U.S. Department of State MAB Vol. 20 No. 2 U.S. MAB BULLETIN The United States National Committee for the Man and the Biosphere Program August 1996 Volume 20, Number 2 ISSN 1078-6295 The U.S. MAB Bulletin is published by the U.S. MAB Secretariat, OES/ETC/MAB, SA-44C, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC 20522-4401 " The mission of the United States Man and the Biosphere Program (U.S. MAB) is to explore, demonstrate, promote, and encourage harmonious relationships between people and their environments building on the MAB network of Biosphere Reserves and interdisciplinary research. The long- term goal of the U.S. MAB Program is to contribute to achieving a sustainable society early in the 21st Century. The MAB mission and long term goal will be implemented, in the United States and internationally, through public-private partnerships and linkages that sponsor and promote cooperative interdisciplinary research, experimentation, education and information exchange on options by which societies can achieve sustainability." Adopted by the U.S. National Committee for the Man and the Biosphere Program, July 26, 1995. U.S. MAB is supported by the Agency for International Development; the Department of Agriculture-Forest Service; the Air Force; the Department of Commerce-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; the Department of Energy; the Department of the Interior-Bureau of Land Management, -National Biological Service, -National Park Service; the Department of State; the Environmental Protection Agency; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; the National Institutes of Health; the National Science Foundation; the Peace Corps; and the Smithsonian Institution. The program is organized into six directorates: Biosphere Reserve, High Latitude Ecosystems, Human-Dominated Systems, Marine and Coastal Ecosystems, Temperate Ecosystems, and Tropical Ecosystems. IN THIS ISSUE * From U.S. MAB Chair, D. Dean Bibles * From the Executive Director, Roger E. Soles * Diane Wickland Named New Vice Chair of the U.S. MAB National Committee * July National Committee Meeting * ACCESS 1996 is Ready for Distribution * MABFauna 2.0 is Now Available * Brian C. Bock New MABNetAmericas Coordinator * Southern Appalachian Assessment * MAB Presentations at the Ecological Society of America Meeting * Big Thicket Science Conference * New Biosphere Reserves Designated * Internships in Natural History * MAB at the IUCN * Publications FROM U.S. MAB CHAIR, D. DEAN BIBLES The question of who owns and controls biosphere reserves has become a recurring issue this year. Included is the issue of what kind of control may be given up with designation of a biosphere reserve. I have been increasingly concerned about the rhetoric and misinformation often being disseminated about the MAB Program. Therefore, I will attempt to answer some of the concerns. First, let me say emphatically that neither the Secretary General of the United Nations nor any other person in the UN is 'zoning' or otherwise gaining control or sovereignty over any property in the United States through the MAB Program. To suggest such is to attempt to inflame people in order to create division. The MAB Program is an opportunity to share beneficial information. As athletes from all nations in the Olympics share in athletic competition in many different sports, the scientists and land managers of the MAB Program share nationally and internationally in many different disciplines. Both arenas suggest this sharing without regard to the violence and distrust that may exist on other levels between countries. We are recognizing the need of humans to exist on this planet and the dependency we have on one another to use resources of the world wisely. Sharing of information through a program like MAB may avoid the divisions and jealousies which may arise from each discipline and nation working independently. The biosphere reserve provides a place to integrate conservation, scientific research and monitoring, land management practices, and environmental education with the goal of sustainable development and maintenance of biological diversity. The concept does not emphasis preservation or development. It does emphasize the role of humans and long term societal sustainability which necessarily means providing food, water, air, and a quality of life. In accomplishing these goals, local people must be a part of the process and in fact local approval is required to successfully nominate an area for inclusion as a biosphere reserve. This is putting democracy into action at the local level. This model provides an opportunity for federal, state, local government, and local businesses and private citizens to decide on