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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
TIPS FOR TRAVELERS TO THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA
PUBLISHED BY THE BUREAU OF CONSULAR AFFAIRS
Table of Contents
How to Prepare for a Safe Trip 2
Visa and Other Entry Requirements 4
Special Entry Requirements for Countries 5
That Permit No Tourists
U.S. Citizens Married to Foreign Nationals 6
Dual Nationality 6
Currency and Customs Regulations 8
Drug Offenses 10
Dress and Local Customs 11
Country Information 12
Saudi Arabia 26
United Arab Emirates 35
Foreign Embassies in the United States 38
U.S. Embassies and Consulates Abroad 39
DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLICATION 10167
Bureau of Consular Affairs
Revised October 1994
The information in this publication is in the public domain and may be
reproduced without permission. When this material is reproduced, the
Department of State would appreciate receiving a copy at: CA/P/PA,
Department of State, Washington, DC 20520-4818.
Tips for Travelers to the Middle East and North Africa
The information in this pamphlet has been gathered for you by
consular officers--both here in the Department of State and in the
Middle East and North Africa--to assist you with your trip. We hope
this brochure will be of help to you in making your trip both safe and
Always keep in mind, though, that wherever you are abroad, if you
come into serious difficulties, contact the U.S. consul at the nearest
United States embassy or consulate for information or assistance.
How to Prepare for a Safe Trip
The policies of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa toward
foreign visitors vary greatly from country to country. Some countries
encourage tourism and put very few restrictions on visitors. Other
countries do not allow tourism and carefully regulate business travel.
Some areas in the region have experienced military conflict over an
extended period of time.
A little planning and knowledge will go a long way toward making your
trip to the Middle East and North Africa go smoothly. If you learn
about the countries you will visit and obey the laws and respect the
customs of those places, you can make your stay as pleasant and
incident-free as possible.
Consular Information Sheets
For travel information on any country, see the Department of State's
Consular Information Sheet for the country. Consular Information Sheets
cover such matters as health conditions, unusual currency and entry
regulations, crime and security conditions, drug penalties, and areas of
instability. In addition, there are a number of Travel Warnings which
advise Americans to defer travel because of unsafe conditions.
Regulations may also prohibit the use of U.S. passports to visit certain
countries. This prohibition will be included in the Travel Warnings
issued for affected countries. Travel Warnings are under continuous
review by the Department of State. Before you depart for a country that
has a Travel Warning, make certain that you have the most recent
revision of the Warning. The Department of State also issues Public
Announcements. Public Announcements are issued as a means to
disseminate information quickly about terrorist threats and other
relatively short-term and /or trans-national condition which would pose
significant risks to the security of American travelers.
There are several ways to access Consular Information Sheets, Travel
Warnings and Public Announcements. You can listen to them 24-hours a
day by calling 202-647-5225 from a touchtone phone. You can receive
copies of them by sending a self-addressed, stamped envelope to the
Overseas Citizens Services, Room 4800, Department of State, Washington,
DC 20520-4818. (Write the name of the requested country or countries
on the outside of the envelope.) You can also find Consular Information
Sheets and Travel Warnings at the 13 regional passport agencies and at
U.S. embassies and consulates abroad. They can also be accessed through
an airline or travel agent's computer reservation system, the Bureau of
Consular Affairs' 24- hour automated fax system at 202/647-3000, or
through many computer bulletin boards, including the Consular Affairs
Bulletin Board (CABB). You may call the CABB on modem number 202-647-
9225. Set your communications software to: no parity, 8 bits, one stop
As you travel, keep abreast of local news coverage. If you plan more
than a short stay in one place, or if you are in an area experiencing
civil unrest or a natural disaster, you are encouraged to register with
the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. Remember to leave a detailed
itinerary with a friend or relative in the United States in case of an
Your U.S. Passport
Make a record or photocopy of the data from your passport's
identification page and from your visas. Also make a copy of the
addresses and telephone numbers of the U.S. embassy and consulates in
the countries you will visit (see pages 39-40). Put this information
along with two passport photos in a place separate from your passport to
be available in case of loss or theft of your passport.
Visa and Other Entry Requirements
A U.S. passport is required for travel to all countries in the region.
U.S. citizens are not required to have visas for tourist or business
travel to Israel, Morocco, or Tunisia, but may need to supply proof of
sufficient funds for the trip and proof of onward or round trip travel
arrangements. All other countries in the Middle East and North Africa
require U.S. citizens to have visas.
If you plan to travel extensively in the region, entry and exit stamps
could quickly fill the pages of your passport. Before you go, you may
wish to ask the nearest passport agency to add extra pages to your
passport. Or, if applying for a new passport, you can request one with
48 pages instead of the usual 24.
Each country has its own set of entry requirements. For authoritative
visa information, contact the embassy or consulate of the country you
plan to visit. See page 38 for a list of foreign embassies in the
When you make inquiries, ask about the following:
-- Visa price, length of validity, number of entries.
-- Financial requirements--proof of sufficient funds and proof of
-- Immunization requirements. Yellow fever immunization is often
required if arriving from a yellow-fever- infected area.
-- Currency regulations.
-- Import/export restrictions and limitations. Several countries
prohibit the import and consumption of alcoholic beverages.
-- Departure tax. Be sure to keep enough local currency to be able
to depart as planned.
Some Arab countries will not allow travelers to enter if their passports
show any evidence of previous or expected travel to Israel. Other Arab
countries apply the ban inconsistently, sometimes refusing and at other
times allowing entry when a passport shows evidence of travel to Israel.
The U.S. government has informed the members of the Arab League that it
objects to restrictive policies regarding U.S. passports containing
Israeli markings. If passport restrictions imposed by other countries
may be a problem for you, contact the nearest U.S. passport agency,
embassy, or consulate for guidance.
Several Arab countries ask visa applicants to state their religious
affiliation. The U.S. government is opposed to the use of this
information to discriminate against visa applicants, and has made its
views known to the governments concerned. In turn, the United States
has received assurances that visa applications are not denied on the
basis of religious affiliation.
Special Entry Requirements for Countries That Permit No Tourists
Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia do not permit tourism. All
business visitors must be sponsored by a company in the country to be
visited. Private visitors must be sponsored by a relative or friend
native to the country. To visit a foreigner working in a country where
tourism is not permitted, you must be sponsored by the same local
company that sponsors the person you are visiting. Entry is by visa or
the non-objection certificate (NOC) system. An NOC is obtained by a
visitor's sponsor and filed with the appropriate foreign government
authorities before the planned visit. For more information, see the
individual country sections beginning on page 12.
Countries that require visitors to be sponsored usually also require
them to obtain exit permits from their sponsors. U.S. citizens can
have difficulty obtaining exit permits if they are involved in business
disputes. A U.S. citizen who is the wife or child of the local sponsor
needs the sponsor's permission to leave the country. Do not accept
sponsorship to visit a country unless you are certain you will also be
able to obtain an exit permit.
