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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
1995 U.N. SYSTEM ORGANIZATIONS
BUREAU OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION AFFAIRS




                         UN SYSTEM ORGANIZATIONS


Explanatory Note:  The UN organizations and activities listed below in 
alphabetical order are funded out of accounts managed by the U.S. 
Department of State's Bureau of International Organization Affairs.  The 
U.S. Government's financial contribution to a UN organization is 
generally either assessed or is voluntary, although some UN 
organizations receive assessed as well as voluntary funds.  
Additionally, some organizations receive supplementary or extrabudgetary 
funds from other U.S. Government agencies such as the Agency for 
International Development (AID).


                     TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.  Afghanistan Emergency Trust Fund
2.  Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
    (CITES)
3.  Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
4.  Habitat
5.  International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
6.  International Atomic Energy Agency - Voluntary Program
7.  International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
8.  International Civil Aviation Organization - Security Fund
9.  International Contrubutions for Scientific, Educational, and 
Cultural Activities (ICSECA)  
10. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
11. International Labor Organization (ILO)
12. International Maritime Organization (IMO)
13. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
14. International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
15. Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund
16. United Nations Secretariat (UN)
17. UN Capital Development Fund
18. UN Children's Fund (UNICEF)
19. UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
20. UN Development Program (UNDP)
21. UN Environment Program (UNEP)
22. UN Fellowship Program
23. UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
24. UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
25. UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
26. UN Population Fund (UNFPA)
27. UN Voluntary Fund for Advisory Services and Technical
    Cooperation
28. UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture
29. Universal Postal Union (UPU)
30. World Food Program (WFP)
31. World Health Organization (WHO)
32. World Heritage Fund
33. World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
34. World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
35. World Meteorological Organization - Voluntary
    Cooperation Program
36. World Meteorological Organization - Special Fund
    for Climate Activities
37. World Trade Organization (WTO/GATT)



1.  Afghanistan Emergency Trust Fund
    Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET             Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                      ($M)      (%)           ($M)
1994 Extrabudgetary  13.1       39.7%          5.2
1994 Total           13.1       39.7%          5.2


STAFF             Professional   U.S. Share   U.S. Share
                     (#)            (%)         (#)
1994 Field Staff    55            N/P          N/P
1994 Geneva Staff    4            N/P          N/P
1994 Total Staff    59            N/P          N/P


Current Head:  Sotirios Mousouris, Coordinator for Humanitarian 
Assistance to Afghanistan

U.S. on Governing Board?  N/A - AETF funds UNOCHA, which has no 
Secretariat (UNOCHA is the UN Office for the Coordinator of Humanitarian 
Assistance to Afghanistan)

Governing Body Meetings:  N/A - UNOCHA is a small coordinating body and 
has no secretariat

Mission:  UNOCHA coordinates all humanitarian assistance programs 
undertaken by UN agencies in Afghanistan, and also has direct 
operational responsibility for the UN demining program

Afghanistan Emergency Trust Fund Program Objectives:

--  To coordinate the provision of emergency relief and other critical 
assistance to Afghanistan and to the estimated three million Afghan 
refugees outside the country

--  To contribute to economic recovery and political stability in 
Afghanistan

Benefits to U.S.:

--  In absence of either an Embassy or a bilateral AID program in 
Afghanistan, UN programs are the predominant vehicle for pursuing U.S. 
interests there

--  The U.S. has important humanitarian, economic and political 
interests in Afghanistan - like the UN, we support safe, voluntary 
refugee repatriation, emergency relief aid for vulnerable groups, 
economic reconstruction, narcotics eradication, and political stability

(###)


2.  Convention on Int'l Trade in Endangered Species
    (CITES)
    Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET             Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution 
                      ($M)         (%)           ($M)
1994 General Resources  3.7      26.6%           1.0
1994 Extrabudgetary     1.9      24.6%           0.5
1994 Total              5.6      25.9%           1.5


STAFF           Professional   U.S.Share     U.S. Share
                     (#)         (%)            (#)
1994 General Staff    12         8.3%          1
1994 Extrabudgetary    2         0.0%          0
1994 Total Staff      14         7.1%          1


Current Head:  Secretary General Izgrev Topkov

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes

Governing Body Meetings:  Standing Committee meets once or twice a year

Mission:  Regulation of international trade in endangered and threatened 
species

CITES Program Objectives:

--  Provide a global mechanism for protecting endangered species of 
wildlife and plants from overexploitation in international trade

--  Play a key role in international wildlife conservation

--  Identify overexploited species

--  Implement trade controls to protect endangered species 

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Facilitates private American commercial ventures in wildlife

--  Removes some species of plants and wildlife from endangered status 
through farming and ranching

--  Both actions significantly benefit U.S. producers and traders

(###)


3.  Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
    Rome, Italy

BUDGET           Resources  U.S.Share  U.S. Contribution
                   ($M)        (%)         ($M)
1994 Regular (Assess) 366.3   25.0%       79.2
1994 Extrabudgetary    79.9    0.0%        0.0
  (UNDP)
1994 Extrabudgetary   161.0    1.4%        2.3
  (govts.)
1994 Extrabudgetary    23.6    0.0%        0.0
  (others)
1994 Total            630.8   12.9%       81.5


STAFF           Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                      (#)        (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff   1107       10.5%        116
1994 Extrabudgetary   600        7.3%         44
1994 Total Staff     1707        9.4%        160


Current Head:  Jacques Diouf (Senegal) - Term expires December 1999

U.S. on Governing Board? Yes -  U.S. a permanent member of both the FAO 
Council and Conference

Governing Body Meetings:  Conference (all members) biennially in 
November;  Council (executive organ of the Conference) meets at least 
three times between conference sessions

Mission:  Global freedom from hunger

FAO Program Objectives:

--  Raise levels of nutrition and food security

--  Improve agricultural productivity and to better the conditions of 
rural populations

--  Promote sustainable agricultural development under the relevant 
portions of UNCED's Agenda 21

Benefits to U.S.:

--  The Codex Alimentarius, a trade standardization program jointly 
sponsored by FAO and WHO, which sets international food product safety 
and quality standards

--  Protects U.S. Agriculture from potential losses in billions of 
dollars through FAO plant, pest and animal disease control programs, 
which mobilize multilateral response to global emergencies such as 
desert locust and screwworm

--  Ensures future food supplies through the preservation of plant and 
animal genetic resources

(##)


4.  Habitat
    Nairobi, Kenya

BUDGET             Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                     ($M)        (%)         ($M)
1994 Regular Budget   9.8        4.1%         0.4


STAFF             Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                     (#)            (%)       (#)
1994 Regular Staff   126            6.3%       8


Current Head:  Elizabeth Dowdeswell, Executive Director (appointed March 
1993).  Wally N'Dow, Officer-in-Charge (appointed February 1994)

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - U.S. a member of Commission on Human 
Settlements since 1977

Governing Body Meetings:  Commission on Human Settlements meets 
biennially (next meeting April/May 1995)

Mission:  Seeking solutions to human settlements and urbanization 
problems within the framework of sustainable development

HABITAT Program Objectives:

--  To gain acceptance of policies and practices which mitigate problems 
caused by rapid, poorly managed urbanization

--  To promote adoption by developing countries of an "enabling" 
legislative and regulatory environment to facilitate improved housing 
conditions, particularly for the rural and urban poor

Benefits to U.S.:

--  The U.S. has adopted a leadership role in Habitat to disseminate 
U.S. views on urban policy issues to a broad audience