their own future. In becoming a part of the world-wide network of biosphere reserves, nothing is given up. A commitment is given to share information, continue scientific research and monitoring, maintain the biological diversity of the core area, encourage sustainable development of the region, and work cooperatively with neighbors on issues of common interest. The United Nations Educational and Scientific Organization (UNESCO) gains no control in this process--it is merely a catalyst for aiding countries to communicate the results of their work on biosphere reserves. MABNetAmericas and BRIM are two examples by which we attempt to facilitate this communication. Whether we prefer to stick our heads in the sand and act as though we Americans are the only ones here on this spaceship we call planet Earth or not, the fact remains that as we have ventured outside the confines of this beautiful planet, we confirm that it is indeed finite. We do share this space and breathe and rebreathe the air, reap the penalties of what we have done to our oceans, and all share in the increase in skin cancer and other maladies because of what we collectively have done to the earth's protective shield. Likewise we will all suffer if plants that might contain medicinal properties which may provide cures for some of our worst diseases are lost before we even know they exist. The Man and the Biosphere idea is merely about approaching ways for us to all strive to understand and take corrective action at the LOCAL level while learning from others and helping others to learn from us. FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR The U.S. MAB Secretariat has recently received many inquiries about MAB, about biosphere reserves, and their relationship to the United Nations and property rights issues. This office has done its best to provide the information requested. U.S. MAB has rather limited educational/ outreach resources. This Bulletin now goes out to about 7,000 people worldwide. The maximum number of copies of any of our publications (e.g. - a directory of biosphere reserves) has been only 3,000. While these are much smaller circulation numbers than most scientific journals and newsletters they do represent an appropriate balance in our budget allocations between direct research and program support and outreach and publications. More than a dozen "MAB Home Pages" can be found on the World Wide Web. Versions of "Frequently Asked Questions and Answers About Biosphere Reserves" are found on most of these Home Pages. Our information is free, public and available to anyone. But, obviously more needs to be done to publicize the work of U.S. MAB and the facts about and benefits of biosphere reserves. As one result of all of this, Chairman Bibles took the initiative to visit with several congressional staffers about their concerns. His efforts to present the facts of MAB and of the biosphere reserves concept have been appreciated. At the end of August there will be a changing of MABNetAmericas Coordinators. This position in the MAB Secretariat is managed in cooperation with the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and its program of Fellowships in Science and Diplomacy at the Department of State. We were fortunate that last year Dr. William Teska was chosen to initiated this position. Bill made great progress in promoting MABNetAmericas from concept to consensus. Bill was also most helpful around our MAB office -- his presence, good humor and productivity will be sorely missed. Bill will return to Furman University this fall and we wish him well. I am most pleased that Dr. Brian Bock and Bill could overlap during several time periods this summer to make the transition as smooth as possible-- and so that the development of MABNetAmericas can continue uninterrupted. Ms. Keelin Kuipers is also leaving the secretariat staff. Ms. Kuipers was on loan to U.S. MAB from the National Science Foundation and did a great job for us pulling together several Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring (BRIM) Program projects which we have taken on as the BRIM Secretariat for EuroMAB. The most time consuming of these has been the ACCESS 1996 which I am pleased to say is ready for distribution. Roger E. Soles DIANE WICKLAND NAMED NEW VICE CHAIR OF THE U.S. MAB NATIONAL COMMITTEE D. Dean Bibles, Chair of U.S. MAB, has announced the appointment of Dr. Diane E. Wickland to the position of Vice-Chair of the U.S. National Committee for MAB. Dr. Wickland has served as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) representative on the National Committee since 1992. She has consistently challenged U.S. MAB directorates to research excellence, and championed the creation