U.S. Citizens Married to Foreign Nationals
In many Islamic countries, even those that give tourist visas and do not
require sponsorship, a woman needs the permission of her husband, and
children need the permission of their father, to leave the country. If
you travel or allow your children to travel, be aware of the laws of the
country you plan to visit. The Department of State is aware of many
American citizen children who have been abducted to, or wrongfully
retained in countries of the Middle East and North Africa
notwithstanding a U.S. custody order. Although some of these children
were taken abroad illegally by one of their parents, many originally
traveled abroad with the consent of both parents. Do not visit or allow
your children to visit unless you are completely confident that you and
they will be allowed to leave. Once overseas, you are subject to the
laws of the country where you are; U.S. law cannot protect you.
Some countries in the Middle East and North Africa do not recognize
acquisition of U.S. citizenship by their nationals. Unless the
naturalized U.S. citizen renounces his or her original nationality at an
embassy or consulate of the country of origin, he or she may still be
considered a citizen of that country. A person born in the United
States with a parent who was a citizen of another country may also be
considered a citizen of that country. The laws of some countries
provide for automatic acquisition of citizenship when a person marries a
national of that country.
If arrested, a dual national may be denied the right to communicate with
the U.S. embassy or consulate. Another consequence could be having to
serve in the military of one's former country. If you are a naturalized
U.S. citizen, a dual national, or have any reason to believe another
country may claim you as their national, check with the embassy of that
country as to your citizenship status and any obligations you may have
while visiting. Dual nationals who have not researched their
citizenship status before traveling have sometimes, to their surprise,
encountered difficulties, such as not being allowed to depart.
Even countries that recognize acquired U.S. citizenship may consider
their former citizens as having resumed original citizenship if they
take up residence in their country of origin. This can happen even if
the embassy of the country of origin stamps a visa in the U.S. passport
of its former citizen.
Dual nationals may find that they are required to use a passport from
their country of origin in order to enter or leave that country. The
U.S. government does not object to the use of a foreign passport by a
dual national to enter or depart a foreign country in compliance with
the requirements of that country. U.S. regulations require, however,
that U.S. citizens, including dual nationals, use a U.S. passport to
depart from and enter the United States.
If you have any questions about dual nationality or the use of foreign
passports, contact Overseas Citizens Services, Room 48l7, Department of
State, Washington, D.C. 20520-4818, (202-647-3926) before you travel.
Recorded information on dual nationality and other citizenship matters
is available 24-hours a day by calling 202-647-3444.
Currency and Customs Regulations
Some countries in the region have no restrictions on currency imports or
exports. Some prohibit Israeli currency. Most countries in the Middle
East and North Africa, however, have detailed currency regulations,
including a requirement to declare all currency, including travelers
checks, upon entry. In those countries, the export of foreign currency
is limited to the amount that was imported and declared. Be sure to
make the required currency declaration, have it validated, and retain it
for use at departure. Buy local currency only at banks or other
authorized exchange places and retain your receipts for use at
departure. Currency not accounted for may be confiscated.
Several countries prohibit the import and consumption of alcoholic
beverages. Most countries restrict the entry of products containing
pork, as well as any literature, videotapes, and cassette tapes deemed
pornographic. Also, some countries will not permit the import of books
or other goods from Israel.
Shopping--Be Wary of Antiques
Americans have been arrested in some countries in the region for the
unauthorized purchase of antiques or other important cultural artifacts.
If you purchase such items, always insist that the seller provide a
receipt and the official museum export certificate required by law.
Travelers have also been detained at customs for possessing
reproductions of antiques. The safest policy is to purchase copies of
antiques from reputable stores and have them documented as such. Obtain
receipts for all such purchases.
Information on immunizations and health precautions for travelers can be
obtained in the United States from local health departments, private
doctors, or travel clinics. Information is also available from the
Centers for Disease Control's 24-hour hotline on 404-332-4559 and from
the U.S. Public Health Service book, Health Information for
International Travel, available for $7.00 from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
Depending on your destination, immunization may be recommended against
diphtheria, tetanus, polio, typhoid, and hepatitis A. Chloroquine
prophylaxis against malaria is recommended for travel to some areas of
An increasing number of countries have established regulations regarding
AIDS testing, particularly for long-term residents and students. Check
with the embassy or consulate of the country you plan to visit for the
Review Your Health Insurance Policy
If your health insurance does not provide coverage overseas, consider
buying temporary insurance that does. In addition, consider obtaining
insurance to cover the exorbitant cost of medical evacuation in the
event of an illness or for the return of remains in case of death.
Insurance companies and some credit card and travelers check companies
offer short-term health and emergency assistance policies designed for
travelers. Medical facilities vary in the region; in some countries
they are similar to U.S. standards. U.S. embassies or consulates can
furnish you with a list of local hospitals and English-speaking
In the hot and dry climates that prevail in the Middle East and North
Africa, it is important to avoid water depletion and heat stroke. Safe
tap water is available in many areas. In some places, however, it is
highly saline and should be avoided by persons on sodium-restricted
diets. In many rural and some urban areas, tap water is not potable,
and travelers should drink only boiled or chemically treated water or
bottled carbonated drinks. In these areas, avoid fresh vegetables and
fruits unless they are washed in a purifying solution and peeled.
Diarrhea is potentially serious. If it persists, seek medical
Schistosomiasis (or bilharzia) is present in the area of the Nile and in
several other areas in North Africa and the Middle East. These
parasites are best avoided by not swimming or wading in fresh water in
Drug enforcement policies in the region are strict. Possession of even
small amounts of narcotics, including substances such as marijuana, LSD,
or amphetamines, can lead to arrest. If found guilty, drug offenders
are subject to lengthy prison sentences. Because what is considered to
be 'narcotics' varies from country to country, learn and obey the laws
in the places you will visit. Keep all prescription drugs in their
original containers clearly labeled with the doctor's name, pharmacy and
contents. In addition, if you take an unusual prescription drug, carry
a letter from your doctor explaining your need for the drug and a copy
of the prescription.
Dress and Local Customs
Islam is the pre-eminent influence on local laws and customs in much of
the Middle East and North Africa. The extent of this influence varies.
Some Arab countries have secular governments, but in certain other
countries, particularly those in the Arabian peninsula, Islam dictates a
total way of life. It prescribes the behavior for individuals and
society, codifying law, family relations, business etiquette, dress,
food, personal hygiene, and much more. Among the important values is a
family-centered way of life, including a protected role for women and
clear limits on their participation in public life. In traditional
societies, Muslims believe open social relations between the sexes
result in the breakdown of family life. Contact between men and women,
therefore, is rigidly controlled in traditional societies.
