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97/06/01 Independent States in the World
Office of the Geographer and Global Issues
Independent States(see note 1) in the World as of June 1, 1997. 
Total count of States:  190 
* Diplomatic relations with the United States 
+ Member of United Nations 
Short-form name        Long-form name         Code 2   Capital 
Afghanistan *+    Islamic State of Afghanistan  AF     Kabul 
Albania *+        Republic of Albania           AL     Tirana 
Algeria *+        Democratic and Popular 
                        Republic of Algeria     AG     Algiers 
Andorra *+        Principality of Andorra       AN     Andorra la 
Angola *          Republic of Angola            AO     Luanda 
Antigua and Barbuda *+(no long-form name)       AC     Saint John's 
Argentina *+      Argentine Republic            AR     Buenos Aires 
Armenia *+        Republic of Armenia           AM     Yerevan 
Australia *+      Commonwealth of Australia     AS     Canberra 
Austria *+        Republic of Austria           AU     Vienna 
Azerbaijan *+     Azerbaijani Republic          AJ     Baku 
Bahamas, The *+   Commonwealth of The Bahamas   BF     Nassau 
Bahrain *+        State of Bahrain              BA     Manama 
Bangladesh *+     People's Republic of  
                    Bangladesh                  BG     Dhaka 
Barbados *+       (no long-form name)           BB     Bridgetown 
Belarus *+        Republic of Belarus           BO     Minsk 
Belgium *+        Kingdom of Belgium            BE     Brussels 
Belize *+         (no long-form name)           BH     Belmopan 
Benin *+          Republic of Benin             BN     Porto-Novo 
Bhutan +          Kingdom of Bhutan             BT     Thimphu 
Bolivia *+        Republic of Bolivia           BL     La Paz  
Bosnia and Herzegovina *+ 
                  Republic of Bosnia and        BK     Sarajevo 
Botswana *+       Republic of Botswana          BC     Gaborone 
Brazil *+         Federative Republic of Brazil BR     Brasilia 
Brunei *+         Negara Brunei Darussalam      BX     Bandar Seri
Bulgaria *+       Republic of Bulgaria          BU     Sofia 
Burkina Faso*+    Burkina Faso                  UV     Ouagadougou 
Burma *+          Union of Burma                BM     Rangoon 
Burundi *+        Republic of Burundi           BY     Bujumbura 
Cambodia *+       Kingdom of Cambodia           CB     Phnom Penh 
Cameroon *+       Republic of Cameroon          CM     Yaounde 
Canada *+         (no long-form name)           CA     Ottawa 
Cape Verde *+     Republic of Cape Verde        CV     Praia 
Central African  
     Republic *+  Central African Republic      CT     Bangui 
Chad *+           Republic of Chad              CD     N'Djamena 
Chile *+          Republic of Chile             CI     Santiago 
China *+(note 3)  People's Republic of China    CH     Beijing 
Colombia *+       Republic of Colombia          CO     Bogota 
Comoros *+        Federal Islamic Republic 
                    of the Comoros              CN     Moroni 
Congo (Brazzaville)*+ (see note 4)
                  Republic of the Congo         CF     Brazzaville 
Congo (Kinshasa)*+ (see note 4)
                  Democratic Republic           CG     Kinshasa
                    of the Congo
Costa Rica *+     Republic of Costa Rica        CS     San Jose 
Cote d'Ivoire 
  (Ivory Coast) *+ Republic of Cote d'Ivoire    IV     Yamoussoukro 
Croatia *+        Republic of Croatia           HR     Zagreb 
Cuba +            Republic of Cuba              CU     Havana 
Cyprus *+         Republic of Cyprus            CY     Nicosia 
Czech Republic *+ Czech Republic                EZ     Prague 
Denmark *+        Kingdom of Denmark            DA     Copenhagen 
Djibouti *+       Republic of Djibouti          DJ     Djibouti 
Dominica *+       Commonwealth of Dominica      DO     Roseau 
Dominican Republic *+  
                  Dominican Republic            DR     Santo Domingo 
Ecuador *+        Republic of Ecuador           EC     Quito 
Egypt *+          Arab Republic of Egypt        EG     Cairo 
