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About Yoweri Kaguta Museveni

Ugandan President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni Yoweri Kaguta Museveni became President of the Republic of Uganda on January 29, 1986 after leading a successful five-year liberation struggle.

After victory, he formed a broad-based government that helped to unite the country's political groups. 

Museveni, who has been politically active since his student days at Ntare School, Mbarara, in south west Uganda, studied political science at the University of Dar es Salaam, graduating in 1970 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Economics and Political Science. 

Uganda MapUganda

Official Name: Republic of Uganda  Uganda Flag

Geography
Area: 241,040 sq. km. (93,070 sq. mi.); about the size of Oregon.
Cities: Capital --Kampala (2002 pop. 1.2 million). Other cities --Jinja, Mbale, Mbarara.
Terrain: 18% inland water and swamp; 12% national parks, forest, and game reserves; 70% forest, woodland, grassland.
Climate: In the northeast, semi-arid--rainfall less than 50 cm. (20 in.); in southwest, rainfall 130 cm. (50 in.) or more. Two dry seasons: Dec.-Feb. and June-July.

People
Nationality: Noun and adjective --Ugandan(s).
Population (2002): 24.7 million.
Annual growth rate (2003 est): 3.4%.
Ethnic groups: African 99%, European, Asian, Arab 1%.
Religions: Christian 66%, Muslim 16%, traditional and other 18%.
Languages: English (official); Luganda and Swahili widely used; other Bantu and Nilotic languages.
Education: Attendance (2000; primary school enrollment, public and private)--89%. Literacy (2002)--69%.
Health: Infant mortality rate --79/1,000. Life expectancy --46.3 yrs

Government
Type: "Movement" system, with limited operation of political parties Constitution: The current Constitution was ratified on July 12, 1995, and promulgated on October 8, 1995. The constitution provides for an executive president, to be elected every 5 years. Parliament and the judiciary have significant amounts of independence and wield significant power.
President Yoweri Museveni, in power since 1986, was elected under the new constitution in 1996 and re-elected in 2001. The Constitution limits the president to two terms. However, an effort is underway to revise the constitution and eliminate the term limit.
Independence: October 9, 1962.
Branches: Executive --president, vice president, prime minister, cabinet. Legislative --parliament. There are 214 directly elected representatives and special indirectly elected seats for representatives of women 56, youth 5, workers 5, disabled 5, and the army 10. The president may also appoint up to 10 exofficio members. Judicial --Magistrate's Court, High Court, Court of Appeals, Supreme Court.
Administrative subdivisions: 56 districts.
Political parties (note: political party activity is highly restricted): Uganda People's Congress (UPC), Democratic Party (DP), Conservative Party (CP). There also are political alliances, such as the Reform Agenda (RA) group that fielded Museveni's major opposition candidate in the 2001 election.
Suffrage: Universal adult.
National holiday: Independence Day, October 9.

Economy
GDP (purchasing power parity, 2001): $29 billion.
Inflation rate (2003): 7.3%.
Natural resources: Copper, cobalt, limestone.
Agriculture: Cash crops --coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, sugar cane, cut flowers, vanilla. Food crops --bananas, corn, cassava, potatoes, millet, pulses. Livestock and fisheries--beef, goat meat, milk, nile perch, tilapia.
Industry: Types --processing of agricultural products (cotton ginning, coffee curing), cement production, light consumer goods, textiles. Trade (2002): Exports --$552 million: coffee, fish and fish products, tea, electricity, horticultural products. Major markets --EU, Kenya, South Africa, U.K., U.S. Imports (2002)--$1.2 billion: vehicles, petroleum, chemical, machinery. Major suppliers --OPEC countries, Kenya, EU, India, South Africa, U.S. Fiscal year: July 1-June 30.
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