Feb. 17, 1999

PARTIES AND SIGNATORIES OF THE BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION
STATE (COUNTRY)

Afghanistan
Albania
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria(1)
Bahamas
Bahrain(1)
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam(2)
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi(S)
Cambodia (Kampuchea)
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African
Republic(S)
Chile
China, People's
Republic of (3)
Colombia
Congo
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire(S)
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Dominica(2)
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt(S)
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
Gabon(S)
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Grenada
Guatemala
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana(S)
Haiti(S)
Honduras
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kenya
Korea, Democratic
People's Republic of
Korea, Republic of
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan (4)
Laos
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia(S)
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macedonia, Former
Yugoslav Republic of
Madagascar(S)
Malawi(S)
Malaysia(1)
Maldives
Mali(S)
Malta
Mauritius
Mexico
Mongolia
Morocco(S)
Myanmar (Burma)(S)
Nepal(S)
Netherlands(5)
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia-Montenegro
(Formerly Yugoslavia)
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands(2)
Somalia(S)
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syria(S)
Tanzania(S)
Thailand
Togo
Tonga
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab
Emirates (S)(6)
United Kingdom(7)
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen
Zaire
Zimbabwe

Changes are in bold.

_______________________

(S) Signatory
(1) With reservation
(2) Based on general declarations concerning Treaty obligations applicable prior to independence.
(3) Effective January 1, 1979, the United States recognized the government of the People's Republic of China as the sole government of China. The authorities on Taiwan state they will continue to abide by the provisions of the Convention, and the United States regards them as bound by its obligations.
(4) Formerly part of the Soviet Union who signed and ratified the Convention on behalf of Kyrgyzstan. Date of accession is unknown but Confidence Building Measures Data Declaration submitted to the UN in 1993.
(5) Applicable to Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.
(6) The United Arab Emirates which did not ratify the Convention is listed as one country.
(7) Extended to territories under the territorial sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Also extended to New Hebrides; continued application to Vanuatu not determined.