--  As the leader in urban technologies (transportation, waste, 
sanitation), the U.S. uses Habitat as a forum to promote its commercial 
advantages

(###)


5.  International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
    Vienna, Austria

BUDGET              Resources  U.S. Share   U.S. Contribution
                       ($M)       (%)            ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed) 219.8      25.0%         57.4
1994 Extrabudgetary      89.5      33.5%         30.0
  (govts.)
1994 Extrabudgetary      15.4       0.0%          0.0
  (others)
1994 Total              324.7      26.9%         87.4


STAFF           Professional   U.S. Share   U.S. Share
                     (#)         (%)          (#)
1994 Regular Staff  698         15.3%        107
1994 Extrabudgetary 170         20.6%         35
1994 Total Staff    868         16.4%        142


Current Head:  Dr. Hans Blix (Sweden) - 4th four-year term; reappointed 
in 1993

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - U.S. enjoys de facto permanent seat 
under Article VI of the Statute, which stipulates Board membership for 
"the ten members most advanced in the technology of atomic energy"

Governing Body Meetings:  Board of Governors meets five times a year; 
General Conference meets annually in Sept.

Mission:  Promote international peace and security through its 
safeguards program and promote international prosperity through programs 
to enhance the role of nuclear energy in meeting human and environmental 
needs

IAEA Program Objectives

--  Promote the contribution of nuclear energy to peace, health and 
prosperity throughout the world

--  Ensure, insofar as possible, that nuclear material and technology is 
not used for any military purpose

--  Promote and upgrade nuclear safety worldwide

Benefits to U.S.:

--  IAEA safeguards strengthen national and international security by 
providing assurance that nuclear material in a country's peaceful 
nuclear program is not being diverted for weapons purposes

--  Promotes radiation protection and nuclear safety worldwide, 
including safe operation of nuclear facilities; develops internationally 
accepted safety standards and practices which help prevent nuclear 
accidents

--  Technical assistance and cooperation programs support U.S. 
nonproliferation goals by bringing the benefits of nuclear techniques in 
electrical power generation, medicine, agriculture, and science to 
countries which support the Nuclear Nonproliferation treaty and IAEA 
safeguards

--  IAEA programs also benefit U.S. businesses, e.g., agrobusiness 
industry, by providing export opportunities for those industries

(###)


6.  International Atomic Energy Agency Voluntary Program
    Vienna, Austria

BUDGET                  Resources    U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                           ($M)         (%)           ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed)      *           *              *
1994 Extrabudgetary        79.1        30.0%          23.7
1994 Total                 79.1        30.0%          23.7
          

STAFF          Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                    (#)         (%)          (#)
1994 Extrabudgetary  N/P        N/P          N/P
1994 Total Staff     N/P        N/P          N/P


Current Head:  Dr. Hans Blix (Sweden) - 4th four-year term - reappointed 
in 1993

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - U.S. enjoys de facto seat by virtue of 
its preeminence in nuclear technology (Statute of organization provides 
seat for most technologially advanced state from each geographic region)

Governing Body Meetings:  Board of Governors (meets quarterly)

Mission:  Promote international peace and security through its 
safeguards program and promote international prosperity through programs 
to enhance the role of nuclear energy in meeting human and environmental 
needs

IAEA Voluntary Fund Program Objectives:

--  Respond to unexpected situations not covered in the regular program, 
such as smuggling or nuclear accidents, and to expanded safeguards 
responsibilities

--  Support timely issues, such as negotiation of international treaties 
on nuclear power safety and radioactive waste management

--  Provide technical assistance to developing countries in all program 
areas, including nuclear power, waste, safety, and various nuclear 
applications

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Supports regular programs in safeguards, expanding on the number of 
countries and activities subject to safeguard controls and inspections

--  Targets U.S. assistance to programs or projects of direct relevance 
to overriding U.S. policy goals, such as NPT extension, improved 
safeguards monitoring, or halting illicit trafficking in nuclear 
materials

--  Complements and supports U.S. measures to promote political 
stability by addressing basic human needs -- food security, health, 
water supply, etc. -- through research, technical cooperation, training, 
and expert visits in regions important to U.S. interests

--  Addresses problems that know no boundaries, such as environmental 
pollution and eradiation of insect pests that can affect U.S. 
agriculture

--  Introduces U.S. technology, experts, and vendors to the 
international nuclear community, sponsoring U.S. business interests


*  also funded from CIO (assessed) appropriation
**   these figures include cash received only. 1994 data on in-kind 
contributions (fellowships, cost-free experts, etc.) is not available 

(###)


7.  International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada

BUDGET            Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                      ($M)       (%)            (#)
1994 Regular (Assess) 47.8     29.9%           14.3
1994 Extrabudgetary    1.1     30.0%            0.3
1994 Total            48.9     29.9%           14.6


STAFF            Professional  U.S. Share   U.S. Share
                     (#)          (%)          (#)
1994 Regular Staff   264         5.7%         15
1994 Extrabudgetary   26         3.8%          1
1994 Total Staff     290         5.5%         16


Current Head:  Dr. Philippe Rochat (Switzerland)

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - permanent membership on both Assembly 
and Council.

Governing Body Meetings:  ICAO Assembly - triennially (next meeting 
September 1995); ICAO Council - three sessions yearly for approximately 
two months each

Mission:  To foster the safe and orderly growth of civil aviation 
worldwide

ICAO Program Objectives:

--  To promulgate standards for the conduct of international civil 
aviation

--  To provide technical assistance in matters of safety and security to 
developing nations

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Americans account for 40 % of all passengers worldwide, and ICAO is 
the primary international body promoting international air safety and 
security

--  U.S. aviation industry benefits from a strong multilateral role for 
ICAO in setting global standards for air navigation

(###)


8.  Int'l. Civil Aviation Organization Aviation Security Fund (ICAO 
Aviation Security Fund)
    Montreal, Quebec, Canada

BUDGET                 Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                         ($M)        (%)            ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed     *          *               *
1994 Extrabudgetary      0.4       27.2%            0.1

STAFF             Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                     (#)            (%)          (#)
1994 Total Staff      7           14.3%           1


Current Head:  Philippe Rochat (Switzerland), ICAO Secretary General.  
Bill Fromme (U.S.) Director, Air Navigation Bureau, ICAO

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes, ICAO Council

Governing Body Meetings:  Meetings are held on a regular basis several 
times a year

Mission:  To strengthen international aviation security and help prevent 
terrorism and unlawful interference with civil aviation and airport 
facilities

ICAO Aviation Security Fund Program Objectives:

--  To provide advice to states on aviation security organization and 
techniques

--  To coordinate an aviation security training program

--  To provide international security surveys and confidential 
assessments

--  To target deficiency areas critical to air security: national 
legislation, pre-board screening, passenger and
baggage handling, control of access and protection of aircraft, 
assessment and dissemination of threat, and contingency planning and 
response management

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Security of air travel worldwide is enhanced, with clear benefits 
for Americans flying abroad, who account for approximately 40% of all 
internatinal air travelers

--  The U.S. has the leading worldwide expertise on this issue, has 
helped set the standards for air security, and our contribution is 
leverage for other contributions

*   also funded from CIO appropriation

(###)


9.  Int'l. Contributions for Scientific, Educational and Cultural 
Activities (ICSECA)
    Paris, France

BUDGET             Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution 
                     ($M)       (%)           ($M)
1994 Assessed Budget  227.7     0.0%*        0.0
1994 Extrabudgetary   137.4     1.5%         2.0
1994 Total            365.2     0.5%         2.0

