DECEMBER 1994:  U.S. MAB BULLETIN Vol. 18 No. 3
Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental
    and Scientific Affairs

The National Committee for the United States Man and the Biosphere 
Program Bulletin 

The U.S. MAB Bulletin is published quarterly by the U.S. MAB 
Secretariat, OES/EGC/MAB, U.S. Department of State, Washington, DC 
20522.  Tel. (703) 235-2946.  Fax. (703) 235-3002.

"The mission of the United States Man and the Biosphere Program (U.S. 
MAB) is to foster harmonious relationships between humans and the 
biosphere through domestic and international cooperation in 
interdisciplinary research, education, biosphere reserves, and 
information exchange."  Adopted by the U.S. Executive Committee  for the 
Man and the Biosphere Program, November 3, 1994.

U.S. MAB is supported by the Department of Agriculture-Forest Service, 
the Department of Energy, the Department of the Interior-National Park 
Service, the Department of State, the Agency for International 
Development, the Environmental Protection Agency, the National 
Aeronautics and Space Administration, the Department of the Interior-the 
National Biological Survey, the National Institutes of Health, the 
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science 
Foundation, the Peace Corps, and the Smithsonian Institution.

The program is organized into six directorates: Biosphere Reserve, High 
Latitude Ecosystems, Human- Dominated Systems, Marine and Coastal 
Ecosystems, Temperate Ecosystems, and Tropical Ecosystems.

In This Issue
--  Requests for Proposals
     Tropical Ecosystems
     Biosphere Reserves
--  Biosphere Reserves 
     Managers' Meeting

From the Chair, D. Dean Bibles

     I continue to find being chairman of U.S. MAB stimulating, 
exciting, and challenging.  There is so much untapped energy within many 
of the friends, colleagues, and supporters of the concepts of MAB.  We 
must do everything we can to encourage and channel this energy in a way 
to help the United States and the rest of the planet chart a course into 
the future.

     I am pleased to announce that Ambassador Elinor Constable, 
Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental 
and Scientific Affairs, has accepted the position as Chair of a 
Commission that she and I have appointed to assist MAB to meet the 
challenges of the next century.  Over the next few months, the Constable 
Commission will examine U.S. MAB strengths of the past and propose 
strategies to meet the challenges of the future.

     For those of you who have not had the personal pleasure of getting 
to know Ambassador Constable, you will find that she has boundless 
energy and enthusiasm, has her feet firmly planted, and is unafraid of 
putting forth innovative approaches.

Assisting Ambassador Constable in this Commission will be Dr. Kenton R. 
Miller, Director of the  Forest and Biodiversity Program, World 
Resources Institute; Dr. Peter H. Raven, Director of the Missouri 
Botanical Garden; Mr. Peter Seligmann, Chairman and Chief Executive 
Officer of Conservation International;  Dr. Gilbert F. White, Gustavson 
Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Geography of the University of 
Colorado, and Ing. Andres Marcelo Sada, Chairman of CYDSA, SA.  The 
Keystone Institute of Keystone, CO has accepted the responsibility for 
organizing and convening the Commission.

I recently had the opportunity to meet with representatives of the 
International Sonoran Desert Alliance in the Arizona/Mexico border 
region who are attempting to deal with the complex human and ecosystem 
management issues on a regional and international basis.  This effort 
exemplified one of the original "promises" of the MAB concept.  Similar 
broad based efforts are underway in other biosphere reserve areas around 
the USA.  These efforts appear to offer new and exciting frameworks to 
increase meaningful participation and development of effective 
partnerships in large complex regional environmental issues.  I will be 
asking the Constable Commission to examine these initiatives with a view 
toward how they might affect U.S. MAB in the future.

International Conference on Biosphere Reserves

Sevilla, Spain will be the site of an international conference of 
experts on Biosphere Reserves from March 20-25, 1995.  The objectives of 
the conference are: 

--  To examine and evaluate the implementation of the Action Plan for 
Biosphere Reserves adopted in 1984 and to advise on the measures to be 
taken for future action on the basis of the experience acquired;

--  To analyze and comment on the draft statutory framework for the 
International Network of Biosphere Reserves;

--  To explore the role of Biosphere Reserves in environment-development 
issues at the regional scale.

