Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific 

August 1994 

              U.S. MAB BULLETIN

August 1994           Volume 18, No. 2 




     The U.S. MAB Bulletin is published by 
the U.S. MAB Secretariat, OES/EGC/MAB, 
Department of State 

Washington, DC 20522-3706. 

Tel. (703) 235-2946, 2947.  
FAX (703) 235-3002. 


     "The mission of the United States Man  and the Biosphere Program (U.S. MAB) is to  foster harmonious relationships between humans and the biosphere through an international program of policy-relevant research which integrates the social, physical and biological sciences to 
address actual problems.  These activities-- broadly interpreted--include catalytic conferences and meetings, education and training, and the establishment and use of biosphere reserves as research and monitoring sites."  Adopted by the U.S. National Committee  for the Man and the Biosphere Program, January 6, 1989. 


     U.S. MAB is supported by the 
Department of Agriculture-Forest Service, 
the Department of Energy, the Department 
of the Interior-National Park Service, the 
Department of State, the Agency for 
International Development, the 
Environmental Protection Agency, the 
National Aeronautics and Space 
Administration, the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration-, the National 
Science Foundation, the Peace Corps, the 
National Biological Survey, and the 
Smithsonian Institution. 


     The program is organized into six 
directorates: Biosphere Reserve, High 
Latitude Ecosystems, Human Dominated 
Systems, Marine and Coastal Ecosystems, 
Temperate Ecosystems, and Tropical 




In This Issue 


*Strategic Plan for Biosphere Reserves 



*New Marine Core Project 



*Temperate Ecosystems Directorate's LUCAS 




From U.S. MAB Chair D. Dean Bibles 


     Although a newcomer to the 
chairmanship, and the National Committee 
of U.S. MAB, I have long been a supporter 
of the MAB concept and, a collaborator in 
some of its activities.  I have been given 
the privilege of assuming the chairmanship 
at a propitious time. 


     We are now beginning to see the 
impressive results of the energy that U.S. 
MAB has devoted to its activities under 
the leadership of my two distinguished 
predecessors, Frank Talbot and Tom 
Lovejoy.  Several biome-based directorates 
have produced remarkable interim reports; 
other directorates are just beginning what 
promises to be exciting research.  At my 
first National Committee meeting in July, 
following the recommendations of a meeting 
of Biosphere Reserve Managers in Colorado 
last year, we funded a new directorate on 
Biosphere Reserves.  This, I hope, will be 
the beginning of a major U.S. MAB emphasis 
on our extraordinary assemblage of 
reserves within the United States. 


     U.S. MAB is also modernizing.  We are 
working to provide electronic linkages 
between committee members, the reserves, 
the directorates, the U.S. MAB 
Secretariat, and the public.  Through 
EuroMAB we hope to build upon the already 
close ties we have with our colleagues in 
Paris and around the world. 


     Our federal government is in the 
process of changing the way environmental 
science is planned and funded.  The Office 
of Science and Technology Policy has 
created a Subcommittee on Biodiversity and 
Ecosystem Dynamics, and charged it with 
developing the nation's environmental 
research agenda for these subjects.  This 
month, U.S. MAB became a part of that 


     I look forward to the future of U.S. 
MAB with great anticipation.  The 
opportunity is ours and the time is now.  
I welcome your thoughts and suggestions as 
we move into these exciting times.  Until 
we get on line at the U.S. MAB 
Secretariat, I can be reached on E-Mail at 




U.S. MAB on the Federal Bulletin 
Board Service 


     Since mid August, the U.S. MAB 
Bulletin has been available through the 
General Printing Office's Federal Bulletin 
Board Service (FBBS.)  Our library is 
DOS_MAB.  Access from the Main Menu of 
FBBS is to select White House and 
Federal Agencies and enter,  select A 
for additional agencies and enter, select 
State Department and enter, under 
Library 3 select Science and 
Technology and enter, and find US Man 
and the Biosphere. 


     On FBBS you will find all of the 
issues of the U.S. MAB Bulletin, and most 
other documents published by the U.S. MAB 
Secretariat.  We will continue to publish 
paper copies of these documents as well.  
The FBBS can be accessed through Internet 
but for a fee of $1. per 50 Kilobytes, 
plus $1 per file.  The fee to read or 
download the document will be listed in 
the description.  Our directory should be 
checked quarterly for new documents. 


     By January 1995, U.S. MAB 
publications should also be available free 
of charge through Internet.  More details 
to come. 