STAFF            Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                      (#)          (%)         (#)
1994 General Staff   2304         3.0%         70
1994 Extrabudgetary   N/P         N/P          N/P
1994 Total Staff     2304         3.0%         70

*   The U.S. is not now a member of UNESCO and therefore does not 
contribute to the assessed budget


Current Head:  Federico Mayor (Spain) Director General, UNESCO

U.S. on Governing Board?  No - Not a member of UNESCO

Governing Body Meetings: General Conference every two years - Executive 
Board twice a year

Mission:  Promote peace through international cooperation in education, 
science, culture and communications

ICSECA Program Objectives:

--  Participate in selected UNESCO-related international scientific, 
educational, cultural and communications activities considered essential 
to U.S. interests

--  Influence agenda, further goals and maintain U.S. leadership in key 
UNESCO bodies such as:  The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission 
(IOC); The Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB) and the Intergovernmental 
Program for the Development of Communications (IPDC)

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Opens foreign waters for research and provides ocean data otherwise 
unobtainable through participation in IOC (annual dollar value of this 
data estimated at $115 million in 1985 dollars)

--  Gives access to MAB's unique network of 312 biosphere reserves 
worldwide that conserve in situ representative examples of the world's 
ecosystems

--  Promotes a free and pluralistic press, the free flow of ideas and 
democracy through assistance to Eastern Europe Media Center in Warsaw 
and independent press in Africa

--  Protects specialized U.S. intellectual property rights not covered 
by Berne Convention through support for Universal Copyright Convention


(###)


10.  International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
     Rome, Italy

BUDGET            Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                    ($M)          (%)         ($M)
1994 Core          567.4 *      14.6%        82.8
1994 Extrabudgetary 65.8        15.2%        10.0
1994 Total         633.2        14.7%        92.8

STAFF            Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                      (#)         (%)          (#)
1994 General Staff    111         8.1%         9
1994 Extrabudgetary    23         4.3%         1
1994 Total Staff      134         7.5%        10


Current Head:  Fawzi Al-Sultan (Kuwait).  Elected to four-year term 
(expires 1/97)

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - three year term - U.S. a member of 
Executive Board since IFAD's founding in 1977; Elected by Governing 
Council

Governing Body Meetings:  Governing Council (all members), meets 
annually in January; Executive Board (18 members, including U.S.) meets 
three times a year

Mission:  Alleviation of rural poverty

IFAD Program Objectives:

--  To increase food production and nutrition levels in the poorest 
food-deficit countries

--  To improve living conditions for poor farmers and enhance rural 
incomes in developing countries

Benefits to U.S.:

--  The U.S. benefits from better nourished, healthier and more 
prosperous rural populations because they contribute to a more secure 
world order and expand markets for U.S. goods and services

--  IFAD is the only multilateral lending institution which focuses 
exclusively on the rural poor

--  IFAD's focus on the most vulnerable groups among the rural poor 
serves basic humanitarian goals of the American people and helps reduce 
the risk of famine and social instability


*  Since IFAD is akin to a multilateral development bank, its resource 
are provided by member states over multi-year replenishments.  The most 
recent replenishment was the third, covering the period 1990-94.  The 
Fourth Replenishment, with a target figure of $600 M in pledges, has 
been delayed and may not begin until later in 1995.

(###)


11.  International Labor Organization (ILO)
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET                Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                        ($M)        (%)            ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed) 257.7      25.0%           62.2
1994 Extrabudgetary      62.5       0.0%            0.025
  (govts.)
1994 Extrabudgetary       1.2       0.0%            0.0
  (non-govt.)
1994 Extrabudgetary      52.9       0.0%            0.0
  (other)
1994 Total              374.3      16.6%           62.3

STAFF             Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                     (#)            (%)          (#)
1994 Regular Staff   628           9.2%          58
1994 Extrabudgetary   81          13.6%          11
1994 Total Staff     709           9.7%          69


Current Head:  Michel Hansenne (Belgium) - elected to 2nd 5-year term in 
May 1993

U.S. on Governing Board? Yes (permanent seat).  The ILO is a tripartite 
organization in which workers and employers, as well as governments, 
have voting privileges - workers and employers are elected to the 
governing body as individuals - Ten countries (of major industrial 
importance) have permanent seats

Governing Body Meetings:  Governing Body - November, March, and June;  
Annual Conference - June

Mission:  To improve working and living conditions of workers worldwide

ILO Program Objectives:

--  Develop and provide technical assistance and supervise international 
labor standards to improve working conditions worldwide

--  Foster democratic institutions and respect for human rights through 
strengthening legislation protecting freedom of expression, association 
and equal opportunity

--  Reduce poverty by assisting countries to formulate and implement 
employment strategies and labor intensive infrastructure projects

Benefits to U.S.:

--  American workers can compete fairly if  international labor 
standards help level the playing field

--  American business benefits by participating in the development of 
international labor standards which affect their operations 

--  ILO standards provide objective criteria on which the U.S. can deny 
tariff benefits for developing countries under the Generalized System of 
Preferences (GSP)

--  ILO has developed expertise to rapidly introduce labor intensive job 
creation programs in areas of U.S. interest such as Gaza, Haiti and 
South Africa

(###)


12.  International Maritime Organization (IMO)
     London, England

BUDGET               Resources  U.S.Share  U.S. Contribution 
                        ($M)       (%)          ($M) 
1994 Regular (Assessed) 24.4       4.9%         1.2
1994 Extrabudgetary      6.0       1.9%         0.1
1994 Total              30.4       4.3%         1.3

STAFF             Professional  U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                     (#)           (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff    86         3.5%         3
1994 Extrabudgetary   16         6.3%         1
1994 Total Staff     102         3.9%         4


Current Head: Mr. William O'Neil (Canada); term expires December 1997

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - elected in 1993 for two years - U.S. has 
always been on the Council

Governing Body Meetings:  Council twice annually - Assembly once every 
two years

Mission:  Cooperation among governments on technical matters affecting 
international shipping

IMO Program Objectives:

--  Maritime safety (e.g., safety of navigation, radio communications, 
lifesaving appliances, search and rescue at sea, ship design and 
equipment, etc.) Protection of Marine Environment (e.g., MARPOL 
Convention and Basel Convention on Transboundary Movement of Hazardous 
Waste)

Benefits to U.S.:

--  U.S. is either country of origin or destination for 50 % of world 
maritime trade; merchant vessel safety and pollution prevention 
standards are therefore of vital concern to the United States

--  The protection of the ocean environment and U.S. coastal waters and 
improving safety at sea for ship passengers and crews are among the 
major benefits to the U.S. of IMO's conventions, protocols, codes and 
recommendations concerning maritime safety and prevention of pollution

--  International rules on maritime documentation, traffic separation, 
and civil liability are of great benefit to U.S. trade and 
transportation interests and are promulgated through IMO conventions, 
protocols and codes

(###)


13.  Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET              Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                        ($M)       (#)           ($M)
1994 General          0.0         0.0%           0.0
1994 Extrabudgetary   4.2 (Est)  18.5%           0.8 (Est)
1994 Total            4.2 (Est)  18.5%           0.8 (Est)

STAFF              Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                       (#)            (%)          (#)
1994 General Staff      0             0.0%         0
1994 Extrabudgetary     2            50.0%         1
1994 Total Staff        2            50.0%         1


