July 1994


July 1994                                   Volume 18, No. 1 

     The U.S. MAB Bulletin is published by the U.S. MAB 
Secretariat, OES/EGC/MAB, Department of State, Washington, DC 
20522-3706.  Tel. 703-235-2946, 2947.  FAX # 703-235-3002.

     "The mission of the United States Man and the Biosphere 
Program (U.S. MAB) is to foster harmonious relationships between 
humans and the biosphere through an international program of 
policy-relevant research which integrates the social, physical and 
biological sciences to address actual problems.  These activities-
- broadly interpreted--include catalytic conferences and meetings, 
education and training, and the establishment and use of biosphere 
reserves as research and monitoring sites."  Adopted by the U.S. 
National Committee  for the Man and the Biosphere Program, January 
6, 1989.

     U.S. MAB is supported by the Department of Agriculture-Forest 
Service, the Department of Energy, the Department of the Interior-
National Park Service, the Department of State, the Agency for 
International Development, the Environmental Protection Agency, 
the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National 
Biological Survey the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
Administration, the National Science Foundation, the Peace Corps, 
and The Smithsonian Institution.

     The program is organized into five directorates: Biosphere 
Reserve; High Latitude Ecosystems; Human Dominated Systems; Marine 
and Coastal Ecosystems; Temperate Ecosystems; and Tropical 

In This Issue:
   Ecosystem Management Principles
   Symposium Presentations

U.S. MAB Chairman Resigns

     Frank H. Talbot, Chair of the U. S. MAB Program resigned from 
his position as chair and as Director of the National Museum of 
Natural History, March 30, 1994.  Dr. Talbot and his family now 
reside in Sydney, Australia.  The following is quoted from his 
resignation letter to the members of the U.S. MAB Program.

     "After discussion with my family and my doctor, I have 
decided for health reasons, asthma, to leave Washington DC, the 
Director position of the National Museum of Natural History, and 
the Chairmanship of the U.S. MAB Program at the end of March of 

     "It has been an honor to serve as the Chair of the U.S. 
National Committee for the Man and the Biosphere Program.

     "My time with the U.S. MAB Program has been most stimulating 
and challenging for me.  Our directorates' research projects are 
coming to fruition and will demonstrate the validity of U.S. MAB 
having taken the risk to support truly interdisciplinary projects.  
Our international leadership in linking the biosphere reserves of 
Europe and North America has stimulated UNESCO to do the same for 
all the world.  The international network of biosphere reserves is 
emerging as a result of our actions.  Also, as you know, U.S. MAB 
is currently developing a U.S. Action Plan for Biosphere Reserves. 
When completed, I am sure that our plan will also provide 
significant leadership on both the international and domestic 
levels for meaningful cooperation and action in biological 
diversity, global change monitoring, and ecosystem management.  I 
am pleased to have been a part of that process and I hope that I 
have made a useful contribution to the program.  I deeply regret 
that my involvement in MAB, in which I believe so strongly, has 
been cut short.  My best wishes to you all in this important 

D. Dean Bibles, New Chair of U.S. MAB National Committee

     D. Dean Bibles, Director of Land Tenure at the Department of 
Interior and Special Assistant to Secretary Bruce Babbitt has been 
appointed as the new chair of the U.S. MAB National Committee by 
Ambassador Elinor G. Constable, Assistant Secretary of State for 
Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs.  
The appointment is for three years to begin July 1, 1994.

     Mr. Bibles has over thirty-seven years of land management 
experience with the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM.).  

     As a steering committee member of the Keystone Center's North 
American Consultation on Global Biodiversity, Mr. Bibles plays a 
leading role in the international conservation community.

     Mr. Bibles has been active in promoting maintenance of 
biological diversity, expanding research on ecosystem management, 
and protecting historic and cultural resources.

     Mr. Bibles led the writing of BLM's first statewide 
wilderness bill in Arizona.  He also helped create and manage 
Arizona's San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area, which 
provides habitat for the largest concentration of threatened and 
endangered species in the U.S..

From the Executive Director

     At long last in December of last year, U.S. MAB organized the 
first ever meeting of the managers of U.S. biosphere reserves.  
Representatives and stakeholders of more than 100 sites gathered 
in Estes Park, Colorado.  The managers worked diligently over the 
4 day event and produced a draft of a strategic plan for future 
actions of a U.S. MAB program for biosphere reserves.

