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                      ACTIVE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA


Preface                                                        3

Organization List
African Wildlife Foundation                                    4
Conservation International                                     4
The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund                                   5
Environmental Investigation Agency                             5
Friends of the Earth                                           6
Heifer Project International                                   8
International Crane Foundation                                 9
Missouri Botanical Garden                                      10
The Peregrine Fund                                             11
Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund, Inc.                           12
Wildlife Conservation Society                                  13
IUCN- The World Conservation Union                             13
World Resources Institute                                      15
World Wildlife Fund                                            16
Reference Sources                                              18


     This modest publication is intended as a user-friendly guide to the 
major U.S. non-governmental organizations (NGOs) doing environmental 
work in Sub-Saharan Africa, for the use of American diplomatic missions, 
African governments, and the public generally.

     The Clinton Administration has made the environment a top foreign 
policy priority.  We are keenly aware of the leading role played by non-
governmental organizations in this sector, nowhere more so than in Sub-
Saharan Africa.  For years NGO's have done pioneering conservation and 
sustainable development work, often under conditions of hardship and 
even danger.  Together the NGO community represents an unmatched pool of 
expertise, as well as financial resources which are increasingly 
significant in view of the downward trend in official development 

     It is a central element of our policy to work in partnership with 
NGO's to the maximum extent possible.  To do so it is essential to 
provide our Ambassadors, their staff, and their African counterparts 
with timely information about the diverse range of American NGO's active 
in this field.  We encourage our diplomatic missions and their USAID and 
Peace Corps components not only to support NGO's in their respective 
countries, but also to communicate directly with them on matters of 
mutual interest, such as forming partnerships with African NGO's and 
identifying new and promising project opportunities.

     This compilation focuses primarily on organizations involved in 
conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.  It does not include 
many important organizations, such as CARE, World Vision, and many more, 
which are oriented primarily toward community development and welfare, 
although such work often includes significant emphasis on the 
sustainable use of natural resources.  Depending on the reaction of 
readers, we may attempt to expand future editions to include development 
NGO's as well.

     We hope to update this listing on an annual basis, and encourage 
users to draw our attention to errors and omissions, as well as 
suggestions for improvement.


                                    Elinor G. Constable
                                    Assistant Secretary
                                    Bureau of Oceans and International
                                    Environmental and Scientific Affairs
                                    U.S. Department of State


1717 Massachusetts Avenue NW              PO Box 48177
Washington DC 20036                       Nairobi, Kenya
Telephone:  (202) 265-8393
Fax:  (202) 265-2361

General Objectives:  The financing and operation of wildlife 
conservation projects with African governmental ministries.

Overview of Current Activities: 
--  Maintains an international office in Nairobi, Kenya which includes 
wildlife management, scientific and education experts. 
--  Provides technical assistance to national parks. 
--  Carries out conservation education programs in schools and 

Future Interests in Africa:  Continue to promote the conservation of 
natural resources in Africa.

Name of CEO:  R. Michael Wright

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Andy Schultheiss (Washington DC) or 
Mark Stanley-Price (Africa)

Total Budget:  $6,100,000

African Budget:  Unavailable

1015 18th St., NW Suite 1000
Washington, DC 20036
Telephone:  (202) 429-5660
Fax:  (202) 887-5188

General Objectives:  The conservation of biodiversity while building 
local capacity.

Overview of Current Activities:  
--  Natural resource conservation and historic preservation in central 
--  Conservation and building local capacity in Madagascar.
--  Conservation and education projects in Botswana.

Future Interests in Africa:  Maintaining assistance to present projects 
until they become self-sufficient.

Name of CEO:  Peter Seligmann

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Lee Hannah

Overall budget:  $12,900,591

African Budget:  $1,846,823

45 Inverness Drive East, Suite B
Englewood, Colorado 80112
Telephone:  (303) 790-2349
Fax:  (303) 790-9460

General Objectives:  To study and protect the world's 650 remaining 
mountain gorillas which inhabit a small ecosystem in Rwanda, Zaire, and 

Overview of Current Activities:  Focuses on daily anti-poaching patrols 
of mountain gorilla habitat in Rwanda and Zaire.

