U. S. MAB BULLETIN

                   The United States National Committee
                   for the Man and the Biosphere Program

April 1996                                         Volume 20, Number 1

ISSN 1078-6295

The U.S. MAB Bulletin is published by the U.S. MAB Secretariat, 
OES/ETC/MAB, SA-44C, U.S. Department of State Washington, DC 20522-4401 

     " The mission of the United States Man and the Biosphere Program 
(U.S. MAB) is to explore, demonstrate, promote, and encourage harmonious 
relationships between people and their environments building on the MAB 
network of Biosphere Reserves and interdisciplinary research.  The long-
term goal of the U.S. MAB Program is to contribute to achieving a 
sustainable society early in the 21st Century.  The MAB mission and long 
term goal will be implemented, in the United States and internationally, 
through public-private partnerships and linkages that sponsor and 
promote cooperative, interdisciplinary research, experimentation, 
education and information exchange on options by which societies can 
achieve sustainability." Adopted by the U.S. National Committee for the 
Man and the Biosphere Program, July 26, 1995.

     U.S. MAB is supported by the Agency for International Development; 
the Department of Agriculture-Forest Service; the Air Force; the 
Department of Commerce-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; 
the Department of Energy; the Department of the Interior-Bureau of Land 
Management, -National Biological Service, -National Park Service; the 
Department of State; the Environmental Protection Agency; the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration; the National Institutes of Health;  
the National Science Foundation; the Peace Corps; and the Smithsonian 

     The program is organized into six directorates: Biosphere Reserve, 
High Latitude Ecosystems, Human-Dominated Systems, Marine and Coastal 
Ecosystems, Temperate Ecosystems, and Tropical Ecosystems. 


* From U.S. MAB Chair, D. Dean Bibles
* From the Executive Director, Roger E. Soles
* Elizabeth Owen, New U.S. MAB Biosphere
     Reserve Coordinator
* Biosphere Reserve Directorate Funds Six Projects
* MABNetAmericas Meeting Builds Consensus
* Colorado Rockies Regional Cooperative Affiliates with U.S. MAB
* Land Use Change Analysis System(Lucas) Update
* D. Dean Bibles Appointed to Advisory Committee
     for Biosphere Reserves
* Temperate Ecosystems Directorate Presents at Symposium
* Request for Applications for U.S. MAB Directorate Members
* Russian Speaking Graduate Students Wanted
* Dr. Gary Hartshorn named Executive Director of the
     Organization for Tropical Studies
* Protected Areas Virtual Library
* Earthwatch Call for Proposals
* Society for Ecological Restoration Annual Conference
* Publications

FROM U.S. MAB CHAIR, D. DEAN BIBLES  Land Use Zones and Biosphere 

     At the request of the National Committee, the Directorate on 
Biosphere Reserves is developing recommendations on how U. S. MAB can 
encourage various groups and areas to utilize the biosphere reserve 
framework to assist in achieving a sustainable society within the U.S. 
early in the 21st century.

     We hope that by broadening the biosphere reserve concept here in 
the U.S., we can help to provide a framework for promoting cooperative 
regional activities that can be of greater service to all Americans. 
Voluntary, educated 

     Some local groups may simply not want to be involved in 
international agreements, programs or activities, but they are vigorous 
in their actions to protect their local and regional interests and 
environment. U.S. MAB wants to encourage those groups and to facilitate 
and promote local activities with that goal.

     We have found that many people, managers and stakeholders, do not 
have a clear concept of the various land use zones which are inherent 
within the biosphere reserve concept. The idea of a "core" zone being 
surrounded or connected to a "zone of managed use" and that being 
surrounded by an undefined "zone of cooperation" is intellectually 
appealing. Though these zones are ecological models and are not attached 
to zoning in the legal sense, many private landowners fear that they 
will lead to increased layers of interference in the use of their land. 
Through the actions and programs of local groups the various land use 
zones of the biosphere reserve concept can be properly explained and 
become reality.

     Within U.S. MAB we hope that the application of the biosphere 
reserve concept primarily results in the adoption of a cooperative 
community framework for promoting conservation programs and regional 
activities. An ecosystem approach to management and sustainability will 
be achieved, we believe, not through increased legal means and zoning 
laws, but rather through open and democratic dialogue, education and 
community participation. 