     Heretofore, the UNESCO designation of biosphere reserve 
status was frequently viewed as merely an honorary recognition of 
"excellence" in conservation, science, and education.  In 1985 
UNESCO added the requirement that the management/land owning 
agency pledge to operate its site as a regional focal point for 
environmental cooperation.  This regional focus will most likely 
form the basis of U.S. interbiosphere reserve activity and, 
provide in itself a focal point for interagency  cooperation 
through the U.S. MAB program. 

     We are grateful to all of the managers that attended for 
their input and counsel.  We are also most grateful to the 
interagency committee which shepherded the process to this point.  
Our next Bulletin will report on the National Committee's 
decisions concerning the draft strategic plan and its accompanying  
initial projects.

     January brought the sad news that Washington, DC provided a 
distinctly unhealthy habitat for our chair, Dr. Frank Talbot.  His 
"good bye" column is in this issue.  We will all miss his 
delightful, sophisticated leadership and good humor.  We wish him 
the best of success in  his homeland of Australia.  It was under 
his direction and leadership that U.S MAB finally pressed to bring 
the biosphere reserves into the main of the U.S. MAB Program. 

     D. Dean Bibles, Director of Land Tenure at the Department of 
Interior and Special Assistant to Secretary of Interior Bruce 
Babbitt has been appointed by Ambassador Elinor G. Constable as 
our new Chair of the U.S. MAB National Committee.  He brings a 
most impressive list of credentials and background experiences to 
the position and we look forward to Mr. Bibles' dynamic 
leadership. (see introduction to Mr. Bibles on page 1 this issue.)

     January also brought the retirement of U.S MAB's program and 
publication officer, Mrs. Cecile Ledsky.  Mrs. Ledsky had worked 
assiduously here in the U.S. MAB Secretariat.  Her efforts 
spearheaded U.S. MAB entrance into relations with commercial 
publishing houses.  She was the officer most responsible for the 
professionalism, rigor, and consistency of the well received first 
directory of biosphere reserves, ACCESS.  Her professionalism and 
good humor will be sorely missed here in the Secretariat and by 
all of the members of the various MAB committees and directorates.  

     Our new program officer is Ms. Antoinette Condo.  This issue 
of the Bulletin is Antoinette's first product since joining the 
U.S. MAB Secretariat.  We look forward to increasing numbers of 
high quality publications under her direction. 

     The results of U.S. MAB's policy of supporting truly 
interdisciplinary research through our directorates' core projects 
are showing some impressive results.  Two MAB directorates, High 
Latitude Ecosystems and Temperate Ecosystems, presented a 
symposium at the meeting of Society and Resource Management which 
was well received.  Great success was achieved by the MAB 
Directorate on Human Dominated Systems during their charette on 
south Florida and the Everglades. 

     All three of these directorate core projects are now in the 
pay off stage.  U.S. MAB is a program of applied science.  The 
directorates are developing ecosystem management tools which 
should be of direct benefit to the agencies and managers of 
biosphere reserves as well as to the managers of other 
institutions concerned with protecting and managing landscapes.  I 
suspect that few other groups have been able to develop actual 
management tools to achieve such goals.  

U.S. MAB Presentation at Society and Resource Management Symposium

     Investigators of the Temperate Ecosystems Directorate and 
High Latitude Ecosystems Directorate core projects presented 
papers from their research at the Fifth International Symposium on 
Society and Resource Management June 10, 1994 at Colorado State 

     The investigators from the Temperate Ecosystems Directorate 
discussed their interdisciplinary research efforts in the Olympic 
Peninsula and the southern Appalachian highlands.  The morning 
long session, "Integrating Social, Economic and Ecological 
Processes at Landscape Scale: A MAB Initiative," was well 
received.  Robert Lee, Professor in the College of Forest 
Resources at U. of Washington, introduced the topics and acted as 
moderator.  Bob Naiman, Director, Center for Streamside Studies at 
U. of Washington, talked on the process of investigators of 
various disciplines integrating their sciences.  Roger Soles, 
Executive Director of the U.S. MAB program, explained the larger 
framework of MAB and interdisciplinary research.  

     David Wear, an economist for the U.S. Forest Service, spoke 
on, "Land Cover Dynamics on Public and Private Lands."  He 
described how land cover transitions in the study sites have 
changed over time and how they have differed between land owner 

     Penny Eckert, a doctoral student in the College of Forest 
Resources at U. of Washington, presented "A Stochastic Model of 
Landscape Change Using Integrated Social, Economic, and Ecological 

     Scott Pearson, ecologist at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and 
U. of Tennessee, discussed "Impacts of Land Cover Change on Native 
Species in a Southern Appalachian Watershed."  He described how 
the land cover maps produced by the landscape change model were 
used to monitor changes in habitat availability for a diverse 
group of species.