Current Head:  Dr. Bert Bolin (Sweden), Chair.  Dr. Narisiman 
Sundararaman (U.S.), Executive Secretary

U.S. on Governing Board?  U.S. sits on IPCC Bureau, both in its capacity 
as co-chair of one of the three IPCC working groups, and as chair of an 
ad hoc body on the budget 

Governing Body Meetings:  Several times per year; frequency depends on 
workload -- and is usually greater prior to meetings of the full Panel, 
or during preparation of IPCC Assessment reports

Mission:  Periodically to assess the science, impacts and response 
options for combatting the threat of global climate change

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Program Objectives:

--  To provide an internationally agreed assessment of the state of the 
science (including impacts, response strategies and economics) of 
climate change

--  To engage the broadest participation of all countries, to assure 
"buy-in" on IPCC conclusions, and to use science as the basis for sound 
international decision-making

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Supports necessary international assessment of climate change 
problem, including on climate science, impacts, response strategies, 
economics and other cross-cutting issues

--  U.S. role on Panel has substantially influenced debate on climate 
change; most countries are basing their decisions in climate-related 
areas on IPCC conclusions

--  Climate change assessment requires global cooperation and buy-in.  
No country will act unless it is persuaded -- through its own efforts -- 
that the problem is real.  U.S. funds help support that determination, 
critical if all countries are to work to address solutions

(###)


14.  International Telecommunications Union (ITU)
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET             Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                      ($M)       (#)         ($M)
1994 Regular (Assess) 81.8       8.0%         6.6
1994 Extrabudgetary    2.1       0.0%         0.0
  (govts.)
1994 Extrabudgetary    0.8       0.0%         0.0
  (other)
1994 Total            84.7       7.8%         6.6

STAFF            Professional  U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                    (#)         (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff  252        7.1%         18
1994 Extrabudgetary  50        4.0%          2
1994 Total Staff    302        6.6%         20


Current Head:  Secretary-General Pekka Tarjanne (Finland) - term expires 
September 1998

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes (1st year of 4-year term) elected by 
Plenipotentiary Conference

Governing Body Meetings?  Plenipotentiary Conference - Quadrennial (last 
held Sept 1994 in Kyoto);  Council - annually in June

Mission:  Promote the development and use of telecommunications 
worldwide

ITU Program Objectives:

--  To register radio frequency assignments in order to avoid harmful 
interference between radio stations in different countries

--  To coordinate and register satellite positions in the geostationary 
orbit belt and to improve the use made of the geostationary satellite 
orbit for radiocommunications

--  To facilitate world-wide standardization of telecommunications 
networks and services

--  To promote telecommunications development in member countries

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Reinforces leadership of U.S. telecommunications industry through 
U.S. industry participation in ITU meetings and study groups

--  Provides a forum for allocating radio frequencies and geostationary 
satellite orbits and provides a mechanism for resolution of interference 
problems

--  Provides a means for voluntary U.S. standards for telecommunications 
networks, services and equipment to be adopted as general standard

(###)


15.  Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund
     Montreal, Quebec, Canada

BUDGET           Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution 
                   ($M)        (%)           ($M)
1994 Extrabudgetary 151.7       25.0%        37.9

STAFF           Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                   (#)            (%)          (#)
1994 Extrabudgetary  9          11.1%          1

Current Head:  Dr. Omar E. El-Arini (Egypt), Chief Officer

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - permanent Developed (Article 2) Country 
member of the Executive Committee

Governing Body Meetings:  Approximately quarterly, mostly in Montreal

Mission:  To help reverse human-caused depletion of the stratospheric 
ozone layer that has weakened the Earth's shield against ultraviolet 
radiation (UV-B), and prevent increased rates of skin cancer and immune 
suppression plus environmental damage

Montreal Protocol Multilateral Fund Program Objectives:

--  To implement developed countries' commitment to provide developing 
countries financial and technical assistance to phase out ozone-
depleting substances (ODS)

--  To ensure full, expeditious developing country participation in this 
global environmental effort

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Ozone depletion is a global problem.  Efforts to address it benefit 
our people and environment, no matter where they occur.  Without 
participation by major developing countries such as China and India, the 
billions of dollars spent by the U.S. to replace ODS will be negated and 
prospects for ozone layer recovery severely hampered

--  U.S. industries are expected to earn much more from Multilateral 
Fund-financed sales than the U.S. contributes to the Fund, due to their 
world leadership in many ODS reduction technologies

(###)


16.  United Nations (Secretariat) (UN) 
     New York, New York

NOTE:  data below incorporates some of the organizations that are listed 
individually (UNEP, UNHCS/HABITAT, UNCED) 

BUDGET               Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                       ($M)      (%)          (#)
1994 Regular (Assess) 1198.9    25.0%       257.9 *
1994 Extrabudgetary    737.1     0.0%         0.0
1994 Total (Est.)     1936.0    13.3%       257.9

STAFF             Professional  U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                      (#)         (%)          (#)
1994 Regular Staff    3752       12.3%         463
1994 Extrabudgetary   1237       12.9%         159
1994 Total Staff      4989       12.5%         622

*  Per FY 1994/95 reprogrammings


Current Head:  Boutros Boutros Ghali (Egypt). Term expires December 1995

U.S. on Governing Board?  U.S. is permanent member of Security Council 
and the UN General Assembly

Governing Body Meetings:  Throughout the year

Mission:  Maintain international peace and security and pursue 
international cooperation to solve economic, social, cultural and 
humanitarian problems

UN Program Objectives:

--  Maintain international peace and security

--  Expand human freedom and promote international peace by fostering 
democratic government, full respect for human rights, and reliance on 
the rule of law

--  Improve standards of living by supporting economic growth, free 
trade and investment, free and open markets, environmental protection 
and social equity

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Promote U.S. security by containment/resolution of potentially 
destabilizing conflicts and resource burden sharing

--  Promote U.S. trade interests by encouraging free trade and 
facilitating rising standards of living


(###)


17.  UN Capital Development Fund
     New York, NY

BUDGET              Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                        ($M)      (%)        ($M)
1994 General Resources 31.3      9.6%         3.0
1994 Extrabudgetary     2.3      0.0%         0.0
1994 Total             33.6      8.9%         3.0

STAFF              Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                        (#)        (%)        (#)
1994 General Resources  32        6.3%         2
1994 Extrabudgetary      0        0.0%         0
1994 Total Staff        32        6.3%         2


Current Head: Paul Grosen (Denmark)

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - As a subsidiary body of UNDP, UNCDF is 
subject to policy guidance from the UNDP/UNFPA Executive Board

Governing Body Meetings:  Executive Board meets four times a year - The 
UNCDF program is reviewed biennially

Mission:  To fund small-scale social and economic infrastructure 
projects in Least Developed Countries (LDCs)

UN Capital Development Fund Program Objectives:

--  To invest in economic and social infrastructure projects ($200,000 
to $6,000,000) to increase productivity and income of the poor

--  To provide credit for agriculture and employment-generating small 
enterprises to the poor and particularly to women

--  To provide grants ($10,000 to $50,000) to community initiated, short 
term micro-projects to meet basic needs (food security, health, rural 
water supply and sanitation, education)

Benefits to U.S.:

--  UNCDF programs break the cycle of poverty by creating jobs among the 
poorest of the poor, thereby reducing the assistance burden on the U.S. 
taxpayer

