NONPROLIFERATION AND REGIONAL ARMS CONTROL BUREAU (NP)



1. INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR AFFAIRS DIVISION (NP/INA)

This division provides advice, assessments, and policy recommendations on the international relations aspects of nuclear nonproliferation, including:

  • the Treaty of Tlatelolco, the South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone (the Treaty of Rarotonga), the African Nuclear Weapon Free Zone, and other nuclear weapon free zones;

  • the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons;

  • technical cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in compliance with Article IV of the NPT;

  • U.S. agreements for civil nuclear cooperation;

  • regional arms control approaches to reducing incentives for proliferation;

  • monitoring regional and country specific developments relating to nuclear matters;

  • preparing the unclassified Nuclear Proliferation Assessment Statement that is required by law for each proposed agreement for peaceful nuclear cooperation;

  • providing ACDA views on U.S. nuclear export control issues and supporting U.S. efforts to prevent exports of proliferation concern.

2. WEAPONS AND TECHNOLOGY CONTROL DIVISION (NP/WTC)

The Weapons and Technology Control Division (WTC) carries out ACDA's statutory responsibilities under the Arms Export Control Act and the Foreign Assistance Act to review and evaluate government-to-government and commercial arms sales and security assistance proposals. WTC represents the Agency in development and implementation of U.S. policy and international negotiations on conventional arms transfers, missile and chemical/biological weapons nonproliferation, dual-use export controls, commercial space issues, and various regional arms control initiatives. This division:

  • prepares ACDA advice to the President, the Secretary of State, and the National Security Council on the arms control implications of proposed U.S. transfers of conventional arms and associated military technology, as required by Sections 38 and 42 of the Arms Export Control Act and Section 511 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended;

  • develops and contributes to development of U.S. and multilateral policies on transfers of conventional arms and technology, including participation in the Wassenaar Arrangement, and on exports of advanced military systems and capabilities to particular regional settings;

  • prepares arms control evaluations of proposed arms sales for the Congress when so requested under Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act;

  • develops policy guidelines and criteria for assessing the impact of U.S. technology transfers on arms control and national security policies;

  • initiates and contributes to policy development on U.S. and multilateral dual-use export controls, to ensure conformity with arms control, nonproliferation, and national security interests;

  • coordinates arms control and nonproliferation bilaterals with other countries, and represents ACDA in political-military bilaterals;

  • participates in the development and implementation of U.S. policy governing CBW nonproliferation and the transfer of CBW-related export controls by participating in interagency preparations for and attending the 29-nation Australia Group's annual meeting, and serving on the Interagency Interdiction Group SHIELD;

  • participates in the development and implementation of U.S. policies on the transfer of missile-related technology, and in support of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR);

  • represents ACDA on the interagency National Disclosure Policy Committee, the Missile Technology Export Control Group, the Missile Trade Analysis Group, the Missile Annex Review Committee, the GPS International Working Group, the Technical Safeguards Agreements Working Group, the CBW Export Control Working Group, the CBW Interdiction Group, various sub-IWG's, the Operating Committee (for dual-use export cases), and the Supercomputer Working Group;

  • provides staff support to ACDA policy-level principals in the IWG on Nonproliferation and Export Controls, the Advisory Committee on Export Policy, the Export Administration Review Board, and the Deputies Committee;

  • fosters regional arms control policies and arrangements designed to reduce tension, promote or maintain peace, and remove incentives for arms races or development of weapons of mass destruction and the means to deliver them;

  • leads interagency efforts to support regional arms control initiatives in East Asia, Latin America, and Africa; and

  • develops and participates in development of commercial space and strategic arms control policy issues that intersect with nonproliferation and weapons control issues.

3. NUCLEAR SAFEGUARDS AND TECHNOLOGY DIVISION (NP/NST)

This division:

  • provides technical advice and policy recommendations on nuclear proliferation issues including the IAEA safeguards system, nuclear fuel cycle, and the technological aspects of nuclear nonproliferation, including the safe disposition of fissile material;

  • monitors and seeks to strengthen the IAEA safeguards system, and holds bilateral consultations on these matters with experts abroad;

  • develops safeguards and other technical concepts related to the U.S. Government's nuclear nonproliferation initiatives, including a global cutoff treaty;

  • participates in guiding the U.S. Program of Technical Assistance for IAEA Safeguards;

  • assesses the safeguards and nonproliferation implications of emerging technologies;

  • assists in the implementation of nonproliferation initiatives, including spent fuel storage;

  • participates in U.S. efforts to promote the implementation of effective standards of material control and accountancy and physical protection worldwide;

  • participates in U.S. efforts to promote cooperation among nuclear supplier countries on export controls, including in the Nuclear Suppliers Group and the Zangger Committee;

  • acts on U.S. nuclear export control issues, including fulfilling ACDA's statutory responsibilities under the Nuclear Non-proliferation Act for nuclear exports and providing support for multilateral export control activities such as the Nuclear Suppliers Group and the Zangger Committee; and,

  • provides advice and recommendations concerning implementation of the U.S.-North Korean agreed framework.