     In order to achieve full participation, it is necessary to have an 
understanding and appreciation that property rights are inherent in 
property ownership. Within this context, U.S. MAB is based on the 
premise that Americans, no matter where they reside, have a deeply 
abiding conservation ethic. In MAB we know that when people know and 
understand the downstream effects of their actions, they will generally 
seek to develop means to "do the right thing." This intrinsic spirit is 
what U.S. MAB seeks to promote, stimulate and facilitate.

     There has been confusion over being a part of the world-wide 
network of biosphere reserves. Part of the confusion may be due to signs 
and brochures at some U.S. Biosphere Reserves that to some imply 
jurisdiction or authority being passed to UNESCO. There is clearly no 
change in ownership or sovereignty by being a part of the network. The 
recommendations being developed by the Directorate on Biosphere Reserves 
should allow a place in the U.S. MAB community for those who for 
whatever reason prefer to develop innovative approaches in a local 
partnership but not be part of an international network. 


In all of my years here at MAB, fiscal year 1996 is shaping up to be the 
most uncertain and difficult to make any firm program plans. The off and 
on again Federal government, and month to month or week to week 
continuing resolutions has made it impossible for the supportive 
agencies to determine their levels of financial support for MAB. Without 
benchmark figures, it is difficult for the National Committee to provide 
adequate guidance to the directorates in program plans and activities 
and consequently the level of support that they should seek. 

      To ensure that the best programs be developed, the National 
Committee always encourages more proposals and larger plans than in the 
aggregate we can support. That is the nature of the competitive review 
process of MAB: the substance of proposals attracts the form, the 
dollars, to most effectively implement MAB policies and programs. All 
proposals are reviewed by the agencies. After intense interchange and 
discussion of the peer review comments, the National Committee determine 
the best projects to support and the appropriate levels of that support. 
But, the continuing resolutions of fiscal year 1996 is a very different 
context. Our sincerest appreciation goes out to those on the 
directorates who have to labor under these conditions.

     The MAB secretariat is also in an unusual position this year. A 
part of our normal tasks is to arrange for the appropriate peer review 
of the directorate initiated projects and to ensure that all Federal 
funding guidelines are followed. This year, however, because of the 
uncertainties of funding levels, we have been writing proposals 
ourselves to outside funding agencies to support the international 
connections of biosphere reserves.

     The products of these proposals will eventually link the biosphere 
reserves with emerging regional MAB networks and with the UNESCO MABNet. 
It is quite a different perspective being on the "fund seeking" side of 
the ledger. This experience should make future U.S. MAB requests for 
proposals clearer and less ambiguous.

     Finally, we are delighted to welcome Elizabeth Owen to the U.S. MAB 
staff as the Coordinator for U.S. Biosphere Reserves. Our Biosphere 
Reserve Directorate is pulling together some very ambitious plans and 
programs to fully implement this concept within the U.S. Elizabeth will 
occupy a key position in developing and implementing these plans. We 
especially appreciate the cooperation between the National Park Service 
and the Bureau of Land Management to make this position a reality in 


     Elizabeth Renee Owen has accepted the position of Biosphere Reserve 
Coordinator to begin April 1996. Ms. Owen is charged with assisting the 
U.S. biosphere reserve managers to implement the Strategic Plan for U.S. 
Biosphere Reserves.

     Ms. Owen has served as Assistant Superintendent at Death Valley 
National Park since December 1994 to aid in the implementation of the 
California Desert Protection Act and the transfer of Bureau of Land 
Management administered lands into three national parks created by that 

     Elizabeth served previously with the Bureau of Land Management for 
15 years in a variety of senior staff positions. Her assignments 
involved development of mineral leasing policy and programs, recreation 
resource management, new program development, and wilderness policy and 
management issues. She has an extensive background in policy 
development, program implementation, and in forging effective 
partnerships not only among other Federal agencies, but with many 
private groups and NGOs.

     In her 25 year Federal career, Ms. Owen has served in the Office of 
the President, the Environmental Protection Agency, The Federal Trade 
Commission, the U.S. Department of Commerce (International and Domestic) 
and the Department of Interior's Heritage Conservation and Recreation 

     Elizabeth has traveled extensively and has lived in Lebanon, 
France, and various U.S. locations. Her interests include canoeing, 
kayaking, hiking, reading, and remodeling a cabin in West Virginia.


     The Biosphere Reserve Directorate of U.S. MAB has chosen six 
workshops/activities for funding in FY 1996. The grantees were selected 
from proposals submitted in response to a Request for Proposals issued 
by the directorate in October 1995.