Future Interests in Africa:
--  Resumption of scientific field study of mountain gorilla behavior 
and afro-montane eco-system biodiversity in Rwanda and elsewhere.
--  Resumption of the graduate studies program in Rwanda including field 
study for graduate students at Karisoke.
--  Initiate additional educational initiatives in Africa.
--  Sponsorship of small-scale sustainable economic development projects 
benefiting local villagers.  This will be accomplished in partnership 
with other NGO's when appropriate.

Name of CEO:  H. Dieter Steklis, Ph.D., Executive Director

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  H. Dieter Steklis, Ph.D.  
                                     (908) 932-7602

Overall Budget:  $649,497

African Budget:  $304,556

1611 Connecticut Avenue, NW  Suite 3B
Washington DC 20009
Telephone (202) 483-6621
Fax  (202)483-6625

General Objectives:
--  To prevent the over-exploitation of animals and plants due to 
international commercial trade through investigations and increased 
enforcement of domestic and CITES regulations.  
--  To promote alternative benign uses of wildlife to the benefit of 
ecosystems, local communities, and range states.

Overview of Current Activities:
--  Conducts investigations into the illegal trade of wildlife and its 
derived products such as wild caught birds, ivory and rhino horn.
--  Promotion of improved wildlife law enforcement capabilities and 
effectiveness within and between range states.
--  Research into and development of benign uses for wildlife by range 
states and local communities, such as "ecotourism".
      Examples of projects:
        1992 - Investigation into the illegal trade in African gray 
parrots in West Africa.  Report presented to the Ghanaian government.
        1989-92 - Investigations into the illegal trade in ivory and 
rhino horn in Southern Africa.
        1992 - Initiated and cosponsored the African Wildlife Law 
Enforcement Co-operation Conference, Zambia.
        1993-94 - Research, development and promotion of ecotourism 
projects in Senegal and Ghana.

Future Interests in Africa:  Continuation and development of the above 
activities and projects.

Name of CEO:  Allan Thornton, President

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Allan Thornton, Cliff Wood

Overall Budget:  Not Available

African Budget:  Not Available

1025 Vermont Avenue NW, Suite 300
Washington DC 20005
Telephone:  (202) 783-7400
Fax:  (202) 783-0444

In Africa:
Les Amis de la Terre                      Friends of the Earth
BP 03-1162                                P.M. Bag 950
Cotonou, Benin                            33 Robert Street
                                          Freetown, Sierra Leone

Friends of the Earth                      Les Amis de la Terre Togo
PO Box 3794                               BP 20190
ACCRA, Ghana                              Lome, Togo

General Objectives:
To help people protect their planet by focusing on the underlying social 
and economic causes of environmental crises both at home and abroad, 
building coalitions and working with our international network of 
grassroots environmental groups in 52 nations.  We continue to promote 
economic reform, redefine prosperity, and empower people and communities 
to reach our broad goals.

Overview of Current Activities:
--  Benin:  Forestry, Climate Change, Agriculture, Sustainability,  
Trade/Environment, Tourism, Biodiversity, Fundraising, Women and  
--  Ghana:  Forestry, Multilateral Development Banks, Women and 
--  Sierra Leone:  Forestry
--  Togo:  Forestry, Agriculture, Sustainability, River/Dams, Energy, 

Future Interests in Africa:  Establish more African environmental 
organizations as Friends of the Earth international affiliates, 
especially in South Africa.

Name of CEO:  Brent Blackwelder, President, FOE-U.S.
              John Hontelez, Chair, Friends of the Earth International

Contact People for Africa:
Benin:  Venance Dassi, CEO
        Telephone:  229-302105
Ghana:  Theo K. Anderson, Environment and Trade Expert
        Telephone:  233-21-225-963
        Fax:  233-21-227-993
Sierra Leone:  Puck Cummings, Forestry Expert
        Telephone:  n/a
        Fax:  n/a
Togo:  Mensah Franco Todzro, CEO
        Telephone:  228-221731
        Fax:  228-221732

Overall Budget:  $2,600,000 (FOE-US)

African Budget:  $65,000

1015 S. Louisiana
PO Box 808
Little Rock, AR 72203
Telephone:  (501) 376-6836
Fax:  (501) 376-8906

General Objectives:  The HPI Africa/Near East Program supports 
sustainable, livestock-based projects to assist resource-poor families 
in Africa and the Near East.  Project participants are then required to 
pass on the gift of training and livestock to other neighbors in need.

