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U.S. Department of State
96/03/07:  Iraqi Sanctions (Amb. Albright)


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE           USUN PRESS RELEASE
#26-(96)
                              MARCH 7, 1996


Statement by Ambassador Madeleine K. Albright, United
States Permanent Representative to the United Nations,
on Iraqi Sanctions, in the United Nations, March 7,
1996
----------------------------------------------------------------

 THIS IS THE THIRTIETH TIME THAT WE HAVE MET TO
CONSIDER IRAQ'S PROGRESS TOWARDS MEETING ITS
OBLIGATIONS UNDER RESOLUTIONS APPROVED BY THIS
COUNCIL.  BAGHDAD'S RECORD OF COMPLIANCE REMAINS
SPORADIC, INCOMPLETE, AND UNSATISFACTORY.  THERE IS
LITTLE INDICATION THAT IRAQ WISHES TO REJOIN THE
COMMUNITY OF NATIONS, A RETURN WHICH CAN ONLY COME
WHEN IRAQ GIVES THE WORLD CONCRETE PROOF OF ITS
PEACEFUL INTENTIONS AND, THROUGH ITS ACTIONS, FULFILLS
ALL ITS OBLIGATIONS.

 UNFORTUNATELY, THE BASIC TRUTH REMAINS THE SAME AS IT
HAS THE LAST TWENTY NINE TIMES THAT WE HAVE MET FOR
THIS PURPOSE.  SADDAM HUSSEIN HAS REPEATEDLY LIED. 
THE ISSUE REMAINS TRUST AND IRAQ HAS TRIED TO DECEIVE
US AGAIN AND AGAIN.

-THIS IS WHY WE DON'T TRUST IRAQ TO GIVE UP ITS
 ULTIMATE DESIGNS ON KUWAIT.

-THIS IS WHY WE DON'T TRUST IRAQ TO RETURN STOLEN
 PROPERTY TO ITS RIGHTFUL OWNERS.  SADDAM HUSSEIN
 KNOWS EXACTLY IN WHICH OF HIS MILITARY UNITS KUWAIT'S
 MILITARY EQUIPMENT IS LOCATED; HIS REFUSAL TO RETURN
 IT SHOWS HIS CONTEMPT FOR THIS COUNCIL.

-IRAQ CANNOT BE TRUSTED TO CEASE INVOLVEMENT IN AND
 SPONSORSHIP OF TERRORISM.

-IRAQ CANNOT BE TRUSTED TO GIVE AN HONEST ACCOUNTING OF
 WHAT HAPPENED TO THOSE WHO VANISHED AT THE HANDS OF
 IRAQI OCCUPIERS.  AGAIN THIS WEEK, IRAQ CAME TO A
 MEETING OF THE TRIPARTITE COMMISSION AND REFUSED TO
 GIVE ANY NEW INFORMATION ABOUT SIX HUNDRED MISSING
 CIVILIANS.

-IRAQ CANNOT BE TRUSTED TO OFFER FULL AND FINAL
 DISCLOSURE ON HIS VARIOUS PROGRAMS OF MASS
 DESTRUCTION.  FIVE YEARS AFTER UNSCR 687 REQUIRED
 IRAQ TO PROVIDE "FULL, FINAL AND COMPLETE
 DECLARATIONS" OF ITS WEAPONS PROGRAMS, IT HAS
 PROVIDED MANY DECLARATIONS.  BUT EVEN AFTER IRAQ
 PROMISED LAST AUGUST A NEW SPIRIT OF COOPERATION WITH
 UNSCOM, IT HAS NOT PROVIDED A SINGLE DECLARATION THAT
 UNSCOM CAN CONSIDER FULL, FINAL AND COMPLETE.

-IRAQ ALSO CONTINUES ITS EFFORTS TO IMPORT ILLEGALLY
 CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS.  JORDAN ANNOUNCED TODAY THAT IT
 HAD SEIZED A SHIPMENT OF MILITARY AVIATION EQUIPMENT
 FROM AN EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRY, BOUND FOR IRAQ AND
 LABELLED "AGRICULTURAL EQUIPMENT."

-IRAQ CANNOT BE TRUSTED TO RESPECT INTERNATIONAL
 STANDARDS OF HUMAN RIGHTS.  READ THE REPORT OF THE
 SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON HUMAN RIGHTS.  IN THE SOUTH,
 SADDAM HUSSEIN CONTINUES TO LAY WASTE AN ANCIENT
 PEOPLE AND IS TURNING A ONCE HAUNTING AND EVOCATIVE
 LANDSCAPE INTO AN ENVIRONMENTAL WASTELAND.  AT THE
 SAME TIME, THE ENERGY AND ECONOMIC EMBARGO AGAINST
 THE NORTH IS CAUSING UNTOLD MISERY FOR MILLIONS.

