U.S. Department of State
95/12/01 US MAB Bulletin, Volume 19, Number 3
Bur. of Oceans & International Environmnetal & Scientific Affairs

                               U.S. MAB Bulletin
                   The United States National Committee for
                       the Man and the Biosphere Program

                      December 1995  Volume 19, Number 3

     Bureau of Oceans and International
   Environmental and Scientific Affairs

     The U.S. MAB Bulletin is published by the U.S. MAB Secretariat, 
OES/ETC/MAB, SA-44C, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC 20522-

     " The mission of the United States Man and the Biosphere Program   
(U.S. MAB) is to explore, demonstrate, promote, and encourage harmonious   
relationships between people and their environments building on the MAB   
network of Biosphere Reserves and interdisciplinary research.  The long-  
term goal of the U.S. MAB Program is to contribute to achieving a   
sustainable society early in the 21st Century.  The MAB mission and long   
term goal will be implemented, in the United States and internationally,   
through public-private partnerships and linkages that sponsor and 
promote   cooperative, interdisciplinary research, experimentation, 
education and   information exchange on options by which societies can 
achieve   sustainability." Adopted by the U.S. National Committee for 
the Man and   the Biosphere Program, July 26, 1995.  

     U.S. MAB is supported by the Agency for International Development; 
the Department of Agriculture-Forest Service; the Air Force; the 
Department of Commerce-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; 
the Department of Energy; the Department of the Interior-Bureau of Land 
Management, -National Biological Service, -National Park Service; the 
Department of State; the Environmental Protection Agency; the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration; the National Science Foundation; 
the Peace Corps; and the Smithsonian Institution.

     The program is organized into six directorates: Biosphere Reserve, 
High Latitude Ecosystems, Human-Dominated Systems, Marine and Coastal 
Ecosystems, Temperate Ecosystems, and Tropical Ecosystems. 

             In This Issue 

* Comments from the U.S. MAB Chair D. 
   Dean Bibles

* Comments from the U.S. MAB 
   Executive Director Roger E. Soles


* Biosphere Reserves Managers' Workshop

* Biosphere Reserve Awards

* MABNetAmericas

* New Directorate Members

* Community Development in the Mayan 

* Marine and Coastal Ecosystem 
   Directorate Advisory Committee 

* EuroMAB V Congress

* SI/MAB Biodiversity Program 
   Certification Training

* Conservation Impact Grants Competition

* Call for Papers

* Publications

From U.S. MAB Chair D. Dean Bibles

     We took an historic step on October 30.  As a culmination of a 
proposal by Mexico MAB, I signed, as Chair of U.S. MAB, along with 
Ambassador John Fraser, Chair of Canada MAB, and Miguel Equihua for 
Gonzalo Halffter, Chair of Mexico MAB, a Memorandum of Cooperation of 
the biosphere reserves of our three countries to facilitate cooperative 
research and electronic access to information.  This initiative was one 
of several significant steps this fall to help merge the information age 
with the environmental age.

     The U.S. MAB National Committee has approved a new category of 
Biosphere Reserves which will be approved by the U.S. National 
Committee.  The objective is to encourage innovative regional approaches 
in development of cooperative partnerships as recommended in the 
Constable Commission Report.  I hope this will offer an opportunity for 
adaptive management which might encompass those critical areas 
containing important biological diversity and social and economic 
opportunity to move toward the objective of a sustainable society.  
These partnerships may not meet all of the current criteria of a model 
biosphere reserve and the participants may not be prepared to join the 
international network of biosphere reserves.  We do not intend this in 
any way as competitive with the World Network of Biosphere Reserves 
coordinated through UNESCO,  In fact, this designation could be an 
interim step towards becoming a part of the international network.  This 
will allow organizations and areas not ready to join an international 
program to cooperate on a regional scale with other similar 
organizations within the U.S.  I have asked the Biosphere Reserve 
Directorate to submit preliminary criteria for nomination to U.S. 
Biosphere Reserve status to the National Committee in early 1996.

     At the September EuroMAB V Conference in Greenland a resolution was   
approved to promote electronic communications and adopt common meta data   
standards among EuroMAB biosphere reserves.  Participants further 
pledged   to insure that these efforts are compatible with the 
communication   networks of UNESCO MABNet.  

     Other networking projects include US MABNet initiated by Dr. Jim 
Quinn, University of California, Davis under the direction of the 
Biosphere Reserve Directorate.  This is a three year commitment by the 
directorate to facilitate electronic communication among the U.S. 
Biosphere Reserves.  Dr. Bill Teska of the U.S. MAB Secretariat has been 
working since September to forge the partnerships which will be the 
foundation for MABNetAmericas (formerly referred to as EcoNetAmerica), 
the electronic linking of the biosphere reserves of the western 

     As we close the book on 1995, I enter 1996 with great enthusiasm 
for   the progress to be made in carrying out MAB objectives.


From the Executive Director Roger E. Soles

     The second meeting of the managers of U.S. Biosphere Reserves was 
even better than the first.  I believe that it initiated a meaningful 
dialogue between the research directorates and the managers to seek ways 
to address common issues.  