Overview of Current Activities:  The program has offices with full time 
representation in Cameroon, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.  A 
total of 188 projects are currently being funded with smaller projects 
in Somalia, Iraq, Zambia, and Egypt.  A majority of HPI support goes 
toward small-scale dairy cattle and dairy goat projects.  However, the 
program also supports work with draft cattle, meat goats, rabbits, 
poultry, guinea pigs, pigs, and honeybees.  In addition, significant 
attention is given to soil conservation, tree and legume planting, 
animal health and nutrition, biogas, and effective use of medicinal 
plants for veterinary purposes.

Future Interests in Africa:
--  Initiate new programs in Mozambique, South Africa, and Ghana as well 
as expand its presence in Zambia and Egypt.  
--  Continue to promote sustainability and independence in all of its 
project efforts.
--  Increase efforts with groups raising indigenous livestock species 
such as ostriches and camels.  
--  Generate local and international support for its project efforts in 
Africa through in-country generated fund raising.

Name of CEO:  Jo Luck, Executive Director

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Daniel J. Gudahl, Program Director, 
Africa/Near East

Overall Budget:  $8,408,200

African Budget:  $1,432,140

PO Box 447
Baraboo, Wisconsin, 53913-0447
Telephone:  (608) 356-9462
Fax:  (608) 356-9465

General Overview:  The International Crane Foundation (ICF) is a 
grassroots, non-profit organization dedicated to the conservation of 
cranes and the communities which serve, in part, as crane habitat.  
Because human beings are also an integral part of these natural 
communities, ICF works with local villagers to promote the wise use of 
natural resources and with local and regional governments to empower 
local villagers with the necessary decision-making authority to manage 
their resources.  Key conservationists in each particular country, 
region, or village are supported, trained, and assisted in the field 
until they are self-sufficient in carrying out their conservation 
agenda.  ICF has assisted with conservation programs across the globe, 
including among others Australia, Cambodia, China, Cuba, India, Iran, 
Kenya, Korea, Nepal, Nigeria, Russia, and Vietnam.

Overview of Current Activities: 
--  Africa is home to six species of cranes, including four resident 
species and two inter-continental migrants.  These cranes draw our 
conservation focus to some of the most important wetlands in Africa, 
including the Okavango Delta, Niger Delta, Senegal Valley, Kafue Flats, 
Bangweulu Basin, Sudd, Lake Chad, and Zambezi Delta, as well as 
important small wetlands ranging from Burkina Faso to Ethiopia to Kenya 
to South Africa.  

--  In August, 1993, ICF held a workshop in Maun, Botswana, that was 
attended by 100 African conservationists from 20 African nations.  
During the workshop, participants drafted Action Plans for the 
conservation of cranes and wetlands in each represented nation.  ICF is 
currently working to implement these plans.  

--  ICF assists, trains, and advises African conservationists in 24 
African nations.  Since 1987, conservationists from Kenya, Uganda, 
Nigeria, Zimbabwe, and South Africa have attended training courses at 

--  ICF facilitates four working groups on cranes and wetlands, based in 
Kenya (East African Working Group), Burkina Faso (West African Working 
Group), Morocco (North African Working Group), and South Africa 
(Southern Africa Working Group).

