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Greater Middle East
About Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa

Bahraini King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa His Majesty the King, Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, yesterday issued edict no. 28 for 2004 appointing Brigadier Rashid Al Zayani the Head of Public Security in the Ministry of Interior with the rank of Major-General. Maj.-Gen. Al Zayani took over as Assistant Chief-of-Staff for Operations in the BDF in 2002. He has served in the First Royal Mechanized Battalion, the Royal Air Defense and the Royal Bahraini Air Force. He was also Director of Planning and Organization in 1988 and Director of Joint Operations in 1999. Maj.-Gen. Al Zayani graduated with distinction from the aeronautical engineering program in the UK in 1978. He obtained his M.Sc. with distinction in logistics management from the Air Force Institute of Technology Dayton, Ohio , in 1980, and Ph.D with distinction in operations research from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey , California , in 1986. He was the topper in his class at the command and general staff course in Leavenworth , Kansas in 1988 and is a recipient of Sword of Honor. In addition to being a professional soldier, he was also an adjunct professor. During his free time he taught mathematics and statistics at the University of Maryland and quantitative methods at the University of Bahrain . He also taught statistics, quantitative methods, and total quality management at the Arabian Gulf University . He supervised students' theses as part of their M.Sc. in technology management. Maj.-Gen. Al Zayani was born in Muharraq in 1954. He is married and has four sons and two daughters.

Bahrain MapBahrain

Official Name: The Kingdom of Bahrain  Bahrain Flag

Area: 710 sq. km. ( 274 sq. mi.); approximately four times the size of Washington, D.C. Bahrain is an archipelago of 36 islands located off the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia. The four main islands are joined by causeways, and make up about 95% of the total land area.
Cities: Capital --Manama, pop. (2002 est.) 148,000. Other cities --Al Muharraq.
Terrain: Low desert plain (highest elevation point–122 m).
Climate: Hot and humid from May-September, with average highs ranging from 30-40 C (86-104 F). Maximum temperatures average 20-30C (68-86F) the remainder of the year.

Nationality: Noun and adjective --Bahraini(s).
Population (July 2003 est.): 667,238, including about 235,108 non-nationals.
Annual growth rate: 1.61%.
Ethnic groups: Bahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%.
Religions: 98% Muslim (Shi'a 70%, Sunni 30%), with small Christian, Jewish and Hindu communities.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Farsi, and Urdu are also widely spoken.
Education: Education is not compulsory, but is provided free to Bahrainis and non-nationals at all levels, including higher education. Estimated net primary school attendance (1991-2001) --84%. Adult Literacy (age 15 and over) (2003 est.)--89.1% for the overall population (male 91.9% female 85%).
Health: Infant mortality rate- -19.02 deaths/1,000 live births. Life expectancy-- 71 yrs. males, 76 yrs. females.
Work force (2001): 307,000 of which 59% are foreigners and 20.8% female..

Type: Constitutional Monarchy.
Independence: August 15, 1971 (from the UK).
Constitution: Approved and promulgated May 26, 1973; suspended on August 26, 1975; amended and approved by a national popular referendum again on February 14-15, 2001.
Branches: Executive --King (chief of state); Prime Minister (head of government); Council of Ministers (cabinet) is appointed by the King and headed by the Prime Minister.
Legislative-- The bicameral parliament (al-Majlis al-Watani) consists of a 40-member elected House of Deputies and a 40-member Shura Council appointed by the King. Members of both chambers serve four-year terms.  Judicial-- High Civil Appeals Court. The judiciary is independent with right of judicial review.
Administrative subdivisions: 12 municipalities (manatiq): Al Hidd, Al Manamah, Al Mintaqah al Gharbiyah, Al Mintaqah al Wusta, Al Mintaqah ash Shamaliyah, Al Muharraq, Ar Rifa' wa al Mintaqah al Janubiyah, Jidd Hafs, Madinat Hamad, Madinat 'Isa, Juzur Hawar, Sitrah.
Political parties: None. Formal parties are banned but political societies have been formally sanctioned since 2001.
Suffrage: Universal at age 18.

GDP (2002): $7.7 billion.
Real GDP Growth Rate (2002 est.): 5.1%.
Per capita GDP (2002 est.): $14,000.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, fish, pearls.
Agriculture (less than 1% of GDP): Products --With the exception of eggs, vegetables, dates, and fish, most food is imported. Types --oil and gas (16.5 % of GDP), manufacturing (12.2% of GDP), , aluminum.
Services: Finance (15.7 % of GDP), transport and communications (8.9% of GDP), real estate (7.8% of GDP), Government Services(10.4% of GDP).
Trade (2002--about 13.3 % of GDP): Exports --$5.8 billion: oil and other mineral products, base metals, textiles. Major markets --India (4.5 %), U.S. (3.2%), Saudi Arabia (2.3%), Japan (1.7%), South Korea (1.7%). Imports --$5.0 billion: crude oil, machinery and appliances, transport equipment, foodstuffs. Major suppliers --Saudi Arabia (30.2%), U.S. (11.7%), France (7.1%), U.K. (6.1%),Germany (5.6%).
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