     Susan Bolton, Assistant Professor in the College of Forest 
Resources at U. of Washington presented, "Modeling the Interaction 
Between Land Use Patterns and Water Resources."  She described the 
modeling process for assessing changes in sediment yield as a 
function of changing land use patterns.

     Michael Berry, Assistant Professor of computer science at U. 
of Tennessee spoke on "The Design and Implementation of the Land 
Use Change and Analysis System (LUCAS) for Unix-based 
Workstations."  LUCAS allows for prediction of results from land 
management practices over time based on the research of the core 

     Robin Gottfried, Professor of economics at U. of the South, 
defined the studies of the Temperate Ecosystems Directorate's core 
proposal in their "big picture" context.  Those attending the 
workshop were excited about the possible use of LUCAS with their 
own locally generated data.

     The High Latitude Ecosystems Directorate investigator Jack 
Kruse, Professor of public policy at U. of Alaska Anchorage, 
described the outline of the study, "Resource User Involvement and 
Management Effectiveness: a Comparison of Arctic Caribou 
Management Systems."  He stimulated discussion on the particular 
problems arising when attempting to measure management 
effectiveness.  The audience identified with the challenges 
presented when the needs of a wide variety of resource users must 
be met.

Charette On the Everglades

     The Human Dominated Systems Directorate held a charette at 
which the participants used a scenario-consequence analysis 
approach to explore spatially explicit management options for the 
south Florida/Everglades region.

     Ecosystem management and the sustainability of the south 
Florida/Everglades ecosystem were the topics when the Human 
Dominated Systems Directorate convened an interdisciplinary group 
of academic and government experts for an intensive charette on 
Isle au Haut, Maine, June 5-16.  The charette was part of the 
Directorate's five-year core project, "Ecological Sustainability 
and Human Institutions."

     The participants met in informal groups focused on 
hydrological, ecological, legal, demographic, economic, and 
political consequences of management actions.  The charette 
results and the series of meetings that led to it reflect the 
views of more than 100 natural, agricultural, and social 
scientists, natural resource managers, economists, attorneys, and 
policy analysts. 

     The participants concluded that the ecological sustainability 
of south Florida can be compatible with urban and agricultural 
interests.  They determined that the current and planned 
management system will not achieve sustainability for the 
Everglades and sustainability is achievable only by using 
ecosystem management principles that reflect the interdependency 
of humans and their environment.

     A statement of principles, the Isle au Haut Principles, (see 
elsewhere in this issue) was composed.  A Geographical Information 
System (GIS) was developed to provide a spatially referenced 
source of ecological and social data for use at the charette.  The 
directorate plans to make the GIS and the bibliography available 
in hard copy and through the Internet for interested parties.  

     A detailed publication on the process and findings of the 
charette is expected to be published by MAB in the fall and a 
OF SOUTH FLORIDA, is being written by the participants.

Tropical Ecosystems Directorate Funds Proposals

     The call for proposals from the Tropical Ecosystems 
Directorate issued in the August, 1993 U.S. MAB BULLETIN generated 
thirty-four responses.  The projects are to complement the core 
project of the directorate in the Maya Tri-National region of 
Belize, Guatemala, and/or Mexico.  Fourteen proposals were 
reviewed in detail.  Five proposals considered the most 
outstanding have been selected for funding in 1994.  The funded 
projects, principal investigators and grant amount are: 

     "Sustainable Use of Four Species of Sabal (Palmae) on the 
Yucatan Peninsula based on Distribution, Population Structure and 
Leaf Production," submitted by Rafael Duran Garcia, Head of the 
Regional Herbarium, and Ingrid Olmsted both of Centro de 
Investigacion Cientifica de Yucatan, A.C. $11,106.

     "Using Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing 
Technologies for Science and Conservation in the Maya Tropical 
Forest," submitted by Carlos Soza Manzanero, Director, ProPeten of 
Ciudad Flores, Guatemala and Conrad Reining, Director, Guatemala 
Program of Conservation International. $12,000.

     "Analysis of Land-Use/Cover Changes in the Southern Yucatan 
Peninsula (Mexico) Using Remote Sensing and Geographical 
Information Systems," submitted by Yelena Ogneva-Himmelberger of 
the Graduate School of Geography at Clark University. $4,980.