of the biosphere reserve directorate and the position of biosphere reserve coordinator. Since 1992 Diane has managed the Terrestrial Ecology Program of the Office of Mission to Planet Earth for NASA. In that capacity Dr. Wickland manages a $15-18 million program of basic research to apply remote sensing to ecological problems. From 1990-92 she was Acting Chief, Ecosystem Dynamics and Biogeochemical Cycles Branch, Earth Science and Applications Division, Office of Space Science and Applications for NASA. Dr. Wickland was born and raised in Wisconsin where she assisted with her family dairy farm. All of her academic degrees are in botany with a specialization in ecology. The National Committee will be well served by Diane who has been interested in all aspects of the MAB Program for several years. She brings to the position, expertise in research, grants and budget, and national and international program administration. JULY NATIONAL COMMITTEE MEETING Chair D. Dean Bibles presided at the July 24-25, 1996 U.S. National Committee for the Man and the Biosphere Program meeting held at the National Science Foundation board room in Arlington, Virginia. The FY 1996 budget approved at this meeting provided funds for all of the following programs. The Biosphere Reserve Directorate will continue development of the Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring program data and information system for the U.S. It will support regional and local partnerships that have the capability and interest in implementing and integrating the functions of a biosphere reserves-conservation, research, sustainable development, and networking. The Tropical Ecosystems Directorate will demonstrate options for sustainable management of the Mayan area of Guatemala, Mexico, and Belize through workshops and funding of small grants. The High Latitude Ecosystems Directorate will expand its study of caribou herds in their Alaskan/Canadian subarctic ranges. The two specific goals of the current research is to model and analyze the dynamic interactions between habitat, hunting, and population demographics of the Porcupine caribou herd; and design and develop a harvest information system that relies on data input from users and provides predictive feedback to communities for developing co-management hunting policy. The Human-Dominated Systems Directorate (H-DSD) will support the publication of a special edition of Ecological Applications, the journal of the Ecological Society of America for applied ecology articles. The issue will give an overview, synthesis, and conclusions of the H-DSD five year study of the Everglades and south Florida. The Marine and Coastal Ecosystems Directorate will document the present and changing conditions within the proposed Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary and the three sites in Kaho'olawe and Molokini Islands, Hawaii. The directorate will also finalize the reference manual, "Management Strategies for Sustainable Fisheries and Protection of Marine Ecosystems." Other funded programs are the American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow position to coordinate the MABNetAmericas program, support for the Northern Sciences Network and EuroMAB activities. Ad hoc committees were appointed to review the, "Guidelines for the Selection of Biosphere Reserves in the United States," chaired by Dean Bibles; to review the Biosphere Reserves Directorate proposal for development of U.S. Biosphere Reserves chaired by Elizabeth Owen; and to recommend appropriate criteria for membership on the National Committee chaired by Peter Jutro. Presentations were made by Jeffrey Bradybaugh of the National Park Service on Mammoth Cave Biosphere Reserve; Robert Lee of the University of Washington on the Temperate Ecosystem Directorate product LUCAS; Gordon Cragg of the National Cancer Institute on the relationship between MAB and the National Institutes of Health; Keelin Kuipers on the current status of Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring (BRIM), a joint effort of U.S. MAB, Canada MAB, and European MAB programs; William Teska on the progress to date on the MABNetAmericas initiative; Kallie Naude, Johan Neethling, Annemarie deKlerk, Dennis Moss, and Bernard deWitt all working to establish a South African MAB Program and biosphere reserves on their fact finding mission to the U.S.; Bill Painter of the Environmental Protection Agency on the EPA Office of Sustainable Ecosystems and Communities Projects; Hubert Hinote, chair of the Biosphere Reserve Directorate, Mark Harwell, chair of the Human- Dominated Systems Directorate, Jack Kruse, chair of the High Latitude Ecosystems Directorate, Michael Crosby, chair of the Marine and Coastal