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Georgia Fact Sheet

DESCRIPTION:

Located in the southeastern United States, Georgia is one of the country's most diverse states. Georgia encompasses metro Atlanta with nearly 4 million people; 100 miles of coastline; the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains; multiple rivers and fertile farmland. Georgia melds the best of the old South historic sites and well-known hospitality with new burgeoning business growth, big-city culture and international trade.

CAPITAL:
Atlanta
POPULATION:
8,186,453 according to the 2000 U.S. Census
HISTORY:

Originally inhabited by several Native American tribes including Creek
and Cherokee, Georgia was established by the British in 1733 when
General James Edward Oglethorpe and English colonists landed on the
coast and settled what is now Savannah, the nation's first planned city.
The state was named in honor of King George II of England. Georgia
later became the final of the original 13 American colonies. After the
Revolutionary War, on January 2, 1788, Georgia became the fourth state
to ratify the new United States Constitution.

CLIMATE:

Some states have two. Others three. But Georgia has all four. Four beautiful seasons - with an average year-round temperature of 65¡F. Perfect for any outdoor activity.

Winters are mild with an average high of 55 F, while summers are warm with an average high of 90 F and low of 71 F. Spring and autumn are transitional with temperatures leaning to the warm side. Georgia enjoys mild temperatures year-round due to its latitude and proximity to the warm water of the Gulf of Mexico. Keep in mind: the Georgia Mountains generally remain cooler than the rest of the state. Rainfall averages 50 inches annually, providing lush foliage.

GEORGIA'S FORMER
CAPITALS:
Savannah (1733-1786)
Augusta (1786 - 1795)
Louisville (1796 -1806)
Milledgeville (1807-1868)
Atlanta (1869-present)
NICKNAME:
"The Peach State"
STATE SYMBOLS:
Fruit - Peach
Flower - Cherokee Rose
Crop - Peanut
Tree - Live Oak
Bird - Brown Thrasher
Butterfly - Tiger Swallowtail
STATE SONG:
"Georgia On My Mind"
OTHER
HIGHLIGHTS:
  • Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River.
  • The greatest distance from north to south in Georgia is 315 miles.
  • Georgia's capitol building has a gold dome; the gold was mined from
    Dahlonega, Georgia, the site of the first gold rush in North America.
  • The Vidalia onion, known as the sweetest onion in the world, can be
    grown only in Vidalia and Glennville, Georgia.
  • Georgia is among the nation's top producers of peaches, pecans and
    peanuts.
  • Some of many famous Georgians include Jimmy Carter and Martin Luther King, Jr., Ted Turner, creator of CNN; Andrew Young, first African-American ambassador to the United Nations; Juliette Gordon Low, founder of the Girl Scouts in the U.S.; and Margaret Mitchell, author of Gone With The Wind.
  • Natural wonders in Georgia include Providence Canyon, Okefenokee Swamp, Warm Springs, Tallulah Gorge, Amicalola Falls, Stone Mountain and Radium Springs.

Visit the GDITT website at www.georgiaonmymind.org

 

Small Oak Tree