     "Forest Conservation, Clearance, Sustainable Use and the 
Tainting of Groundwater Reserves in the Maya Tri-National Region," 
submitted by Philip Reeder, Assistant Professor of  geography at 
the University of Nebraska at Omaha, Philip Morgan and Rasiah 
Mathuramany both of the Department of Chemistry at the University 
College of Belize. $9,330.

     "The Recruitment of a Belizean National to a Team Researching 
the Sustainable Management of Chicle Harvesting," submitted by 
Marydelene Vasquez of Programme for Belize. $12,000.

     In addition to the above grants, the Tropical Ecosystem (TED) 
Directorate is seeking funding for several additional small grant 
proposals during the current fiscal year.

Job Announcement

Vice President for Program

Ecologically Sustainable Development, Inc., a non-profit 501 (c) 
(3) organization dedicated to promoting ecologically sustainable 
development plans and projects throughout the world, is seeking a 
Vice-President for Program.  This position will report to the 
president of ESD, Inc., George D. Davis.

Function: To direct and manage Ecologically Sustainable 
Development's program activities and to initiate and develop 
ecologically sustainable development plans, programs and projects 
throughout the world.  Serves as a member of the Senior ESD staff.

Educational Requirements:  B.S. required in any of the following 
areas:  Natural Resources, Landscape Architecture, Resource 
Economics, or Regional Planning.  

Other Requirements:  Demonstrated successful supervisory and 
management experience; established contacts in the environmental 
and NGO communities; and working knowledge of geographic 
information systems (GIS).

Qualities Desired:  Experience in natural resource economics; 
rural area development; preservation of natural areas; 
biodiversity management experience; international diplomacy 
experience; public presentation skills, and foreign language 
fluency highly desirable.

Salary:  Commensurate with experience, appropriate to the non-
profit community.


     1. A 2-3 page statement articulating your personal definition 
of ecologically sustainable development.

     2. Resume with introductory letter of interest.

     3. References - 3 professional; 3 personal

Deadline:  October 31, 1994

Starting Date: approximately January 1, 1995

Submit application to: 
                 Donna Beal, Administrator
                 ESD, Inc.
                 P.O. Box 848, 2 Church Street
                 Elizabethtown, New York  12932
                 (518) 873-3200, 
                 FAX (518) 873-2686

Biosphere Reserve Integrated Monitoring

     U.S. MAB continues to collaborate with our counterpart 
program in Europe and Canada in the Biosphere Reserve Integrated 
Monitoring (BRIM) program.

     The goals of BRIM are: 

     First, to provide access for the scientific, administrative, 
and policy making communities to the biological, physical, and 
social science information available on the biosphere reserves of 
Europe and North America.  

     Second, to provide a means for a systematic exchange of 
scientific information.  

     Third, to provide for the integrated monitoring of biosphere 
reserves, with special emphasis on global change, biological 
diversity, ecosystems management and human impact, and 
environmental sustainability.

     BRIM's first product, ACCESS: A Directory of Contacts, 
Environmental Data Bases, and Scientific Infrastructure on 175 
Biosphere Reserves in 32 Countries is still available for (free) 
distribution upon request.  

     BRIM's second product, ACCESS II will be published in late 
1994 by the German MAB Program and will provide detailed 
information concerning the potential for monitoring and research 
of the permanent plots in the EuroMAB biosphere reserves.  
Scientists and managers will be able to obtain specifically 
desired data directly from the respective biosphere reserves.

     BRIM's third product will be standardized formats to report 
the status of flora and fauna inventories on biosphere reserves.  

     MABFauna initial results are currently available on the 
Internet at: HTTP://ICE.ucDavis.edu/@MABFlora is currently being 
developed and will soon be field tested this summer.

     During an international consultative EuroMAB meeting at 
UNESCO in Paris in April the UNESCO staff circulated pre 
publication pages which extended the ACCESS format to cover all of 
the biosphere reserves of Africa, Asia, and Ibero-America.  When 
published by UNESCO this will greatly expand the amount of 
information available to the world's scientific and policy making 

International Collaboration on Central Europe 

     U.S. MAB and UNESCO are collaborating with the Global 
Environmental Facility and the World Bank to increase the 
communication capabilities of the biosphere reserves of central 

     World Bank managers of the Global Environmental Facility 
(GEF) are working to improve management capabilities on the 
conservation sites in Poland, Czech Republic, Belarus and Ukraine.  
A critical element of this program is to create national and 
international communication capability.