Arctic Ungulate Conference 


     The 2nd International Arctic Ungulate 
Conference will be held August 13-17, 1995 
at U. of Alaska Fairbanks, USA.  This 
conference incorporates the International 
Reindeer/Caribou Symposium and the 
International Muskox Symposium. 

     A call for papers (abstract 
deadlines, etc.) and preliminary travel 
and accommodation information will be 
announced in autumn 1994. 


For information please contact: 

Dr. David R. Klein 

Alaska Cooperative Fish and Wildlife 
Research Unit 

University of Alaska Fairbanks 

Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-7020 USA 

Tel. (907) 474-6674  Fax. (907) 474-6967 

E-mail: fnkrp@aurora.alaska.edu 




From the Executive Director 


     Under the new chair, D. Dean Bibles, 
the National Committee launched two major 
new program directions for the U.S. MAB 
Program.  The committee not only approved 
a Strategic Plan to guide the development 
of a U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program, but 
also approved initial funding of a number 
of key elements to get the development 
underway.  Major components will include 
an interactive process with the supporting 
agencies and other stakeholders as well as 
working with regional organizations to 
help them assess and carry out feasibility 
studies to develop an inclusive regional 
organization to implement the fourth 
function of biosphere reserves: the 
regional integrator. 


     The National Committee also approved 
a major core research project for the 
Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Directorate.  
Marine refugia will be the focus of this 
interdisciplinary scientific research 
effort which will specially aim to include 
the managers of such reserves, commercial 
and recreational interests.  While U.S. 
MAB has supported some individual research 
efforts involving marine sciences in the 
past, this marks the first approval of a 
marine program as a major core research 


     In conjunction with the annual summer 
meeting, the U.S. MAB National Committee 
also held a "report to the agencies" 
symposium to provide substantive feedback 
to the agencies which have supported the 
development of the U.S. MAB 
interdisciplinary research program.  The 
directorates on Temperate Ecosystems, on 
Human Dominated Systems and on High 
Latitude Ecosystems all provided in depth 
reports on their findings and progress.  
The latest  developments of the EuroMAB 
biosphere reserve network were also 
presented.  As a result of the progress 
achieved by these directorates, a number 
of written products and reports are being 
prepared.  The National Committee approved 
a most ambitious publication schedule. 


     U.S. MAB will also be making more 
products available electronically.  An 
article inside this issue can guide you to 
information about the U.S. MAB LUCAS ( 
Land Use Change and Analysis System) 
Simulation model at the University of 
Tennessee.  The location of the MABFlora 
and MABFauna data bases at the Information 
Center for Environment (ICE) at the 
University of California Davis is 
publicized in our upcoming brochure on the 
BRIM initiative.  The Consortium for 
International Earth Sciences Information 
Network (CIESIN) holds the ACCESS  
Directory of Biosphere Reserves in Europe 
and North America.  By mid August, U.S. 
MAB will have its own directory on the 
Federal Bulletin Board Service. 

                           Roger E. Soles 





Canada's Ecological Monitoring and 
Assessment Network Adopts 
Smithsonian/Mab Permanent Plot 
Monitoring Methodology 


At a course held in April, 1994 , at 
Kejimkujik National Park (KNP) in Nova 
Scotia, the Ecological Monitoring and 
Assessment Network of Canada  adopted the 
International Biodiversity Monitoring 
methodology developed by Smithsonian/MAB 
for the  Global Biodiversity Network, as a 
model for biodiversity monitoring in 
Canadian forest ecosystems.  The plots 
established by this methodology in Canada 
will operate in close association with 
already established forest monitoring 


     Francisco Dallmeier, Director SI/MAB 
Biological Diversity Program conducted the 
one week training course at Kejimkujik 
National Park using the Smithsonian/MAB 
monitoring methodology.  Two one- hectare 
plots in the temperate mixed (Acadian) 
forest were established.  These are the 
first plots in Canada to become part of 
the Global Biodiversity Network.  This 
Network intends to monitor 300 sites by 
the year 2000 to obtain continuous records 
of composition, structure and dynamics of 
forest ecosystems. 


     Subsequent to the Kejimkujik meeting, 
Cliff Drysdale the park ecologist at KNP 
and Don MacIver, forest climatologist, 
Atmospheric Environment Service, 
Environment Canada were invited to 
participate in the May training course for 
the Global Biodiversity Network held by 
the Smithsonian at its Front Royal, VA 


     The Ecological Science Center 
(Cooperative) News, Environment Canada, 
Ottawa, Ontario K1A OH3, will follow the 
progress made in spreading the methodology 
through the biosphere reserves and parks 
of Canada. 