It is expected that 400 participants will take part in the Conference.  
Invitations will be made by the Director-General of UNESCO, in 
consultation with the national authorities and international 
organizations concerned.  

Participants will include biosphere reserve managers, national biosphere 
reserve coordinators, scientists working on co-operative research 
programs in biosphere reserves, as well as decision-makers in the field 
of conservation and natural resources management.  These participants 
will be attending in their personal capacity.

There is ample room at the Conference Center in Sevilla for exhibits and 
demonstrations prepared by individual countries, regional networks, or 
individual Biosphere Reserves.  MAB National Committees and Biosphere 
Reserve managers are particularly encouraged to start preparing material 
for poster exhibits.  For information, please contact: 

Dr. Pierre Lasserre 
Sevilla Conference--UNESCO 
1, rue Miollis
75732 Paris Cedex 15, France
Tel. [33] (1) 45 68 40 67
Fax. [33] (1) 40 65 98 97

From the Executive Director

One of the hallmarks of an open program is that it is not afraid to put 
itself up for judgment and periodic assessment.  Chairman Bibles and 
Ambassador Elinor Constable of the Department of State have persuaded an 
eminent group to carry out just that assessment of the course, 
organization and structure of U.S. MAB.  All directorates and operations 
of U.S. MAB should benefit from such an external review process.

We are attempting to launch a national program for U.S. biosphere 
reserves, as well as prepare for substantive U.S. contributions to the 
International Conference on Biosphere Reserves in Seville, Spain in 
March 1995.  Both of these efforts can benefit from an overall 
perspective that we cannot adequately provide for ourselves from merely 
an internal viewpoint. Terms such as "biological diversity" and 
"ecosystem management" have now become integral parts of not only our 
own MAB lexicon, but have been incorporated into treaties and 
conventions on the international level.  These terms now permeate 
agencies and organizations working on the national, state, and local 
levels.  There is a new context of cooperative and integrative 
environmental research and action.  As an applied program, MAB ought to 
continually test and re-evaluate itself to better fit with this evolving 

This issue contains two requests for proposals (RFPs) as U.S. MAB 
continues to seek wider involvement of stakeholders in both the 
development of the U.S. biosphere reserve program as well as in our 
tropical ecosystem work.  It still is painful for us to have to limit 
our outside recruitment process to these two particular areas, and 
especially at such modest levels of offered support, but the funds 
simply are not there for the wider involvement of the scientific 
community, as we have done in the past.  Again, this is all the more 
reason to have a fresh look taken at the U.S. MAB program. 

Finally, our international connections continue to occupy a major 
portion of our attention.  U.S. biosphere reserves managers attended a 
most fruitful first meeting with their counterparts from Europe in 
Cevennes National Park, France. 

Bilateral relationships with Russia MAB that reinforce the EuroMAB 
Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring (BRIM) Program continue to be 
strengthened. We have added flora and fauna species  lists from eight 
Russian biosphere reserves to our BRIM data base (contact:  
ice.ucdavis.edu (anonymous ftp and gopher) or  http://ice.ucdavis.edu/ 
(World Wide Web and Mosaic).  U.S. and Russia MABs are also cooperating 
within the framework of the U.S. Russian Bilateral Agreement on the 
Environment.  We are developing pilot programs that assist Russian 
biosphere reserves in coming on line with Internet--both increasing 
their access to the world's scientific communities as well as allowing 
that community access to the rich data bases existing on Russian 
biosphere reserves.  Many Russian zapovedniks  (nature reserves) have 
been recognized as biosphere reserves, and many contain more than 40 
years of continuous trends and  monitoring data on flora and fauna.  
Initial survey teams are currently working on this problem, and during 
the Bilateral Agreement negotiating session in Moscow late in January, 
we hope to be able to establish a formal agreement concerning such 
mutually supportive arrangements. 
                                              Roger E. Soles

United States Man and the Biosphere Program: Request for Proposals for 
the Tropical Ecosystems Directorate