     The funded workshops and activities are:

     "Intercultural Cinema Lab," submitted by Valdosta State University. 
The funds will support a workshop for middle grades teachers at the 
Central Gulf Coastal Plains Biosphere Reserve at Apalachicola, Florida. 
The topics of the workshop will be the physical geography, social 
studies, and science education approaches to the study of the watersheds 
and ecosystems of south Georgia and north Florida.

     "A Multiple Species Habitat Conservation Plan for the Mojave and 
Colorado Desert Biosphere Reserve," submitted by Coachella Valley 
Mountains Conservancy. The proposal is a series of three workshops for 
the purpose of developing reserve design and connectivity criteria for a 
multiple species reserve system in an approximately 1,850 square mile 
area of the western Colorado desert in Riverside County, California.

     "Putting the 'Man' (Human) Back into the U.S. Man and the Biosphere 
Program," submitted by Phillip Gibson and Kieran J. Fogarty. The funds 
will support a workshop to identify resources for health related 
information to identify regional health concerns within the southern 
Appalachian area and their relation to the future of regional resource 
management; and identify health related data sources to be added to the 
existing Southern Appalachian Assessment GIS database.

     "Delineation of Critical Areas for Selected Rare Wildlife of the 
New Jersey Pinelands," submitted by the New Jersey Division of Fish Game 
and Wildlife-Endangered and Nongame Species Program. The funds will 
support workshops focused on umbrella species, and populations, 
specifically certain reptiles, amphibians, and insects, that depend upon 
the Pinelands for habitat.

     "The Mammoth Cave Biosphere Reserve GIS/GPS Training Workshop," 
submitted by the Barren River Area Development District. The funds will 
support staffing for training sessions in the proper use of the Federal 
Geographic Data Committee endorsed Content Standards for Digital 
Geospatial Metadata. Participants will come from various data creation 
and management organizations of the ten county area of central Kentucky.

     "Sonoran Bioregion Network: Establishing Cross-border Communication 
Linkages," submitted by the Sonoran Institute. Funds will be applied to 
establishment of the Sonoran Biosphere Communications Network, a 
computer link among El Pinacate y Gran Desierto de Altar BR, Alto Golfo 
BR in Mexico, and Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument BR. 


     January 15 to 18, 1996, 28 scientists, biosphere reserve managers, 
and administrators from 13 countries met at the La Selva Biological 
Station in Costa Rica to discuss the MABNetAmericas initiative and to 
plan future activities. The meeting was organized and co-chaired by Bill 
Teska, the MABNetAmericas Coordinator of the U.S. MAB Secretariat and 
Mario Rojas, the Coordinator of the CYTED network (the Iberoamerican 
Program of Science and Technology for Development). Financial support 
for this meeting was provided by UNESCO, CYTED, and supporting MAB 

     The goal of the MABNetAmericas initiative is to create and support 
an ecological network for the Americas, with the  linking of the 100 
biosphere reserves of the Western Hemisphere serving as the initial core 
of an interactive system. This information network, with the 
collaborative efforts of researchers and resource managers at the 
regional level, will make the data and information stored at the 
reserves more available to scientists and policymakers.
     The meeting participants endorsed the "Goals, Implementation 
Strategy & Discussion Paper" that was drafted after the initial May 1995 
meeting as the guiding document for the program.

     A proposal was drafted to request support for an inter-American 
meeting to be held in autumn 1996 for policymakers, administrators, 
biosphere reserve managers, scientists, NGOs, and other interested 
parties to explore the development of the MABNetAmericas concept. The 
proposed meeting will include a training program on information 
technology and sustainable development; and discussions related to 
adopting standardized metadata bases, sharing of data, and creating 
cross boundary research and environmental analysis activities.

     Training programs for managers and scientists is an important 
component of the autumn meeting and also of a second proposal for 
funding which focuses on utilizing the biosphere reserve system and 
MABNetAmericas as the mechanisms by which researchers could conduct 
collaborative work through metadata bases. Bill Teska is facilitating 
the completion of these proposals and exploring options for funding.

     The meeting participants recommended the creation of a Consultative 
Group made up of representatives from organizations such as U.S. MAB, 
CYTED, UNESCO and SI/MAB.  The Group will provide advice during the next 
phase of the development of MABNetAmericas.

     Current activities of the program include an update of the contact 
list for the biosphere reserves of Central and South America, promotion 
of the MABNetAmericas concept at regional and national levels, and 
development of demonstration projects at selected biosphere reserves.


