Born on November 29, 1932, in the 5th arrondissement of Paris.
Son of François Chirac, company director, and Marie-Louise
Valette. Married on March 16, 1956, to Bernadette Chodron
de Courcel. Two children: Laurence and Claude.
Lycées Carnot and Louis-le-Grand, Paris
Institut d'Etudes Politiques (Institute of Political Science),
Paris, and Harvard University Summer School (USA).
Grand-Croix de la Légion d'Honneur
Grand-Croix de l'Ordre National du Mérite
Croix de la Valeur Militaire
Médaille de l'Aéronautique
Chevalier du Mérite Agricole, des Arts et des Lettres,
de l'Étoile Noire, du Mérite Sportif, Grand
Cross of the Merit of the Sovereign Order of Malte
1957-1959 Ecole nationale d'Administration (ENA - National
School of Administration)
1959 Auditor, State Audit Court (Cour des Comptes)
1962 Special assistant, Government Secretariat-General 1965-1993
Conseiller référendaire, State Audit Court
1965-1993 Conseiller référendaire à la
Cour des Comptes
March 1965 - March 1977 Town councillor, Sainte-Féréole
March - May 1967 Deputy for the Corréze Department
1967-1968 State Secretary for Social Affairs, with responsibility
for employment problems (in the government of G. Pompidou)
1968 Elected Departmental Councillor for the canton of Meymac
(re-elected in 1970 and 1976)
1968-1971 State Secretary for the Economy and Finance (in
the Pompidou, Couve de Murville and Chaban-Delmas governments)
June 1968 - August1968 Deputy (Union pour la Défense
de la République - UDR) for the Corréze Department
Since 1969 Treasurer of the Claude Pompidou Foundation (which
in particular provides help for the elderly and for handicapped
1970 - March 1979 President of the Corréze Departmental
1971-1972 Minister Delegate (Prime Minister's Office) with
responsibility for relations with Parliament (Chaban-Delmas
1972-1973 Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development (Messmer
March 4, 1973-May 5, 1973
Deputy for the Corréze Department (re-elected)
1973-1974 Ministre de l'Agriculture et du Développement
rural (Gouvernement de Pierre Messmer)
1974 Minister of the Interior (Messmer government)
27 mai 1974 Appointed Prime Minister
December 1974 - June 1975 Secretary-General, Union des Démocrates
pour la République (UDR)
June 1975 Honorary Secretary-General, UDR
August 25, 1976 Tendered resignation of his government
1976 Re-elected Deputy for Corréze Department (3rd
December 5, 1976 Elected President of the Rassemblement pour
la République (RPR - Rally for the Republic), successor
party to the UDR
March 20, 1977 Elected Mayor of Paris
May 1, 1979 Elu président de l'Association Internationale
des Maires et responsables des capitales et métropoles
partiellement ou entièrement Francophones (AIMF)
10 juin 1979 Elected President of the Association internationale
des maires et responsables des capitales et métropoles
partiellement ou entièrement francophones (AIMF - International
association of mayors and leaders of wholly or partially French-speaking
capital cities and metropolitan areas)
June 10, 1979 Elected Member of the European Parliament (on
the Defence of French Interests in Europe list); resigned
seat in 1980
From 20 March 1986 to 10 May 1988 Prime minister ("Cohabitation"
May 7, 1995 Elected President of the French Republic (in 2nd
round of polling) with 15,770,249 votes (52.64% of votes cast)
versus 14,187,963 votes for Lionel Jospin
May 17, 1995 Investiture of the President of the Republic
May 5, 2002 Reelected President of the French Republic (in
2nd round of polling)
May 16, 2002 Investiture of the President of the Republic
Thesis on the development of the Port of New Orleans (Institut
d'Etudes Politiques, Paris), 1954
"Discours pour la France à l'heure du choix,"
(Address to France at the moment of decision), Editions Stock
"La lueur d'espérance: Réflexion du soir
pour le matin" (The glimmer of hope:
reflections in the evening for the next morning), Editions
La Table Ronde1978
"Une nouvelle France, Réflexions 1" (A new
France, Reflections 1), Nil Editions 1994
"La France pour tous" (France for all), Nil Editions1995
Source: Présidence de la République française
The French Republic is an original member of the G8. In 1975, France organized the first G8 Summit at Ramboulliet , France . They have hosted the G8 Summit a total of five times; Ramboulliet 1975, Versailles 1982, Paris 1989, Lyons 1996, and Evian 2003. France held the last G8 Summit in June 2003 and turned over the Presidency of the G8 to the United States on January 1, 2004 .
The leader of France is His Excellency Jacques Chirac. President Chirac is the longest serving leader of a G8 nation. He was originally elected in 1995.
Name: French Republic
Area: 551,670 sq. km. (220,668 sq. mi.); largest west
European country, about four-fifths the size of Texas.
Cities: Capital--Paris. Other cities--Marseille, Lyon,
Toulouse, Strasbourg, Nice, Rennes, Lille, Bordeaux.
Climate: Temperate; similar to that of the eastern U.S.
Population (June 2002 est.): 59.3 million.
Annual growth rate (2001): 0.37%.
Ethnic groups: Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic,
North African, Sub-Saharan African, Indochinese, and
Religion: Roman Catholic 90%.
Education: Years compulsory--10. Literacy--99%. Health:
Infant mortality rate--4.46/1,000.
Work force (25 million): Services--71%; industry and
Constitution: September 28, 1958.
Branches: Executive--president (chief of state); prime
minister (head of government). Legislative--bicameral
Parliament (577-member National Assembly, 319-member
Senate). Judicial--Court of Cassation (civil and criminal
law), Council of State (administrative court), Constitutional
Council (constitutional law).
Subdivisions: 22 administrative regions containing 96
departments (metropolitan France). Four overseas departments
(Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and Reunion);
five overseas territories (New Caledonia, French Polynesia,
Wallis and Futuna Islands, and French Southern and Antarctic
Territories); and two special status territories (Mayotte
and St. Pierre and Miquelon).
Political parties: Union for a Popular Majority (UMP)
[a new coalition of center-right parties, among which
are Rally for the Republic (Gaullists/conservatives)
and Liberal Democracy]; Union for French Democracy (a
center-right conglomerate of smaller parties); Socialist
Party; Communist Party; National Front; Greens; various
minor parties. Suffrage: Universal at 18.
GDP (2001): $1.3 trillion.
Avg. annual growth rate (2001): 1.8%.
Per capita GDP: $22,500.
Agriculture: Products--grains (wheat, barley, corn); wines
and spirits; dairy products; sugarbeets; oilseeds; meat
and poultry; fruits and vegetables.
Industry: Types--aircraft, electronics, transportation,
textiles, clothing, food processing, chemicals, machinery,
Trade (est.): Exports (2001)--$349.49 billion: aircraft,
automobile spare parts, pharmaceuticals, electronic components,
wine, electricity. Imports (2001)--$345.95 billion: crude
oil, automobiles and automobile spare parts, natural gas,
pharmaceuticals, electronics, aircraft spare parts. Major
trading partners--EU, U.S., Japan.