Ecosystems Directorate, and Francisco Dallmeier and Archie Carr members of the Temperate Ecosystems Directorate all presented the proposals for the 1996 directorate core projects; and Elizabeth Owen, Biosphere Reserves Coordinator spoke on her position goals. ACCESS 1996 IS READY FOR DISTRIBUTION The Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring (BRIM) Program has recently made significant progress on three initiatives: the publication of ACCESS 1996: A Directory of Permanent Plots which Monitor Flora, Fauna, Climate, Hydrology, Soil, Geology, and the Effects of Anthropogenic Changes at 132 Biosphere Reserves in 27 Countries; the completion of a final release of MABFauna, and the development of a pilot version of MABFlora. (see additional information elsewhere in this Bulletin) ACCESS 1996 is now ready for distribution. This publication provides information on types of monitoring plots, how data from these plots are stored and maintained, contact information, and ecosystem types for most biosphere reserves in the 32 nation EuroMAB area. It will be a valuable resource in establishing cross-biosphere reserve studies, sharing expertise, and facilitating communication among biosphere reserve managers and scientists. ACCESS 1996 is the result of the efforts of the MAB Program of Germany, which undertook the initial comprehensive survey of EuroMAB Biosphere Reserves; the biosphere reserves and national MAB Programs that completed and returned the survey; and the U.S. MAB Program, which synthesized, edited, and published ACCESS 1996. For more information on the projected products of the BRIM program please write the U.S. MAB Secretariat for a copy of the BRIM pamphlet or find the text with other U.S. MAB publications at: gopher://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/1d-1%3a7531%3a02Man%20%26%2.0Biosphere MABFauna 2.0 IS NOW AVAILABLE MABFauna/MABFlora are databases which list the occurrence of vertebrate and plant species and provide metadata on the status of species, the sources and reliability of the information, and the level and form of the documentation. Dr. James Quinn, Division of Environmental Studies at University of California, Davis and his colleagues have completed the final release of MABFauna, MABFauna 2.0. MABFauna began as a product of the Biosphere Reserves Integrated Monitoring program (BRIM) an initiative of EuroMAB. The 2.0 edition was shipped to the 174 biosphere reserves of EuroMAB in late August. MABFauna will be a key tool in MAB's efforts to promote interconnections among biosphere reserves. MABFauna comes with a companion program, OBSERVE, which allows the user to input, manage, and store information on observations of individual members of animal populations, such as location of observation, behavior, appearance, and age of the individual and monitor populations over time. MABFauna/MABFlora are now being expanded as part of the network connectivity program of the U.S. MAB Biosphere Reserves Directorate. U.S. biosphere reserves which are national parks, 27 biosphere reserve units in California, and several U.S. LTER sites are participating. A workshop involving staff of the MABFauna/MABFlora project and data managers of the National Science Foundation Long Term Ecological Research program was held May 1996. A prototype system was begun to provide storage, retrieval, and linking of data on soil, plant roots, and climate. MABFlora development is continuing. For North America the U.S. Department of Agriculture plant nomenclature and a more specialized version for California have been used. Efforts are being made to obtain authoritative plant name dictionaries for Europe such as Flora Europaea. A pilot metadata protocol is being developed with the MAB Programs of the Czech Republic, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. MABFlora will be released in several versions including versions covering countries in Europe, Canada and the United States; and the Western Hemisphere. Anyone interested in contributing either species lists for individual biosphere reserves or country-level species name databases please contact James Quinn at tel. 916-752-8027, fax. 916-752-3350, E- mail firstname.lastname@example.org So far, 51 biosphere reserves in 28 countries have adopted MABFauna and provided information on at least one vertebrate taxa, and in many cases all five. Twenty-six biosphere reserves in 9 countries have their metadata available on the Internet via the UC Davis MAB Webpage http://ice.davis.edu/MAB/ BRIAN C. BOCK IS NEW MABNetAmericas COORDINATOR Dr. Brian C. Bock joins the U.S. MAB Secretariat as MABNetAmericas Coordinator in September 1996. Brian has worked for the last year as