     UNESCO MAB is developing MABNet to electronically link the 
data bases of the worldwide biosphere reserves.  The World Bank 
managers and UNESCO MAB have agreed to collaborate to identify the 
infrastructure needs of central European sites so as to 
communicate through national and regional nodes and eventually 
through the Internet.

     U.S. MAB is assisting this collaborative effort by supporting 
a site survey mission by U.S. experts on Internet and data base 
management.  Teams led by Han Qunli for UNESCO and James F. Quinn, 
Professor, Division of Environmental Studies of U. of California, 
Davis for U.S. MAB will travel to central Europe in July.  The 
teams will evaluate the hardware and software needs of the 
biosphere reserves in Poland, Czech Republic, and Slovakia.  It is 
hoped that this assistance can also be extended to the biosphere 
reserves of Belarus and Ukraine.  

     The Central Europe Office of the World bank has promised in 
return that they will help provide the necessary equipment and 
training needs of these GEF sites.

     The U.S. members of the survey teams will also visit 
biosphere reserves in Germany and France.  This portion of their 
itinerary will advance the objectives of the BRIM program of 
EuroMAB.  The U.S. team will work with the scientists at these 
German and French sites to organize specific data bases into the 
agreed upon standardized reporting formats of MABFlora and 
MABFauna which are adaptations of NPFauna and NPFlora, the 
databases of species occurrences in National Parks.

Isle au Haut Principles of Ecosystem Management

The Human Dominated Systems Directorate of the U.S. Man and the 
Biosphere Program is conducting a five year interdisciplinary 
study on ecosystem management for sustainability.  In June 1994, 
on Isle au Haut, Maine, a charette was convened to apply these 
concepts to south Florida as a case study.  The charette concluded 
that what is being done now for Everglades restoration will not 
achieve ecological sustainability.  A sustainable south Florida 
environment is achievable only through utilizing ecosystem 
management principles that recognize the interdependency of humans 
and their environment.  The resulting vision for south Florida 
would provide for the long term security of both the ecological 
and agricultural systems of the region, while supporting the 
adjacent urban area.

     The working principles of the study are:

--  The upland, wetland, and coastal ecological systems that make 
up the Everglades of south Florida are unique in the world.  The 
people of south Florida require the economic support, clean water 
supply, flood control, recreational experiences, environmental 
quality, and aesthetic values that only a healthy Everglades can 

--  The environment of south Florida has much more water on an 
average annual basis than is required to support all anticipated 
urban, agricultural, and ecological needs.  However, under the 
present water management system, the major portion of freshwater 
is lost to the sea, creating competition among users.  The 
ultimate issue is not competing water needs but the storage and 
wise management of this renewable resource.

--  The Everglades ecosystem has become a significantly degraded 
remnant of the natural ecosystem.  The dominant force causing this 
degradation is the lack of adequate quantities and timely 
distribution of water to match the natural cycles of the 
Everglades.  We are faced not just with endangered species but 
much more critically with endangered ecosystems.

--  The greater Everglades ecosystem is a unique regional and 
national resource of global significance whose continued existence 
is severely threatened.  Our vision is to recover and sustain a 
healthy south Florida ecosystem including a diverse human culture 
and its social and economic needs.

--  Ecosystem management is emerging as an innovative framework 
for achieving harmonious and mutually dependent sustainability of 
society and the environment.  Ecosystem management focuses on 
human and natural systems at regional scales across 
intergenerational time periods.  

--  Ecological sustainability requires the scientific 
identification of an interacting set of ecological and societal 
conditions that constitute a healthy environment.  The ecosystem 
management process is designed to adapt human/environment 
interactions in order to achieve ecological and societal 
sustainability goals.

--  Ecological sustainability of a healthy Everglades requires 
reestablishment of much of the natural hydrological system in 
order to provide the water quantity, timing, and distribution.  
This is necessary over a sufficiently large area to support the 
ecological components, such as wading birds and a mosaic of 
habitats, that constitute the essence and uniqueness of the 


*Use an ecological approach that would recover and maintain the 
biological diversity, ecological function, and defining 
characteristics of natural ecosystems.

*Recognize that humans are part of ecosystems, and they shape and 
are shaped by the natural systems; the sustainability of 
ecological and societal systems are mutually dependent.

*Adopt a management approach that recognizes ecosystems and 
institutions are characteristically heterogeneous in time and 

*Integrate sustained economic and community activity into the 
management of ecosystems.