--  UNCDF programs encourage additional investment by the private sector 
and by larger scale financing institutions (the World Bank) which also 
reduces the burden on the U.S. taxpayer

--  UNCDF programs help poor rural women, in particular, develop small 
scale industries which provide new employment opportunities for the 
poorest

(###)


18.  United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
     New York, NY

BUDGET            Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                    ($M)         (%)           ($M)
1994 Core       552 *(361.0)    18.1%       100
1994 Non-Core   421 *(297.0)     8.5%        35.9
1994 Total      973 *(658.0)    14.0%       136

STAFF           Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                   (#)            (%)         (#)
1994 General Staff  537          14.9%         80
1994 Extrabudgetary 911           9.7%         88
1994 Total Staff   1448          11.6%        168

* (These figures reflect contributions by governments only)


Current Head:  Richard Jolly (U.K) (Acting)

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes -  second year of 3-year term - elected by 
ECOSOC; U.S. a member since UNICEF's founding in 1947

Governing Body Meetings:  Executive Board meets four times a year (one 
annual and three regular meetings per year)

Mission:  Long-term development and humanitarian assistance aimed at 
improving the welfare of children and mothers in developing countries

UNICEF Program Objectives:

--  To promote the year 2000 goals established by the 1990 World Summit 
for Children

--  To strengthen national programs for children through capacity-
building for sustained program delivery

--  To support delivery of social services at the country level

--  To empower children and women

Benefits to U.S.:

--  All UNICEF programs have a widespread, positive impact on the well-
being of women and children, the world's neediest, most vulnerable 
population groups

--  Official U.S. support for UNICEF conforms with the humanitarian 
ideals of the American people, who have supported UNICEF generously 
through private donations over the years

--  UNICEF's development work complements U.S. bilateral assistance 
efforts through USAID's Child Survival Program


 (###)


19.  UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)
     New York, NY

BUDGET             Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution 
                       ($M)       (%)           ($M)
1994 General Resources 13.7      7.3%           1.0

STAFF             Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                      (#)           (%)         (#)
1994 General Staff    17           11.8%         2


Current Head:  Noelene Heyzer (Singapore), Executive Director

U.S. on Governing Board?  No

Governing Body Meetings:  The five member Consultative Committee meets 
twice a year

Mission:  To support efforts of women in developing countries to achieve 
their objectives for equality and for economic and social development

UNIFEM Program Objectives:

--  To serve as a catalyst, with the goal of ensuring the appropriate 
involvement of women in mainstream development activities, as often as 
possible at pre-investment stages

--  To support innovative and experimental activities benefitting women 
in line with national and regional priorities

Benefits to U.S.:

--  UNIFEM's mandate is totally consistent with U.S. priorities at the 
recent UN world conferences on human rights (1993) and population 
(1994), and at the upcoming World Summit for Social Development (1995), 
namely that investment in women is the key to sustainable development

--  UNIFEM is the only UN voluntary fund whose primary concern is the 
integration of women into the national economies of their countries

--  UNIFEM plays a unique role in showing how increased access by women 
to sources of business finance, technology, and related services can be 
a powerful and effective tool for private sector development

(###)


20.  UN Development Program (UNDP)
     New York, NY

BUDGET              Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                     ($M)         (%)         ($M)
1994 Core            920.0       12.6%       116.3
1994 Non-core        773.0        3.6%        27.6
1994 Total          1693.0        8.5%       143.9

STAFF            Professional   U.S. Share   U.S. Share
                    (#)            (%)          (#)
1994 Core Staff      602          12.3%         74
1994 Non-core Staff  261          14.2%         37
1994 Total           863          12.9%        111


Current Head:  James Gustave "Gus" Speth (US), appointed to five-year 
term in July 1993

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - 2nd year of 2-year term (elected by 
ECOSOC) - Member since UNDP's founding in 1966

Governing Body Meetings:  Executive Board meets four times a year (one 
annual and three regular sessions)

Mission: To fund and coordinate sustainable human development (SHD) in 
developing countries

UNDP Program Objectives:

--  Strengthen international cooperation for economic and social 
development

--  Promote development programs focused on poverty elimination, job 
creation, environmental regeneration, and the advancement of women

Benefits to U.S.:

--  A more secure international order and expanding markets for U.S. 
goods and services through better nourished, healthier and more 
prosperous populations in developing countries

--  Multiplication of the effect of U.S. aid dollars because each 
American dollar leverages about nine dollars through the donations of 
other nations

(###)


21.  United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
     Nairobi, Kenya

BUDGET            Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                    ($M)        (%)           ($M)
1994 General        65.2        32.2%        21.0
1994 Extrabudgetary 70.1         1.4%         1.0
1994 Total         135.3        16.3%        22.0

STAFF            Professional   U.S. Share   U.S. Share
                    (#)           (%)          (#)
1994 General        236          12.3%         29
1994 Extrabudgetary 106           0.0%          0
1994 Total          342           8.5%         29


Current Head:  Elizabeth Dowdeswell (Canada) - term expires 12/96

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - U.S. currently serving on four-year term 
ending 12/3;  Members elected to 29 seats every other year (total 58 
seats on governing council).

Governing Body Meetings:  Governing Council biennially (spring)

Mission:  To identify and solve international environmental problems

UNEP Program Objectives:

--  Monitor and assess environmental conditions and problems worldwide, 
and stimulate action to address them

--  Provide expert advice and training in environmental assessment, 
regulation, and management

-- Foster international action on: land resource degradation and loss of 
management; toxic chemicals and hazardous waste; atmospheric issues, 
especially ozone depletion, climate change and acid rain; and freshwater 
quality

Benefits to U.S.:

--  UNEP stimulates global action on international environmental 
problems

--  Affords U.S. a venue for pursuing international environmental 
standard quality interests and U.S. regulatory requirements and 
restraints

(###)


22.  UN Fellowship Program
     New York, NY

BUDGET             Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                    ($M)         (%)           ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed) N/A       N/A          N/A
1994 Extrabudgetary     N/A       N/A          N/A
1994 Total              N/A       N/A          N/A          

STAFF           Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                   (#)            (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff  N/A          N/A          N/A
1994 Extrabudgetary N/A          N/A          N/A
1994 Total Staff    N/A          N/A          N/A


Current Head:  N/A

U.S. on Governing Board?  N/A

Governing Body Meetings:  N/A

Mission:  Place trainees from developing countries in appropriate 
training programs

UN Fellowship Program Objective

--  Give developing country government employees the opportunity to 
broaden their professional knowledge in fields vital to the development 
of their countries

Benefits to U.S.:

--  UN Fellows learn U.S. techniques and become familiar with U.S. 
equipment and methods, thereby promoting the sale of U.S. goods and 
services to their own countries

--  UN Fellows are exposed to U.S. values and to the U.S. way of life

(###)


23.  UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET              Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution 
                       ($M)        (%)           ($M)
1994 General Resources 8.2        25.0%          2.1
1994 Extrabudgetary    3.9        15.9%          0.6
1994 Total            12.1        22.1%          2.7

STAFF            Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                     (#)           (%)          (#)
1994 General Staff    0           0.0%         0.0
1994 Extrabudgetary  18          30.6%         5.5
1994 Total Staff     18          30.6%         5.5


Current Head:  (Likely) Dr. Angela Merkel (Germany), President.  Mr. 
Michael Zammit-Cutajar (Malta), Executive Secretary