     In preparation for the October 1995 Biosphere Reserves Managers' 
Workshop, William Gregg of the National Biological Service, surveyed the 
managers' perceptions about their biosphere reserves.

     Twenty-nine of the 47 U.S. Biosphere Reserves (BRs) responded to 
the survey. Various categories relating to management benefits, 
stakeholder participation and concerns, and administrative needs were 

     Analysis of the survey found that BRs which reported cooperative 
programs that identify explicitly with MAB concepts benefited in the 
areas of ecosystem management, environmental awareness, research, 
international cooperation, addressing environmental problems, political 
support, data/information on natural systems, ethic of sustainability, 
public recognition, and planning/decisionmaking. 

     Universities and research institutions, federal agencies, state and 
regional agencies, local governments, conservation groups, and resource 
users were the most frequently mentioned participants in BR 
partnerships. There was more participation by biosphere reserve staff, 
local governments, and groups promoting economic development in BR 
partnerships when the partnerships were explicitly identified with MAB 

     Managers reported that identification with biosphere reserve 
concepts is greatest among managers, less among staff and partner 
agencies and organizations, and least among local people.

     About half of the responding managers indicated having received 
expressions of philosophical concerns about biosphere reserves such as:

--   the uses of private property
--   infringement of economic development
--   international influence on local affairs
--   traditional uses of resources

These concerns were from local residents, private organizations, 
resource users, state and local governments, Federal agencies, and 

     Managers offered several suggestions to U.S. MAB for enhancing 
their biosphere reserve programs including: improving politicians' 
awareness of biosphere reserves; greater U.S. MAB support for managers' 
efforts to address regional threats; encouraging agency recognition of 
local staff and time requirements in implementing biosphere reserves; 
providing clear channels of communication and policy approval for agency 
participation in MAB activities; and encouraging integrated 
interpretation of natural resources, history, and cultural resources.

     A comparison was made between responses of biosphere reserve 
managers in 1992 and 1995 on current needs of the biosphere reserves to 
better meet the challenges of full participation in the biosphere 
reserves concepts. The managers were most concerned with the need for 
more staff and monetary resources. Inventory/monitoring, local 
constituency, long-term ecological research, and support of existing 
staff were also mentioned as important.

     For additional information on the Biosphere Reserves Managers' 
Survey please contact:

Dr. William Gregg
International Affairs Office
National Biological Service
1849 C Street, NW, Mailstop 3070
Washington, DC 20240
Fax. 202-208-7275
E-mail: William_Gregg@NBS.GOV


     At the U.S. MAB National Committee meeting February 21, 1996, the 
Colorado Rockies Regional Cooperative (CORRC) was officially recognized 
as an affiliate of U.S. MAB.

     CORRC was founded in 1992 as a voluntary organization of Federal, 
state, and local agencies, private organizations, and universities 
working to address regional issues affecting ecosystems and 

     The CORRC steering committee of 14 partners is under the leadership 
of Chairman James C. Crain, and Partnership Coordinator, Howard R. 
Alden. Projects of 1994 and 1995 included development of a Geographical 
Information System Data Coop and education and outreach programs. 
Current facilitated cooperative research includes natural variability of 
forest ecosystems, biodiversity of open space grasslands at 
suburban/agricultural interface, and an overview paper on biodiversity 
issues of the area. 

     With a grant from the U.S. MAB Biosphere Reserve Directorate, CORRC 
is publishing a neighborhood environmental planning guidebook. The 
guidebook was developed as a cooperative effort by CORRC, staff of Rocky 
Mountain National Park, and a community association of 130 landowners.

     At the February 1996 CORRC annual meeting land use resource 
management issues were discussed for focus in the coming year. A part 
time data manager was hired to work with the Data Coop. 


     Land Use Change Analysis System (LUCAS) is a computer-based 
application designed to integrate information for a multidisciplinary 
modeling environment which can be used to address research and 
management questions concerning land use and its impacts. LUCAS was 
developed as part of a previous core project of the U.S. MAB Temperate 
Ecosystems Directorate. It can be contacted on line at:


     LUCAS is being used in the Integrated Modeling Project sponsored by 
the USDA-Forest Service as part of the "Southern Global Change Program" 
begun in September 1995. LUCAS provides a regional grid for assessment 
of impacts of environmental changes, landscape processes (fire, insect, 
disease), and land use change on forest resources for 13 states of the 
southeastern United States. The project is expected to run through 
September 1998.