*Develop a shared vision of desired human/ environmental 

*Provide for ecosystem governance at appropriate ecological and 
institutional scales.

*Use adaptive management as the mechanism for achieving both 
desired outcomes and new understandings regarding ecosystem 

*Integrate the best science available into the decision making 
process, while continuing scientific research to reduce 

*Implement ecosystem management principles through coordinated 
government and non-government plans and activities.

     A complex process examining the requirements for a 
sustainable south Florida has recently been established at 
federal, state, and local levels.  A continuing dialogue among 
governmental, academic, and public groups is essential using the 
Isle au Haut ecosystem management framework for ecological and 
agricultural sustainability.  The principles and conclusions of 
the Isle au Haut charette offer a vision of a win-win situation 
for achieving long term regional security and human/environment 
sustainability.  This process is a rare and critical opportunity 
that must be seized.




from U.S. MAB:

ACCESS: A Directory of Contacts, Environmental Data Bases, and 
Scientific Infrastructure on 175 Biosphere Reserves in 32 
Countries.  Published by EuroMAB and available in hard copy from 
the U.S. MAB office, Washington, DC or on Diskette from 

Customer Services Department
Consortium for International Earth Sciences
Information Network (CIESIN)
2250 Pierce Road
University Center
Michigan 48710 U.S.A
Tel. [1] (517) 797-2727
Fax. [1] (517) 797-2622
E-Mail: ciesin.info@ciesin.org

or the

UNESCO MAB Secretariat
7 place de Fontenoy
75700 Paris, France
Tel. [33] (1) 4568-4068
Fax. [33] (1) 4065-9535

The diskettes are available at the nominal cost 
of reproduction.  Be sure to specify either MS 
DOS or Macintosh compatible diskette.

from others:

Ecological Studies of Buck Island Reef National Monument, St. 
Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands: A Quantitative Assessment of Selected 
Components of the Coral Reef Ecosystem and Establishment of Long 
Term Monitoring Sites Part II A report prepared for the U.S. 
Department of the Interior, National Park Service by John C. 
Bythell, Elizabeth H. Gladfelter, and Mary Bythell, Island 
Resources Foundation, and West Indies Laboratory, 1992. (72 p) 
Available from Attn: Caroline Rogers, Virgin Islands National 
Park, P.O. Box 710, St. John, USVI 00830 Part I, 1991.


from U.S. MAB:

BRIM Biosphere Reserve Integrated MonitoringBrochure introducing 
EuroMAB  initiatives Published by the U.S. MAB Program in August 

from others:

THE ECOLOGICAL CITY: Preserving and Restoring Urban Biodiversity, 
Edited by Rutherford H. Platt, Rowan A. Rowntree, and Pamela C. 
Muick, 1994, is a collection of original essays by professionals 
from many fields which is focused on issues of public policy and 
agency-shareholder co-operation.   Editors, Rowntree and Platt are 
former members of the U.S. MAB Directorate on Urban Ecosystems.  
We appreciate their continued inter-disciplinary 
collaboration.(336 p)  

Available from 
The University of Massachusetts Press, 
Box 429, 
Amherst, MA 01004. 
cloth $45., paper $17.95.

EVERGLADES: The Ecosystem and Its Restoration, Edited by Steven M. 
Davis, John C. Ogden, and Winifred A. Park, 1994, discusses 
particular problems of  restoration of the Everglades with 
emphasis on "interrelated roles of ecosystem size, disturbance 
patterns, and hydrology as determinants of large-scale ecosystem 
restoration."  John Ogden, Steve Light, Lance Gunderson, Joan 
Browder, and George Snyder all co-authors of chapters participated 
in the recent Human Dominated Systems Directorate charette in 
Maine. (826 p)  

Published by 
St. Lucie Press, Inc., 
100 E. Linton Blvd., Suite 403B, 
Delray Beach, FL 33483. 
Tel. (407) 274-9906  Fax. (407) 274-9927

Coral Reef Monitoring Manual for the Caribbean and Western 
Atlantic prepared by Caroline S. Rogers, Ginger Garrison, Rikki 
Grober, Zandy-Marie Hillis, and Mary Ann Franke with support from 
the National Park Service, The Nature Conservancy, and World 
Wildlife Fund, 1994.  This manual is designed to explain some 
methods of coral reef monitoring useful to scientists, students, 
and reef managers.  

Available free by writing 
ATTN: Caroline Rogers, 
Virgin Islands National Park, 
P.O. Box 710, 
St John, USVI 00830.

Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific 

Released July 1994

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