Travel during Ramadan, the holiest time in the Islamic year, can prove
to be very difficult. Business is rarely conducted during this time and
non-observance of the Ramadan tradition of fasting during daylight hours
can carry penalities in some countries.
In the traditional societies of the region, it is considered rude to
face the soles of one's feet toward other people. At traditional meals,
the left hand is not used for eating.
Conservative Western street clothing (except for shorts) is appropriate
in most areas. In more traditional societies, however, attire for women
should be more conservative, garments should have sleeves, and dress
length should be below the knee. On the other hand, in some areas of
the region visited by many tourists -- for example, the beaches of
Israel and Morocco -- attire similar to that worn in the United States
In many countries in the Middle East and North Africa, the weekend is
either Thursday/Friday or Friday/Saturday. Workweek information is
included in the list of U.S. embassies on pages 39-40.
Travelers to Algeria are warned that due to political, social, and
economic problems a climate of violent unrest has occurred. A number of
terrorist attacks have been carried out against foreigners. Terrorists
have also threatened to kill all foreigners who are in Algeria. A state
of emergency has been in effect since early 1992.
Crime is also a major problem in Algeria. Crimes include car break-ins,
theft of auto parts from parked cars, theft of items (even those of
moderate value) left in hotel rooms, home burglary, and pickpocketing
and purse snatching near hotels and on trains and buses. Some tactics
that residents of Algeria use to avoid being victimized include carrying
only a minimum amount of cash and concealing it well and parking only in
guarded locations. The police can be reached in Algerian cities by
dialing 17. In rural areas, contact the gendarmerie nationale.
Algeria does not give visas to persons whose passports indicate travel
to Israel. Some hotels accept some credit cards. Before traveling, ask
your credit card company if your card will be accepted in Algeria, and
if not, bring travelers checks to cover your expenses.
Algerian currency and customs regulations are strictly enforced. All
currency must be declared upon entering the country, and completely
accounted for when departing. Non-residents are required to change the
equivalent of approximately $200 into Algerian dinars at the official
exchange rate while in Algeria. You will need to present evidence of
this currency exchange before you are allowed to depart the country.
All hotel bills must be paid in hard currency such as U.S. dollars.
Paid hotel receipts may be used as evidence of currency exchange.
Business representatives, conference and exhibition delegates, and
holders of diplomatic and official passports may obtain a visitors visa,
valid for up to three months, from the Bahrain Embassy in Washington,
DC, or the UN Mission for Bahrain in New York. Persons in the above
categories may also be able to obtain either a 7-day visa or a 72-hour
transit visa at the Bahrain airport upon arrival if they present a
confirmed return or onward air ticket. Single women who have no sponsor
or family ties in Bahrain may have difficulty in obtaining an airport
visa. In addition to an onward ticket, they may wish to secure in
advance a sponsorship from a hotel that will arrange to have an airport
visa waiting for them. The 72-hour airport visa can be extended, on a
case by case basis, for up to one week if a Bahraini sponsor applies to
the Immigration Director stating the purpose for the extension.
A 7-day visa is possible for members of tourist groups, provided
arrangements are made with the Directorate of Tourism and Archaeology in
the Ministry of Information or through a private agency in Bahrain, such
as a hotel, travel agent, or tour group organizer.
Journalists planning travel to Bahrain should contact the Ministry of
Information providing travel details at least one week in advance of
arrival. The Ministry will then authorize airport officials to issue a
72-hour or a 7-day visa upon arrival. Failure to notify the Ministry
may result in delay at the airport or denial of permission to enter the
country. The Ministry's address is: P.O. Box 253, State of Bahrain;
telephone: (973) 689-099; FAX (973) 780-345; telex: 8399 inform BN.
Office hours: 0700-1400 Saturday through Wednesday.
Water is drinkable though often highly saline. Conservative dress is
recommended. Bahrain prohibits the import of pornography, firearms,
ammunition, or of items such as knives, swords, or daggers that are
capable of being used as weapons. Videotapes may be screened by customs
in Bahrain and either confiscated or held until the traveler departs the
Consumption of alcohol is allowed in most bars and restaurants, except
during the month of Ramadan. If there is any indication that a driver
has consumed alcohol, authorities will regard that as evidence of
driving under the influence of alcohol. The penalty for drunken driving
may be incarceration or a fine of 500 Bahraini dinars, the equivalent of
$1,300. This fine can be increased to up to double that amount,
depending on the circumstances of the case and the judge's decision.
Under Bahraini law, convicted drug traffickers may receive the death
There are no currency declaration requirements for travelers. Travelers
may carry a maximum of 100 Egyptian pounds into or out of Egypt. Excess
Egyptian currency found on a traveler entering Egypt will be
There are strict duties on the importation of expensive photographic and
video equipment. This includes most types of equipment typically carried
by tourists to Egypt, including all video and autofocus cameras.
Travelers who wish to take such equipment with them on a temporary visit
have the following options with customs authorities: (A) They may have
it by model and serial number in their passports, so that the equipment
can be cross-checked upon the traveler's departure from Egypt. In this
instance no duty will be collected. (B) They have the equipment placed
in storage for the duration of stay, in which case a storage fee may be
collected. (C) Long term visitors or residents will pay a standard duty
fee for importing the items and be issued a receipt (at the time of
departure, the fee will be refunded upon presentation of the receipt).
All persons entering Egypt from cholera or yellow fever areas must
produce evidence of up-to-date immunizations. Immunization must have
been administered before arrival--cholera at least 6 days before arrival
and yellow fever at least 10 days. Travelers without evidence of
required immunizations may not enter unless they are vaccinated and
detained in quarantine for 6 or 10 days, respectively.
Foreigners are required to register with the police within 7 days of
arrival. Hotels usually take care of this. All hotel bills must be
paid in foreign currency or in Egyptian pounds exchanged at the official
bank rate, as evidenced by a bank receipt.
All travelers to Egypt should be aware that Egyptian authorities
strictly enforce drug laws. The death penalty may be imposed on anyone
convicted of smuggling or selling marijuana, hashish, opium, or other
U.S. citizens are advised to avoid all travel to Iran. Travel to Iran
continues to be dangerous because of the generally anti-American
atmosphere and Iranian government hostility to the U.S. government.
U.S. citizens traveling to Iran have been detained without charge,
arrested, and harassed by Iranian authorities. Persons who violate
Iranian laws, such as those concerning proper dress, may face penalties
that are, at times, severe.
U.S./Iranian dual nationals often have their U.S. passports confiscated,
have been denied permission to leave Iran, have been compelled to serve
in the Iranian armed forces, or have encountered other problems while in
Iran. U.S. citizens who are the spouse or child of an Iranian citizen
are also considered Iranian citizens and may be required to enter Iran
using an Iranian passport. The wife and minor children of an Iranian
citizen will not be allowed to leave Iran without the written permission
of the husband or father. Before planning a trip to Iran, Americans who
also possess Iranian nationality are advised to contact Overseas
Citizens Services at 202-647-3926.