U.S. on Governing Board?  No - U.S. is not anticipated to be a member of 
the official bureau of 11, but U.S. would likely be included in any 
"extended bureau."  The Conference of the Parties (COP) is the supreme 
body under the convention and is open to all Parties

Governing Body Meetings:  COP meets annually - Bureau may meet more 
frequently

Mission:  To develop the global policy response to mitigate and adapt to 
climate change based on evolving scientific knowledge

UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Program Objectives:

--  Stabilize level of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere at a level to 
prevent anthropegenic interference with the climate system

--  Achieve the above level of greenhouse gases within a time frame 
sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to 
ensure that food production is not threatened, and to enable economic 
development to proceed in a sustainable manner

Benefits to U.S.:

--  U.S. is largest current emitter of greenhouse gases at 20% of the 
world total; the fact that remaining 80% of emissions originate in other 
countries points up the fact that this is a global problem needing a 
global solution

--  U.S. plays a pivotal role, not only because of U.S. emissions, but 
because of U.S. expertise and resources, and has had a profound 
influence on the international approach to climate change

--  If significant and rapid climate change were to occur, effects would 
be devastating for the world's population and economies; efforts to 
avert such change insure against these risks

(###)


24.  UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
     Vienna, Austria

BUDGET            Resources  U.S. Share   U.S. Contribution
                      ($M)      (%)          ($M)
1994 Regular (Assess) 104.2    25.0%        29.3
1994 Extrabudgetary    51.4     1.0%         0.5
1994 Total            155.6    19.2%        29.8

STAFF             Professional  U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                      (#)         (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff   344         9.9%          34
1994 Extrabudgetary   33         6.1%           2
1994 Total Staff     377         9.5%          36


Current Head:  Mauricio de Maria y Campos (Mexico) - term expires April 
1997

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - 3rd year of 4-year term - elected by the 
General Conference

Governing Body Meetings:  General Conference (GC) - biennially in 
December; Industrial Development Board (IDB) - Biennial (meets in non-GC 
years)

Mission:  To promote industrialization in developing countries

UNIDO Program Objectives:

--  To provide technical assistance to clean up polluting industries and 
ensure new plants use clean technologies

--  To provide technical assistance for human resource development, 
economic and industry planning and technology transfers

--  To assist private investment in developing countries by identifying 
investment opportunities

Benefits to U.S.:

--  U.S. companies, especially small/medium-sized firms interested in 
expanding their investment opportunities and markets in developing 
countries, use the resources made available to them by UNIDO

(###)


25.  UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET            Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                    ($M)        (%)           ($M)
1994 General       395.0        24.7%        97.7
1994 Extrabudget   816.5        19.3%       157.8 *
1994 Total        1211.5        21.1%       255.5

STAFF            Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                   (#)            (%)         (#)
1994 General Staff  600           7.5%         45
1994 Extrabudgetary 707          10.2%         72
1994 Total         1307           9.0%        117


Current Head:  Mrs. Sadako Ogata (Japan) - term expires December 1998

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - all members of the Executive Committee 
(Excom) are permanent members

Governing Body Meetings:  Excom meets annually in October; Subcommittees 
on Administration and Finance (SCAF) and International Protection meet 
approximately 2 - 3 times between Excom sessions

Mission:  To provide protection and material assistance to the world's 
refugees and to find durable solutions to their problems

UNHCR Program Objectives:

--  To ensure that refugees are treated in accordance with the 
provisionsof the 1951 UN Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees 
and the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, i.e., to 
provide protection and solutions for persons with a well-founded fear of 
persecution if returned to their countries of origin

--  To assist first asylum countries in providing emergency relief and 
longer-term relief to refugees on their territory

--  To find permanent or durable solutions to refugee problems through 
voluntary repatriation, local integration, or resettlement in another 
country

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Advances major U.S. foreign policy objectives in the field of 
humanitarian assistance

--  Provides access to refugees and a presence in certain locations 
where the U.S. and other governments may not be willing or able to go

--  Influences other nations to provide protection to refugees and 
asylum seekers

--  Depoliticizes humanitarian assistance to the world's refugees

--  Assists the USG in implementing our refugee admissions program by 
referring appropriate cases for resettlement in the U.S


*  U.S. extrabudgetary contributions do not include in-kind 
contributions

(###)


26.  UN Population Fund (UNFPA)
     New York, NY

BUDGET          Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                  ($M)        (%)            ($M)
1994 General       272.5      14.7%        40.0
1994 Extrabudgetary 20.2       0.0%         0.0
1994 Total         292.7      13.7%        40.0

STAFF           Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                   (#)           (%)         (#)
1994 General Staff  161         9.3%        15
1994 Extrabudgetary  73        13.7%        10
1994 Total Staff    234        10.7%        25


Current Head:  Nafis Sadik (Pakistan) - term expires April 1995

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - 2nd year of 2-year term; election in 
1995 for 3-year term (1996-98)

Governing Body Meetings:  Combined UNDP/UNFPA Executive Board meets 
quarterly in Jan, April, June, and September

Mission:  To provide support within the UN system for worldwide 
population programs

UNFPA Program Objectives:

--  Promote awareness of population issues in industrialized and 
developing world

--  Assist developing countries, as requested, in dealing with their 
population problems

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Population stabilization efforts help reduce poverty and 
environmental degradation and increase social stability

--  UNFPA programs complement U.S. bilateral population assistance 
programs, both geographically and programmatically

(###)


27.  UN Voluntary Fund for Advisory Services and Tech. Coop.
     New York, NY

BUDGET             Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                     ($M)        (%)           ($M)
1994 Resources      2.2           0.0%         0.0

STAFF              Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                    (#)            (%)         (#)
1994 Extrabudgetary   N/P           N/P        N/P


Current Head:  Ibrahima Fall (Senegal), Director

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - regional representation - The U.S. 
represented by the Western Group

Governing Body Meetings:  twice a year

Mission:  Undertake democracy projects which are frequently regarded as 
less pejorative than bilateral assistance by some states in transition 
and regional organizations

UN Voluntary Fund for Advisory Services and Technical Cooperation 
Program Objectives:

--  Build and strengthen national and regional institutions and 
infrastructures for human rights

--  Promote democracy, development and human rights

--  Strengthen the rule of law and democratic institutions

--  Provide electoral assistance

--  Improve the administration of justice and the independence of the 
judiciary

Benefits to U.S.:

--  The UN can undertake democracy projects that might be considered too 
sensitive by some countries to implement bilaterally

--  The Advisory Services Program's objectives are very much consistent 
with U.S. interests

--  Building human rights institutions and promoting the strong linkage 
between democracy and human rights is crucial in connection with the 
transition of many countries to democracy

(###)


28.  UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture
     New York, NY

BUDGET              Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                      ($M)         (%)           ($M)
1994 General Resources  2.6      57.7%           1.5

STAFF           Professional  U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                    (#)          (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff  N/P         N/P         N/P


Current Head:  Jaap Walkate (Netherlands), Chairman of the Board of 
Trustees

U.S. on Governing Board?  No - Each of the regional groups has one 
representative on the Board of Trustees

Mission:  To provide worldwide humanitarian assistance to victims of 
torture and their families through medical and psychological, legal, 
financial and social assistance

Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture Program Objectives: 

--  Distribute aid through established channels of humanitarian 
assistance, such as hospitals, research and training centers and 
overseas doctors projects

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Promotes human rights and democracy, which are main themes of U.S. 
Foreign Policy

--  The Fund exemplifies U.S. success in working through multilateral 
institutions to address human rights concerns

