U.S. ARMS CONTROL AND DISARMAMENT AGENCY
INTEGRATION INTO STATE
Placing Arms Control and Nonproliferation
at the Heart of American Foreign Policy


The President's FY2000 budget is the first to integrate the activities and budget of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency into the State Department. The integration will combine ACDA's unique negotiating, verification, and technical expertise with State's diplomatic and regional experience to strengthen America's arms control and non-proliferation initiatives.

ACDA-State integration, which was announced by the President and Vice President on April 18, 1997, was passed with bipartisan support. The new Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs will have oversight over three bureaus: Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Political Military Affairs. The Administration will continue to work closely with Congress on implementation, scheduled for April 1, 1999.

The President's FY2000 budget provides full funding for ACDA in this Arms Control, Nonproliferation, and Political-Military mission. ACDA's FY1999 appropriation of $41.5 million will be used only for its originally intended purposes by ACDA and -- after April 1 -- the State Department. These ACDA-State initiatives will make our citizens more secure by eliminating weapons of mass destruction and keeping them out of the hands of terrorists and rogue nations.

Stopping Nuclear Testing

  • Seeking Senate ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty;
  • $20 million requested in FY2000 in the NADR account to deploy the 321-station International Monitoring System to detect and deter nuclear testing worldwide. Dozens of IMS stations detected the Indian and Pakistani tests last spring.

Banning Chemical Weapons

  • Enabling U.S. compliance with the Chemical Weapons Convention, including working with the OPCW and with America's chemical industry;
  • $5 million requested in FY2000 for a chemical facility to analyze chemical samples.

Reducing Strategic Nuclear Arms

  • Implementing START II after ratification by the Russian Duma;
  • Negotiating a START III agreement to reduce the Cold War arsenals by 80%;
  • Ensuring and monitoring Russian START compliance, putting the U.S. and Russia two years ahead of schedule in dismantling their nuclear weapons;
  • Seeking ratification of the START II protocol and the ABM agreements;
  • Negotiating a ban on production of fissile material for use in nuclear weapons through a Fissile Materials Cut-Off Agreement negotiated by the Conference on Disarmament.

Keeping Nuclear Weapons out of the hands of rogue nations

  • Strengthening our non-proliferation efforts by finishing negotiations on a nuclear safeguards agreement to give international inspectors greater access to nuclear facilities.

Preventing the Use of disease as Weapon of War

  • Strengthening the Biological Weapons Convention by negotiating a protocol agreement for a new international inspection system to detect and deter cheating.