The United States does not have diplomatic relations with Iran. U.S.
interests in Iran are currently served by the Embassy of Switzerland.
Iranian officials have often prevented Swiss officials from providing
even minimal protective services to U.S. citizens.
U.S. citizens are warned to avoid all travel to Iraq. Conditions in
Iraq remain unsettled and dangerous and travel is extremely hazardous,
particularly for U.S. citizens.
On February 8, 1991, U.S. passports ceased to be valid for travel to,
in, or through Iraq unless a special validation has been obtained. An
automatic exemption to the restriction is granted to Americans residing
in Iraq as of February 8, 1991, and to professional journalists on
assignment. The categories of individuals eligible for consideration
for special passport validation are representatives of the American or
International Red Cross, persons with compelling humanitarian
considerations, or applicants whose travel is determined to be in the
national interest. Exceptions will be scrutinized carefully on a case-
by-case basis. Requests for exceptions should be forwarded in writing
Office of Citizenship Appeals and
U.S. Department of State
1111 19th Street, N.W., Suite 260
Washington, DC 20522-1705.
Telephone: 202-955-0232 or 955-0231
The request must be accompanied by substantiating documentation
according to the category under which an exception is sought. It must
also include the prospective traveler's name, date and place of birth,
and passport number.
In addition, the Department of the Treasury prohibits all travel-related
transactions by U.S. persons intending to visit Iraq, unless
specifically licensed by the Office of Foreign Assets Control. The only
exceptions are for persons engaged in journalism or in official U.S.
government or U.N. business. Questions on U.S. Treasury restrictions
should be directed to:
Office of Foreign Assets Control
U.S. Department of the Treasury
Washington, DC 20220
Travelers granted exceptions to travel to Iraq should be aware that
normal protection by U.S. diplomatic and consular representatives cannot
be provided. U.S. interests in Iraq are represented by the government
of Poland which can provide only limited emergency services to U.S.
citizens. All travelers to Iraq are required to submit certification or
be tested upon arrival for AIDS.
Israel, the Gaza Strip, Jericho Area, and the Territories Occupied and
Administered by Israel
U.S. citizens do not need a visa to visit Israel, the West Bank, the
Golan Heights, or the Gaza Strip and Jericho area In the Gaza Strip and
Jericho area, a transfer of certain powers and responsibilities to the
Palestinian Authority has taken place pursuant to the September 13, 1993
Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Governing
Arrangements and the May 4, 1994 Cairo Agreement. Upon arrival in
Israel, a U.S. citizen is issued a tourist visa that is valid for 3
months and is renewable. Anyone, however, who has been refused entry to
Israel or experienced difficulties with their visa status during a
previous visit should contact the nearest Israeli embassy or consulate
before attempting to return to Israel. At ports of entry, Israeli
officials determine a U.S. citizen's eligibility to enter Israel.
Applicants may be questioned in detail and/or required to post a
American citizens have, on occasion, had their U.S. passports taken as a
guarantee of their departure. If this should happen to you, contact a
U.S. consular officer and report the seizure of your passport. Any U.S.
citizen experiencing difficulties at points of entry, to Israel or the
Gaza Strip, should ask to telephone the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv on 03-
517-4338 (weekends: 03-517-4347). Those experiencing difficulties
attempting to enter from Jordan or who encounter difficulties in the
Jericho area should ask to contact the U.S. Consulate General in
Jerusalem on 02-253-288 (weekends 02-253-201). Although they will be
pleased to assist you, neither the U.S. Embassy nor the Consulate
General can guarantee the admission into Israel, the West Bank, Gaza
Strip and Jericho area, or the Golan Heights of any traveler.
Visitors to Israel will experience strict security screening. They may
be subject to prolonged questioning, detailed searches of their personal
effects and, in some cases, body searches. Anything that cannot be
readily examined, such as tubes of toothpaste, cans of shaving cream,
computers, cameras, and other electronic or video equipment may be
refused entry and may be confiscated and destroyed. If you plan to
bring electronic, video, or other high-tech equipment to Israel, check
with an Israeli embassy or consulate as to whether it could pass through
security. Cameras should be empty when going through security so they
can be opened for inspection. American citizens with Arab surnames, and
in particular those seeking to enter Israel at the Allenby Bridge from
Jordan, may encounter extra delays, including greater difficulty in
bringing cameras and electronic equipment into the country.
Western dress is appropriate in Israel. At religious sites, attire
should be modest. Religious holidays in Israel and Jerusalem are
determined according to the Hebrew calendar and fall on different dates
each year. It is likely that religious holidays in the Gaza Strip and
Jericho area will be determined by the Moslem calendar, and also will
fall on different dates each year. Because hotels are usually heavily
booked before and during religious holidays, tourists should check
holiday schedules with their travel agent or with the Embassy of Israel
in Washington, D.C. Travelers should make reservations for holiday
periods well in advance.
On June 22, 1994, the Department of State issued a public announcement
advising U.S. citizens to avoid travel to the Gaza Strip and West Bank,
except for daylight visits to Bethlehem, Jericho, Highway 1 from
Jerusalem to the Dead Sea , Route 90 through the Jordan Valley, and
tourist sites along these routes, because of continuing disturbances in
those areas. Should you decide to travel to the West Bank despite the
public announcement, register with the U.S. Consulate General in
Jerusalem. In the case of travel to Gaza or the Golan Heights, register
with the U.S. Embassy in Tel Aviv. The situation in East Jerusalem,
including the old city, is unpredictable and Americans should check with
the U.S. Consulate General in Jerusalem for an update on conditions.
Avoid demonstrations and other situations that have the potential to
lead to violence and remember to carry your U.S. passport with you at
Persons who need to cross into Jordan via the West Bank can use the
Allenby Bridge crossing near the city of Jericho or the Arava crossing
located near Eilat in the southern part of the country. A new land
crossing in the north, near the former location of the Sheik Hussein
Bridge, is expected to open before the end of 1994.
Travelers wishing to cross via the Allenby Bridge need a bridge crossing
permit and a visa. Neither of these is obtainable in Israel. Some
travelers arrange the papers through contacts in Jordan or use travel
agents in East Jerusalem who specialize in this service. It takes
several weeks to get the crossing permits and visas in order. Visas are
not available at the bridge. They must be obtained ahead of time. The
Allenby Bridge is open from 0800 to 1200 Sunday through Thursday and
from 0800 to 1000 on Friday. It is closed on Saturday and on many
Persons travelling on a U.S. passport who wish to travel via the Arava
crossing do not need to have a previously obtained crossing permit or
visa. Jordanian visas can be obtained at this crossing point for a fee
of approximately $20 (U.S.). Israeli dual nationals with third country
passports may use their other (e.g., U.S.) passport to obtain Israeli
permission to exit Israel and apply for a Jordanian entry visa.
