President Clinton has moved aggressively to reduce the threat posed by nuclear weapons to all Americans. Over the past three years, the Administration has made unprecedented progress in curbing the proliferation of nuclear weapons and reducing the dangerous legacy of Cold War weapons' stockpiles.
-- The U.S. has ratified the START II Treaty. When ratified by Russia, START II (in combination with the START I Treaty which we entered into force in December 1994) will eliminate bombers and missiles that carried over 14,000 Russian and American nuclear warheads.
-- U.S. diplomacy played a critical role in securing the indefinite and unconditional extension of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty -- the cornerstone of our efforts to control nuclear proliferation.
-- North Korea's nuclear program, under international inspection, has been frozen and is to be dismantled under the U.S.-DPRK Agreed Framework.
-- President Clinton's decision last August to negotiate a true zero yield Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty has brought within reach the forty-year goal of banning nuclear testing forever.
-- The U.S. persuaded Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakstan to return the former Soviet nuclear weapons on their soil to Russia and to forswear nuclear weapons forever.
-- Through the Nunn-Lugar program, the U.S. is helping Russia and the New Independent States to transport, safeguard and destroy their nuclear weapons and to build national systems to secure and safeguard weapons-usable fissile material.
-- In Operations Sapphire, we airlifted nearly 600 kilograms of highly enriched uranium -- enough for dozens of bombs -- from Kazakstan for safe disposition in the United States.
-- The U.S. is engaged in unprecedent programs of cooperation with a number of countries, including Russia, Kazakstan, Belarus, and Ukraine, to improve the security of nuclear materials and protect them from theft or diversion. In Russia alone, this program of cooperation is helping to protect many tons of weapons-useable nuclear material at more than two dozen locations.
-- U.S. Customs Service and the FBI have placed the prevention of illicit nuclear trafficking among their top priorities. U.S. law enforcement officials are engaged in training and liaison activities with countries across eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.