The Tropical Ecosystems Directorate (TED) of the U.S. Man and the 
Biosphere Program (U.S. MAB) announces a call for research and activity 
proposals addressing the theme of sustainable use of tropical forest 
resources.  A total of $60,000 is available to support a small number of 
research and activity grants, in the range of $10,000 to $20,000, which 
will be awarded in the summer of 1995.  Preference will be given to 
proposals that focus on the Tri-National Region of Belize, Guatemala, 
and/or Mexico and complement the core project activities of the TED.  
Persons interested in applying for these grants are encouraged to first 
obtain a copy of the TED core project, " A Regional Approach for 
Sustainable Development and the Conservation of Natural Resources in the 
Maya Tri-National Region of Belize, Guatemala, and Mexico," from the 
U.S. MAB Secretariat.

Funding Objectives

The U.S. MAB/TED small grants program is intended to directly foster 
cross-border cooperation, research, and exchange of information to 
promote the sustainable management of tropical forests in the Tri-
National Region.  Given limited available funding and the purpose of the 
program, U.S. MAB/TED places highest priority on activities that are bi- 
or tri-national in nature.  In addition, U.S. MAB/TED funding can assist 
research teams and/or activity projects to: add a national researcher to 
their effort; better integrate conservation and sustainable development; 
add a particular discipline to an ongoing research project; explore the 
application of ongoing site-specific research to an additional site in 
the Maya Tri-National region; or carry out activities complementary to 
the TED project in the region.  U.S. MAB/TED funding will not be 
provided for planning purposes.

Focal  Issues

Within the broad thematic focus of sustainable use of tropical forest 
resources in the Maya Tri-National Region, U.S. MAB/TED encourages 
research projects and activities addressing focal issues such as 
community-based production systems, tropical forest management for 
timber and/or nontimber products, economic valuation and accounting of 
tropical forest products and services, benefits and costs of low impact 
uses such as ecotourism, or integration of biodiversity conservation 
with production forestry.  Proposals that focus on other issues should 
be consistent with and complementary to the U.S. MAB/TED core project 

Proposal Content

Each proposal should have a title page, a one-page synopsis of the 
proponent's existing research project if any, a one-page synopsis of the 
proposed activities, and up to five pages detailing the proposed use of 
U.S. MAB/TED funds that would be complementary to the TED core program, 
and a one-page itemized budget including personnel, travel, operations, 
equipment/supplies, with justification.  All sources of income for the 
project must be included in the budget.  No funds are available for 
institutional overhead; only direct costs can be supported.

Evaluation and Review Process

A review panel of the U.S. MAB Tropical Ecosystems Directorate will 
evaluate the proposals based on the following criteria:

--degree of relevance to TED core program objectives; 
--bi-national or tri-national nature of the research or activity; 
applicability to promoting sustainable use of tropical forest resources 
in the Maya Tri-National Region; 
--degree of involvement of host country investigators; 
--the quality and demonstrated productivity of the principal 

Deadlines: Persons interested in applying should first submit a one- to 
two-page project prospectus by January 31, 1995.  This prospectus should 
provide a brief description of the proposed project and explain how the 
project meets U.S. MAB/TED selection criteria.  The prospectus should 
include a simple four-item budget (salaries, equipment/materials, 
travel, other costs).  The U.S. MAB/TED will review the prospectuses and 
invite full proposals by March 10, 1995.

Invitees will have until June 16, 1995, to submit a full proposal.  The 
U.S. MAB/TED will evaluate all proposals and make final decisions by 
July 14, 1995.  Funds will be committed to the managing institutions 
identified in the proposals during August 1995.  Principals will receive 
from the U.S. MAB Secretariat copies of all U.S. MAB/TED review 
evaluations of their proposals and a written notification of the 
directorate's decision on their proposal. For further information and 
submission of prospectus and proposals,  contact:

U.S. MAB Secretariat
Department of State
Washington, DC 20522
Tel. (703) 235-2946, Fax. (703) 235-3002
ATTN:  Tropical Ecosystems Directorate

United States Man and the Biosphere Program: Request for Proposals for 
the Biosphere Reserve Directorate

The Biosphere Reserve (BR) Directorate of the U.S. Man and the Biosphere 
Program (U.S. MAB) announces a catalytic grants program to support 
Biosphere Reserve workshops and partnership-building activities that 
promote cooperative regional ecosystem-based initiatives.  

