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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
February 1995:   Treaty Actions
Office of the Legal Advisor


Treaty Actions

Multilateral

Arbitration 
Convention on the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral 
awards. Done at New York June 10, 1958. Entered into force June 7, 1959; 
for the U.S. Dec. 29, 1970. TIAS 6997; 21 UST 2517.
Accessions: Mali, Sept. 8, 1994; Mongolia, Oct. 24, 19941; Portugal, 
Oct. 18, 19941; Senegal, Oct. 17, 1994; Zimbabwe, Sept. 29, 1994.

Chemical Weapons 
Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, 
stockpiling, and use of chemical weapons and on their destruction, with 
annexes. Done at Paris Jan. 13, 19932. [Senate] Treaty Doc. 103-21.
Signature: Chad, Oct. 11, 1994.
Ratifications: Greece, Dec. 22, 1994; Mongolia, Jan. 17, 1995; Paraguay, 
Dec. 1, 1994; Spain, Aug. 3, 19941; Tajikistan, Jan. 11, 1995; Uruguay, 
Oct. 6, 1994 1.

Children
Convention on protection of children and cooperation in respect of 
intercountry adoption. Done at The Hague May 29, 19932.
Signatures: Cyprus, Nov. 17, 1994; Peru, Nov. 16, 1994.
Ratification: Mexico, Sept. 14, 1994 1.

Copyright
Berne convention for the protection of literary and artistic works of 
Sept. 9, 1886, revised at Paris July 24, 1971, and amended in 1979. 
Entered into force for the U.S. Mar. 1, 1989. [Senate] Treaty Doc. 99-
27.
Accession: Russian Federation, Dec. 9, 19941.

Genocide
Convention on the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide. 
Adopted by the UN General Assembly at Paris  Dec. 9, 1948. Entered into 
force Jan. 12, 1951; for the U.S. Feb. 23, 1989.
Accessions: Malaysia, Dec. 20, 1994; Namibia, Nov. 28, 1994.

Human Rights 
International covenant on civil and political rights. Adopted by the UN 
General Assembly Dec. 16, 1966. Entered into force Mar. 23, 1976; for 
the U.S. Sept. 8, 1992.
Signature: South Africa, Oct. 3, 1994.
Accessions: Kyrgyzstan, Oct. 7, 1994; Namibia, Nov. 28, 1994.

Optional protocol to the international covenant on civil and political 
rights. Adopted by the UN General Assembly Dec. 16, 1966. Entered into 
force Mar. 23, 1976 3. 
Accessions: Kyrgyzstan, Oct. 7, 1994; Namibia, Nov. 28, 1994; Paraguay, 
Jan. 10, 1995.

International covenant on economic, social, and cultural rights. Adopted 
by the UN General Assembly Dec. 16, 1966. Entered into force Jan. 3, 
19763.
Signature: South Africa, Oct. 3, 1994.
Accessions: Kyrgyzstan, Oct. 7, 1994; Namibia, Nov. 28, 1994.

Judicial Procedure
Convention abolishing the requirement of legalization for foreign public 
documents, with annex. Done at The Hague  Oct. 5, 1961. Entered into 
force Jan. 24, 1965; for the U.S. Oct. 15, 1981. TIAS 10072; 33 UST 883.
Accessions: Australia, July 11, 19941; Mexico, Dec. 1, 1994; South 
Africa, Aug. 3, 1994.

Convention on the service abroad of judicial and extrajudicial documents 
in civil or commercial matters. Done at The Hague Nov. 15, 1965. Entered 
into force Feb. 10, 1969. TIAS 6638; 20 UST 361.
Accession: Venezuela, Oct. 29, 19931.
Ratification: Switzerland, Nov. 2, 19941,4.

Convention on the taking of evidence abroad in civil or commercial 
matters. Opened for signature at The Hague Mar. 18, 1970. Entered into 
force Oct. 7, 1972. TIAS 7444; 23 UST 2555.
Ratification: Switzerland, Nov. 2, 19941,4.

Convention on the civil aspects of international child abduction. Done 
at The Hague Oct. 25, 1980. Entered into force Dec. 1, 1983; for the 
U.S. July 1, 1988. TIAS 11670.
Accession: Cyprus, Nov. 4, 1994.