Normally, all Israelis, including dual nationals, must use their Israeli
passports to enter and exit Israel. Travelers are not allowed to bring
their personal vehicles across the border unless the vehicles are
registered in another country. The Arava crossing is open Sunday-
Thursday from 0800 to 1600. Procedures for the Sheik Hussein Bridge
crossing when it becomes operable are expected to be similar to those
for the Arava crossing.
A few areas in Israel are off-limits to unauthorized persons for
military reasons. American visitors are expected to observe those off-
limits restrictions. Conditions along Israel's cease-fire lines,
including the Lebanese border, change frequently. U.S. travelers
planning a visit close to the lines should first consult the U.S.
Embassy in Tel Aviv.
It is our understanding that Israeli citizens who are naturalized in the
United States retain their Israeli citizenship, and their children are
considered Israeli citizens as well. In addition, children born in the
United States to Israeli parents acquire both U.S. citizenship and
Israeli nationality at birth. Israeli citizens, including dual
nationals, are subject to Israeli laws requiring service in Israel's
armed forces. Dual nationals of military age who do not wish to serve
in the Israeli armed forces should contact the Israeli Embassy to obtain
proof of exemption or deferment from Israeli military service before
traveling to Israel.
Persons leaving Israel by air are subjected to lengthy and detailed
security questioning. Travelers should arrive at the airport several
hours before flight time.
There is no departure tax when leaving Israel.
Travelers wishing to cross the Allenby-King Hussein Bridge from Jordan
into the West Bank territories occupied by Israel must obtain written
authorization by submitting their passport and one photo, in person, to
the Jordanian Ministry of Interior three working days before the
crossing date. The permit allows you to cross the bridge and to make a
return crossing within 30 days. The bridge is open from 0800 to 1200
Sunday through Thursday and from 0800 to 1000 on Friday. The bridge is
closed Saturdays and on many Israeli holidays. Travelers should arrive
at the bridge at least one hour before closing time.
Conservative dress is recommended for Jordan. Travelers with dual U.S.
and Jordanian nationality should be aware that the Jordanian government
may require them to enter and leave Jordan on a Jordanian passport.
Males between the ages of 18 and 40 who possess dual nationality may
need to prove that they have met their military service obligation. For
further information, see the section on dual nationality on page 6.
Those traveling on a temporary or visitor visa to Kuwait must observe
the length of stay permitted in their visas. Currently, most visitor
visas are valid for one year, multiple entries, and stays of up to one
month. Fines are charged for each day overstayed; the fine is currently
10 Kuwait dinars per day, per person (approximately $34 U.S.).
Visitors to Kuwait should be aware of the danger of unexploded land
mines, bombs, and shells throughout the country. Stay on main roads, do
not travel on unpaved roads, and avoid open areas and beaches.
The crime rate in Kuwait has increased from prewar levels and women have
been objects of increased harassment. Woman should take precautions as
they would in any large city, remaining alert to the possibility of
being followed, whether they are walking or driving. They should not
respond to any approach from strangers and should avoid travel alone in
unfamiliar or isolated parts of the city, especially at night.
Conservative dress is recommended for both men and women. Garments
should fit loosely and cover elbows and knees.
No alcohol, pork products, or pornographic materials may be imported
into or used in Kuwait. If customs official discover prohibited items
in a traveler's effects, he or she may be arrested and prosecuted.
U.S. citizens should not go near the border with Iraq, and should be
very careful when traveling north or west of Kuwait City. In recent
years, a number of foreigners traveling near the border have been taken
into custody by Iraqi officials and some have received lengthy prison
sentences. Anyone who must travel or work near the demilitarized zone
is strongly advised to contact the U.S. Embassy for further advice
before their travel begins.
As of January 31, 1987, U.S. passports became invalid for travel to, in,
or through Lebanon. U.S. citizens are advised to avoid all travel to
Lebanon. The situation in the country is so dangerous that no U.S.
citizen can be considered safe from terrorist acts. To avoid the
possibility of transiting Lebanon, U.S. citizens should make certain
that any international flight they book in the region does not make an
intermediate stop in Beirut. Such stops are not always announced.
Individuals in the following categories are eligible for consideration
for special passport validation: professional journalists,
representatives of the American or International Red Cross, persons with
compelling humanitarian considerations, or persons whose travel is
determined to be in the national interest. Applications for exceptions
to the U.S. passport restriction may be made following the procedures
outlined on page 17 in the section on Iraq.
U.S. dual nationals do not violate U.S. law if they use a foreign
passport for travel to Lebanon, but they are required to use their U.S.
passport when they depart from and return to the United States. There
are no U.S. Treasury restrictions on travel to Lebanon.
Travelers who are granted passport exceptions to travel to Lebanon
should be aware that normal protection of U.S. diplomatic and consular
representatives cannot be provided. The U.S. Embassy in Beirut is not
fully staffed and its personnel operate under exceptionally tight
security conditions. Local telephone service is unreliable, and it is
extremely difficult to contact the U.S. Embassy or place a local call
from most of the country.
On December 10, 1981, U.S. passports ceased to be valid for travel to,
in, or through Libya unless a special validation has been obtained, and
on January 8, 1986, U.S. economic sanctions were imposed on Libya. In
addition, on March 31, 1992, United Nations sanctions were imposed.
These sanctions include an air embargo which took effect April 15, 1992.
The categories of individuals eligible for consideration for special
passport validation are professional journalists, representatives of the
American or International Red Cross, persons with compelling
humanitarian considerations, or persons whose travel is determined to
be in the national interest.
All financial and commercial transactions with Libya are prohibited,
unless licensed by the Office of Foreign Assets Control, U.S. Treasury
Department. For the addresses to which applications can be made to
overcome both the U.S. passport and the U.S. Treasury restrictions, see
the section on Iraq, page 17.
Those persons granted exceptions to travel to Libya should be aware that
there is no U.S. mission in Libya and U.S. interests are represented by
the government of Belgium which can provide only limited protection for
U.S. citizens do not require a visa for a tourist or business visit of
up to 3 months.
There are no tourist visas to Oman, and visa requirements for business
travelers are stringent. Anyone arriving in Oman without a visa is
subject to arrest. A business visitor must contact an Omani sponsor,
either a businessman or firm, for assistance in procuring a non-
objection certificate (NOC). The sponsor should begin application
procedures several weeks ahead of expected travel. American firms new
to Oman may receive guidance on Omani sponsorship from the commercial
office of the U.S. Embassy in Muscat. They should send a telex (TLX
3785 AMEMBMUS ON) describing their company's activities and what they
expect to accomplish in Oman.