 IRAQ'S COMPLETE DISREGARD FOR THE RIGHTS AND NEEDS OF
ITS CITIZENS IS OF SPECIAL CONCERN.  THE CONTINUED
DESTRUCTION OF THE SOUTHERN MARSHES AND THE FORCED
TRANSFER OF THE SHI'A POPULATION TO OTHER AREAS OF
IRAQ CONTINUES.  THERE HAVE BEEN FURTHER ATTEMPTS TO
POISON OPPONENTS OF THE REGIME WHO LIVE OUTSIDE
GOVERNMENT-CONTROLLED AREAS.  THE AMNESTIES WHICH HAVE
BEEN ANNOUNCED ARE A SHAM; ALLEGED CRIMINALS COULD
STILL BE CHARGED WITH THE SAME CRIME LATER.  POLITICAL
PRISONERS WHO ACCEPTED THIS SO-CALLED AMNESTY WERE
REQUIRED TO REPORT TO AUTHORITIES IN ORDER TO RECEIVE
IT.  

 AND -- AS IF ANYONE NEEDED A REMINDER OF SADDAM'S
DUPLICITY-- LOOK TO THE BLOODY CARNAGE OF THE PAST TWO
WEEKS.  SEE WHAT HAPPENED TO SADDAM'S SONS-IN-LAW, AND
THEIR RELATIVES, EVEN CHILDREN, WHO ACCEPTED PLEDGES
OF SAFE RETURN.

 THE SECURITY COUNCIL MUST CONTINUE TO HOLD SADDAM
HUSSEIN TO A RIGOROUS STANDARD.  WE HAVE AMPLE AND
INCONTROVERTIBLE EVIDENCE THAT SADDAM AND HIS REGIME
WILL BREAK PROMISES, DISAVOW SIGNATURES, LIE, CHEAT,
BULLY, MURDER, AND PUT THE INTERESTS OF A SELECT AND
PRIVILEGED FEW OVER MILLIONS OF DESPERATE AND
OPPRESSED CITIZENS.

 THIS IS WHY THE COUNCIL PASSED RESOLUTION 986.  WE
RESPONDED TO THE UNCONSCIONABLE LACK OF INTEREST AND
MISPLACED PRIORITIES OF THIS REGIME.  WE PASSED 986
BECAUSE, IF SADDAM DOES NOT CARE ABOUT HIS MILLIONS OF
INNOCENT VICTIMS, THE WORLD COMMUNITY DOES.  WE HOPE
THAT THE REPORTED SERIOUS ATMOSPHERE OF THE FIRST
ROUND OF TALKS BETWEEN THE IRAQIS AND THE UN WILL LEAD
TO A COMMITMENT BY BAGHDAD TO ACCEPT THE RESOLUTION. 
THERE SHOULD BE NO DOUBT THAT THIS COUNCIL WANTS THE
PEOPLE OF IRAQ FED AND PROVIDED WITH NEEDED MEDICINES.
 THE UNITED STATES IS PROUD TO HAVE BEEN A CO-AUTHOR
OF 986, WHICH WAS ADOPTED BY THIS COUNCIL IN FULL
KNOWLEDGE OF THE DECEPTIVE NATURE OF THE REGIME.  WE
WANT TO SEE IT IMPLEMENTED AS WRITTEN.  AS I HAVE SAID
SO OFTEN -- ALL SADDAM HAS TO DO IS TO SAY YES.

 WE SUPPORT THE SECRETARY-GENERAL IN HIS SCRUPULOUS
EFFORTS TO ENSURE THAT THE ASSISTANCE GOES TO THOSE IN
REAL NEED -- TO THE AVERAGE IRAQI CITIZEN.  THE
RESOLUTION WAS DESIGNED FOR THAT PURPOSE AND ALL
AGREEMENTS RELATED TO IT MUST BE MEASURED AGAINST HOW
THEY ACHIEVE THAT GOAL, WHILE MAINTAINING THE
INTEGRITY OF THE SANCTIONS REGIME.

 MR. PRESIDENT, BAGHDAD'S DEFIANCE OF THE COUNCIL WILL
CONTINUE TO LEAD IT NOWHERE.  WE STILL HOPE THAT THE
EVENTUAL ACCEPTANCE OF 986 WILL BE THE FIRST
INDICATION THAT BAGHDAD'S LEADERSHIP HAS COME TO ITS
SENSES ABOUT THE NEEDS OF ITS PEOPLE, AND BEGUN TO
RESPECT THE BASIC STANDARDS OF INTERNATIONAL BEHAVIOR.
 RESOLUTION 986 IS AN IMPORTANT EXCEPTION TO THE
SANCTIONS REGIME, TO BENEFIT THOSE WHO SUFFER BECAUSE
OF BAGHDAD'S REFUSAL TO KEEP ITS PROMISES.  HOWEVER,
986 DOES NOT LEAD TO THE LIFTING OF SANCTIONS.  THE
ONLY PATH TO MODIFICATION OF THE REGIME ITSELF REMAINS
IRAQ'S OVERALL COMPLIANCE WITH ALL OF ITS OBLIGATIONS.
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