El Salvador *+    Republic of El Salvador       ES     San Salvador 
Equatorial Guinea *+   
                  Republic of Equatorial Guinea EK     Malabo 
Eritrea *+        State of Eritrea              ER     Asmara 
Estonia *+        Republic of Estonia           EN     Tallinn 
Ethiopia *+       Federal Democratic Republic
                    of Ethiopia                 ET     Addis Ababa 
Fiji *+           Republic of Fiji              FJ     Suva 
Finland *+        Republic of Finland           FI     Helsinki 
France *+         French Republic               FR     Paris 
Gabon *+          Gabonese Republic             GB     Libreville 
Gambia, The *+    Republic of The Gambia        GA     Banjul 
Georgia *+        (no long-form name)           GG     T'bilisi 
Germany *+        Federal Republic of Germany   GM     Berlin 
Ghana *+          Republic of Ghana             GH     Accra 
Greece *+         Hellenic Republic             GR     Athens 
Grenada *+        (no long-form name)           GJ     Saint George's 
Guatemala *+      Republic of Guatemala         GT     Guatemala
Guinea *+         Republic of Guinea            GV     Conakry 
Guinea-Bissau *+  Republic of Guinea-Bissau     PU     Bissau 
Guyana *+         Co-operative Republic of  
                     Guyana                     GY     Georgetown 
Haiti *+          Republic of Haiti             HA     Port-au-Prince 
Holy See *        Holy See                      VT     Vatican City 
Honduras *+       Republic of Honduras          HO     Tegucigalpa 
Hungary *+        Republic of Hungary           HU     Budapest 
Iceland *+        Republic of Iceland           IC     Reykjavik 
India *+          Republic of India             IN     New Delhi 
Indonesia *+      Republic of Indonesia         ID     Jakarta 
Iran +            Islamic Republic of Iran      IR     Tehran 
Iraq +            Republic of Iraq              IZ     Baghdad 
Ireland *+        (no long-form name)           EI     Dublin 
Israel *+         State of Israel               IS     (see note 5) 
Italy *+          Italian Republic              IT     Rome 
Jamaica *+        (no long-form name)           JM     Kingston 
Japan *+          (no long-form name)           JA     Tokyo 
Jordan *+         Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan   JO     Amman 
Kazakstan *+      Republic of Kazakstan         KZ     Almaty 
Kenya *+          Republic of Kenya             KE     Nairobi 
Kiribati *        Republic of Kiribati          KR     Tarawa 
Korea, North +    Democratic People's Republic 
                      of Korea                  KN     P'yongyang 
Korea, South *+   Republic of Korea             KS     Seoul 
Kuwait *+         State of Kuwait               KU     Kuwait 
Kyrgyzstan *+     Kyrgyz Republic               KG     Bishkek 
Laos *+           Lao People's Democratic 
                    Republic                    LA     Vientiane 
Latvia *+         Republic of Latvia            LG     Riga 
Lebanon *+        Lebanese Republic             LE     Beirut 
Lesotho *+        Kingdom of Lesotho            LT     Maseru 
Liberia *+        Republic of Liberia           LI     Monrovia 
Libya *+          Socialist People's Libyan 
                     Arab Jamahiriya            LY     Tripoli 
Liechtenstein *+  Principality of Liechtenstein LS     Vaduz 
Lithuania *+      Republic of Lithuania         LH     Vilnius 
Luxembourg *+     Grand Duchy of Luxembourg     LU     Luxembourg 
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of*+    
                  The Former Yugoslav Republic 
                    of Macedonia                MK     Skopje 
Madagascar *+     Republic of Madagascar        MA     Antananarivo 
Malawi *+         Republic of Malawi            MI     Lilongwe 
Malaysia *+       (no long-form name)           MY     Kuala Lumpur 
Maldives *+       Republic of Maldives          MV     Male 
Mali *+           Republic of Mali              ML     Bamako 
Malta *+          (no long-form name)           MT     Valletta 