an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow in the Science, Technology, and Communications Unit of the Bureau for Global Programs of U.S. A.I.D. The AAAS Fellowship continues with the position at U.S. MAB. Brian has had 16 years experience in conducting research on the ecology and conservation of neotropical reptiles and amphibians in Panama, Costa Rica, Colombia, Peru, and Brazil. He has served as Adjunct or Assistant Professor at the University of Iowa, Reed College, Wilmington College, and Ohio University. His main interests are population biology, ecological genetics, and behavioral ecology. Dr. Bock sees his fellowship with the U.S. MAB Secretariat as an ideal means for him to continue his efforts to help develop scientific infrastructure in Latin America, as well as promote collaborative linkages between conservation biologists there and in the rest of the hemisphere. U.S. MAB will benefit from Brian's experience in research, communication, and adaptability. SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN ASSESSMENT The fourteen member agencies of the Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere Cooperative (SAMAB) pooled resources and worked for two years to compile the Southern Appalachian Assessment. The five volume assessment contains four technical reports: Aquatic, Atmospheric, Terrestrial, Social/Cultural/Economic and a summary. Maps, charts, tables, text, and photographs give a snap shot view of the state of the human and natural ecosystem of the area for the end of the 20th century. The assessment area covers over 37 million acres of mountains, foothills, and valleys of seven states, stretching from northern Virginia and eastern West Virginia to northwestern South Carolina, northern Georgia, and northern Alabama. The report provides information on 135 counties, home to 5.8 million people. Public meetings were held to record public concerns about specific issues. Based on these concerns, questions were formed which provided a framework for the work of the scientific teams. Data was collected from Federal, state, county, and university sources. All interagency teams working to collect and analyze data conducted their work during open meetings in many locations. Many scientists and members of the public reviewed the data before it was published. The report does not provide solutions or recommendations. It increases the amount of information available to everyone and avoids expensive duplication. The information is compiled for the use of Federal and state land managers, county and city planners, schools, etc. who can apply their own analysis and recommendations for issues of specific interest. For example, the USDA-Forest Service plans to use the information from the assessment in the upcoming revision of several long-term management plans for the national forests in the Southern Appalachians. The five assessment volumes are available: In printed form free from SAMAB, 1314 Cherokee Orchard Road, Gatlinburg, TN 37738, E-mail: email@example.com Electronic format is available on the Internet at the SAMAB home page http://www.lib.utk.edu/samab or at the USDA-Forest Service home page http://www.fs.fed.us/ A five CD set of the GIS Data Base is available from SAMAB at the above address for $20. File formats include ARC/INFO 7.x, ASCII, Microsoft Excel, and Postscript. The data bases in this CD set contain extensive information on the biological, demographic, social, and economic status of the region. MAB PRESENTATIONS AT THE ECOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA MEETING Two U.S. MAB directorates and two affiliated programs were featured at the August 11-14, 1996 Ecological Society of America meeting in Providence, Rhode Island. MABNetAmericas reached out to ecologists and professional resource managers with the presentation of a technical paper, "MABNetAmericas: Accessing and Electronically Sharing Information to Conserve Biodiversity in the Americas," by Dr. William R. Teska. Dr. Teska has been working with the U.S. MAB Secretariat as MABNetAmericas coordinator since September 1995. A morning long symposium, "Fresh Water: Linking Social, Economic and Environmental Vitality," included presentations by members of the Temperate Ecosystems (TED) as well as the Human-Dominated Systems Directorates(H-DSD). Dr. Robert J. Naiman, TED Chair with John J. Magnuson of the University of Wisconsin, and Penelope L. Firth of the National Science Foundation organized the symposium and led discussion on, "Integrating cultural, economic and environmental requirements for fresh water." Dr. Mark A. Harwell, H-DSD Chair spoke on, "The case of South Florida: ecosystem management for sustainability." Dr. Naiman and David N. Wear, Monica