     Prudence, if not historical records and projections of increasing 
rates of extinction, require that we make our very best efforts to learn 
of the complexities of biological preservation as well as of sustainable 
development.  Both research and management concerns must be combined.  
Indeed, that is the rationale of the Man and the Biosphere Program.  
     Today we accept that preserving biological diversity requires us to 
implement sustainable development.  These concepts are simply different 
sides of the same coin.  The research and managerial communities 
increasingly recognize the need for each other.  U.S. MAB’s research has 
shown the synergism of interdisciplinary research -- that the ecological 
research simply makes more sense when combined with the social sciences, 
from the very initiation.  Similarly, today’s managers of biosphere 
reserves know that both science and the meaningful involvement of the 
local and regional communities are essential to maintain the region’s 
natural and cultural resources. 

     To help us meet these challenges, the National Science Foundation 
is   seconding a Presidential Management Intern, Keelin Kuipers, to the 
U.S.   MAB secretariat staff.  Ms. Kuipers will be primarily involved 
with   developing the EuroMAB Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring 
(BRIM)   program in light of the resolutions which were passed at the 
EuroMAB V   congress as noted elsewhere in this Bulletin.  The purpose 
of developing   a BRIM organizational infrastructure is to increase the 
accessibility of   long term data and information which has already been 
gathered on   biosphere reserves, while at the same time increasing the 
inter-  communications between biosphere reserve managers, scientists, 
private   organizations and the general public.  

     Ecologist Dan Botkin has noted that we live in both a 
“communication  age” and an “environmental age,” yet somehow we have 
managed to keep the  two from merging.  U.S. MAB's initiatives in 
EuroMAB BRIM,  MABNetAmericas, “NAFTAMAB” as well as UNESCO MABNet, are 
all intended to  meet this challenge and, indeed, merge the information 
age with the  environmental age.  We’ll need your ideas, support and 
efforts to make it  a reality.

     Finally, the MAB secretariat is especially pleased to welcome as a 
new staff member Ms. Donna Ifill who will be serving as the secretary of 
the office.  Ms. Ifill’s presence is especially welcomed and we have 
already benefited from her organizational skills.  I am certain that we 
will considerably shorten our response time to your requests for 
information and mailings.   Your patience during the past months is 
appreciated.  With Donna’s help soon I may even be able to find my 


                NAFTA MAB

     A Memorandum of Cooperation was signed October 30 among the MAB 
Programs of Canada, the United Mexican States, and the United States of 
America.  Ambassador John Fraser, Chair of the Canada National Committee 
for MAB; D. Dean Bibles, Chair of the U.S. National Committee for MAB; 
and Miguel Equihua for Gonzalo Halffter, Chair of the Mexico National 
Committee for MAB signed the memorandum at the 1995 U.S. Biosphere 
Reserves Managers' meeting in Washington, DC.

     The agreement, among the three MAB Programs of North America to 
share scientific data collected on their 63 biosphere reserves, will 
benefit scientists and resource managers.  The biosphere reserves of 
North America collectively represent most of the major biogeographic 
provinces of the earth.  They are found from Arctic tundra to tropical 
rainforest and from coastal lowlands to mountain alpine areas.  An open 
exchange of data and ideas will permit a scientific assessment of our 
environment and provide the necessary background for informed 
environmental policy decisions.  

     The three MAB Programs agreed to cooperate in developing an  
ecological information network for developing standards and 
methodologies  for documenting and monitoring biodiversity, facilitating 
cooperative  research, improving electronic access to information, and 
sharing  technologies and management experiences.

     Specifically, each MAB Program pledges to:

* make available and publicly share lists of species and biological 
inventories found in the biosphere reserves of their respective nations 
and to the degree reasonably possible, of other protected areas, through 
networks, such as MABNetAmericas.  These lists shall be provided and 
updated electronically through the Internet. 

* adopt a common reporting format for biodiversity data such as MABFauna 
and MABFlora or other compatible meta data standards for most of the 
species lists.

* make available vegetative land cover use maps and ultimately a geo-
referencing system in order to encourage an integrated ecosystem-based 
approach and analysis.

* explore mechanisms to collaborate with the Model Forest Networks of 
Canada, Mexico, and the U.S.A.


Biosphere Reserves Managers' 1995 Workshop

     Biosphere Reserves Managers from across the U.S. as well as 
representatives from Canada, Mexico, Germany, and Russia met October 29-
31 in Washington, DC.  The workshop was sponsored by the Biosphere 
Reserves Directorate of the U.S. MAB Program, Hubert Hinote, Chairman.  
The purpose of the workshop was to develop proposals to implement the 
Strategic Plan for the U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program and to improve 
communication between the research directorates of U.S. MAB and the 
biosphere reserve managers.

     Special speakers at the workshop were Honorable John A. Fraser, 
Canada's  Ambassador for the Environment; John Reynolds, Deputy Director 
of the National Park Service; and F. Eugene Hester, Deputy Director of 
the National Biological Service.

     Ambassador Fraser, Chair of Canada MAB; Miguel Equihua for Gonzalo 
Halffter, Chair of Mexico MAB; and D. Dean Bibles, Chair of U.S. MAB 
signed a Memorandum of Cooperation to encourage the sharing of 
information among biosphere reserves of the three countries.  See 
NAFTAMAB elsewhere in this Bulletin.