     For further information regarding the 
Canadian forest biodiversity monitoring 
initiative, or the Ecological Monitoring 
and Assessment Network, please contact:  
Patricia Roberts-Pichette, Ecological 
Monitoring Coordinating Office, Ecological 
Monitoring and Assessment Network, 
Environment Canada, Place Vincent Massey, 
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0H3: Tel. 
(819)-997-3728 or Fax: (819) 953-0461 




SI/MAB Biodiversity Program 


SI/MAB was created in 1986 to focus on 
problems associated with maintaining 
global forest biodiversity, emphasizing 
the practical application of research in 
achieving sustainable resource management.  

     SI/MAB combines long-term 
biodiversity measuring and monitoring 
projects with professional training 
courses that teach the principles and 
procedures of monitoring and of data 
collection, verification and 
dissemination.  The work is accomplished 
in a network of protected areas located 
worldwide where we address the need to 
gain a thorough understanding of ecosystem 
functions and of the consequences of human 
activities for natural systems. 


     The program has established a global 
network of permanent, long-term 
biodiversity monitoring plots centered on 
habitats that are richest in biodiversity 
or that are the most threatened.  The 
monitoring records forest composition, 
structure and dynamics and environmental 
changes.  Si/MAB uses a consistent 
protocol for documenting each plot in 
detailed user and field guides for 
researchers and host-country educators.  
Results of the research and training 
courses is published in timely, 
descriptive reports for use by a wide 
audience.  For two years SI/MAB has 
conducted professional training programs 
to reinforce host-country capabilities. 


     In 1994/95, SI/MAB will be expanding 
its monitoring and training projects.  The 
global biodiversity monitoring network is 
expected to increase to 300 plots by the 
year 2000, focusing on Biosphere Reserves 
and other critical protected areas.  By 
2000 our global network will represent the 
world's largest grouping of biodiversity 
monitoring plots in a diverse range of 
forest habitats.  It will be linked by the 
SI/MAB protocol of consistent methods for 
measuring and monitoring biodiversity and 
BioMon, the SI/MAB Biodiversity Monitoring 
Database for managing data and preparing 
detailed reports and other publications.  
Si/MAB is also organizing two 
international symposia, scheduled for 1995 
and 2000, to bring together researchers 
from the network sites and interested 
people for discussions of the results of 
the monitoring efforts and their 
implications for forest ecosystem 
management in protected areas of the 

For more information regarding the 
Smithsonian/MAB Biodiversity Program, 
please contact: 

Dr. Francisco Dallmeier, 

Director, Smithsonian/MAB Biodiversity 
Suite 3123, 
1100 Jefferson Drive S.W., 
Washington, D.C. 20560. USA 
Tel. (202) 357-4793; Fax. (202) 786-2557. 





Strategic Plan for the U.S. 
Biosphere Reserve Program 


At the July 29th U.S. MAB National 
Committee meeting A Strategic Plan for 
the U.S. Biosphere Reserve Program 
was approved. The Plan was initiated by 
the biosphere reserves managers in 
December 1993 at Estes Park, CO 

     The writing of the U.S. Strategic 
Plan was prompted by UNESCO's request that 
country MAB Programs create and approve 
Biosphere Reserve Action Plans.  

     The mission of the United States 
Biosphere Reserve Program is to establish 
and support a network of designated 
Biosphere Reserves that are fully 
representative of the biogeographical 
areas of the United States.  The program 
promotes a sustainable balance among the 
conservation of biological diversity, 
compatible economic use, and cultural 
values, through public and private 
partnerships, interdisciplinary research, 
education, and communication. 








     *Establish a Policy and Operational 
Framework for the U.S. Biosphere Reserve 


     *Create a National Network of 
Biosphere Reserves that Represents the 
Biogeographical Diversity of the United 
States and Fulfills the Internationally 
Established Roles and Functions of 
Biosphere Reserves. 


     *Acquire and Integrate Knowledge for 
Sustaining Biodiversity, Cultural Values, 
and Viable Economies within an 
Ecosystem/Landscape Context. 


     *Promote Public Awareness and 
Education that Strengthens the Commitment 
of Stakeholders to MAB Concepts. 


     *Establish Mechanisms for Sharing and 
Disseminating Data and Information Among 
U.S. Biosphere Reserves and Between U.S. 
Biosphere Reserves and Others. 