G. Turner, Richard O. Flamm, and Susan Bolton, investigators on the TED core project spoke on, "Institutional imprints on forested landscapes: effects on water quality." Other presenters in the symposium were P.H. Gleick of Pacific Institute, J. Kindler of the World Bank, J.A. Stanford of the University of Montana, and D. Policansky of the National Research Council. Dr. Francisco G. Dallmeier, member of the Tropical Ecosystems Directorate with Jamie K. Reaser both of the Smithsonian Institution/Man and the Biosphere Program (SI/MAB) organized and led, "International Symposium on Measuring and Monitoring Biodiversity." Dr. Dallmeier began the program with a talk on an approach to multi-taxa measuring and monitoring of forest biodiversity. Thomas J. Stohlgren followed with an explanation of the SI/MAB toolkit, and Adam Fenech described the SI/MAB permanent forest plots in Canada, "From one hectare prototypes to national program of sites." Jamie K. Reaser and Christopher J. Ros talked on testing and transferring the tools: SI/MAB's international biodiversity measuring and monitoring certification courses. The group concluded with Frederick A.B. Meyerson discussing establishment of a biodiversity monitoring network of universities and high schools, "Speeding up the information highway," and a panel discussion. BIG THICKET SCIENCE CONFERENCE A conference, Biodiversity and Ecology of the West Gulf Coastal Plain Landscape, will be held in Beaumont, TX October 10-13, 1996. Scientists, resource managers, students, and interested public are invited to attend. Twelve plenary sessions and 60 papers will be presented on the topics of: Aquatic/Wetland Communities and Water Quality; GIS Applications/Partnerships in Conservation/Ecological Restoration/Resource Management; Vegetation; and Terrestrial Fauna. Land managers within the region are faced with many challenges while attempting to conserve biological diversity, maintain environmental quality, provide quality recreational opportunities, and promote sustainable economic development. This conference will provide a forum for exchange of information among scientists and resource managers. The conference is sponsored by the National Park Service Big Thicket National Preserve, Big Thicket Association, Big Thicket Conservation Association, Rice University, USDA-Forest Service National Forests and Grasslands in Texas and Kisatchie National Forest, National Parks & Conservation Association, Entergy, The Nature Conservancy of Texas, Inc., Southwest Parks and Monuments Association, Temple-Inland, Inc., Texas Parks & Wildlife Department Davis Hill State Natural Area, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge, U.S. Geological Survey National Wetlands Research Center, and the Beaumont Convention & Visitors Bureau. For information and registration please contact: Big Thicket Association P.O. Box 198 Saratoga, TX 77585 or Big Ticket National Preserve 3785 Milam Beaumont, TX 77701 Tel. (409) 839-2689, ext. 223 or 224 Fax. (409) 839-2599 E-mail: BITH_Resource_Management@nps.gov NEW BIOSPHERE RESERVES DESIGNATED The Bureau of MAB International Coordinating Council at its April 15-16, 1996 meeting in Paris designated nine new biosphere reserves. The extension of the area of Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve in the U.S. was also approved. Mar Chiquito (Argentina) near the already existing Costera del Sur Biosphere Reserve. This is a neotropical area with a total of 26,488 hectares located in the Municipality of Mar Chiquita in the Atlantic Coastal zone. Maolan (China) is a subtropical and temperate rain forest or woodland area of 21,330 hectares and 4319 inhabitants in Libo County, Guizhou Province. Tianmushan (China) is an evergreen sclerophyllous forest-scrub or woodlands area of 4,285 hectares and 171 inhabitants in the North-West part of Zhejiang Province in the watershed of the Yangzi and Qiantangjiang Rivers. Bile Karpaty (Czech Republic) is a broad leaf forest area of 71,500 hectares and 66,000 people located in the south region of Morava on the border with the Slovak Republic. Oberlausitzer Heide und Teichlanschaft (Germany) is a mixed forest area of 26,355 hectares and 10,000 inhabitants located in the Dresden Region of Saxony. Boloma-Bijagos Archipelago (Guinea Bissau) is an island and mainland woodland/savanna area of 11,000 square kilometers and 10,872 people located off Boloma Island. Mount Carmel (Israel) is a Mediterranean sclerophyll/ warm desert area of 266 square kilometers and 200,000 inhabitants located in the District of the regional Councils of Haifa at the National Park and Forest of Carmel. Boghd Khan Uul (Mongolia) is a steppe area of 67,281 hectares and 346 inhabitants located near