     D. Dean Bibles announced the creation of a new category of 
biosphere  reserve.  This designation would entitle the area to become 
part of the  network of U.S. Biosphere Reserves but not recognition by 
UNESCO as part  of the international network of biosphere reserves.  The 
new category is  designed to encourage participation in the principles 
of the biosphere  reserve program among those areas which are interested 
in the issues of  sustainable development, conservation of biodiversity, 
and sharing of  research information, but may not be prepared to join an 
international  program.  This designation would not preclude the 
biosphere reserve from  seeking international recognition at a later 

     Roger E. Soles, Executive Director of U.S. MAB, spoke to the group 
on the international leadership of the U.S. Biosphere Reserves.  He 
remarked that biosphere reserves make up only a small percentage of the 
world's protected areas.  Dr. Soles noted the challenge of managers to 
work to involve their communities in such a way that the U.S. Biosphere 
Reserves can be documented models of community involvement in the 
protection of biological diversity and promotion of sustainable 

     Michael Ruggiero, of the National Biological Service, gave an 
update  on the review of the existing network of U.S. Biosphere 
Reserves.  The  purpose of the review is to identify areas that should 
be considered for  biosphere reserve status to establish the MAB concept 
in every  biogeographic province in the U.S.

     Electronic communication involving biosphere reserves was discussed  
in several presentations and working groups. John Dennis, of the 
National  park Service, as facilitator with the technical expertise of 
Brand  Niemann and Jennifer Gaines, both of the National Biological 
Service,  explored the UNESCO-MAB and U.S. MAB Internet home pages in 
the  Communications working group.  Professor James Quinn, of the 
University  of California, Davis, reviewed the MABFauna database, the 
accessibility  of biological inventory data on theInternet, the 
development of the U.S.  MAB E-mail discussion group, and a new U.S. MAB 
Project to provide  software and technical support to obtain biological 
inventory data from  additional U.S. Biosphere Reserves.

     Mark Harwell, Chair of the Human-Dominated Systems Directorate, 
gave  an overview of the U.S. MAB research program.  The chairs of the 
five  research directorates reported on their multi-year research 
projects and  discussed with managers ways to relate research results to 
management  needs.  Directorate chairs in addition to Dr. Harwell were: 
Jack Kruse,  Chair of the High Latitude Ecosystems Directorate; Robert 
Naiman, Chair  of the Temperate Ecosystems Directorate; John Wilson, 
Chair of the  Tropical Ecosystems Directorate; and Michael Crosby, Chair 
of the Marine  and Coastal Ecosystems Directorate.

     Presentations of case studies focused on the efforts of agencies, 
organizations, and local people to plan and implement the goals of the 
U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program in particular biogeographic areas.  The 
studies and speakers were:

Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere Program by Hubert Hinote of 
the Southern Appalachian MAB Cooperative; Sonoran Desert Biosphere 
Cooperative by Tony Ramon of the Tohono O'odham Nation and Harold Smith 
of Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument; Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere 
Reserve by Jeff Bradybaugh of Mammoth Cave National Park; Colorado 
Rockies Regional Cooperative by Craig Axtell of Rocky Mountain National 
Park; Proposed Catskills Biosphere Reserve by Janet Crawshaw of The 
Catskill Center; Proposed Lake Superior Basin Multi-Site Biosphere 
Reserve (U.S.-Canada) by Robert Brander of the National Park Service; 
Proposed Tijuana Watershed (U.S.-Mexico) by Fred Cagle of IMMEDSYS.LTD; 
New Jersey Pinelands by Robert Zampella of the Pinelands Commission; 
Crown of the Continent Biosphere Reserves (U.S.-Canada) by Brace Hayden 
of Glacier National Park; and Proposed Ozark Highlands Biosphere Reserve 
by David Foster of the Ozark National Scenic Riverways.  The 
presentations showcased problems in establishing the biosphere reserve 
concept as well as notable accomplishments.

     Bill Gregg of the National Biological Service reported on the  
results of a survey of managers' perceptions regarding the biosphere  
reserve program.  Managers indicated many benefits from biosphere 
reserve  status, particularly in facilitating ecosystem management (most  
significant of the 16 benefits surveyed), promoting public environmental  
awareness, facilitating research and international cooperation, and  
addressing regional environmental problems.  Managers involved in  
cooperative programs indicated that cooperative activities were most  
likely to involve universities and government agencies; private sector  
organizations, local communities, native Americans, and international  
entities were less frequently involved.  Increased local funding and  
staff, more emphasis on long-term ecological research, and expanding  
local constituencies were cited as the greatest needs for enhancing  
biosphere reserve activities.  These areas of need  remain unchanged 
from  the 1992 survey.