--  The Fund singles out for censure those nations that chronically 
violate human rights

--  The Fund works through nongovernmental organizations, such as the 
Center for Victims of Torture in Minneapolis (80% of its members are 
residents of Minnesota)

(###)


29.  Universal Postal Union (UPU)
     Bern, Switzerland

BUDGET               Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                        ($M)        (%)           ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed) 21.3       5.3%            1.2
1994 Extrabudgetary      1.3      12.7%            0.165
1994 Total              22.6       6.0%            1.4

STAFF           Professional   U.S. Share   U.S. Share
                   (#)            (%)          (#)
1994 Regular Staff   63          1.6%           1
1994 Extrabudgetary   3          0.0%           0
1994 Total           66          1.5%           1


Current Head:  Dr. Thomas Leavey (USA) elected 1/95 for a five year term

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - on both committees - Council of 
Administration and Postal Operations Council; Elected 9/94 to five-year 
term

Governing Body Meetings:  Restructured 9/94 - each committee expected to 
meet once each year

Mission:  To establish standards which all postal administrations must 
use to exchange mail, regardless of political differences among 
governments

UPU Program Objectives

--  Maintain universally agreed rates for letters and printed items 
within the network (this is why USPS cannot unilaterally increase price 
of international stamps)

--  Develop standards and, where necessary, provide technical assistance 
to members to meet those standards, so that member countries deliver 
each other's mail with the same care as their own domestic mail

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Americans would have difficulty sending and receiving international 
mail without the kinds of services and standards the UPU provides

--  U.S. businesses rely on fair and competitive international postal 
pricing to conduct their activities

(###)


30.  World Food Program (WFP)
     Rome, Italy

BUDGET            Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                    ($M)        (%)           ($M)
1994 General        1283.0       7.7%        98.6
1994 Extrabudgetary  600.0      67.5%       404.7
1994 Total          1883.0      26.7%       503.3

STAFF             Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                     (#)           (%)           (#)
1994 General Staff    258         16.3%         42
1994 Extrabudgetary   188         10.6%         20
1994 Total Staff      446         13.9%         62


Current Head:  Catherine Bertini (USA) - Five year term (expires March 
1997)

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - Members are elected by FAO Council and 
ECOSOC; U.S. a member since WFP's 1963 inception

Governing Body Meetings:  Committee on Food Aid (CFA) Policies and 
Programs meets twice a year, usually in May and November).  Meeting 
timing and frequency are subject to change in light of pending 
restructuring (UNGA resolution 48/162)

Mission:  Ensure global freedom from hunger, both in crisis situations 
and during the relief-to-development continuum

WFP Program Objectives:

--  As the UN system's largest disburser of grant assistance to 
developing countries, WFP seeks to raise levels of nutrition and food 
security

--  Distributes commodities for protracted refugee and displaced person 
projects

--  Provides emergency food assistance in situations of natural and man-
made disasters (e.g., Rwanda, Bosnia, Somalia)

--  Provides food to support infrastructure development projects ("Food-
for-Work")

Benefits to U.S.:

--  U.S. donations of excess agricultural commodities and cash to WFP 
are used to achieve U.S. humanitarian objectives of combatting poverty, 
strengthening global food security, and improving the environment

--  WFP's humanitarian activities advance U.S. foreign policy objectives 
by helping to create a more stable world society

--  WFP's sustainable development activities help to expand markets for 
U.S. goods and services

(###)


31.  World Health Organization (WHO)
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET              Resources     U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                        ($M)         (%)          ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed)443.2        25.0%       104.1
1994 Extrabudgetary    213.0        21.3%        45.4
  (govts.)
1994 Extrabudgetary      9.9         3.0%         0.3
  (in-kind)
1994 Extrabudgetary     51.6         0.0%         0.0
  (others)
1994 Total             717.7        20.9%       149.8

STAFF            Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                     (#)          (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff   933        11.0%         103
1994 Extrabudgetary  624        12.8%          80
1994 Total Staff    1557        11.8%         183


Current Head:  Hiroshi Nakajima (Japan) - term expires July 1998

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - 1st year of 3-year term; 
World Health Assembly (WHA) elects Executive Board members

Governing Body Meetings:  World Health Assembly - annually in May 
Executive Board - January and May

Mission:  Raising people's health to the highest possible standard

WHO Program Objectives:

--  To help governments mount and implement their own programs to 
prevent and control disease and other health problems

--  To urge countries to promote safe water and sanitation, 
immunization, breastfeeding, improved nutrition, healthy lifestyles, and 
other disease prevention strategies breast feeding, improved nutrition, 
oral rehydration, healthy lifestyles and disease prevention and control

--  To promote equitable access to health services in each country - 
across economic, social and geographic spectra - including use of 
community health centers and availability of essential drugs and oral 
rehydration salts

Benefits to U.S.:

--  WHO Global Program for HIV/AIDS ameliorates the spread of HIV/AIDS 
through preventive/educational programs

--  Direct savings to U.S. results from WHO progress in controlling 
disease (e.g., eradication of smallpox saves cost of vaccinations and 
control)

--  Protection from infectious diseases across our borders results from 
disease control elsewhere

--  Safer health conditions are possible for the many Americans living 
and traveling in other countries through WHO's work in those countries

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32.  World Heritage Fund
     Paris, France

BUDGET             Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                       ($M)      (%)            ($M)
1994 General Resources 3.9       11.5%          0.5
1994 Total             3.9       11.5%          0.5

STAFF             Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                      (#)          (%)          (#)
1994 General Staff    4           0.0%           0
1994 Total Staff      4           0.0%           0


Current Head:  Dr. Adul Wichiencharoen (Thailand), Chair

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - has served twice as Chair; twice as Vice 
Chair - will remain as voting member on elected 21-nation World Heritage 
Committee (WHC) until 1999 

Governing Body Meetings:  Executive Bureau - June - Paris; Full WHC - 
December - rotates by invitation (U.S. 1992; Germany 1995)

Mission:  To identify and preserve natural and cultural properties of 
outstanding global significance; technical assistance, including 
training; and to provide public understanding of these designated 
properties

World Heritage Fund Program Objectives:

--  Enhance World Heritage Site protection

--  Provide technical assistance

--  Provide public information and educational materials

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Assists overseas sites of importance to many U.S. ethnic groups, 
e.g., Italian, Hispanic, Slavic

--  Global recognition and protection for 18 U.S. sites

--  Framework for bilateral cooperation: joint U.S. - Japan effort in 
Philippines;  planning for Taj Mahal and Angkor Wat; restoring 
wildebeest population in the Serengeti

--  Sites figured in Middle East "peace process" -- Israel-Jordan trans-
boundary parks

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33.  World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET              Resources  U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                       (#)        (%)           (#)
1994 Regular (Assess) 16.6       6.6%          1.2
1994 Extrabudgetary    1.0       0.0%          0.0
  (govts.)
1994 Extrabudgetary    2.7       0.0%          0.0
  (others)
1994 Extrabudgetary    1.8       1.3%          0.022
  (in-kind)
1994 Total            22.0       5.6%          1.2

STAFF             Professional  U.S. Share  U.S. Share
                     (#)           (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff   162         4.9%         8
1994 Extrabudgetary    2         0.0%         0
1994 Total Staff     164         4.9%         8


Current Head:  Arpad Bogsh (United States) - will begin final two year 
term in 9/95 (retires 9/97)