Narcotics 
Single convention on narcotic drugs, 1961. Done at New York Mar. 30, 
1961. Entered into force Dec. 13, 1964; for the U.S. June 24, 1967. TIAS 
6298; 18 UST 1407.
Accession: Kyrgyzstan, Oct. 7, 1994.

Protocol amending the single convention on narcotic drugs, 1961. Done at 
Geneva Mar. 25, 1972. Entered into force Aug. 8, 1975. TIAS 8118; 26 UST 
1439.
Accession: Ethiopia, Oct. 11, 1994.

Convention on psychotropic substances. Done at Vienna Feb. 21, 1971. 
Entered into force Aug. 16, 1976; for the U.S. July 15, 1980. TIAS 9725; 
32 UST 543.
Accessions: Kyrgyzstan, Oct. 7, 1994; Myanmar, June 20, 1994.
Ratification: Lebanon, Dec. 15, 1994.

United Nations convention against illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and 
psychotropic substances, with annex and final act. Done at Vienna Dec. 
20, 1988. Entered into force Nov. 11, 1990. [Senate] Treaty Doc. 101-4.
Accessions: Ethiopia, Oct. 11, 1994; Kyrgyzstan, Oct. 7, 1994.
Ratification: Norway, Nov. 14, 1994.

NATO--Status of Forces-- Germany
Agreement to amend the agreement of Aug. 3, 1959, as amended, to 
supplement the agreement between the parties to the North Atlantic 
Treaty regarding the status of their forces with respect to foreign 
forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany. Done at Bonn Mar. 
18, 1993 2.
Ratification: Germany, Dec. 20, 1994.

Agreement to amend the Protocol of Signature to the agreement of Aug. 3, 
1959, as amended by agreements of Oct. 21 and May 18, 1981, to 
supplement the agreement between the parties to the North Atlantic 
Treaty regarding the status of their forces with respect to foreign 
forces stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany. Done at Bonn May 
16, 19942.
Ratification: Germany, Jan. 3, 1995.

Open Skies 
Treaty on open skies, with annexes. Done at Helsinki Mar. 24, 19922. 
[Senate] Treaty Doc. 102-37.
Ratifications: Bulgaria, Apr. 15, 1994; Germany, Jan. 27, 1994.

Phonograms 
Convention for the protection of producers of phonograms against 
unauthorized duplication of their phonograms. Done at Geneva Oct. 29, 
1971. Entered into force Apr. 18, 1973; for the U.S. Mar. 10, 1974. TIAS 
7808; 25 UST 309.
Accession: Russian Federation, Dec. 9, 1994.

Prisoner Transfer
Convention on the transfer of sentenced persons. Done at Strasbourg Mar. 
21, 1983. Entered into force July 1, 1985. TIAS 10824.
Ratifications: Bulgaria, June 17, 1994; Poland, Nov. 8, 1994.

Racial Discrimination
International convention on the elimination of all forms of racial 
discrimination. Adopted by the UN General Assembly Dec. 21, 1965. 
Entered into force Jan. 4, 1969; for the U.S. Nov. 20, 1994.  [Senate] 
Ex. C, 95th Cong. 2d Sess.
Signature: South Africa, Oct. 3, 1994.
Ratification: United States, Oct. 21, 1994.
Accessions: Switzerland, Nov. 29, 1994; Tajikistan, Jan. 11, 1995; 
Turkmenistan, Sept. 29, 1994.

Refugees
Protocol relating to the status of refugees. Done at New York Jan. 31, 
1967. Entered into force Oct. 4, 1967; for the U.S. Nov. 1, 1968. TIAS 
6577; 19 UST 6223. 
Accession: Samoa, Nov. 29, 1994.

Seabed Disarmament 
Treaty on the prohibition of the emplacement of nuclear weapons and 
other weapons of mass destruction on the seabed and the ocean floor and 
in the subsoil thereof. Entered into force May 18, 1972. TIAS 7337; 23 
UST 701.
Accession: Philippines, Nov. 5, 1993.

Slave Trade 
Convention to suppress the slave trade and slavery. Concluded at Geneva 
Sept. 25, 1926. Entered into force Mar. 9, 1927; for the U.S. Mar. 21, 
1929. TS 778; 46 Stat. 2183.