     Six concurrent topical working groups recommended ways to implement  
the goals of the Strategic Plan for the U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program.   
These goals focus on communication, education and training, local  
participation, operational framework, research and monitoring, and  
"filling biogeographic gaps in the network."  Though the participants  
began from different starting points, in their summary presentations all  
working groups stressed the need for community involvement, 
communication  of the goals of MAB to diverse audiences, and 
communication among  biosphere reserve managers.  Particular 
recommendations focused on the  legal basis for regional cooperation, 
identifying the manager's  responsibilities in implementing biosphere 
reserve goals, and training of  biosphere reserve personnel.  The 
summaries of the working groups will be  available by late January in 
hard copy from the U.S. MAB Secretariat, and  electronically on the U.S. 
MAB Home Page: http://www.nbs.gov/nbii/mab/ 


Biosphere Reserve Awards

     Karen Wade, Harold Smith, and Raymond F. Dasmann were all honored 
at  the October 30 banquet at the Biosphere Reserves Managers' Workshop.  
D.  Dean Bibles, Chair of the U.S. MAB National Committee presented 
awards  for their work in the U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program.  

     Superintendent Wade and staff of Great Smoky Mountains National  
Park, one of five units within the Southern Appalachian Biosphere 
Reserve  Cooperative, and Superintendent Smith and staff of Organ Pipe 
Cactus  National Monument Biosphere Reserve were each presented a plaque  
recognizing each of their sites as 1995 Outstanding U.S. Biosphere  
Reserve, a site of U.S. MAB excellence, demonstrating conservation and  
sustainable development on a regional scale.  Dr. Raymond F. Dasmann was  
commended for his many years of support and service to the Golden Gate  
Biosphere Reserve.

     Ms. Wade has served at several Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage  
sites during her career with the National Park Service.  As a World  
Heritage Site manager of Wrangell-St. Elias National Park, Alaska, she  
was an active participant in the Biosphere Reserves Managers' Workshop 
in  Estes Park in 1993.  Upon assuming her duties as Superintendent of 
Great  Smoky Mountains National Park in July 1994, Ms. Wade became a 
member of  the Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere Cooperative's 
Executive  Committee and has actively supported the program, with 
financial and in- kind resources.  She has been especially involved with 
local community  planning and environmental education activities.  The 
Great Smoky  Mountains National Park has worked very closely with the 
local school  system in developing a "Parks as Classrooms" education 
program.   Superintendent Wade has also contributed to the U.S. 
Biosphere Reserve  Program by participating in the fall 1994 EuroMAB 
managers' workshop in  Cevennes, France; providing technical assistance 
to biosphere reserve  managers in the Slovak Republic, and serving on 
the committee to develop  guidelines for selection of U.S. Biosphere 

     Mr. Smith has led and supported the International Sonoran Desert  
Alliance (ISDA), a grass-roots, community-based, binational effort.  
ISDA  aims to develop an international, comprehensive approach to 
natural  resource management, community development, and environmental 
education  in the Sonoran Desert that incorporates community residents 
in the  decisionmaking process.  Superintendent Smith helped convene 
three  international conferences, attended by over 400 individuals each 
from the  U.S., Mexico, and O'odham Nation.  He was instrumental in 
securing funds  for 22 projects ranging from publication of a regional 
profile informing  the general public about the unique natural resources 
and cultural  heritage of the Sonoran Desert and the importance of 
finding a balance  between economic development and preservation of the 
area's natural  wonders, to implementation of pilot projects that 
incorporate concepts of  sustainable development.  Mr. Smith and his 
staff spearheaded development  of the first environmental education 
curriculum for elementary school age  children in the region.  "Juntos: 
Maestros y Niños del Desierto" has been  noted as a model for bilingual 
environmental education and was officially  approved by the State of 
Sonora for implementation in area elementary  schools.  Mr. Smith has 
personally donated hundreds of hours to  supporting training efforts, 
most recently convening training programs for the newly established 
management team in the Pinacate  Biosphere Reserve of Mexico.

     Dr. Dasmann, Professor of Ecology emeritus at the University of  
California, Santa Cruz, has been involved with the MAB Programme for 
over  twenty years.  While Director of International Programs for the  
Conservation Foundation in Washington from 1966-70, Dr. Dasmann was a  
consultant to UNESCO on the development of the MAB Programme as well as 
a  consultant to the UN Economic and Social Council on Development of 
the UN 

Conference on Human Environment.  For both he produced major background 
papers that were critical in steering these conservation efforts.  Dr. 
Dasmann was a member of the first Board and later co-president of the 
Board of the Central California Coast Biosphere Reserve now titled the 
Golden Gate Biosphere Reserve.  He organized the symposium on 
biodiversity of Central Coastal California which brought together more 
than 60 agencies and organizations.  His professional work has been a 
unique and comprehensive blend of conservation, sustainable development, 
and demonstration.  Nearly all of his more than 150 books and papers 
teach us more fully about the potential of biosphere reserves.



     MABNetAmericas is an initiative to foster collaboration among the 
biosphere reserves of the Western Hemisphere through electronic 
communication.  Formerly titled EcoNetAmerica, the MABNetAmericas 
initiative is moving forward as the ecological network for the Americas.  