     The Strategic Plan recommends forty- 

five actions for implementation by the 
agencies and organizations participating 
in the U.S. MAB Program and the 
administration of U.S. Biosphere Reserves.  
As of March 1994, forty-seven areas in the 
U.S. were designated as Biosphere 
Reserves.  These reserves include ninety- 

nine administrative units under public and 
private ownership. 


     Copies of A Strategic Plan for U.S. 
Biosphere Reserves Program will be 
available from the U.S. MAB Secretariat. 





Biosphere Reserve Directorate Begins 
Work on Newly Approved Program 


The U.S. MAB National Committee approved 
critical elements of the budget submitted 
by the new Biosphere Reserve Directorate. 

     The Biosphere Reserve Directorate led 
by Acting Chair Hubert Hinote of the 
Southern Appalachian Man and  Biosphere 
Program (SAMAB) met in Gatlinburg, TN 
August 3-5 to begin work on the program  
for U.S. Biosphere Reserves.  

     The National Committee approved funds 
for the directorate to encourage 
cooperation and sharing of goals between 
reserve managers and local stakeholders, 
public education of the role of biosphere 
reserves, and development of a system 
for organized information sharing among 
biosphere reserves. 


     During the following year the 
directorate will  review the U.S. 
Biosphere Reserves network and develop 
guidelines for the selection of new 
biosphere reserves.  The directorate will 
also solicit proposals for assistance to 
regional biosphere reserve organizations.  
An informational brochure about the U.S. 
Biosphere Reserve Program is planned. 





Marine and Coastal Ecosystem 
Directorate Begins Core Project 


In July, the U.S. MAB National Committee 
approved the first year of the new core 
project of the Marine and Coastal 
Ecosystem Directorate.  

     Michael P. Crosby, chair of the 
Marine and Coastal Ecosystem Directorate, 
will be one of the principal investigators 
of the core project, "Ecological and 
Socioeconomic Impacts of Alternative 
Access Management Strategies in Marine 
Protected Areas."  The project will 
integrate natural and social science 
studies of the effects on marine areas of 
different intensities of fishing and 
recreational diving use. 

     The four study sites are: Florida 
Keys of Largo, Western Sambo, and Dry 
Tortugas; California Channel Islands; 
Kaho'olawe and Molokini Islands, Hawaii; 
St. John and St. Thomas Islands, U.S. 
Virgin Islands. 

     The hypotheses to be investigated in 
the case studies of this Core Project will 
address the natural resource changes both 
within and adjacent to areas with various 
levels of access to the resources of the 
reserve.  The restrictions to be examined 
vary from single species limitations on 
harvest to near complete ban on fishing or 
entrance to the protected area.  While 
specific hypotheses to be tested at each 
study site will vary, all hypotheses and 
field work are directed towards the 
examination of the Core Project's unifying 
objective: Assessing how these various 
access management strategies impact or 
change the diversity, abundance and 
behavior of specific species, as well as 
the overall condition of the ecosystems. 


     The project will also examine the 
related socioeconomic changes that occur 
due to various levels of managed access.  
Among the hypothesized changes are income 
levels from fishing, changes in the value 
of recreational experiences and what  
value local  people put on increasing 
biodiversity in a Biosphere Reserve.  
Within the socioeconomic context of the 
project, analysis will also be conducted 
to determine allocations of benefits and 
costs under different access strategies 
and the resulting community tension or 


     Investigators and collaborators on 
the project in addition to Michael Crosby 
are: Reed Bohne, manager of Grays Reef 
National Marine Sanctuary, NOAA; James 
Bohnsack, research fishery biologist of 
Southeast Fisheries Center, NOAA; Gary 
Davis, research marine biologist National 
Biological Survey; J. Walter Milon, 
Professor of economics, U. of Florida; 
Ernst Reese, Professor of zoology, U. of 
Hawaii; Callum Roberts, Research Assistant 
Professor of marine ecology, U. of the 
Virgin Islands; Daniel Suman, Division of 
Marine Affairs U. of Miami; Daniel 
Richards of the National Park Service, 
Peter Haaker of California Department of 
Fish and Game; and Jerald Ault, U. of 





International Smithsonian/MAB 


Measuring and Monitoring Forest Biological 
Diversity: The International Network of 
Biodiversity Plots May 23-25, 1995 at the 
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 


symposium's primary objective is to 
illustrate the importance of baseline 
information provided by forest 
biodiversity plots.  This will be achieved 
through the presentation of scientific 
papers on floristic composition, 
structure, diversity, and dynamics of 
forest plots, along with complementary 
research on other taxa that can be linked 
to one of the sites. 


