Ten years ago, on April 16, 1987, the United States and its G-7 partners -- Canada, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United Kingdom -- announced formation of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) to restrict transfers of nuclear-capable missiles and related technology. In the intervening years, 21 additional countries joined the MTCR, several other countries have adhered unilaterally to the MTCR Guidelines, and the Regime's scope has been expanded to cover unmanned delivery systems capable of carrying all types of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) -- chemical and biological weapons, as well as nuclear.
Over the course of the Regime's 10-year history, the MTCR Guidelines and Annex have become the international standard for responsible missile-related export behavior, and the Regime has made important strides in slowing missile proliferation worldwide. The establishment by MTCR member and adherent countries of missile-related export controls has significantly reduced the availability of equipment and technology to missile programs of proliferation concern. Moreover, the MTCR has facilitated international cooperation in halting transfers of potential missile proliferation concern. The Regime's efforts also have led to a reduction in the global inventory of WMD-capable missiles.
On the occasion of the Regime's 10th anniversary, the United States salutes the MTCR as an outstanding example of international cooperation that has helped to make the world safer for all peoples. At the same time, however, we recognize that much work remains to be done. We face the challenge of extending MTCR export controls to all potential suppliers and transshipment points, and of eliminating missile programs of proliferation concern. The United States' national security interests therefore demand that we continue to place a high priority on curbing global missile proliferation. As we have done since 1987, the United States will work through the MTCR as the primary means of achieving these objectives.
The United States looks forward to continued close cooperation with the other members of the MTCR to persuade key supplier countries to restrain missile-related exports, to increase the MTCR's outreach and transparency to non-members, and to encourage additional support for the Regime's missile nonproliferation efforts. The United States encourages the unilateral adherence of all countries to the MTCR Guidelines in the interest of international peace and security.
*The following is a list of MTCR Partner countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States.