     The first meeting of the Steering Committee is scheduled for 
January  14-18 at the La Selva Biological Station of the Organization 
for Tropical  Studies in CostaRica, located within a biosphere reserve.  
Mario Rojas of  El Programa Iberoamericano de Ciencia y Technology para 
el Desarrollo  (CYTED) and Bill Teska of the U.S. MAB Secretariat are 
co-chairs for this  meeting.  Participants are expected from at least 11 
countries:   Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, 
Panama, Peru,  the U.S. and Costa Rica.  The meeting will develop the 
structure for  MABNetAmericas, form the Consultative Group to guide the 
work in the  future, and draft proposals to obtain funding for specific 
activities.   The Steering Committee will also meet with individuals of 
the CYTED  network, thereby fostering common grounds by which both 
programs can work  together more effectively.  The Steering Committee 
will build upon the  foundation laid during an initial planning session 
that occurred in May  1995 when over 30 scientists and biosphere reserve 
representatives met in  Washington, DC.  

       The overall objective of MABNetAmericas is to electronically link  
the biosphere reserves so as to easily share scientific and cultural  
information.  The committee will discuss how to make data maintained on  
biosphere reserves compatible with each other while still retaining 
local  identity.  MABNetAmericas may also connect the biosphere reserves 
of the  Western Hemisphere with networks that are developing in other 
regions,  such as the EuroMAB/BRIM effort.  

     Bill Teska is currently surveying the biosphere reserves of Latin  
America and the Caribbean region to learn about their needs, interests,  
and current electronic capabilities.  Results from this survey will help  
identify candidate biosphere reserve sites to initially participate in  
training programs and installation of technical equipment.  Ultimately,  
such programs as MABNetAmericas will better enable the biosphere reserve  
managers to work more effectively and to share management experiences 
and  successes.


New Directorate Members

     Henri R. Bisson is the new member of the Biosphere Reserve 
Directorate.  Mr. Bisson is the California Desert District Manager for 
the Bureau of Land Management. As district manager he is responsible for 
the management of more than 10 million acres of public lands in southern 
California in not too distant proximity to the Los Angeles basin and its 
18 million residents.  Mr. Bisson has jumped wholeheartedly into his 
duties as directorate member.  He attended the Biosphere Reserves 
Managers' Workshop in October and is hosting the next Biosphere Reserve 
Directorate meeting in January. 

     The Marine and Coastal Ecosystems Directorate has five new members.

     Gary Davis has previously been a grantee of U.S. MAB.  Dr. Davis is  
currently Director of Channel Islands Research Station for the National  
Biological Service.  He has been involved in marine conservation for 
more  than 30 years and is a strong supporter of the biosphere reserve 

     Christine Gault is President-Elect of The Waquoit Bay National  
Estuarine Research Reserve Association and Reserve Manager of Waquoit 
Bay  National Estuarine Research Reserve, 2,500 acres of estuarine and 
coastal  habitat on Cape Cod, Waquoit, MA.  Ms. Gault has twelve years 
experience  in wetlands management.

     Davianna Pomaika'i McGregor is currently Assistant Professor of 
Ethnic Studies at the University of Hawaii-Manoa.  Dr. McGregor has 
worked with the Hui O Mo'omomi which is seeking to manage the Mo'omomi 
community-based subsistence fishing area on the northwest coast of the 
island of Moloka'i.  She was a member of the Governor's Moloka'i 
Subsistence task Force Study from 1993-4.  Dr. McGregor has authored 
several articles on the ocean cultures of Hawaii.

     Elliott A. Norse is the Chief Scientist for the Center for Marine 
Conservation, Washington, DC and Redmond, WA.  He has had over 15 years 
experience with NGOs interested in conservation policy.  Dr. Norse is 
especially interested in marine and forest conservation biology, 
sustainable fisheries and forestry, ecosystem management, alien species, 
global climatic change, and geographical ecology.

     Ernst S. Reese is currently Professor of Zoology at the University 
of Hawaii.  He has been involved in research in the near shore, coastal 
marine environment, and the conservation and management of coral reef 
ecosystems for more than 30 years.  Dr.Reese is the past President of 
Hawaiian Academy of Science and the Conservation Council of Hawaii, and 
previously director of the Mid-Pacific Research Laboratory at Atoll.


Community Development in the Mayan Rainforest

     The U.S. MAB Tropical Ecosystems Directorate (MAB/TED) held the  
Conference on Conservation and Community Development in the Maya  
Rainforest of Belize, Guatemala, and Mexico (Selva Maya) November 8-11,  
1995, in Chetumal, Quintana Roo, Mexico.  Sponsors were MAB/TED, the  
Patronato para la Ecologia y el Desarrollo Forestal de Quintana Roo, the  
Sociedad de Productores Forestales Ejidales de Quintana Roo, and the  
Inter-American Foundation.  The meeting brought together over 60  
participants representing government agencies, local communities, NGOs,  
and grass roots organizations from the United States, Mexico, Guatemala,  
Belize, Canada, and Germany.  Facilitated by simultaneous translation,  
the diversity of this group of participants led to a rich and frank  
exchange of perspectives and information on the role of local 
communities  in resource management and conservation efforts and the 
actions that can  be taken by communities, researchers, and governments 
to foster  partnerships for the protection and sustainable development 
of the Selva  Maya.  (The Selva Maya extends across parts of Chiapas and 
Quintana Roo,  Mexico; the northern Petan, Guatemala; and western 
Belize.  It represents  the Western Hemisphere's largest remaining block 
of tropical forest north  of the Amazon, and is home to globally 
significant biological, cultural,  and archaeological resources.)