Marshall Islands *+ 
               Republic of the Marshall Islands RM     Majuro 
Mauritania *+     Islamic Republic of  
                      Mauritania                MR     Nouakchott 
Mauritius *+      Republic of Mauritius         MP     Port Louis 
Mexico *+         United Mexican States         MX     Mexico 
Micronesia, Federated States of *+ 
                  Federated States of Micronesia FM    Palikir 
Moldova *+        Republic of Moldova           MD     Chisinau 
Monaco *+         Principality of Monaco        MN     Monaco 
Mongolia *+       (no long-form name)           MG     Ulaanbaatar 
Morocco *+        Kingdom of Morocco            MO     Rabat 
Mozambique *+     Republic of Mozambique        MZ     Maputo 
Namibia *+        Republic of Namibia           WA     Windhoek 
Nauru *           Republic of Nauru             NR     Yaren 
                                                      (no capital
Nepal *+          Kingdom of Nepal              NP     Kathmandu 
Netherlands *+    Kingdom of the Netherlands    NL     Amsterdam 
                                                      The Hague 
                                                   (seat of gov't) 
New Zealand *+   (no long-form name)            NZ     Wellington 
Nicaragua *+     Republic of Nicaragua          NU     Managua 
Niger *+         Republic of Niger              NG     Niamey 
Nigeria *+       Federal Republic of Nigeria    NI     Abuja 
Norway *+        Kingdom of Norway              NO     Oslo 
Oman *+          Sultanate of Oman              MU     Muscat 
Pakistan *+      Islamic Republic of Pakistan   PK     Islamabad 
Palau *+         Republic of Palau              PS     Koror 
Panama *+        Republic of Panama             PM     Panama 
Papua New Guinea *+ 
                 Independent State of 
                   Papua New Guinea             PP     Port Moresby 
Paraguay *+       Republic of Paraguay          PA     Asuncion 
Peru *+           Republic of Peru              PE     Lima 
Philippines *+    Republic of the Philippines   RP     Manila 
Poland *+         Republic of Poland            PL     Warsaw 
Portugal *+       Portuguese Republic           PO     Lisbon 
Qatar *+          State of Qatar                QA     Doha 
Romania *+        (no long-form name)           RO     Bucharest 
Russia *+         Russian Federation            RS     Moscow 
Rwanda *+         Rwandese Republic             RW      Kigali 
Saint Kitts and   Federation of Saint Kitts   
  Nevis *+         and Nevis                    SC     Basseterre 
Saint Lucia *+    (no long-form name)           ST     Castries 
Saint Vincent and the 
  Grenadines *+   (no long-form name)           VC     Kingstown 
San Marino *+     Republic of San Marino        SM     San Marino 
Sao Tome and      Democratic Republic of Sao    TP     Sao Tome 
  Principe *+      Tome and Principe 
Saudi Arabia *+   Kingdom of Saudi Arabia       SA     Riyadh 
Senegal *+        Republic of Senegal           SG     Dakar 
Seychelles *+     Republic of Seychelles        SE     Victoria 
Sierra Leone *+   Republic of Sierra Leone      SL     Freetown 
Singapore *+      Republic of Singapore         SN     Singapore 
Slovakia *+       Slovak Republic               LO     Bratislava 
Slovenia *+       Republic of Slovenia          SI     Ljubljana 
Solomon Islands *+(no long-form name)           BP     Honiara 
Somalia *+        (no long-form name)           SO     Mogadishu 
South Africa *+   Republic of South Africa      SF     Pretoria 
                                            Cape Town (legislative)
                                            Bloemfontein (judiciary)
Spain *+          Kingdom of Spain              SP     Madrid 
Sri Lanka *+      Democratic Socialist Republic 
                    of Sri Lanka                CE     Colombo 
Sudan *+          Republic of the Sudan         SU     Khartoum 
Suriname *+       Republic of Suriname          NS     Paramaribo 
Swaziland *+      Kingdom of Swaziland          WZ     Mbabane  