Relatives of Omanis may be sponsored for a short visit using the NOC
procedure. Although Oman imposes stringent entry requirements for all
visitors, it does not require exit permits. Conservative dress is
recommended for Oman. No alcohol, firearms, pornography or fresh food
may be imported.
U.S. citizens must have a visa to enter Qatar. To receive a visa, an
applicant must be sponsored by a resident of Qatar, a local business, or
by the hotel at which he or she will be staying. After obtaining a
sponsor, travelers may apply for visas at a Qatari embassy or consulate.
A sponsor can arrange to have a visa waiting for the U.S. traveler upon
his or her arrival at Doha's International Airport. However, a traveler
should ask his or her sponsor for written confirmation that an airport
visa has been approved prior to departing for Qatar.
Passengers may transit Qatar without a visa if they continue their
journey within 24 hours and have confirmed reservations on the same or
the next available flight. Transit passengers may not leave the transit
lounge of Doha Airport.
Qatar is a traditional Muslim country. Conservative dress and behavior
are strongly recommended for all visitors. Travelers to Qatar may not
bring in narcotics, weapons, items deemed pornographic, or pork
products. Luggage is subject to careful inspection by customs
Qatar's population is approximately 400,000, of whom an estimated
100,000 are Qataris. Serious crime is virtually unknown and medical
facilities are adequate. Although Arabic is the official language,
English is widely spoken.
Nearly 36% of the inhabitants of Saudi Arabia are resident foreigners.
This includes approximately 30,000 American citizens. English is
acknowledged as a second language and is taught in the secondary
Islam dominates all aspects of life in Saudi Arabia-- government policy,
cultural norms, and social behavior. Islam is the only official
religion of the country, and public observance of any other religion is
forbidden. The Saudi government considers it a sacred duty to safeguard
two of the greatest shrines of Islam, the holy mosques located in the
cities of Mecca and Medina. Travel to Mecca and Medina is forbidden to
non-Muslims. Muslims throughout the world turn to Mecca five times a
day for prayer. Restaurants, stores, and other public places close for
approximately a half-hour upon hearing the call to prayer, and Muslims
stop their activities to pray during that time. Government and business
activities are noticeably curtailed during the month of Ramadan, during
the celebrations at the end of Ramadan, and during the time of the
annual pilgrimage to Mecca, the Hajj. Travel facilities into, out of,
and within Saudi Arabia are crowded during these periods.
Saudi Arabian Social Norms. U.S. citizens are advised that Saudi Arabia
is a conservative country with a rigorous code of public behavior that
everyone, including foreigners, is fully expected to observe. In
particular, Westerners need to be aware of the standards of appropriate
attire and the prohibition of mingling of the sexes in public places.
Dress. Although Westerners have some leeway in dress and social
contacts within company residential compounds, both men and women should
dress conservatively in public. Women's clothing should be loose
fitting and concealing, with high necks, skirts worn well below the
knee, and sleeves below the elbow. It is recommended that women not
Social Behavior in Public. Females are prohibited from driving vehicles
or riding bicycles on public roads, or in places where they might be
observed. Males and females beyond childhood are not free to congregate
together in most public places, and a man may be arrested for being seen
with, walking with, traveling with, or driving a woman other than his
wife or immediate relative. In Saudi Arabia, playing of music or
dancing in public, mixed bathing, public showing of movies, and
consumption of alcoholic beverages are forbidden.
Saudi religious police, known as Mutawwa, have been empowered to enforce
the conservative interpretation of Islamic codes of dress and behavior
for women, and may rebuke or harass women who do not cover their heads
or whose clothing is insufficiently concealing. In addition, in more
conservative areas, there have been incidents of private Saudi citizens
stoning, accosting, or pursuing foreigners, including U.S. citizens, for
perceived dress code or other infractions. While most such incidents
have resulted in little more than inconvenience or embarrassment for the
individual targeted, there have been incidents where Westerners were
U.S. citizens in Saudi Arabia should be aware of Saudi social practices,
and that any infractions may be dealt with aggressively. If you are
accosted by Saudi authorities, cooperate fully in accordance with local
customs and regulations. U.S. citizens who are harassed by private
Saudi citizens or Saudi authorities should report the incidents
immediately to the U.S. Embassy in Riyadh or the U.S. Consulate General
either in Dhahran or in Jeddah.
Entry Visas and Requirements. The Saudi government does not issue
tourist visas. It issues two types of entry visas: one for temporary
business visits or to visit relatives, the other for individuals
entering Saudi Arabia on an employment contract.
Temporary Visits. All applicants for temporary visitor visas for the
purpose of business consultations must have a Saudi company or
individual sponsor their applications. Individuals who wish to visit
non-Saudi relatives must have their relatives' Saudi sponsor request
authorization of their applications through the Saudi Foreign Ministry.
Persons present in Saudi Arabia on temporary visitor visas should not
surrender their passports to the Saudi sponsor. The passport and visa
are the only evidence of the bearer's legal right to be present in the
If an individual is present in the Kingdom on a temporary visitor visa
and has obtained Saudi sponsorship for employment, he or she must exit
Saudi Arabia to obtain an entry visa for employment. This visa need not
be issued in the individual's country of origin, but the applicant must
be physically present to apply for the visa.
Employment and Residence. Visas for employment and residence are
obtained the same way as visas for temporary visits. Documentation,
such as a letter from the sponsoring company, a copy of your signed
contract, or a notarized copy of the your university degree may also be
required. Before you sign a contract with a Saudi company, it is
extremely important you obtain an independent English translation of the
contract. The official and binding version of the contract that you
sign is the Arabic text. Some Americans have signed contracts that in
fact did not include all of the benefits they believed they were
The employee's dependents (spouse and children under the age of 18) may
be brought into Saudi Arabia only with the concurrence of the Saudi
sponsor and authorization of the Foreign Ministry. Ordinarily, only
managers and professionals (holders of college degrees) may bring their
families. Children over age 18 are likely to be refused residence.
Exit Visas. Persons entering Saudi Arabia for the purpose of employment
are issued residence permits (iqamas). These permits are evidence of
legal residence in Saudi Arabia and must be retained at all times.
Foreign residents are not permitted to travel between different major
regions of Saudi Arabia unless permission is noted in their permits. A
resident in Saudi Arabia may not depart the country under any
circumstances, however exigent, without obtaining an exit visa. Exit
visas are issued only upon request of the Saudi sponsor. U.S. consular
officials are not able to 'sponsor' exit visas for Americans resident in
Saudi Arabia under any circumstances. In a genuine emergency, however,
consular officials will attempt to facilitate the Saudi sponsor's
request for the exit visa.
