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Greater Middle East

Iraqi President Sheikh Ghazi Al-YawarAbout President Al-Yawar

Sheikh Ghazi Al-Yawar, 45, a former Iraqi Governing Council member and president of the group during part of May, is the nephew of the leader of the Shammar tribe. He is a civil engineer who studied at the Petroleum and Minerals University in Saudi Arabia and at Georgetown University in Washington , D.C. Sheikh Ghazi Al-Yawar was recently the vice president of the Hicap Technology Company in Riyadh , Saudi Arabia . He was born in Mosul.

About Prime Minister Allawi

Dr. Ayad Allawi graduated from Baghdad University from the Faculty of Medicine, and he obtained a master's of science in medicine from London University in 1976 and a doctorate in medicine from the same university in 1979.  Iraqi Prime Minister Dr. Ayad AllawiDr. Allawi is a neurologist and businessman who began his opposition to the former regime in 1971 when he moved to Beirut. He left Beirut in 1972 to begin his studies in the U.K.

He has been a consultant to the United Nations Development Program, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Children's Fund.   After surviving the brutal attack and assassination attempt ordered by Saddam Hussein, Dr. Allawi continued his efforts against the regime and co-founded the Iraqi National Accord, which attempted a failed 1996 coup against Saddam.  He was most recently an Iraqi Governing Council member and chaired its security committee. He was born in 1945 in Baghdad.

Iraq MapIraq

Official Name: Republic of Iraq  Iraq Flag

Area: 437,072 sq. km.; about the size of California.
Cities: Capital --Baghdad (pop. 3.8 million 1986 est.). Other cities --Basrah, Mosul, Karkuk, As Sulaymaniyah, Irbil.
Terrain: Alluvial plains, mountains, and desert.
Climate: Mostly hot and dry.

Nationality: Noun and adjective --Iraqi(s).
Population (2002 est.): 24,011,816.
Annual growth rate (2002 est.): 2.82%.
Ethnic groups: Arab 75%-80%, Kurd 15%-20%, Turkman, Chaldean, Assyrian, or others less than 5%.
Religions: Shi'a Muslim 60%, Sunni Muslim 32%-37%, Christian 3%, Yezidi less than 1%.
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish, Assyrian, Armenian.
Education: Years compulsory --primary school (age 6 through grade 6). Literacy --58%.
Health: Infant mortality rate (2002 est.)--57.61 deaths/1,000. Life expectancy --67.38 yrs.
Work force (2000, 4.4 million): Agriculture --44%; industry --26%; services --31% (1989 est.).

GDP (2001 est.): $59 billion.
Annual growth rate (2001 est.): 5.7%.
GDP per capita (2000 est.): $2,500.
Inflation rate (2001 est.): 60%.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur.
Agriculture (less than 6% of GNP): Products --wheat, barley, rice, cotton, dates, poultry.
Industry: (less than 13% GNP): Types --petroleum, petrochemical, textile, cement.
Trade (2001): Exports --$15.8 billion: crude oil. Major markets --Russia, France, Switzerland, China. Imports --$11 billion: agricultural commodities, medicine, machinery. Major suppliers --Egypt, Russia, France, Vietnam.

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