     The conference presented the results of three years of work funded 
by MAB/TED in the Selva Maya.  It provided a framework for sharing 
research findings, examining successful and unsuccessful local and 
regional forest conservation and management strategies, and supporting 
new and innovative partnerships for developing and conserving the 
thriving biotic and human communities of the region.

     The participants emphasized the usefulness of ecosystem management 
principles and biosphere reserves as tools to explore and demonstrate 
approaches to forest management and sustainable development at the 
regional scale.  The participants highlighted the importance of 
effective, sustainable management of forest resources in the vicinity of 
the protected area and the essential role that local communities and 
grass roots groups play in this process.  Edited proceedings from this 
conference will be published in both English and Spanish.  For 
information contact: Dr. Richard Primack, Biology Department, Boston 
University, Boston, MA 02215.  Fax. (617) 353-6340.

     An outcome of the conference was the establishment of a new Alianza  
para la Selva Maya.  This Alianza will function as a tri-national forum  
to help spearhead continued coordination efforts for improving 
management  and conservation of the Selva Maya.  Another charge for the 
new Alianza  is to help develop innovative mechanisms for incorporating 
grass roots  groups and local communities in the formulation and 
implementation of  policies, plans, and activities to improve forest 

     The close proximity of five existing biosphere reserves and one  
proposed biosphere reserve in Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize makes the  
Maya Tri-national region the home of the largest collection of tropical  
biosphere reserves in Latin America and the second largest in the  
Americas.  Yet, despite these biosphere reserves and growing recognition  
of the importance of the Selva Maya, loss of forest continues, posing a  
serious threat to development in the region.  Fortunately, throughout 
the  Selva Maya there is increasing dedication to conservation and 
sustainable  management of tropical forests, including the establishment 
of a regional  system of reserves, parks, and other protected areas.

     The MAB/TED is proceeding with the development of plans for a Phase 
II program.  Goals of Phase II will be to foster partnerships and 
strengthen linkages among the components of this critical system of 
reserves (e.g., through MABNetAmericas) and otherwise to promote the 
conservation and sustainable development of the Selva Maya, a globally 
significant resource.


Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Directorate Advisory Committee Workshop

     The Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Directorate (MACE) held its annual  
Core Project Joint Directorate-Principal Investigator-Advisory Committee  
Workshop in Santa Barbara, CA, August 14-16, 1995.  The Committee  
consists of managers from each of the case study areas, representatives  
of user groups, marine and coastal zone managers, and representatives of  
other pertinent natural resource management programs.  Present at the  
workshop were: Dr. Michael Crosby, directorate chair and co-chair of the  
workshop; Mr. Reed Bohne, directorate member, co-chair of the workshop,  
and manager of Gray's Reef National Marine Sanctuary; Dr. Jerald Ault,  
principal investigator and on the faculty of the Rosenstiel School of  
Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami; Dr. Gary Davis,  
directorate member and research marine biologist with Channel Islands  
National Park; Dr. Walter Milon of the Food and Resources Economics  
Department, University of Florida; Dr. Jenny Dugan of the Marine Science  
Institute; Dr. Scott Farrow of Dames & Moore; Ms. Christine Gault  
directorate member and manager of Waquoit Bay National Estuarine 
Research  Reserve; Ms. Laura Gorodezky of Channel Islands National 
Marine  Sanctuary; Dr. Davianna McGregor directorate member and on the 
faculty of  the University of Hawaii-Manoa; Mr. Steve Rebuck of the 
California  Abalone Association; Dr. Drew Rosen of the Cameron School of 
Business  Administration, University of North Carolina at Wilmington; 
Dr. Jack  Sobel of the Center for Marine Conservation; Dr. Emmett Aluli 
of the  Kaho'olawe Island Reserve Commission; Ms. Deborah McArdle of 
California  Sea Grant, University of California, and Mr. Mack Shaver of 
Channel  Islands National Park.

     The MACE Core Project Ecological and Socio-economic Impacts of 
Alternative Access Management Strategies in Marine Protected Areas is 
examining alternative management strategies which seek to preserve the 
unique aesthetic and ecological characteristics of marine ecosystems.  
Specifically, the project seeks to focus on critical management 
strategies that influence ecological, economic, and sociological 
sustainability in marine and coastal environments; foster analyses and 
recommendations for dealing with other current and emerging management 
issues on sustainability of marine and coastal resources; and illustrate 
how sociological, cultural, and economic factors can be integrated into 
natural science analyses of marine ecosystems.