Residents in Saudi Arabia are almost always required to surrender their
passports, and those of their dependents, to the Saudi sponsor. This
practice is specifically authorized in the Saudi employment law. If an
urgent need for travel exists and if the Saudi sponsor will not release
the first passport, the U.S. Embassy or Consulate can issue a
replacement passport. The issuance of a replacement passport does not
guarantee, however, that a person will be able to depart, since the
replacement passport would not contain a Saudi residence permit or exit
Mixed Marriages. A married woman residing with her Saudi husband should
be aware that she must have her husband's permission to depart or have
their children depart from Saudi Arabia. This is true even if the woman
or children are U.S. citizens. The husband is the sponsor of his
foreign wife and of his children, and is, as such, the only individual
who can request an exit visa for the wife or children.
Commercial and Business Disputes. Disputes between parties who do not
have a signed formal contract must be settled through mutual agreement
or through an appeal to the local governor (amir) for judgment. Such
disputes usually involve business representatives on temporary visitor
visas. Some Saudi business sponsors have gained possession of the
passports of their visitors to use as leverage in disputes, but this is
not authorized under Saudi law.
Commercial disputes between parties who have a formal contract can be
brought to the Commercial Arbitration Board of the Saudi Chamber of
Commerce or to the Committee for the Settlement of Commercial Disputes
in the Ministry of Commerce. Disputes involving a government agency may
be brought before the Grievance Board, an autonomous court body under
the Office of the King. Employer/employee disputes may be brought
before the Committee for the Settlement of Labor Disputes in the
Ministry of Labor. An amicable out-of-court settlement is always the
best and least expensive way to resolve a dispute, since referring
matters to commercial or labor tribunals can be costly and time
Ultimate responsibility for obtaining private legal counsel and
resolving a dispute through the Saudi legal system lies with the parties
involved. Consular officers will offer lists of local attorneys to help
settle such disputes. Business visitors should be aware that if the
Saudi party in a commercial dispute files a complaint with the
authorities, Saudi law permits barring the exit of the foreign party
until the dispute is completely settled, including payment of any
Saudi law is applied exclusively in all commercial and contract dispute
cases, even if the contract was drawn up and/or signed outside Saudi
Arabia. Remember that the Arabic text of the contract or agreement is
the text that is considered binding.
Customs Clearance. Customs clearance procedures in Saudi Arabia are
formal, thorough, and lengthy and may involve a full search of every
piece of luggage. Transit passengers who wish to leave the transit area
of the airport are subject to the same strict searches as arriving
Vaccinations. Travelers to Saudi Arabia may wish to get a meningococcal
vaccine prior to departure, and may be required to have one during the
Hajj. Before traveling, consult the Centers for Disease Control (see
page 9) for updated recommendations on this and other vaccines.
AIDS Clearance. All persons going to Saudi Arabia for purposes of
employment are required to present a certification stating that they are
free of the Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome virus. The test should
be included as part of the global medical examination which is given to
those who enter Saudi Arabia on a work permit. It is not required of
travelers entering Saudi Arabia on a temporary visitor visa.
Photography. Visitors should not photograph mosques, people who are
praying, military or government installations, and key industrial,
communications, or transportation facilities. If you have any doubts
about what you may photograph, request permission first.
Alcohol and Drugs. Import, manufacture, possession, and consumption of
alcoholic beverages or drugs are strictly forbidden. Saudi officials
make no exceptions. Americans have spent up to a year in Saudi prisons
for alcohol-related offenses. Americans have also been sentenced to
receive 75 or more lashes in lieu of prison for failing a blood test for
alcohol. Travelers should also exercise extreme care and discretion
when consuming alcohol on flights landing in the Kingdom. Persons
obviously inebriated are subject to arrest or deportation.
Many drugs sold with or without prescription in other countries may be
illegal in Saudi Arabia. For instance, captagon (fenetylline
hydrochloride), a drug used to treat exhaustion which is available
without a prescription in some countries in Asia, is considered an
illegal substance in Saudi Arabia. Americans in Saudi Arabia have
received prison sentences of up to 2 1/2 months and 70 lashes for
possession of captagon.
The attempted importation of drugs or controlled substances, even in
very small amounts, is a serious offense under Saudi law. The traveler
will be arrested and tried for carrying drugs into the country.
Americans have served prisons sentences for drug possession or use. The
death penalty for drug smugglers and traffickers convicted of a second
offense underscores the gravity with which authorities treat drug
offenses in the Kingdom. Customs authorities are now using dogs to
detect drugs at Saudi airports.
Prescription drugs in small quantities, clearly labeled with the
traveler's name, doctor's name, pharmacy, and contents on the original
container, should cause no problem. It is wise to carry a copy of the
prescription as well. The importation of drugs in large amounts,
however, can be done legally only through the Ministry of Health.
Other Forbidden Items. Items considered pornographic by Saudi
standards, including magazines and video cassettes, are strictly
forbidden. It is also illegal to import firearms of any type,
ammunition, related items such as gunsights and gun magazines, food
items, and banned books.
Personal religious items such as a Bible or a rosary are usually
permitted, but travelers should be aware that on occasion, these items
have been seized at entry and not returned to the traveler.
Pets. Most pets, except dogs, may be brought into the country provided
they are accompanied by a health certificate authenticated by the Saudi
consulate in the country of origin. Dogs are banned with the exception
of guard dogs, hunting dogs, and seeing-eye dogs. Dogs in these
excepted categories must be accompanied by a health certificate and a
certificate authenticated by the Saudi consulate in the country of
origin that attests that the dog fits into one of the exempt categories.
All visitors to Syria must have a valid Syrian visa on arrival in the
country. Although airport visas are technically available, they are
Syrian law does not recognize the U.S. citizenship of a naturalized
Syrian unless the Syrian government has given that person permission to
renounce Syrian nationality. U.S.-Syrian dual nationals who have not
received that permission are considered Syrian when they enter Syria
even when they enter on their U.S. passports. A Syrian male cannot
leave the country until he has satisfied the requirement for military
service. (Syrian-American males who have not completed the obligatory
military service, but who wish to visit Syria should contact the Syria
Embassy in Washington for more information.) This does not apply to a
man who is the only son in a family, but it applies to all other men of
normal military service age or older. Any person, male or female, who
is considered Syrian may take no more than $2,000 worth of convertible
currency out of Syria, no matter how much they may have brought into the
country. U.S. citizens of Syrian origin may experience difficulties if
they remain in Syria after the expiration of their visas. If you are a
dual national, check with the Syrian Embassy on the obligations of
Syrian citizenship before you visit Syria.
Travelers may bring any amount of currency into Syria. Syrian law does
not require currency to be declared unless the total is more than
$5,000. It is wise, however, to declare any currency you have, because
you can not take currency out of Syria unless it has been declared upon
arrival. There are two rates of exchange in Syria. In addition to the
official rate, Syrian pounds may be purchased at the more favorable
'neighboring country rate' at the Syrian Commercial Bank or at a major
hotel if you have convertible currency in cash or travelers checks.