Mandal Gobi. The W Region of Niger (Niger) is a woodland/savanna area of 725,000 hectares and 10,000 people near the borders with Benin and Burkina Faso. These nine additions bring the present total of biosphere reserves worldwide to 337 in 85 countries. INTERNSHIPS IN NATURAL HISTORY The National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution is offering 24-30 ten-week summer internships for undergraduate students from May 24-August 2, 1997. Applicants should have an interest in a career in systematic biology and natural history research. Research projects, lectures, discussions, workshops, field trips, laboratory demonstrations, and collection tours are all part of the planned program. A modest stipend, housing, and transportation allowance are provided. Application deadline is February 1, 1997 with notification of acceptance or rejection mailed March 8, 1997. Information and application materials can be located at: http://www.nmnh.si.edu/nmnhweb.html or by writing Smithsonian Institution, Mary Sangrey, 166 NHB, Washington, DC 20277-2915. MAB AT THE IUCN A MAB Symposium, "Biosphere Reserves -- Myth or Reality?" will be held at the World Conservation Union Congress ( IUCN) meeting in Montreal October 20. The symposium is a compilation of presentations and synthesis of progress achieved in implementing the results of the International Conference on Biosphere Reserves in Seville 1995. Francisco Dallmeier of Smithsonian/MAB will be one of the presenters. PUBLICATIONS To order publications from the U.S. MAB Secretariat, OES/ETC/MAB, SA- 44C, Department of State, Washington, DC 20522-4401, please include self-addressed mailing labels. NEW PUBLICATIONS from U.S. MAB: ACCESS 1996: A Directory of Permanent Plots Which Monitor Flora, Fauna, Climate, Hydrology, Soil, Geology, and the Effects of Anthropogenic Changes at 132 Biosphere Reserves in 27 Countries is a directory of updated information on biosphere reserves in Europe, Canada, and the United States which reported permanent plot information. This is the second product of the Biosphere Reserves Integrated Monitoring Program (BRIM) developed by EuroMAB. Germany MAB began the directory with a questionnaire to all biosphere reserves in Europe, Canada, and the United States. U.S. MAB then compiled and printed the information into directory format. 1996. (392pp.) MABNetAmericas, a pamphlet in English and Spanish describing the MABNetAmericas initiative to electronically link the 100 biosphere reserves in the Western Hemisphere. 1996. 1p. from others: Ecosystem Geography by Robert G. Bailey features diagrams, photographs, and maps to aid the study or management of landscapes and ecosystems. 1995. (190pp.) Available from Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. Attn.: K. Jackson, Dept. S703, 175 Fifth Ave., NY, NY 10010-7858, Tel. 1-800- SPRINGER. softcover $34.50, hardcover $69. The World Network of Biosphere Reserves, a world map showing the location of 329 biosphere reserves in relation to the major ecosystem types of the world. 1996. 38" x 25.5" available from UNESCO Publications, 7 place de Fontenoy, 75700 Paris, France or for minimum and multiple orders of 50 copies for $45. SAMAB Foundation 1314 Cherokee Orchard Lane, Gatlinburg, TN 37738 World Resources 1996-97 contains economic, population, and natural resource conditions and trends for most countries in the world. 1996 (365pp.) $24.95 plus $3.50 shipping and handling. and the World Resources 1996-97 Database Diskette which contains all of the statistics contained in the above, plus 20-year time series for many variables. 1996 (3.5" HD diskettes, IBM-compatible) $99.95 plus $3.50 shipping and handling. both compiled by the World Resources Institute and available from WRI Publications, P.O. Box 4852, Hampden Station, Baltimore, MD 21211 Tel. 1-800-822-0504, E-mail: ChrisD@WRI.ORG STILL AVAILABLE from U.S. MAB: Biosphere Reserves in Action: Case Studies of the American Experience describes 12 biosphere reserves and their approaches to meeting the goals of the U.S. Man and the Biosphere Program. 1995. (86pp.) from others: Policy Hits the Ground: Participation and Equity in Environmental Policy-Making by Aaron Zazueta is a World Resources Institute report which gives the concepts, guidelines, and examples of grassroots participation in environmental projects and empowerment of the stakeholders to plan for continued sustainable development. The specific examples given are drawn from Latin American experiences. Dr. Zazueta is a member of the U.S. MAB Tropical Ecosystems Directorate. 1995. (64pp.) Available from WRI Publications, P.O. Box 4852, Hampden Station, Baltimore, MD 21211 or Tel. 1-800-822-0504. $14.95 plus $3.50 shipping and handling.