     Licensing for LUCAS by the University of Tennessee and the 
University of Washington is expected in May 1996. The license agreement 
will require no fee but will allow the developers to keep track of the 
uses of the program.

     LUCAS has recently been upgraded so that the response time has been 
cut by approximately 66%.


     D. Dean Bibles has been appointed to the Advisory Committee for 
Biosphere Reserves by Federico Mayor, Director-General of UNESCO. The 
Advisory Committee convenes yearly to advise the Director-
General on scientific and technical matters concerning biosphere 
reserves and the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Mr. Bibles 
attended the Advisory Committee meeting April 11-12.


     The U.S. MAB Temperate Ecosystems Directorate research group will 
present papers and a panel discussion at the 6th International Symposium 
on Society & Resource Management May 18-23, 1996 at The Pennsylvania 
State University, University Park, PA. The conference will focus on the 
usefulness of the social sciences to natural resource decisionmakers and 

     The topics of papers to be presented are: "Land Ownership and Land-
Use Change at the Watershed Scale: Explaining the Past and Predicting 
the Future:" "Hydrological Modeling for a Land Use Change Analysis 
System (LUCAS):" "Comparative Land Ownership Characteristics and Land 
Cover Change in Three Watersheds; 1986-1991." The panel discussion and 
summary focuses on "How Can Integrated Social and Ecological Research be 

     Participating in the presentations and panel discussion will be: 
Robert G. Lee, social science; Michael W. Berry, computer science; Susan 
M. Bolton, hydrology; Penelope J. Eckert, social science; Richard O. 
Flamm, research science; Scott Pearson, wildlife; David N. Wear, 
economics; and Shiva Achet, hydrology

     For registration information for the symposium please contact:

Jim Finley, Program Co-chair
School of Forest Resources
The Pennsylvania State University
2B Ferguson Building
University Park, PA 16802 USA
Fax. (814) 865-3725
E-mail: fj4@psuvm.psu.edu


     The U.S. MAB directorates are composed of individuals with some 
expertise in the work of the directorate. Members serve on a voluntary 
bases but do receive reimbursement for travel if not a Federal employee. 
There are presently openings on the Tropical Ecosystems Directorate and 
the Biosphere Reserve Directorate. The application procedure begins with 
approval by the directorate which in turn presents the candidates of 
choice to the U.S. MAB National Committee for acceptance. Anyone with an 
interest in applying may contact the directorate chair listed below.

     The mission of the Biosphere Reserve Directorate is to provide the 
leadership to implement the Strategic Plan for the U.S. Biosphere 
Reserve Program. Briefly, the members will work cooperatively to 
establish and support a U.S. network of designated biosphere reserves 
that are fully representative of the biogeographical areas of the United 
States. The program promotes a sustainable balance among the 
conservation of biological diversity, compatible economic use, and 
cultural values, through public and private partnerships, 
interdisciplinary research, education, and communication. Contact: 

Hubert Hinote
Chair, Biosphere Reserve Directorate
1314 Cherokee Orchard Lane
Gatlinburg, TN 37738
Fax. (423) 436-1701

     The mission of the Tropical Ecosystems Directorate is to provide 
accurate scientific information, along with the management, policy, and 
scientific implications of this information, to those sectors of society 
involved in seeking solutions for human and ecological problems in the 
tropics. This will involve the rigorous synthesis of knowledge, 
fostering of interdisciplinary communication, education, and the 
promotion of integrated systems-oriented research that can be applied 
directly to the resolution of problem issues. The directorate has 
focused its efforts on the Maya tri-national region of Belize, 
Guatemala, and Mexico.

Contact: John Wilson
Bureau for Research and Development
Rm. 509, SA-18
Washington, DC 20523
Fax. (703) 875-4639


     U.S. MAB is creating a registry of Russian 
speaking/reading/writing/ U.S. graduate students in the biological 
sciences for one to two month work in the Former Soviet Union.

     U.S. MAB is working on a project to increase access to biological 
diversity information that exists on the 18 biosphere reserves in 
Russia. Over the next several years activities will include sending 
small teams to Russia to convert the biological inventories and species 
lists on the nature reserves to a standardized metadata format (MABFauna 
and MABFlora).

     Funding will be available for travel and an in-country living 
allowance. Living conditions may be rustic in some cases.

     If interested, please send a brief resume that includes name, 
social security number, statement of fluency in Russian, educational 
level, dates when and when not available, and computer 
fluency/experience to:

Department of State
Washington, DC 20522-4401.


