Return to: Index of "1994 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights"
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    REPORT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
                     UNDER THE
           INTERNATIONAL CONVENANT ON CIVIL
                 AND POLITICAL RIGHTS

      TABLE OF CONTENTS

 PART ONE:  GENERAL INFORMATION . . . . . . . . .  1
 I. LAND AND PEOPLE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1
           A. Population. . . . . . . . . . . . .  1
           B. Vital Statistics. . . . . . . . . .  2
           C. Socio-Economic Indicators . . . . .  3
           D. Land. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
 II. GENERAL POLITICAL STRUCTURE . . . . . . . .   7
           A. Republican Form of Government . . .  7
           B. Federal Government. . . . . . . . . 10
                The Executive Branch. . . . . . . 10
                The Legislative Branch. . . . . . 12
                The Judicial Branch . . . . . . . 15
           C. The State Governments . . . . . . . 17
           D.  Other Governmental Levels. . . . . 18
 III. GENERAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN 
RIGHTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 19
           A. Legal Framework . . . . . . . . . . 19
                U.S. Constitution . . . . . . . . 19
                State Constitutions . . . . . . . 21
                Statutes. . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
                Derogation/States of Emergency. . 23
           B. Responsible Authorities . . . . . . 24
           C. Remedies . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
           D. Human Rights Instruments. . . . . . 26
                Multilateral Treaties . . . . . . 26
                Treaties as Law . . . . . . . . . 27
                Implementation. . . . . . . . . . 28
 IV. INFORMATION AND PUBLICITY . . . . . . . . .  29

 PART TWO:  SPECIFIC PROVISIONS OF THE COVENANT . 31
      Article 1 - Self-Determination. . . . . . . 33
      Article 2 - Equal Protection of Rights in
                  the Covenant. . . . . . . . . . 46
      Article 3 - Equal Rights of Men and Women . 56
      Article 4 - States of Emergency . . . . . . 57
      Article 5 - Nonderogable Nature of
                  Fundamental Rights. . . . . . . 61
      Article 6 - Right to Life . . . . . . . . . 62
      Article 7 - Freedom from Torture, or Cruel,
                  Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
                  or Punishment . . . . . . . . . 66
      Article 8 - Prohibition of Slavery. . . . . 76
      Article 9 - Liberty and Security of Person. 79
      Article 10 - Treatment of Persons Deprived 
                   of Their Liberty . . . . . . . 90
      Article 11 - Freedom from Imprisonment for 
                   Breach of Contractual 
                   Obligation . . . . . . . . . . 99
      Article 12 - Freedom of Movement. . . . . . 99
      Article 13 - Expulsion of Aliens. . . . .  102
      Article 14 - Right to Fair Trial. . . . .  111
      Article 15 - Prohibition of Ex Post Facto 
                   Laws. . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
      Article 16 - Recognition as a Person Under 
                   the Law. . . . . . . . . . . .140
      Article 17 - Freedom from Arbitrary 
                   Interference with Privacy, 
                   Family, Home . . . . . . . . .141
      Article 18 - Freedom of Thought, Conscience, 
                   and Religion . . . . . . . . .147
      Article 19 - Freedom of Opinion and 
                   Expression. . . . . . . . . . 156
      Article 20 - Prohibition of Propaganda Relat-
                   ing to War or Racial, National,
                   or  Religious Hatred. . . . . 159
      Article 21 - Freedom of Assembly. . . .. . 162
      Article 22 - Freedom of Association . . . .163
      Article 23 - Protection of the Family . . .171
      Article 24 - Protection of Children . . . .180
      Article 25 - Access to the Political System189
      Article 26 - Equality Before the Law. . . .202
      Article 27 - The Rights of Minorities to
                   Culture, Religion and 
                   Language . . . . . . . . . . .203


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