A total of $50,000 is available to support small grants in two distinct 
categories: (1) $20,000 in total for conferences, workshops, or forums; 
and (2) $30,000 in total for partnership projects. The projected maximum 
single grant award is $10,000.  Grants are expected to average between 
$4,000 and $8,000.  Persons interested in applying for these grants are 
encouraged to first obtain a copy of Strategic Plan for the U.S. 
Biosphere Reserve Program, from the U.S. MAB Secretariat.

Funding Objectives

The purpose of the grants is to assist projects that produce short-term 
tangible results furthering the mission of the United States Biosphere 
Reserve Program as defined in Strategic Plan for the U.S. Biosphere 
Reserve Program, dated December 1994. 

"The mission of the U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program is to establish and 
support a U.S. network of designated biosphere reserves that are fully 
representative of the biogeographical areas of the United States.  The 
program promotes a sustainable balance among the conservation of 
biological diversity, compatible economic use, and cultural values, 
through public and private partnerships, interdisciplinary research, 
education, and communication."

Focal Issues

Within the mission of the U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program, the 
directorate seeks to support two to four conferences in 1995.  A wide 
range of conference and workshop topics are eligible. For example:  a 
forum for Biosphere Reserve stakeholders at a single Biosphere Reserve 
unit or cluster of units; a regional or local vision setting workshop; 
or a conference for Biosphere Reserves stakeholders from throughout a 
region focusing on an issue or management approach of shared interest.  
Other ideas for conferences and workshop topics promoting the mission of 
Biosphere Reserves are welcome.

The U.S. Biosphere Reserve Directorate also intends to support three to 
six partnership projects in 1995.  Proposals are sought that strengthen 
cooperative relationships for enhancing the functions of Biosphere 
Reserves.  Innovative and new approaches to conservation challenges will 
be given priority.  Examples of eligible projects could include: 
assessing natural or cultural resources; building public support for 
conservation and sustainable development; fostering demonstrations of 
cooperative ecosystem management, or developing local planning 

Other ideas for partnership projects that promote the mission of 
Biosphere Reserves are welcome. Feasibility studies for expanding the 
activities of existing Biosphere Reserves to more fully implement the 
regional, ecosystem-based mission of the BR program also are encouraged.  
However, feasibility studies for designating new Biosphere Reserve units 
are ineligible.

Proposals may include a request for staff support only if the proposal 
and the staff position are related to expanding the regional activities 
of a Biosphere Reserve or promoting a cooperative program involving 
multiple agencies and nongovernmental partners.

Proposal Content

Each proposal should have a title page and a one-page synopsis of the 
proposal activities. 

A maximum of three additional pages should describe:  (1) the affected 
Biosphere Reserve or Biosphere Reserve cluster; (2) the applicant's 
relationship to the Biosphere Reserve; (3) the proposed conference or 
partnership project; (4) how the proposed conference or project relates 
to past, current, and projected BR activities at the site; (5) how the 
proposal complies generally and specifically with the evaluation 
criteria;  and (6) how the results of the conference or activity will be 

All proposals must also include a one-page, itemized budget including 
personnel, travel, operation, equipment/ supplies with justification.  
The budget page should show the status of any matching funds to the 
proposed activity.

A one-page map of the affected Biosphere Reserve, showing if possible, 
the BR zonation, and if applicable, the site of the proposed activities 
must be included. 

The last page of the proposal should be a one-page letter of endorsement 
from the Biosphere Reserve manager or managers. If the proposed activity 
would involve or benefit more than one Biosphere Reserve, one-page 
letters of endorsement should indicate the support of the managers of 
the involved or affected Biosphere Reserves.  Biosphere Reserve managers 
should endorse no more than one single proposal in each funding category 
this year.