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes - WIPO Coordinating Committee is comprised 
of Executive Committees of Paris Union and Berne Union - member states 
are elected to two-year terms;  U.S. term ends 9/95

Governing Body Meetings:  Plenary Meeting of Governing Bodies - 
biennially in September; Separate governing body for each major 
component treaty - annually in September

Mission:  To promote protection of intellectual property throughout the 
world through cooperation among states, and for the administration of 
various "Unions", each founded on a multilateral treaty and dealing with 
the legal and administrative aspects of intellectual property

WIPO Program Objectives:

--  To ensure administrative cooperation among the unions -- e.g., the 
Paris and Berne Unions -- within the international bureau

--  To provide technical assistance to developing countries to establish 
intellectual property systems and laws, so as to protect inventions, 
trademarks and industrial designs

Benefits to U.S.:

--  WIPO promotes international recognition of the need to protect 
intellectual property, particularly in developing countries  (This 
activity is among the Administration's highest international economic 
objectives)

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34.  World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET            Resources   U.S.Share    U.S. Contribution
                    ($M)        (%)            ($M)

1994 Regular (Assessed) 45.9    24.5%       11.3
1994 Extrabudgetary     29.1    17.5%        5.1
  (govts.)
1994 Extrabudgetary     13.6    31.7%        4.3
  (in-kind)
1994 Extrabudgetary     24.6     0.0%        0.0
  (others)

1994 Total             113.2    18.2%       20.6

STAFF            Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                    (#)           (%)          (#)

1994 Regular Staff   100          6.0%          6
1994 Extrabudgetary   26         19.2%          5

1994 Total Staff     126          8.7%         11


Current Head:  Dr. Godwin O.P. Obasi (Nigeria) - term ends December 1995

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes. Thirty members elected by WMO Congress to 
four year terms; six elected by regional associations and become ex 
oficio members

Governing Body Meetings:  Congress (Meets every four years); Executive 
Council (meets annually); Six regional associations (meet every four 
years)

Mission:  Cooperation in the collection and exchange of meteorological, 
hydrological and geophysical information

WMO Program Objectives:

--  Promote the international exchange of meteorological and related 
geophysical information, and the standardization and improvement of 
meteorological and operational hydrological activities worldwide

Benefits to U.S.:

--  American aviation, shipping and agriculture benefit from 
meteorological data obtained through WMO networks

--  World Weather Watch promotes real-time, two-way communication of 
vital atmospheric and oceanic data essential to medium-term and long-
term predictions on a national, regional and global basis

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35.  World Meteorological Organization Voluntary Cooperation Program
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET             Resources   U.S.Share   U.S. Contribution
                     ($M)        (%)           ($M)
1994 General Resources  *          *            *
1994 Extrabudgetary   6.5 **      34.6%         2.3

STAFF             Professional   U.S.Share    U.S. Share
                     (#)            (%)          (#)
1994 General Staff    2             0.0%           0
1994 Extrabudgetary   1           100.0%           1
1994 Total Staff      3            33.3%           1

 *  also funded from CIO (assessed) appropriation
**  extraordinary resources include funds from other countries, other 
international organizations and other UN organizations


Current Head:  Professor G.O.P. Obasi (Nigeria)

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes

Governing Body Meetings:  Executive Council (Annual Meetings); WMO 
Congress (every 4 years)

Mission:  To coordinate and facilitate worldwide cooperation in 
collecting and exchanging meterologic, hydrologic and geo-physical 
observations and information obtained from the land, ocean, atmosphere 
and space

WMO Voluntary Cooperation Program Objectives:

--  Provide training and equipment to developing countries to improve 
their meteorological and hydrologic services

--  Provide continuous, real-time, two-way communication of climate and 
environmental data for severe weather events, natural disasters, and for 
the protection of life and property

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Increases accuracy of hurricane tracking and forecasting

--  Increases ability to forecast floods and other severe weather in the 
U.S., especially southwestern U.S., Florida and Hawaii

--  Improves early alert of critical weather conditions for 
international aviation

--  90 percent of the funds are spent in the U.S. for training and 
equipment

--  Accurate forecasts of hurricane landfall reduce the cost of 
unnecessary coastal evacuation and preparation

--  Long-range predictions help reduce crop losses for U.S. agriculture 
industry


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36.  World Meteorological Organization
     Special Fund for Climate Activities
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET             Resources   U.S.Share  U.S. Contribution 
                     ($M)        (%)          ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed) *         *           *
1994 Extrabudgetary    1.1      72.7%        0.8
1994 Total             1.1      72.7%        0.8

STAFF              Professional   U.S.Share   U.S. Share
                      (#)           (%)         (#)
1994 Regular Staff     *           *            *
1994 Extrabudgetary    *           *            *
1994 Total Staff       *           *            *

*  also funded from CIO (assessed) appropriation


Current Head:  Dr. Godwin O.P. Obasi (Nigeria) - term ends December 1995

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes, thirty members elected by WMO Congress to 
four year terms; six selected by regional associations and become ex 
oficio members

Governing Body Meetings:  Congress (meets every four years); Executive 
Council (meets annually); Six regional associations (meet every four 
years)

Mission:  Cooperation in the collection and exchange of meterological, 
hydrological and geophysical information

WMO Special Fund Program Objectives:  

--  Build capacity in developing countries to monitor global greenhouse 
gases, ultraviolet radiation and climate

--  Assess, through the use of U.S. technology, status and impact of 
climate change in developing countries

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Provides environmental information necessary for research and sound 
climate predictions

--  Warns of climatic events that have major economic impact, such as 
the effect of El Nino on recent floods in Southern California


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37.  World Trade Organization (WTO/GATT) (formerly General Agreement on 
Tariffs and Trade)
     Geneva, Switzerland

BUDGET             Resources   U.S.Share  U.S. Contribution
                        ($M)        (%)        ($M)
1994 Regular (Assessed) 58.9      15.0%        10.3
1994 Extrabudgetary      0.0       0.0%         0.0
1994 Total              58.9      17.5%        10.3

STAFF             Professional   U.S. Share   U.S. Share
                       (#)            (%)          (#)
1994 Regular Staff     173          11.6%          20
1994 Extrabudgetary      0           0.0%           0
1994 Total Staff       173          11.6%          20


Current Head:  Peter Sutherland (Ireland), Director General

U.S. on Governing Board?  Yes.  The U.S. -- and all other WTO/GATT 
members -- are represented on the Council

Governing Body Meetings:  WTO/GATT General Council meets regularly 
throughout the year

Mission:  Raise income and create jobs worldwide through fair and open 
trade

WTO/GATT Program Objectives

--  Oversee a set of multilaterally-agreed trade rules (for goods, 
services, agriculture, intellectual property rights,
subsidies, trade-related investment, customs procedures, etc.), most 
recently negotiated in the Uruguay Round

--  Provide a forum for trade negotiations in which the trade 
environment is liberalized and made more predictable
by opening national markets or reinforcing and/or extending agreed-upon 
rules

--  Serve as a forum in which governments can resolve trade disputes

Benefits to U.S.:

--  Trade liberalization resulting from negotiations under the auspices 
of the GATT/WTO produce increased U.S. exports of goods and services, 
creating hundreds of thousands of high-paying jobs in the U.S.

--  The enforcement of new disciplines in areas such as services, 
agriculture, subsidies, investment and intellectual property rights 
protection will strengthen the U.S. competitive position in the world

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[END OF UN SYSTEM ORGANIZATIONS]
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