Protocol amending the slavery convention signed at Geneva on Sept. 25, 
1926, and Annex. Done at New York Dec. 7, 1953. Entered into force Dec. 
7, 1953 for the Protocol; July 7, 1955 for Annex to Protocol; for the 
U.S. Mar. 7, 1956. TIAS 3532; 7 UST 479.

Supplementary convention on the abolition of slavery, the slave trade, 
and institutions and practices similar to slavery. Done at Geneva Sept. 
7, 1956. Entered into force Apr. 30, 1957; for the U.S. Dec. 6, 1967. 
TIAS 6418; 18 UST 3201.
Succession: Dominica, Aug. 17, 1994.

Terrorism
Convention on the prevention and punishment of crimes against 
internationally protected persons, including diplomatic agents. Adopted 
by the UN General Assembly Dec. 14, 1973. Entered into force Feb. 20, 
1977. TIAS 8532; 28 UST 1975.
Accessions: Liechtenstein, Nov. 28, 1994; Sudan, Oct. 10, 1994.

International convention against the taking of hostages. Adopted by the 
UN General Assembly  Dec. 17, 1979. Entered into force June 3, 1983; for 
the U.S. Jan. 6, 1985.
Accessions: India, Sept. 7, 19944; Liechtenstein, Nov. 28, 1994.

Convention on the safety of United Nations and associated personnel. 
Done at New York Dec. 9, 19942. Open for signature at United Nations 
Headquarters until Dec. 31, 1995.
Signatures: Argentina, Dec. 15, 1994; Bangladesh, Dec. 21, 1994; Canada, 
Dec. 15, 1994; Denmark, Dec. 15, 1994; Finland, Dec. 15, 1994; France, 
Jan. 12, 1995; Haiti, Dec. 19, 1994; Italy,  Dec. 16, 1994;  New 
Zealand, Dec. 15, 1994; Norway, Dec. 15, 1994; Panama, Dec. 15, 1994; 
Portugal, Dec. 15, 1994; Samoa, Jan. 16, 1995; Spain, Dec. 19, 1994; 
Sweden, Dec. 15, 1994; Ukraine, Dec. 15, 1994; United States, Dec. 19, 
1994.

Torture
Convention against torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading 
treatment or punishment. Adopted by the UN General Assembly  Dec. 10, 
1984. Entered into force June 26, 1987; for the U.S. Nov. 20, 1994. 
[Senate] Treaty Doc. 100-20.
Ratification: United States, Oct. 21, 1994.
Accessions: Georgia, Oct. 26, 1994; Korea, Jan. 9, 1995; Namibia, Nov. 
28, 1994.

Treaties
Vienna convention on the law of treaties, with annex. Done at Vienna May 
23, 1969. Entered into force Jan. 27, 1980 3. 
Accession: Malaysia, July 27, 1994.

Vienna convention on the law of treaties between states and 
international organizations or between international organizations, with 
annex. Done at Vienna Mar. 21, 19862. 
Ratification: Denmark, July 26, 19944.
Accession: Croatia, Apr. 11, 1994.

War, Prevention of 
Convention for the pacific settlement of international disputes. Signed 
at The Hague Oct. 18, 1907. TS 536; 36 Stat. 2199.
Accession: Canada, May 10, 1994.

Weapons--Conventional
Convention on prohibitions or restrictions on the use of certain 
conventional weapons which may be deemed to be excessively injurious or 
to have indiscriminate effects, with annexed protocols. Adopted at 
Geneva Oct. 10, 1980. Entered into force Dec. 2, 1983 3.

Protocol on non-detectable fragments (Protocol I) to the convention on 
prohibitions or restrictions on the use of certain conventional weapons 
which may be deemed to be excessively injurious or to have 
indiscriminate effects. Adopted at Geneva Oct. 10, 19803. Entered into 
force Dec. 2, 1983 3.

Protocol on prohibitions or restrictions on the use of mines, booby-
traps, and other devices (Protocol II) to the convention on prohibitions 
or restrictions on the use of certain conventional weapons which may be 
deemed to be excessively injurious or to have indiscriminate effects. 
Adopted at Geneva Oct. 10, 1980. Entered into force Dec. 2, 1983 3.