Future Interests in Africa:
In 1995, ICF and the Department of Flora and Fauna in Mozambique will be 
initiating a broad-based conservation program in the Zambezi Delta, 
Mozambique.  This program will include field training for local staff, 
field research, and a timetable for prescribed water release from the 
Cahora Bassa Dam in order to restore the wetlands and fisheries of the 
Delta for people and wildlife.  Other activities will include sponsoring 
delegations of five African conservationists to train at ICF in our 
field ecology program, and field training in-country for other 
conservationists.  Field projects in Nigeria, Botswana, and Zambia are 
also in planning, as is a 1996 African crane and wetland workshop in 

Name of CEO:  Dr. George Archibald, Director

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Richard Beilfuss, Africa Program 

Overall Budget:  $1,500,000

African Budget:  $90,000

PO Box 299
St. Louis, Missouri, 63166-0299
Telephone  (314) 577-5100
Fax  (314) 577-9521

General Objectives:  The Africa and Madagascar Department within the 
Research Division of the Missouri Botanical Garden is committed to 
fulfilling the Garden's mission to discover and share knowledge about 
plants and their environment in order to preserve and enrich life.  This 
mission is supported through technical and professional training of 
foreign country collaborators, institutional support and development, 
sharing of botanical knowledge and expertise, and exchanges of materials 
for scientific research between individuals and institutions.  All of 
the Garden's programs in Africa involve significant botanical 
collecting, supporting inventories, ecological sampling, sample 
collections for pharmaceutical research and land-use studies.  
Objectives of many of our programs for Africa are taxonomic treatments 
and floras, checklists, databases, information management and 
dissemination through electronic means and active collaboration with 
host-country scientists.

Future Interests In Africa:  
--  Maintain the existing programs so that we can continue to work with 
and develop our collaborators and institutions within these countries.  
Superimpose the successes of previous and existing programs and projects 
to other African countries.  In this way we hope to expand the 
scientific exchange of ideas and materials between African institutions 
and encourage international collaborative efforts to meet the above 
--  Increased utility of collaborating institutions so that botanical 
expertise could be more accessible through service-oriented contract 
work for conservation, land-use, plant genetic resources, in-situ 
conservation, biodiversity preservation, pharmaceutical, etc., research 
--  We are presently developing projects in Congo and Uganda and looking 
for initiating projects and collaborative research programs in 
Mozambique, Angola and within the central and southern African regions 
as a whole. 
--  We have initiated the idea of producing a computerized checklist of 
all the plants of Africa.

Name of CEO:  Dr. Peter H. Raven, Director

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Dr. Daniel K. Harder, Assistant 

Overall Budget:  $19,078,912

African Budget:  $977,837

5666 West Flying Hawk Lane
Boise, ID 83709
Telephone (208) 362-3716
Fax  (208) 362-2376

General Objectives:  Develop local capacity for conservation of 
endangered species and their habitats through hands-on training and 
education in applied research and management techniques, while applying 
these techniques in real situations.

Overview of Current Activities:
--  Kenya Project:  Developing local capacity for raptor conservation 
with four goals-  1)public awareness and education; 2)student training; 
3)studies on endangered species and/or use of birds for ecological 
monitoring; and 4) development of protection for ecologically important 
--  Madagascar Project consists of two separate projects:
      1) Wetland conservation and development of community based 
conservation efforts, using the endangered Madagascar Fish Eagle as a 
flagship species for conservation.
      2) Rain forest conservation and developing local capacity to 
monitor and evaluate the impact of "integrated conservation and 
development projects" on rain forest biodiversity.
--  Zimbabwe Project:  Develop local capacity for conservation by 
providing technical training, funding and institutional support to the 
Zimbabwe Department of Wildlife Conservation and the Zimbabwe Falconers 

Future Interests In Africa:  Develop similar projects in countries where 
our expertise and abilities are not duplicated by others, and where the 
conservation need is urgent, concentrating on central and west African 

Name of CEO:  Dr. Bill Burnham

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Dr. Richard T. Watson

Overall Budget:  $4,000,000

African Budget:  $330,000

180 Montgomery Street, 14th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94104
Telephone:  (415) 627-6700
Fax:  (415) 627-6740

General Objectives:  SCLDF is a public interest environmental law firm 
which represents environmental organizations and others in litigation to 
protect the environment.  The International Program of SCLDF works in 
the areas of human rights and environment, trade and environment, and 
general international environmental law.

Overview of Current Activities:  SCLDF's current activities in Africa 
consist primarily of research into African environmental problems, 
dissemination of materials on human rights and environment, and 
examination of the environmental consequences of military activities and 
apartheid in Africa.

