July 1, 1991


Three politically binding statements were agreed to when the CFE Treaty was signed on November 19, 1990. These commitments augment the provisions of the Treaty.

Declaration by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany on the Personnel Strength of German Armed Forces

In this unilateral declaration, the Federal Republic of Germany pledged to reduce the personnel strength of the armed forces of a united Germany to 370,000 within three to four years of the entry into force of the CFE Treaty.

Declaration of the States' Parties to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe with Respect to Personnel Strength

To enhance the provision of the CFE Treaty that calls for follow-on negotiations--one objective of which is to consider measures to limit personnel within the Atlantic to the Urals (ATTU) region--the Parties to the Treaty agreed not to increase the peacetime personnel strength of their conventional armed forces in the region during these negotiations.

Declaration of the States Parties to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe with Respect to Land-Based Naval Aircraft

The mandate under which the CFE Treaty was negotiated expressly includes all conventional armaments and equipment permanently based on land in the ATTU area. The Soviets adamantly opposed counting their land-based naval aircraft (LBNA) against CFE aircraft ceilings, since US and other Western carrier-based aircraft would not be counted. It was finally agreed that a political commitment would cap LBNA separately outside the Treaty. Under this side agreement, each group of States commits itself to hold no more than 430 LBNA combat aircraft, in the CFE zone, of which no more than 400 may belong to any one State. It also bans the subordination of attack helicopters to land-based naval forces.