Evaluation and Review Process 

A review panel of The U.S. Biosphere Reserve Directorate will  evaluate 
proposals based upon the following criteria:

--  Alignment of the proposal with the mission and goals of the United 
States Biosphere Reserve Program as defined in Strategic Plan for the 
U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program dated December 1994, available from the 
U.S. MAB Secretariat, (address below);
--  Likelihood that the proposal will result in tangible progress within 
a year toward promoting cooperative regional, ecosystem based 
initiatives that integrate conservation and sustainable development at 
Biosphere Reserve sites;
--  Demonstrated local support for the project;
--  Innovation in implementing Biosphere Reserve functions;
--  Potential to apply the concept or project at other Biosphere Reserve 
--  Extent to which grant funds will be leveraged with matching  funds 
or support from other private or public sources;
--  Demonstrated capacity of the applicant to implement the proposal;
--  Endorsement from Biosphere Reserve Manager(s).

Limitations.  Grants may not be used for:  institutional overhead;  
academic research; acquisition of land, buildings, or capital equipment; 
general support of agency functions; or political activities.  All 
grants should produce tangible results within 1 year.  

Deadlines.  Proposals must be postmarked by January 31, 1995.  

Awards will be announced at the annual meeting of BR managers in the 
spring of 1995.  Principals will receive from the U.S. MAB Secretariat 
copies of all U.S. MAB/BR review evaluations of their proposals and a 
written notification of the directorate's decision on their proposal. 
For further information and submission of proposals, contact:

U.S. MAB Secretariat
Department of State
Washington, DC  20522
 Tel. (703) 235-2946, Fax. (703) 235-3002
ATTN: Biosphere Reserve Directorate

In Memoriam
James M. Broadus

James Matthew Broadus III died September 28, 1994 in Hawaii.  Jim served 
as the first chairman of the U.S. MAB Marine and Coastal Ecosystems 
Directorate from 1989-92.  Dr. Broadus was the lead scientist in 
developing a cohesive focus, mission concentration, and substantive 
foundation for the U.S. MAB Program in marine research.  Up to the time 
of his involvement, U.S. MAB was primarily a terrestrial ecosystem 
oriented program.  

Dr. Broadus was a senior scientist and Director of Woods Hole 
Oceanographic Institution's Marine Policy Center and was internationally 
known for his work on the economics of marine minerals and seabed 
mining, and more recently, on the economics of climate change. 

Dr. Broadus was born in Mobile, Alabama and grew up in Lexington, 
Kentucky.  He was a graduate of Oberlin College and Yale University 
attaining his doctoral degree in economics in 1976.  Prior to joining 
the staff at Woods Hole, he was assistant professor of economics at the 
University of Kentucky in Lexington and economist at the U.S. Department 
of Justice's Antitrust Division in Washington, DC.

Dr. Broadus' many professional activities included adviser to the U.S. 
Congress' Office of Technology Assessment, and Bureau of Mines of the 
U.S. Department of Interior.  He was a member of the Marine Board of the 
National Research Council and on the Advisory Committee for U.S.-Japan 
Bilateral Cooperation on Natural Resources.

All who knew Jim will greatly miss his intellect and good humor.  The 
U.S. Man and the Biosphere Program will forever be indebted to his 

Measuring and Monitoring Forest 
Biological Diversity: The International Network of Biodiversity Plots

This International Smithsonian/MAB Symposium will be held May 23-25, 
1995 at the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

A registration fee of US$150 will cover attendance at all sessions, a 
copy of extended abstracts, a welcome reception, and coffee, tea, and 
snacks.  For further information please contact:

Dr. Francisco Dallmeier
Chair, Symposium Planning Group
1100 Jefferson Drive SW, Suite 3123
Washington, DC U.S.A. 20560
Tel. (202) 357-4793, Fax. (202) 786-2557

High Latitude Ecosystems Directorate Meeting

Members of the High Latitude Ecosystems Directorate (HLED) met in 
Anchorage, Alaska September 29-30 to review preliminary results of the 
core project, "Resource User Involvement and Management Effectiveness: a 
Comparison of Arctic Caribou Management Systems," to plan the next phase 
of the core project, and to identify expertise needed for positions 
opening on the directorate.