     Proceedings of the symposium will be 
published as a reference text for 
researchers, managers, and students 
focusing on the comparative analysis of 
forest types, especially for use at SI/MAB 
plot network through a partnership of 
government agencies, environmental 
organizations, commodity groups, 
professional associations, and academia - 
all with the aim of providing further 
insight to the management of the 
biodiversity resource. 


     Registration: fee US$150. covers 
attendance at all sessions, a copy of 
extended abstracts, a welcome reception, 
and coffee/tea/snacks. 


     Language: English will be the 
working language at the symposium. 


     Call for Abstracts: Deadline: 
December 15, 1994 


     Submission.  For particulars on 
paper preparation please write: 

	International Center 

	Smithsonian Institution, Suite 3123 

	1100 Jefferson Drive S.W. 

	Washington, D.C. 10560. 

     If any material in the paper is 
copyrighted, send with your paper 
photocopies of letters granting permission 
for use and credit for the source.  All 
papers must be submitted in "hard" copy, 
accompanied by 3.5"disks with the text in 
WordPerfect 6.0.  The disk must be free of 
formatting and control characters. 


     To receive the third announcement, in 
October, which will contain the schedule 
of events contact: 
Dr. Franciso Dallmeier 
Chair, Symposium Planning Group 

1100 Jefferson Drive S.W., Suite 3123 
Washington, D.C. USA 20560 
Tel. (202) 357-4793: FAX (202) 786-2557 






Temperate Ecosystems Directorate 
Phase III 


Robert J. Naiman, chair of the Temperate 
Ecosystems Directorate. presented Phase 
III of the directorate's core project to 
the U.S. MAB National Committee at their 
July meeting.  A one-year continuation of 
the  project was approved. 


     The project, "Land Use Patterns in 
the Olympic and Southern Appalachian 
Biosphere Reserves: Implications for Long 
Term Sustainable Development and 
Environmental Vitality," will continue to 
focus on integration of information in the 
Land-Use Change and Analysis System 
(LUCAS), a major product of the 
directorate's research. 

     The Land-Use Change and Analysis 
System (LUCAS) for UNIX-based workstations 
was developed by the Temperate Ecosystems 
Directorate for use by managers of 
biosphere reserves and other protected 
area.  LUCAS is designed to model  the 
effects of land use on landscape structure 
in regions such as the Little Tennessee 
River Basin in western North Carolina and 
the Olympic Peninsula of Washington. 

     The purpose of LUCAS is to be a 
spatially-explicit landscape-change model 
useful in land-use policy decisions.  
Multidisciplinary data was integrated to 
study the effects of socioeconomic and 
ecological factors on land use changes. 


     LUCAS uses maps from many sources, 
principally  from remotely-sensed images, 
census and ownership maps, topographical 
maps, and output from econometric models.  
These map layers are stored, displayed, 
and analyzed using the Geographical 
Resources Analysis Support System (GRASS) 
which was developed by the U.S. Army 
Construction Engineering Research 
Laboratories.  Simulations using LUCAS 
produce revised land cover maps 
demonstrating the amount of land-cover 
change stimulated by various land uses.  
These maps are expected to be useful in 
policy decisions regarding issues such as 
biodiversity conservation, assessing the 
importance of landscape elements to meet 
conservation goals, and long-term 
landscape integrity. 

Information on Lucas is available on the 
World Wide Web via Mosaic at the following 