     The three Core Project study sites will examine the effects of  
different access management strategies which allow open, limited, or  
closed access to different recreational and commercial activities.  The  
Kaho'olawe and Hawaii Islands (De Facto-Complete Closure Strategy) study  
is examining the level of species diversity and overall condition of  
habitat in areas exposed to different levels on non-point source  
pollution and recreational diving.  The California Channel Islands  
(Single/Multi-Species Closure Strategy) project is analyzing the size,  
shape, and distribution of the abalone population when people are 
allowed  into the zone and limited harvest is permitted.  The protection 
from  human consumption has been undertaken due to the collapse in the  
population of non-reproductive species.  The test idea is to use two  
small areas to determine how large of an area is appropriate to bring  
back abalone stock.  The Florida Keys (Multi-Use Zonation Strategy)  
project is investigating the effectiveness of a multi-zonation strategy  
by determining the optimum size, number, total area, and location of  

     The MACE Core Project is to produce a reference manual by the end 
of  year four.  The workshop participants reviewed the existing outline 
for  the reference manual and determined that revision was in order.  A 
more  comprehensive outline for the reference manual was developed by 
Mr. Bohne  and Dr. Crosby.  This draft outline was presented at the MAB 
Biosphere  Reserve Managers' Workshop October 30.  The initial draft 
manual is  expected to begin distribution in late January 1996.  It will 
be widely  distributed to stakeholders in an effort to create more 
cohesive  partnerships between managers, scientists, special interests, 
and the  public at large for the development, implementation, and 
operation of  marine protected areas.  For more information contact: Dr. 
Michael  Crosby, NOAA, SSMC-3, Room 15216, 13055 East-West Highway, 
Silver Spring,  MD 20910.


EuroMAB V Congress

     Participants at the September EuroMAB V Congress in Greenland 
passed  two resolutions dealing with BRIM and data sharing.

     The Resolution to Promote Electronic Communications and Adopt 
Common  Metadata Standards among EuroMAB Biosphere Reserves pledged the 
efforts  of the representative of the national MAB Programs present to 
facilitate  the increased electronic access to and the communication 
among their  biosphere reserves by encouraging the following measures to 
be undertaken  in electronic exchanges and networks -- the publication 
of biodiversity  data and land cover maps and the contribution of 
species lists of animals  and plants to the MABFauna and MABFlora (when 
operative) databases or  compatible formats for reporting data on 
biological diversity.  The  delegates further resolved to promote 
efforts to cooperate on the  creation of a EuroMABNet among their 
programs and biosphere reserves on  the Internet systems and further 
pledge to insure that these efforts are  compatible with the 
communication networks of UNESCO MABNet.

     The Resolution of International Cooperation ensures that meetings,  
correspondence and proposals bearing the EuroMAB or BRIM names have been  
circulated and represent the member countries' coordinated efforts.   
Specifically, the EuroMAB Bureau will review all program proposals and  
substantive communications that are made to international or national  
organizations in the name of EuroMAB or proposed symposia or meetings  
that are to be organized in the name of EuroMAB.  The proposals must be  
accepted and approved by a working majority of the members of the 
EuroMAB  Bureau to be declared authorized and legitimate EuroMAB events 
or  programs.  This resolution authorizes the chairperson of the EuroMAB  
Bureau to define the term "working majority" subject to the 
chairperson's  interpretation of the importance of the proposed event or 
correspondence.   In addition, proposals or substantive correspondence 
to international or  national scientific or funding organizations, in 
the name of the EuroMAB  Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring (BRIM) 
program will be reviewed  by the EuroMAB Bureau and the BRIM Secretariat 
to ensure the appropriate  collaboration, coordination and presentation 
of all EuroMAB BRIM efforts.


SI/MAB Biodiversity Program Certification Training

     Smithsonian Institution/MAB Biodiversity Program announces two  
upcoming courses.  Biodiversity Measuring and Monitoring: In-residence  
Certification Training May 12-June 14, 1996 (cost US $4,000) will 
provide  professionals with a methodology for establishing long-term 
monitoring  programs.  The training will help the participants 
incorporate their work  and ideas with the measuring and monitoring 
framework established by  SI/MAB as well as other biodiversity 
monitoring programs.  By the end of  the course, the participants will 
have the tools necessary to integrate  and apply these methods to their 
unique situations back home.

     Biodiversity Monitoring at Permanent Plots: In-residence 
Certification Training September 9-20, 1996 (cost US $1,900) is for 
professionals who have or will establish long-term research plots for 
monitoring forest biodiversity.  This is the professional certification 
training that meets the standards of the International Network of 
Biodiversity Plots.

     Both courses are held at the Conservation and Research Center, 
Front  Royal, Virginia USA.  For further information and application 
form  contact: Dr. Francisco Dallmeier Biodiversity Measuring and 
Monitoring Certifications SI/MAB Program 1100 Jefferson Drive, SW, Suite 
3123  Washington, DC 20560, USA  Fax. (202) 786-2557 E-mail: 


Conservation Impact Grants Competition

     The Biodiversity Support Program (BSP), a consortium of World  
Wildlife Fund, The Nature Conservancy, and World Resources Institute,  
funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), is  
soliciting proposals under its 1995 Conservation Impact Grants program  
for applied field-based research and analysis relevant to the  
conservation of biological diversity in selected USAID-assisted 
countries  in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.

     Proposed research should result in conclusions that will have 
direct  conservation impact and/or policy implications.  Projects may be  
ecological, economic, anthropological, or socio-political in focus or 
may  use an interdisciplinary methodology that combines two or three of 
these  approaches.  One of the principal investigators must be from a 
developing  country.