The HLED members reviewed some 60 graphics comparing traditional caribou 
user and caribou manager responses to structured surveys conducted in 
Alaska and Canada over the last 2 years.  Topics covered included: user 
involvement, caribou population dynamics, attitudes toward harvest 
practices and caribou monitoring practices, user compliance, and 

The analytic results will be reviewed with staff from the Alaska 
Department of Fish and Game during late November and with the managers 
and traditional users who sit on the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou 
Management Board in January 1995.  Results of these discussions will be 
incorporated into a summary of study findings that will be available for 
public review in late summer 1995.

The HLED plans to hold a panel discussion on findings at the Second 
International Arctic Ungulate Conference in August 1995.  Members have 
asked to make presentations at the International Arctic Social Science 
Association Conference in Rovaniemi, Finland in May 1995 and at the 
EuroMab symposium in Greenland in September 1995.  Jack Kruse, acting 
chair of the HLED, is also helping to plan a session for the 
International Arctic Science Committee Conference in December 1995 on 
Sustainable Use of Living Resources of High Value to Arctic Residents.

Planning for phase two of the HLED core initiative has begun.  The 
second phase will include an examination of relationships between 
nutrient cycling, vegetation productivity, and caribou productivity.  
Research will capitalize on differences in development activity and 
wildlife management occurring on the North Slope, Noatak, Taimyr, and 
Yamal regions.

Closely related to phase two development is the recruitment of new 
directorate members.  The directorate decided that new members should 
primarily be chosen to achieve a mix of expertise and organizational 
representation directly relevant to the proposed phase two core project.  
The HLED is looking for expertise in the following areas: nutrition and 
health, modeling, cultural anthropology, climate, economics, and 
traditional caribou use.  The HLED also wants to directly involve the 
North Slope Borough and biosphere reserve managers.

Biosphere Reserves Managers' Meeting at Cevennes, France

The "Man and Protected Areas" workshop for managers of European 
biosphere reserves was held October 3-7, 1994 at Florac, the 
headquarters of Cevennes National Park, France.  The objectives of the 
workshop were for those working with biosphere reserves; to exchange 
experiences, to prepare recommendations for strengthening the action 
plan, and to facilitate international cooperation within the European 

The six themes discussed were: sustainable tourism and conservation; 
involvement of the local population; environmental education; man's 
place in recently changing landscapes; long-term monitoring of the 
environment, and international cooperation.  

The workshop attracted biosphere reserve managers from 18 countries, 
including a delegation of six from the United States.  Representing U.S. 
Biosphere Reserves were: Reed Bohne, Manager of the Grays Reef National 
Marine Sanctuary; Hubert Hinote, Executive Director of the Southern 
Appalachian Biosphere Reserve and Chairman of the U.S. MAB Biosphere 
Reserve Directorate; Marvin Jensen, Manager of Glacier Bay National 
Park; Homer Rouse, Manager of Rocky Mountains National Park;  Michael 
Ruggiero, Member of the U.S. MAB Directorate on Biosphere Reserves; and 
Karen Wade, Manager of Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

Michael Ruggiero provided the conference participants with a 
demonstration of the (BRIM) Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring 
system, which provides a means for systematic exchange of scientific 
information among biosphere reserves.

Reed Bohne chaired a working group of marine biosphere reserve managers.  
He reported that his working group made several specific recommendations 
in the areas of communication, policy/planning, and research/analysis. 

Hubert Hinote presented a slide show lecture that highlighted the 
Federal, state, local and nongovernmental partnerships that have been 
created to support sustainable development under the MAB concept in the 
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve.

The participants at the meeting made the following general observations: 
(1) biosphere reserves should be recognized at the governmental level; 
(2) MAB National Committees should develop and implement national action 
    plans for biosphere reserves based on an evaluation of existing
(3) there should be strengthened UNESCO support to biosphere reserves; 
(4) there should be improved linkages in the EuroMAB network.  To this 
    end it was recommended that meetings of biosphere reserve managers 
    occur at regular intervals as well as specific topic meetings.