     Dr. Gary Hartshorn, a former member of the U.S. MAB Tropical 
Ecosystems Directorate, has been named the Executive Director of the 
Organization for Tropical Studies, a non-profit consortium of more than 
50 universities and research institutions. Most recently Dr. Hartshorn 
was Vice President for Research and Development at the World Wildlife 
Fund which he joined in 1989 as the first director of the Biodiversity 
Support Program.  


     The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) has established The 
Protected Areas Virtual Library, a new information service, dedicated to 
assisting the location of information on protected areas on the 

     The virtual library is an organized set of links to items 
(documents, software, images, databases) resident on different computers 
on the Internet. WCMC regularly reviews information to identify new 

     The Protected Areas Virtual Library is at URL: 

     For those with Internet access but without a graphical interface, a 
non-graphical interface can be accessed by using the following commands:

telnet rsl.ox.ac.uk, login: lynx, and then type g 

     For further information please contact:

The Information Officer
219 Huntingdon Road
Cambridge CB3 ODL
Tel. + 44 1223 277314, Fax. +44 1223 277136
E-mail: info@wcmc.org.uk


     The Center for Field Research invites proposals for 1997 field 
grants awarded by its affiliate Earthwatch. Earthwatch is an 
international, non-profit organization dedicated to sponsoring research 
and promoting public education in the sciences and humanities. 
Information about Earthwatch field grants is available on The Center's 
World Wide Web site (http://gaia.earthwatch.org/WWW/cfr.html) or you can 

Dr. Any Hudson
Director, The Center for Field Research
680 Mt. Auburn St.
Watertown, MA 02172  Tel. (617) 926-8200, Fax. (617) 926-8532
E-mail: ahudson@earthwatch.org or Sean Doolan
Science Officer
Earthwatch Europe
Belsyre Ct.
57 Woodstock Rd.
Oxford OX2 6HU UK
Tel. (865) 311600, Fax. (865) 311383
E-mail: ewoxford@vax.oxford.ac.uk

June 20-22 Rutgers University On-campus Sessions
June 17-19, 22,23
New York/New Jersey Off-campus Sessions

     The conference theme, Paved to Protected: Restoration in the 
Urban/Rural Context, presents papers and discussion groups in five 
areas: urban restoration, regional and global impacts on restoration, 
critical links in the biotic world, integrating social and cultural 
systems with restoration, and science and restoration. 

     For registration information please contact:

Society for Ecological Restoration Conference
1207 Seminole Highway, Suite B
Madison, WI 53711 USA
Tel. (608) 262-9547, Fax. (608) 265-8557
E-mail: ser@vms2.macc.wisc.edu


To order publications from the U.S. MAB Secretariat, OES/ETC/MAB, SA-
44C, Department of State, Washington, DC 20522-4401, please include 
self-addressed mailing labels.


from others:

La Participacion Comunitaria en la Gestion Ambiental y el Co-manejo en 
la Republica Dominicana is the proceedings of the conference held 
October 1994 in Santo Domingo to discuss strategies in community 
participation in natural resource management. The conference was 
organized by the Centro para la Conservacion y el Ecodesarrollo de la 
Bahia de Samana y su Entorno (CEBSE), in conjunction with the regional 
Caribbean Natural Resources Institute (CANARI) and brought together more 
than 50 organizations working throughout the Dominican Republic. 
Available from CEBSE, Jose Contreras 131, 2 Piso, Matahambre, Santo 
Domingo, Dominican Republic, 1996, available in Spanish only 200pp., 


from U.S. MAB:

Strategic Plan for the U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program, is an action plan 
describing the mission, goals, and implementing activities of the U.S. 
Biosphere Reserve Program. The plan was developed by the U.S. Biosphere 
Reserve Directorate in its work to support the 47 biosphere reserves of 
the U.S. 1994. (28pp.)

from others:

South-South Perspectives: A Newsletter of the South-South Cooperation 
Programme on Environmentally Sound Socio-Economic Development in the 
Humid Tropics is published annually through UNESCO in English, French, 
Spanish, and Chinese. The current issue, Number 2, October 1995 contains 
the final report, list of participants, and abstract of working 
documents from the Second Annual Meeting of the South-South Co-operation 
Programme on Environmentally Sound Socio-Economic Development in the 
Humid Tropics held in Mananara Nord, Madagascar, June 1995. Requests 
should be addressed to: UNESCO, Division of Ecological Sciences, 
Programme de Cooperation Sud-Sud, 7 Place de Fontenoy, 75 700 Paris, 

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