     Deadline for submission of proposals is March 15, 1996.  The 
maximum  grant awarded will be US $15,000.  For information and a copy 
of the  request for proposals, contact:  

Conservation Impact Grants Competition, Biodiversity Support Program, 
c/o World Wildlife Fund, 
1250 24th Street, NW, 
Washington, DC 20037, USA, 
Tel. (202) 778-9793/822-3462, 
Fax. (202) 293-9211/861-8324, 
E-mail: locker+r%wwfus@mcimail.com


Call for Papers

     Papers are being accepted for presentation at the Third Annual 
Conference on the Adirondacks sponsored by Adirondack Research 
Consortium, Sagamore Institute, and Cornell Center for the Environment 
May 13-14, 1996, Great Camp Sagamore, Raquette Lake, NY.  Authors of 
accepted papers will be invited to present for approximately 20 minutes.  
Submissions from all disciplines are encouraged, as are proposals for 
poster sessions or workshops.  Abstracts from participants will be 
included in the conference proceedings and presenters will be invited to 
submit papers for publication review to the Adirondack Journal of 
Environmental Studies.  For consideration please submit a one page 
abstract with author's name and contact information by January 15th to: 

Jon Erickson and Michael Wilson
Third Annual Conference on the Adirondacks
409 Warren Hall
Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853 
E-mail: jde3@cornell.edu.  

Queries may be addressed to Jon Erickson at above E-mail or Tel. (607) 
255-9984, Fax. (607) 255-1608.

     Papers are being requested for the Universities Council on Water  
Resources conference Integrated Management of Surface and Ground Water  
July 30-August 2, 1996 in San Antonio, Texas.  Papers should address one  
or more of the following topic areas; legal and institutional 
impediments  to integrated use and management, incorporation of 
groundwater into  watershed management plans, risk assessment for 
surface and ground water  systems, water marketing, preservation of 
biological diversity,  artificial recharge, water quality impacts of 
integrated use, or conflict  resolution in an integrated use setting.  
Where possible papers should  also address the roles of universities and 
their faculties in resolution  of these issues.  Paper abstracts should 
be submitted by February 1, 1996 

Dr. Lloyd Urban 
Technical Program Chair
Water Resources Center
Texas Tech University 
Box 41022
Lubbock, TX 79409-1022
Tel. (806) 742-3597
Fax. (806) 742-3449
E-mail: lurban@coe2.coe.ttu.edu. 



To order publications from the U.S. MAB Secretariat, OES/ETC/MAB, SA-
44C,  Department of State, Washington, DC 20522-4401, please include 
self- addressed mailing labels.


from U.S. MAB:

draft report Regional Conservation Assessment Workshop for the Maya 
Tropical Forest: Preliminary Results of the August 1995 workshop 
sponsored by the Tropical Ecosystems Directorate of U.S. MAB, 
Conservation International, ECOSUR, and MAYAFOR.  November 1995 (18pp.)

from others

Environmental Psychology: A Psycho-social Introduction by Mirilia Bonnes 
and Gianfranco Secchiaroli emphases the role of social psychology theory 
as a practical bases for research in environmental psychology.  One 
chapter title is "The ecological-naturalistic field, environmental 
problems and the UNESCO MAB (Man and Biosphere) programme."  Dr. Bonnes 
is a member of the Italian MAB Committee.  1995, 240 pp., £35.00 cloth, 
£12.95 paper.
SAGE Publications 
6 Bonhill Street 
London EEC2A 4PU, UK


from U.S. MAB:

Isle au Haut Principles: Ecosystem Management and the Case of South 
Florida is a pamphlet that defines the ecosystem management principles 
developed by the U.S. MAB Human-Dominated Systems Directorate at the 
charette held at Isle au Haut, Maine in June 1994.  1994. (12pp.)

Island Ecotourism as a Development Tool is a report of the workshop held 
at San Juan, Puerto Rico on October 26-28, 1992.  The workshop was 
sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Caribbean 
Islands Directorate of U.S. MAB, and the Caribbean Environment and 
Development Institute. 1994. (52pp.)

from others:

The four volume Provincial Land Use Strategy: V. 1 A Sustainability Act  
for British Columbia describes the development of sustainability 
concerns  in B.C. and the overall structure of the Provincial Land Use 
Strategy; V.  2  Planning for Sustainability describes the changes 
needed in the land  use planning system and makes recommendations for 
improving the  structures, legislation, procedures and methods for 
preparing, approving  and implementing plans at all levels of the 
system; V. 3  Community  Participation discusses how public and 
community participation in  decisions can be improved, recommends the 
creation of community resource  boards to provide multi-stakeholder, 
consensus-seeking advice to  government, and suggests guidelines for 
their operation; V. 4  Dispute  Resolution discusses reform of the 
dispute resolution system for land use  and related resource and 
environmental decisions.  It gives  recommendations to make the system 
more fair and efficient, and to help  prevent disputes from occurring by 
British Columbia Commission on  Resources and Environment. 1994. free. 
Available from: CORE, 7th Floor,  1802 Douglas Street, Victoria, B.C., 
Canada V8V 1X4, 

Community Action for the Environment: A Guide to Helping Your Community 
Go Green is a publication of the Conservation Council of Ontario.  The 
booklet discusses building support within the community, drafting a 
community action plan and implementation of a community based 
environmental program. 1995. $10 Canadian. Available from: The 
Conservation Council of Ontario, Suite 506, 489 College Street, Toronto, 
Ontario M6G 1A5,  .


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