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About Paul Martin

Prime Minister of Canada Paul Martin Paul Martin is Canada’s 21st Prime Minister.

Mr. Martin is the Member of Parliament for LaSalle-Émard in Montreal, Quebec. He was first elected federally in 1988. In 1990, he ran for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Canada and finished second at the leadership convention.

From 1991 to 1993, Mr. Martin was associate finance critic and critic for the environment for the Liberal opposition in the House of Commons. In 1993, he played a key role in developing the Liberal platform for the federal election and co-authored Creating Opportunity: The Liberal Plan for Canada, better known as the “Red Book.”

Liberals were returned to power in the 1993 vote and Mr. Martin was sworn in as Minister of Finance. He served in that role from November 1993 until June 2002.

In the months leading up to November’s Liberal Leadership Convention, Mr. Martin garnered unprecedented support from Liberals right across the country.

At September’s Delegate Election Meetings and then at the convention, Mr. Martin received upwards of 93% of the vote, making him the newest leader of the party and now, the next Prime Minister of Canada.

Mr. Martin brings to the prime minister’s office an impressive track record. During his time as finance minister, Canada recorded five consecutive budget surpluses, erased a $42 billion deficit, paid down more than $36 billion in debt, invested in health care and other key priorities and put in place the largest tax cuts in Canadian history.

As Canada’s finance minister, Mr. Martin was highly regarded on the world stage and represented Canada at a series of international summits. In September 1999, he was named inaugural chair of the G-20, an international group composed of G-7 nations and emerging market nations. He is respected internationally in part for his leadership in forging a new world financial order in which emerging economies would be prevented from plunging into ruinous financial crises.

He now co-chairs, alongside former Mexican president Ernesto Zedillo, the United Nations Commission on the Private Sector and Development. The commission is expected later this year to recommend ways to boost indigenous entrepreneurship in developing nations and then implement a number of related pilot projects.

Mr. Martin was born in Windsor, Ontario in 1938. He has a sister, Mary Anne. His mother, Eleanor (“Nell”), died in 1993. His father, a distinguished Parliamentarian, died in 1992.

The Honorable Paul Martin Sr. has been an enduring influence. He served almost a quarter century in Liberal cabinets under four different prime ministers: William Lyon Mackenzie King, Louis St. Laurent, Lester Pearson and Pierre Trudeau. He was an influential cabinet minister and is regarded as an architect of post-war social policy that is an enduring part of the Liberal legacy.

Mr. Martin studied philosophy and history at St. Michael's College at the University of Toronto and is a graduate of the University of Toronto Law School. He was called to the bar in Ontario in 1966.

Before entering politics, he had a distinguished career in the private sector as a business executive Power Corporation of Canada, in Montreal, and as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Canada Steamship Lines. In addition, he has been active with a wide range of community and service organizations.

He married Sheila Ann Cowan in 1965. Their first son, Paul, was born in 1966. Their second son, Jamie was born three years later and their youngest son, David, was born in 1974.

Canada MapCanada

Canada first joined the G8 in 1976 at the Summit hosted by the United States in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Canada first hosted the G8 summit in 1981 in Ottawa, Canada. The Canadians have hosted the G8 a total of four times; Ottawa 1981, Toronto 1988, Halifax 1995, Kananaskis 2002. The Canadians last hosted the G8 Summit in Kananskis in 2002. They will host the summit again in 2010.

The Prime Minister of Canada is the Right Honorable Paul Martin.

Official Name: Canada Canada Flag

Area: 9.9 million sq. km. (3.8 million sq. mi.); second-largest country in the world.
Cities: Capital--Ottawa (pop. 1 million). Other major cities--Toronto (4.5 million), Montreal (3.4 million), Vancouver (2.0 million).
Terrain: Mostly plains with mountains in the west and lowlands in the southeast.
Climate: Temperate to arctic.

Nationality: Noun and adjective
Population (1996 census): 31.1 million.
Ethnic groups: British 28%, French 23%, other European 15%, Asian/Arab/African 6%, indigenous Amerindian 2%, mixed background 26%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 46%, Protestant 36%, other 18%.
Languages: English, French.
Education: Literacy--99% of population aged 15 and over have at least a ninth-grade education.
Infant mortality rate--5.1/1,000. Life expectancy--76 yrs. male, 83 yrs. female.
Work force (15.3 million): Goods-producing sector: 26%. Manufacturing 15%; construction 6%; agriculture 2%; natural resources 2%; utilities 1%. Service-producing sector: 74%. Trade 16%; health care and social assistance 10%; educational services 7%, accommodation and food services 7%; professional, scientific, and technical services 6%; finance 6%; public administration 5%; transportation and warehousing 5%; information, culture, and recreation 5%; other services 5 %; management, administrative, and other support 4%.

Type: Confederation with parliamentary democracy.
Independence: July 1, 1867.
Constitution: The amended British North America Act of 1867 patriated to Canada on April 17, 1982, Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and unwritten custom.
Branches: Executive
--Queen Elizabeth II (head of state represented by a governor general), prime minister (head of government), cabinet. Legislative--bicameral parliament (301-member House of Commons, 105-seat Senate). Judicial--Supreme Court.
Political parties: Liberal Party, Canadian Alliance, Bloc Quebecois, New Democratic Party, Progressive Conservative Party.
Subdivisions: 10 provinces, 3 territories.

Nominal GDP (2001): $700 billion.
Real GDP growth rate (2001): 1.5%.
Nominal per capita GDP (2001): $22,509.
Natural resources: Petroleum and natural gas, hydroelectric power, metals and minerals, fish, forests, wildlife, abundant fresh water.
Agriculture: Products
--wheat, livestock and meat, feed grains, oil seeds, dairy products, tobacco, fruits, vegetables.
Industry: Types--motor vehicles and parts, machinery and equipment, aircraft and components, other diversified manufacturing, fish and forest products, processed and unprocessed minerals.
Merchandise exports (2001)--$266.8 billion: motor vehicles and spare parts, lumber, wood pulp and newsprint, crude and fabricated metals, natural gas, crude petroleum, wheat. 86% of 2001Canadian exports went to the United States. Merchandise imports (2001)--$226.4 billion: motor vehicles and parts, industrial machinery, crude petroleum, chemicals, agricultural machinery. 76% of 1998 Canadian imports came from the United States.
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