                                             Lobamba (legislative) 
Sweden *+         Kingdom of Sweden             SW     Stockholm 
Switzerland *     Swiss Confederation           SZ     Bern 
Syria *+          Syrian Arab Republic          SY     Damascus 
Tajikistan *+    Republic of Tajikistan         TI     Dushanbe 
Tanzania *+      United Republic of Tanzania    TZ     Dar es Salaam 
                                                   Dodoma (legislative)
Thailand *+      Kingdom of Thailand            TH     Bangkok 
Togo *+          Togolese Republic              TO     Lome 
Tonga *          Kingdom of Tonga               TN     Nuku'alofa 
Trinidad and     Republic of Trinidad and       TD     Port-of-Spain 
  Tobago *+        Tobago 
Tunisia *+       Republic of Tunisia            TS     Tunis 
Turkey *+        Republic of Turkey             TU     Ankara 
Turkmenistan *+  (no long-form name)            TX     Ashgabat 
Tuvalu *         (no long-form name)            TV     Funafuti 
Uganda *+         Republic of Uganda            UG     Kampala 
Ukraine *+        (no long-form name)           UP     Kiev 
United Arab       United Arab Emirates          TC     Abu Dhabi 
  Emirates *+ 
United Kingdom *+ United Kingdom of Great       UK      London 
                   Britain and Northern Ireland 
United States +   United States of America      US      Washington, 
Uruguay *+        Oriental Republic of Uruguay  UY      Montevideo 
Uzbekistan *+     Republic of Uzbekistan        UZ      Tashkent 
Vanuatu *+        Republic of Vanuatu           NH      Port-Vila 
Venezuela *+      Republic of Venezuela         VE      Caracas 
Vietnam *+        Socialist Republic of Vietnam VM      Hanoi 
Western Samoa *+  Independent State of          WS      Apia 
                    Western Samoa 
Yemen *+ (note 5) Republic of Yemen             YM      Sanaa 
Zaire *+          Republic of Zaire             CG      Kinshasa 
Zambia *+         Republic of Zambia            ZA      Lusaka 
Zimbabwe *+       Republic of Zimbabwe          ZI      Harare 
Short-form name        Long-form name     Code 2         Capital 
Serbia and Montenegro (see note 6)
                      (no long-form name) SR (Serbia)     Belgrade
                                          MW (Montenegro) Podgorica
Taiwan (note 7)   (no long-form name)     TW              Taipei 
Note 1:  In this listing, the term "independent state" refers to a 
people politically organized into a sovereign state with a definite 
territory recognized as independent by the US. 
Note 2:  Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 10-4 codes. 
Note 3:  With the establishment of diplomatic relations with China on 
January 1, 1979, the US Government recognized the People's Republic of 
China as the sole legal government of China and acknowledged the Chinese 
position that there is only one China and that Taiwan is part of China. 
Note 4:  "Congo" is the official short-form name for both the Republic 
of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  To distinguish 
one from the other, the US Department of State adds the capital in 
parentheses.  This practice is unofficial and provisional.

Note 5:  In 1950 the Israel Parliament proclaimed Jerusalem as the 
capital.  The US, like most other countries that have Embassies in 
Israel, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv. 
Note 6:  The US view is that the Socialist Federal Republic of 
Yugoslavia has dissolved and no successor state represents its 
continuation.  Serbia and Montenegro have asserted the formation of a 
joint independent state, but this entity has not been formally 
recognized as a state by the US. 
Note 7:  Claimed by both the Government of the People's Republic of 
China and the authorities on Taiwan.  Administered by the authorities of 
Taiwan.  (see note 3) 
Source:  Office of The Geographer and Global Issues, Bureau of 
Intelligence and Research, US Department of State, Washington, DC 

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