All of the conference participants are currently reviewing the draft 
conference recommendations issued at the close of the meeting.  A 
consolidated response will be sent to UNESCO.  The final recommendations 
of the conference will be used in the deliberations to revise the Action 
Plan for Biosphere Reserves at the International Conference on Biosphere 
Reserves in Sevilla, Spain in March 1995.
     Homer Rouse, Reed Bohne, and Michael Ruggiero contributed to this

You may order publications in hard copy from:
U.S. MAB Secretariat, 
Department of State, 
Washington, DC 20522-4401, 
Please include self-addressed mailing labels.

     from U.S. MAB:

Isle au Haut Principles: Ecosystem Management and the Case of South 
Florida, is a pamphlet that defines the ecosystem management principles 
developed by the U.S. MAB Human-Dominated Systems Directorate at the 
charette held at Isle au Haut, Maine in June 1994.  This is the second 
product generated by the core project of this directorate, " Ecological 
Sustainability and Human Institutions." 1994. (12 pp.)

Strategic Plan for the U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program, is an action plan 
for activities of the Biosphere Reserves Directorate of U.S. MAB.  It 
describes the mission, goals, and implementing activities of a biosphere 
reserve program. 1994.  (28 pp.)

Island Ecotourism as a Development Tool, is a report of the workshop 
held at San Juan, Puerto Rico on October 26-28, 1992.  The workshop was 
sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the Caribbean 
Islands Directorate of U.S. MAB, and the Caribbean Environment and 
Development Institute. 1994. (52 pp.)

     from others:

The Day Before America: Changing the Nature of a Continent by William H. 
Macleish, 1994, describes the land and people of America before the 
advent of European culture.  European society and technology is also 
elaborated in that time just before exploration of North America began.  
The book then brings us to present day concerns and hopes.  (277 pp.) 
Available from:

Houghton Mifflin Company
222 Berkeley Street
Boston, MA 02116
Tel. (800) 225-3362
cloth $21.95

Frozen Ground  is the semi-annual news bulletin of the International 
Permafrost Association.  Issue No. 15, June 1994, contains articles 
entitled: "Working Group Reports" from groups on: data and information, 
terminology, global change and permafrost, mountain permafrost, 
periglacial processes and environments, cryosols, foundations, and 
seasonal freezing and thawing of permafrost areas; "News From Member 
Countries;" "Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Update," 
"The International Permafrost Association Report to the IPCC;" 
publications, and forthcoming meetings.  Copies available:

     in the U.S: 
Jerry Brown
P.O. Box 9200
Arlington, VA 22219-0200

     in Russia: 
Nikolai Grave
National Permafrost Committee
USSR Academy of Sciences 
Fersman Street 11
117312 Moscow

     in Canada:  
Alan Heginbottom
Geological Survey of Canada 
601 Booth Street
Ottawa, Ontario


     from U.S. MAB:

BRIM: Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring, 1994, is a brochure that 
describes the EuroMAB program to link the data bases created in the 
biosphere reserves of Europe and North America with the worldwide 
scientific community. 1994. (12 pp.)

     from others:

Sustaining Long-term Forest Health and Productivity, is a task force 
report focusing on concepts, scientific knowledge, and management 
issues.  Recommendations are given.  1993. (83 pp.) Available from:

Society of American Foresters
5400 Grosvenor Lane
Bethesda, MD 20814-2198
Tel. (301) 897-8720, Fax. (301) 897-3690
paper $11. each + $4. handling

The Hidden Harvest: Wild Foods and Agricultural Systems, A Literature 
Review and Annotated Bibliography  by Ian Scoones, Mary Melnyk, and 
Jules N. Pretty, 1992. Mary Melnyk was a U.S. MAB grants recipient in 
1992.  This volume is an annotated bibliography of 942 entries 
worldwide.  The topics include wild foods, Swidden agriculture and 
foraging, pastoral production systems, wildlife utilization, food 
security, nutritional value, tenure and local institutions, socially 
differentiated use, economic value, biodiversity, and non-timber forest 
products.  The volume contains regional, ethnic group, and thematic 
indexes.   (256 pp.) Available from:

International Institute for Environment and Development
3 Endsleigh Street
London WC1H 0DD, UK
Tel. [44] (71) 388 2117, Fax. [44] (71) 388 2826
paper 12.95 sterling UK + 25% postage and handling 
please send a bankers draft made payable to IIED


Department of State Publication 10177
Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental
    and Scientific Affairs
Released December 1994
ISSN 1078-6295




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