Hotel bills must be paid in convertible currency or with Syrian pounds
obtained at the official rate from the Commercial Bank of Syria (receipt
required). Meals and all other purchases can be paid for with Syrian
pounds and do not require official rate certification. Credit card
charges may be figured at either the official rate or the neighboring
country rate. Travelers should check which rate will apply before
making any credit card purchase.
Syrian pounds cannot be taken out of Syria. Travelers cannot convert
Syrian pounds back into convertible currency, and should therefore not
purchase more of the currency than they expect to spend in Syria.
Conservative dress is recommended for Syria. Travelers should exercise
caution when photographing historic sites. Photographs may be taken of
regular tourist attractions, such as ancient ruins and temples, but
warnings are issued against photographing government buildings,
government property, and anything other than tourist sites.
U.S. citizens do not need a visa for a tourist or business visit of up
to four months, but must possess return or onward tickets. No local
currency may be imported or exported.
As of August 1991, naturalized U.S. citizens of Tunisian origin are no
longer required to have a Tunisian travel document in order to depart
from Tunisia. They may enter and depart Tunisia on their U.S. passport.
United Arab Emirates
The United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) is a federation of seven independent
emirates. Visitors to the U.A.E. must obtain a visa before arrival.
Some of the Emirates allow hotels or airlines to sponsor persons
entering for short visits. Persons who overstay their visas are subject
to fines and/or imprisonment. Both penalties have been imposed on U.S.
The U.A.E. prohibits the import of pornography, controlled substances,
firearms, ammunition, or items capable of being used as weapons.
Videotapes will be screened by customs officials, an often lengthy
process, and may be confiscated. Non-Muslims may consume alcohol in
licensed bars or restaurants.
Visitors may apply for a temporary U.A.E. driver's licence upon
presentation of a valid U.S. license. There are strict penalties for
persons involved in traffic accidents while under the influence of
alcohol, including lashings for Muslims.
Women residing in the U.A.E. do not require their husband's permission
to travel abroad, but a husband may block his wife's departure by
submitting her name to immigration authorities. The U.A.E. does not
recognize dual nationality, and U.A.E. citizenship is transmitted
through the father regardless of the child's place of birth. Dual
national children generally must enter and depart the U.A.E. using their
Conditions in Yemen remain unsettled due to the recent end of Yemen's
civil war. Ordnance such as mines, left over from the war, may pose a
hazard to travelers. U.S. citizens should exercise caution in Yemen and
avoid travel in remote areas. Local tribal disputes have occasionally
led to violence. Westerners, including U.S. citizens, have been
kidnapped as a result of such local disputes, and vehicles have been
hijacked. Urban violence and crime is a growing problem in Yemen,
including within the capital, Sanaa.
Visitor visas, which are usually valid for entry for up to one month,
are required. Entry to Yemen may be denied to persons with passports
showing Israeli visas or entry/exit stamps.
Because of the 7200 feet altitude of Sanaa and the lack of adequate
medical facilities, travelers may wish to consult their physicians
before visiting Yemen. Independent travel in Yemen is difficult; it is
advisable to arrange your trip though a travel agent. Photography of
military installations, equipment, or troops is forbidden.
Foreign Embassies in the United States
Embassy of ALGERIA
2137 Wyoming Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20008
Embassy of BAHRAIN
3502 International Dr., NW
Washington, DC 20008
Embassy of EGYPT
2310 Decatur Place, NW
Washington, DC 20008
IRANIAN Interests Section
Embassy of PAKISTAN
2209 Wisconsin Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20007
IRAQI Interests Section
Embassy of ALGERIA
1801 P Street NW
Washington, DC 20036
Embassy of ISRAEL
3514 International Dr., NW
Washington, DC 20008
Embassy of JORDAN
3504 International Dr., NW
Washington, DC 20008
Embassy of KUWAIT
2940 Tilden Street, NW
Washington, DC 20008
Embassy of LEBANON
2560 28th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20008
Embassy of MOROCCO
1601 21st Street, NW
Washington, DC 20009
Embassy of OMAN
2535 Belmont Rd., NW
Washington, DC 20008
Embassy of QATAR
600 New Hampshire Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20037
Embassy of SAUDI ARABIA
601 New Hampshire Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20037
Embassy of SYRIA
2215 Wyoming Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20008
Embassy of TUNISIA
1515 Massachusetts Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20005
Embassy of the
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
600 New Hampshire Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20037
Embassy of YEMEN
600 New Hampshire Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20037
U.S. Embassies and
Note: workweek is Monday-Friday except where noted.
4 Chemin Cheich Bachir
16000 Algiers, ALGERIA
Tel. (213-2) 601-425/255/186
Bldg. 979, Road No. 3119
(Next to Al Ahli Sports Club)
Tel. (973) 273-300;
8 Kamal El-Din Salah Street
Tel. (20-2) 355-7371
U.S. Interests Section
Embassy of SWITZERLAND
Bucharest Avenue &
17th Street, No. 5
Tel. (98-21) 625-223/4,
U.S. Interests Section
Embassy of POLAND
Hay Babil, Section 929
Lane 7, House 17, Alwiyah
Tel. (964-1) 719-613819,
7l Hayarkon Street
Tel Aviv, ISRAEL
Tel. (972-3) 517-4338;
U.S. Consular Agency
(limited services only)
12 Jerusalem Street
Haifa 33132, ISRAEL
Tel. (972-4) 670-615;
American Consulate General
27 Nablus Road
Tel. (972-2) 253-288
Tel. (962-6) 820-101
Tel. (965) 242-4151 thru 9
Tel. (961-1) 402-200, 403-300
2 Avenue de Marrakech
Tel. (212-7) 762-265
American Consulate General
8 Boulevard Moulay Youssef
Tel. (212-2) 264-550
Workweek: Sat.-Wed., 0730-1600
PO Box 50202
Tel. (968) 698-989
after 4pm 699-049
149 Ahmed Bin Ali Street
Farig Bin Omran
Tel. (974) 864-701/2/3
Collector Road M
Riyadh, SAUDI ARABIA
Tel. (966-1) 488-3800
American Consulate General
Between Aramco Hqrs. and
Dhahran Int'l. Airport
Dhahran, SAUDI ARABIA
Tel. (966-3) 891-3200
American Consulate General
Palestine Road, Ruwais
Jeddah, SAUDI ARABIA
Tel. (966-2) 667-0080
Al-Mansur Street No. 2
Tel. (963-11) 333-2814,
144 Ave. de la Liberte
Tel. (216-1) 782-566
Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.
Tel. (971-2) 436-691;
after hours 434-457
Tel. (971-4) 313-115
Dhar Himyar Zone
Sheraton Hotel District
Tel. (967-1) 238-842/52
[END OF Tips for Travelers to the Middle East and North Africa]
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