LUCAS E-Mail Reflector: lucas@cs.utk.edu 


Written or phone inquiries may be directed 

Michael Berry 
Assistant Professor 

Department of Computer Science 

107 Ayres Hall 

U. of Tennessee 

Knoxville, TN 37996 

Tel. (615) 974-5067 

FAX. (615) 974-4404 





U.S. National Committee For the Man 
and the Biosphere Program as of July 


Mr. D. Dean Bibles, Chair 

       Department of the Interior 

Dr. Robert Campbell 

       Weyerhaeuser Company 

Dr. Robert Costanza 

       University of Maryland 

Dr. Michael P. Crosby 

       National Oceanographic and 

       Atmospheric Administration 

Dr. Franciso Dallmeier 

       Smithsonian Institution 

Dr. Jerry W. Elwood 

       Department of Energy 

Dr. Sally Fairfax 

       University of California, Berkeley 

Dr. Denny B. Fenn 

       Department of the Interior 

Dr. Ralph M. Garruto 

       National Institute of Health 

Dr. Jack Kruse 

       University of Alaska 

Dr. William P. Gregg 

       National Biological Survey 

Dr. Mark A. Harwell 

       University of Miami 

Mr. Hubert H. Hinote 

       Southern Appalachian MAB 

Dr. Twig Johnson 

       Agency for International 


Dr. Peter R. Jutro 

       Environmental Protection Agency 

Dr. Thomas E. Lovejoy 

       Smithsonian Institution 

Dr. Robert J. Naiman 

       University of Washington 

Mr. Rafe Pomerance 

       Department of State 

Dr. JoAnne P. Roskoski 

       National Science Foundation 

Dr. Gregg Ruark 

       Department of Agriculture Forest 


Dr. Milton Russell 

       University of Tennessee 

Dr. Diane Wickland 

       National Aeronautical and Space 







To order publications from the U.S. 
MAB Secretariat, OES/EGC/MAB, rm 608 
SA-37, Department of State, 
Washington, DC 20522-3706 please 
include self-addressed mailing 





from U.S. MAB: 


Network to Study Ecological Effects of 
Global Climate Change.  Report of a 
workshop sponsored by the Ecological 
Systems and Dynamics Task Group of the 
Committee on Earth and Environmental 
Sciences held October 1991, Washington, DC 
edited by Caroline Bledsoe and Mary 
Barber, 1993. (20 p.) 

SYSTEM (GTOS): Detecting and monitoring 
change in terrestrial ecosystems, a report 
of a workshop sponsored by Observatoire du 
Sahara et du Sahel, Global Change and 
Terrestrial Ecosystems Core Project of the 
International Geosphere-Biosphere 
Programme, Unesco Man and Biosphere 
Programme held at Fontainebleau, France 
July 27-31, 1992, edited by O. William 
Heal, Jean-Claude Menaut, and William L. 
Steffen, 1993. (71 p.) 


INFOMab n 20, 1993 (52 p.) contains news 
from Mab National Committees, and reports 
on studies, proposed projects, 
conferences, publications, etc. of related 
to  MAB programs worldwide. Published by 
UNESCO Programme MAB.  Some earlier issues 
are also available. 


from others 


of Tropical Forest to Pasture in Latin 
America, edited by Theodore E. Downing, 
Susanna B. Hecht, Henry A. Pearson, and 
Carmen Garcia-Downing, 1992, is a 
collection of research studies, interviews 
with community leaders and peasants, and 
recommendations. (405 p.)  Available from 
the Westover Press, Inc. 

5500 Central Avenue 

Boulder, CO 80301 

Tel. (303) 444-3541  Fax. (303) 449-3356 

paper $57.50. 





from U.S. MAB: 


BRIM: Biosphere Reserve Integrated 
Monitoring, 1994, is a brochure which 
describes the EuroMAB program to link the 
data bases created in the biosphere 
reserves of Europe and North America with 
the worldwide scientific community. (12p) 


from others: 


quarterly by the Canadian Arctic Resources 
Committee Inc.  The current issue, Volume 
22, Number 1, Spring 1994, contains 
articles titled, "Managing and Monitoring: 
Tools for Sustainable Development," "The 
Ecosystem Approach: Implications for the 
North" by Robert F. Keith, "Canada's 
Ecosystem Monitoring and Assessment 
Initiative: Building a Network of 
Ecological Science Centres" by Patricia 
Roberts-Pichette, "The Imbalance of Marine 
Science in Canada" by Whit Fraser, and 
"Giving Traditional Ecological Knowledge 
Its Rightful Place in Environmental Impact 
Assessment" by John Sallenave.  Back 
issues can be purchased at $4.00 Canadian 
each from CARC, 
1 Nicholas Street, 

Suite 412, 
Ottawa, Ontario, 

Canada K1N 7B7. 
Tel. (613) 241-7379  Fax. (613) 241-2244. 


Report on a Seminar Held in Washington, 
D.C., April 13-14, 1993 by the Committee 
on the Environment of the OAS Permanent 
Council, 1994. (70 p.)  Twig Johnson chair 
of the U.S. MAB Tropical Ecosystems 
Directorate was a presenter at this 
seminar.  Available from Department of 
Regional Development and Environment 
Executive Secretariat for Economic and 
Social Affairs Organization of American 

Washington, DC 20006.  




Bureau of Oceans and International 

    Environmental and Scientific Affairs 


                  Released August 1994 


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