Protocol on prohibitions or restrictions on the use of incendiary 
weapons (Protocol III) to the convention on prohibitions or restrictions 
on the use of certain conventional weapons which may be deemed to be 
excessively injurious or to have indiscriminate effects. Adopted at 
Geneva Oct. 10, 1980. Entered into force Dec. 2, 1983 3.
Accession: Uruguay, Oct. 6, 1994.
Ratification: Canada, June 24, 1994; Italy, Jan. 20, 1995.

Wills 
Convention providing a uniform law on the form of an international will, 
with annex. Done at Washington Oct. 26, 1973. Entered into force Feb. 9, 
1978 3.
Territorial Application: Canada extended to Prince Edward Island, Sept. 
22, 1994.

Women 
Convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against 
women. Adopted by the UN General Assembly Dec. 18, 1979. Entered into 
force Sept. 3, 19813. [Senate] Ex. R, 96th Cong. 2d Sess.
Accessions: Comoros, Oct. 31, 1994; Georgia, Oct. 26, 1994; Kuwait, 
Sept. 2, 1994; Papua New Guinea, Jan. 12, 1995.
Ratification: Cameroon, Aug. 23, 1994.

Bilateral

Algeria
Agreement regarding the consolidation and rescheduling or refinancing of 
certain debts owed to, guaranteed by, or insured by the United States 
Government and its agencies, with annexes. Signed at Algiers Dec. 15, 
1994. Enters into force following signature and receipt by Algeria of 
written notice from the U.S. that all necessary domestic legal 
requirements have been fulfilled.

Bolivia
Agreement amending the agreement of Oct. 13, 1992, as amended,  
regarding the consolidation and rescheduling or refinancing of certain 
debts owed to, guaranteed by, or insured by the U.S. Government and its 
agencies. Effected by exchange of notes at La Paz Aug. 9 and Oct. 21, 
1994. Entered into force Oct. 21, 1994.

Brazil
Agreement concerning mutual treatment of federal, state, and municipal 
taxes, with related exchange of letters. Effected by exchange of notes 
at Brasilia Dec. 2, 1994. Enters into force 30 days after both parties 
have each been notified that the respective domestic requirements have 
been completed.

Chile
Memorandum of understanding concerning scientific and technical 
cooperation in the earth sciences, with annexes. Signed at Reston and 
Santiago Sept. 30 and Nov. 17, 1994. Entered into force Nov. 17, 1994.

Ecuador
Agreement regarding the consolidation and rescheduling or refinancing of 
certain debts owed to, guaranteed by, or insured by the United States 
Government and its agencies, with annexes. Signed at Washington Jan. 19, 
1995. Enters into force following signature and receipt by Ecuador of 
written notice from the U.S. that all necessary domestic legal 
requirements have been fulfilled.

Indonesia
Memorandum of understanding concerning scientific and technical 
cooperation in the earth sciences. Signed at Jakarta Dec. 2, 1994. 
Entered into force Dec. 2, 1994.

Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture Tax 
reimbursement agreement. Signed at Washington Dec. 30, 1994. Entered 
into force Dec. 30, 1994.

Mexico
Agreement for the establishment of a cooperative biomedical research 
program, with annex. Signed at Bethesda Oct. 17, 1994. Entered into 
force Oct. 17, 1994.

Russian Federation 
Memorandum of understanding on scientific and technical cooperation in 
acoustic thermometry of ocean climate. Signed at Moscow Dec. 16, 1994. 
Entered into force Dec. 16, 1994.

Sierra Leone 
Agreement regarding the consolidation and rescheduling of certain debts 
owed to, guaranteed by, or insured by the United States Government, with 
annexes. Signed at Freetown Jan. 11, 1995. Enters into force following 
signature and receipt by Sierra Leone of written notice from the U.S. 
that all necessary domestic legal requirements have been fulfilled.

Universal Postal Union 
Tax reimbursement agreement, with annex. Signed at Bern Jan. 12, 1995. 
Entered into force Jan. 12, 1995.
_______

1  With declaration(s). 
2  Not in force. 
3  Not in force for the U.S. 
4  With reservation(s).
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