Future Interests in Africa:  SCLDF's future interests in Africa will 
evolve with the evolution of Africa's environmental problems and its 
legal institutions.  We may increase our activities with respect to the 
transboundary shipment of hazardous wastes and/or with respect to the 
environmental provisions of the African Charter of Human and Peoples' 

Name of CEO:  Victor M. Sher, President

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Neil A.F. Popovic, Attorney, 
International Programs

Total Budget:   $10,000,000

African Budget:  No specific budget for Africa

185th Street and Southern Boulevard
Bronx, New York 10460
Telephone:  (212) 220-5155
Fax:  (212) 364-4275

General Objectives:  Dedicated to preserving the earth's wildlife and 

Overview of Current Activities:
--  Collects and generates essential information about species, 
ecosystems, and the  problems that confront them and applies this 
information to the design of   management plans and the resolution of 
conflicts between people and wildlife. 
--  Trains national and local personnel to continue in applied research 
and in monitoring management activities.
--  Conducts long term research in Zaire.
--  Builds local expertise in Uganda.
--  Educates on coastal conservation in Ivory Coast.
--  Identified and established a protected area in Congo.
--  Scientific training for conservation in Cameroon.
--  Measuring biodiversity in Madagascar.

Future Interests in Africa:  Continue current activities maintaining an 
active, long-term field presence.

Name of CEO:  Dr. William Conway

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Dr. Amy Vedder, Africa Program 

Total Budget:  Unavailable

African Budget:  Unavailable

United States Office:
       1400 16th St. NW
       Washington DC 20036
       Telephone:  (202)797-5454
       Fax:  (202)797-5461

World Headquarters:
       28, Rue Mauverney
       CH 1196 Gland
Regional Headquarters for Southern Africa:
       PO Box 745
       Harare, Zimbabwe
Regional Office for East Africa:
       PO Box 68200
       Mukoma Road
       Nairobi, Kenya

National offices of project offices in Africa are located in:  Botswana, 
Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, 
Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.

General Objectives:  Influence and guide societies throughout the world 
to conserve the integrity, productivity and diversity of nature and to 
use natural resources appropriately and sustainably.

Overview of Current Activities:
--  Consolidates an informal network of local expertise on the regional 
--  Supports development of a conservation strategy on the national 
--  Conducts studies on the importance of wetlands.
--  Promotes natural resource management strategies and national 
standards for environmental assessment and education.  
--  Assists national environmental agencies with developing national 
strategies for sustainability.

Future Interests in Africa:
--  To broaden the regional and international conservation agenda in 
order to address the needs of people who are directly dependent on the 
natural resource base.
--  To assist with elaborating and implementing national strategies for 
sustainable development.
--  To promote conceptual frameworks and logistical structures for 
coordinating environmental action in Southern Africa.
--  To strengthen national and intra-regional capacities for 
environmental management, thereby enhancing the use of Southern African 
expertise in the development and implementation of the programme.
--  To provide leadership and technical advice on key natural resource 
management issues.

Name of CEO:  Mr. David McDowell, Director General

Domestic Contact Persons for Africa:  Catherine Allen

Overall Budget:  $55,400,000

African Budget:  $16,000,000

1709  New York Avenue, NW
Washington DC 20006
Telephone: (202) 638-6300
Fax:  (202) 638-0036

General Objectives:  WRI is an independent research and policy institute 
created in 1982 to help governments, the private sector, environmental 
and development organizations, and others grapple with one of our time's 
most pressing questions:  How can societies meet human needs and nurture 
economic growth without destroying the natural resources and 
environmental integrity that make prosperity possible?  

To address this question, WRI conducts policy research, publicizes 
policy options, encourages adoption of innovative-approaches, and 
provides strong technical support to developing countries to help them 
implement policies that sustain healthy economic development.  WRI 
carries out policy research in five major areas:  (1) climate, energy, 
and pollution; (2) biological resources and institutions; (3) economics 
and population; (4) technology and the environment; and (5) resource and 
environmental information.

Overview of Current Activities:  Activities for Africa are conducted 
through the Center for International Development and Environment.  The 
Center's primary focus in Africa is on influencing and strengthening 
institutions that affect natural resources management, access to 
resources, popular participation in development activities, and use of 
sustainable technologies.  

