region its scope is currently limited to Bosnia.

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Media Internships

The development of a free and open media has been described as fundamental in the development of democratic societies in Central and Eastern Europe. The Bureau funds projects that provide media training for journalists and media managers. This program includes

  • a week-long orientation;
  • an internship program of approximately six weeks in small to medium-sized media organizations; and
  • a three-day debriefing.

Participants are from print, radio, and television in Bosnia, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Serbia.

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Post-election Training Program for Duma Staffers

With Duma national elections scheduled for December 19, 1999, the Bureau is interested in programs that will enhance Duma staffers' management skills. Applicants must demonstrate expertise and knowledge of the Russian political landscape and how the Duma functions. Programs may include a combination of US-based internships, in-country workshops, roundtables, panel discussions, case studies and specially tailored projects. Training topics may address accountability to and communication with constituencies; working with the press; negotiation skills; conflict resolution; consensus building; coalition building (particularly related to bloc or partisan communications); ethics in government; working with diverse populations; conducting issue-related casework; drafting legislation and implementing policy.

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Prevention of Trafficking in Women

Trafficking of women and girls from the NIS has grown at an alarming rate. The US government is seeking to assist NIS governments and NGOs in the region to address the problem by focusing on prevention, protection, and prosecution of these crimes. These Bureau-funded programs aim to

  • educate young women and girls about trafficking so that they will not fall victim to traffickers' tactics of coercion, fraud and deceit;
  • provide protection and assistance for victims; and
  • enhance the capability of law enforcement officials to combat trafficking.

Public attention in these countries is increasingly focused on this serious problem. Information campaigns, including the production and distribution of informational materials are seeking to inform the public about this issue. Bureau-funded anti-trafficking programs are currently operating in Russia and Ukraine.

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Professional and Business Associations

Business and professional associations have the potential to stimulate economic growth, policy development and advancement in various professional fields. Functioning democracies need mediating structures such as associations that allow for a free flow of information among peer groups and provide channels for citizens to work with government. The Bureau wishes to help establish and sustain associations that are committed to community advancement and professional growth and is interested in supporting programs that will establish

  • chambers of commerce;
  • legal, environmental, educational or trade associations;
  • women's business associations; and
  • associations whose membership represents an organized minority group or that is devoted to minority issues.

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Public Library Reform

The Bureau supports initiatives that provide program support to public libraries to modernize systems and reform library management. Effective library management and training in technology-based information management are encouraged. Training may include

  • building effective library support networks (i.e. fundraising, acquisitions of books and equipment, interlibrary cooperation); and
  • engaging the community (i.e. summer reading programs, children's activities, bookmobiles, exhibitions, presentations);

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Reform of Court Administration

Judicial reform has become increasingly important throughout Central Europe as governments, legal professionals, and concerned citizens recognize the need for a modern, efficient court system to keep pace with the social, economic, and political changes in their countries. Legal experts note that courts throughout the region are overburdened, inefficient, and unresponsive to citizens.

These exchanges focus on promoting an independent judiciary in Central Europe by exposing judicial and legal practitioners from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia to:

  • US court structures;
  • Functions, practices, and characteristics of the American judiciary; and
  • US court management and administration practices.

In Phase One of the program, two participants from each country listed above - one lawyer and one judge, both fluent English speakers - spend approximately two weeks in the US The first week consists of training and the second week is spent in a city other than Washington, D.C., where participants visit courts at all levels, bar associations and prisons. In Phase Two of the program American experts visit the five countries to address in detail concerns identified by the participants.

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Strategic Planning for Universities

The concept of strategic planning for universities is just now developing in Poland. The Bureau is funding programs to train university administrators how to use their limited resources (financial, physical, and human) more effectively to implement their mission and achieve their long-term goals. Project activities include countrywide workshops for university rectors, vice-rectors, and deans on how to implement strategic planning, and a U.S.-based program for a select number of participants. The program is geared toward non-English speakers.

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Women's Leadership Training

Over the past decade women and women's groups in the NIS have come forth as the leaders in grassroots activism and have been the cornerstone of social development. Women's groups have shown their willingness to cooperate and coordinate with organizations in both the NIS and the West. The main thrust of the Bureau's Women's Leadership programs is on

  • identifying priorities, and setting organizational and work plans;
  • forming networks and coalitions; and
  • advocacy training regarding specific issues important to local communities and regions.

These programs target women in outlying regions and do not focus on capital cities.

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