--  The Africa program provides policy and planning advice, technical 
assistance, information services, and other types of support to public 
institutions and non-governmental organizations concerned with resource 
management and economic development in Africa.  

--  Current project activities include improving NGO participation in 
the policy reform process, land tenure studies in Tanzania, natural 
forest management studies in Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya, and global 
climate change adaptation strategies in selected countries.  

--  WRI acts as the secretariat for the Policy Consultative Group, a 
organization composed of experts on natural resources management in 
Africa.  The PCG provides short-term technical assistance to programs in 
the field, advisory services to USAID and WRI, peer review and an 
umbrella for special Africa studies. 

Future Interests in Africa: 
--  Expand land tenure work in Tanzania to other countries in Africa.  
This work includes documenting cases where communities and local 
governments are working together to manage natural resources.  
--  Support African journalists who are interested in environmental 
--  Expand efforts in NGO participation in policy reform to include 
Botswana and Senegal.  The Program anticipates future activities in 
Central Africa on priority-setting for forest management and timber 
certification.  Possibly, the Africa Program will be working with the 
for-profit private sector in Southern Africa as well.

Name of CEO:  Jonathan Lash

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Peter G. Veit

Overall Budget:  $15,000,000

African Budget:  $1,200,000

1250 24th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037-1175
Telephone:  (202) 293-4800
Fax:  (202) 293-9211

General Objectives:  The overall mission of World Wildlife Fund is the 
conservation of nature.  The Africa and Madagascar Program at WWF has 
four principal objectives:

--  Building African capacity through training people and strengthening 
--  Linking conservation and human needs; testing innovative approaches
--  Sustaining protected areas, habitats and species of special concern
--  Planning and research for improved management
--  Addressing global threats of climate change such as conserving 
African forests

Overview of Current Activities:  WWF supports numerous conservation 
initiatives throughout Africa and Madagascar.  Ongoing projects focus 

--  Protecting endangered species 
--  Safeguarding habitats such as tropical rain forests, wetlands, 
marine and coastal areas
--  Establishing and maintaining parks and reserves 
--  Training African professionals and providing technical assistance in 
--  Developing community-based approaches to natural resource management

Future Interests in Africa:  Continue current activities

Name of CEO:  Kathryn S. Fuller, President

Domestic Contact Person for Africa:  Henri Nsanjama, Vice President for 
Africa and Madagascar

Overall Budget:  $79,939,435

African Budget:  $6,435,314


Reference Sources

Diong, Ibrahima Cheikh.  African Regional NGOs:  An Overview of 
Institutions.  August, 1994.

     This directory, sponsored by the US Department of Agriculture's 
Forest Service, Office of International Forestry, provides a description 
and commentary on African regional NGO's.  It also discusses the role 
and vision of African NGO's and how American organizations can play a 
role in these organizations.

Gordon, Rue E. (ed).  1995 Conservation Directory.  National Wildlife 
Federation, 1995.

     This excellent source lists and describes the environmental 
departments, agencies, and offices of 2391 US Government agencies, 
international, national, and regional organizations and commissions, 
colleges and universities with conservation programs, US and Canadian 
government agencies and citizens' groups, and government agencies and 
citizens' groups in countries other than the US and Canada.  Additional 
information in this publication includes periodicals of interest and 
environmental databases.

Handbook of Tropical Forestry Organizations.  US Department of 
Agriculture Forest Service, Office of International Forestry, 1990.

     This handbook contains a brief description of some of the diverse 
organizations that are active in tropical forestry and natural resources 
specifically focusing on US based organizations.

Voluntary Foreign Aid Programs:  Report of American Voluntary Agencies 
Engaged In Overseas Relief and Development Registered with the US Agency 
for International Development.  USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Response, 
Office of Private and Voluntary Cooperation, 1994.

     This publication provides an overview of the work being carried out 
by the private voluntary organizations(PVOs) that are registered with 
USAID.  Information on the geographic and sectoral focus of each PVO, as 
well as summaries on support, revenue, and expenditures are also 
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