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TITLE:  GUINEA HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES, 1993                             
DATE:  JANUARY 31, 1994


President Lansana Conte and an appointed Transitional Committee 
for National Recovery (CTRN)--two-thirds civilian, one-third 
military--continued to direct the pace of political reform.  
Guinea held its first multiparty presidential elections in more 
than three decades on December 19 and planned to hold 
legislative elections in 1994.  In a highly controversial 
election, Conte was elected President, gaining 51.7 percent of 
the vote in the final official count.  Although all 42 
political parties participated in the election, the Government 
controlled the electoral process from start to finish, and the 
opposition was denied any significant role.  The Government 
insisted on holding the elections, notwithstanding considerable 
pressure for postponement from outside observers, religious 
leaders, and the Electoral Commission itself.  The results of 
the election were contested by opposition party observers, who 
were excluded from the final hours of the vote-counting.  The 
Supreme Court, in reviewing the opposition's claim that the 
election results had been achieved by fraudulent means, upheld 
the first round victory of Lansana Conte.

Military and paramilitary forces number around 17,000.  
Responsibility for internal security is shared by a 
Gendarmerie, the Republican Guard, the National Police, and the 
Presidential Guard.  Both military personnel and police 
committed human rights abuses.

Over 80 percent of the population of 7 million people is 
engaged in subsistence agriculture, and per capita gross 
domestic product is about $430.  Guinea's major exports are 
bauxite, gold, and diamonds.  The World Bank and the 
International Monetary Fund continued to contribute to Guinea's 
economic restructuring program, which involved, among other 
things, a sharp reduction in the size of the public service.  
This austerity program created a pool of unemployed civil 
servants who continued to be a source of civil unrest.

Human rights remained circumscribed despite holding 
presidential elections involving 8 candidates and 42 political 
parties.  The Government carefully directed the electoral 
process and rejected opposition demands for important changes.  
However, all candidates had access to the media and were able 
to organize political rallies.  Against a background of 
sporadic outbreaks of ethnically based violence and recourse to 
vigilante justice by a citizenry beset by increasingly violent 
criminal activity, major human rights abuses included torture 
and extrajudicial killings by poorly disciplined security 
forces; government failure to guarantee access by attorneys to 
clients in prison where much abuse takes place with impunity; 
the executive branch's influence over the judicial system; the 
Government's continued neglect of the prison system and poor 
treatment of prisoners; and its inability to prevent vigilante 


Section 1  Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including 
           Freedom from:

     a.  Political and Other Extrajudicial Killing

There were no reports of political killings, but there were a 
number of extrajudicial killings.  Security forces used 
excessive force in responding to peaceful demonstrations, 
notably on May 25, when 31 political parties staged a largely 
peaceful, unauthorized march of more than 100,000 people in 
Conakry.  Official reports indicated that 2 people were killed 
and more than 200 injured in this confrontation.  Opposition 
leaders stated that it was only after the march officially 
ended that local authorities instigated violence by deploying 
local toughs, some of whom looted and destroyed stores owned by 
members of the same ethnic group that played an active role in 
organizing the rally.  No one was arrested, charged, or 
disciplined in connection with either the killings or injuries.

Police again used excessive force on September 28 in dispersing 
a crowd at a demonstration organized by various political 
parties demanding a transitional government of national unity 
and an independent electoral commission.  Officials admitted 
that security forces killed two persons and and wounded nine  
during the violence.  The official casualty report for the 
violence and ensuing ethnic conflict was 63 dead, hundreds 
wounded, and scores arrested.  The opposition claimed that 
mayors of the local municipalities had paid progovernment Party 
for Unity and Progress (PUP) members to disrupt the September 
28 demonstration as a pretext for intervention by security 

On February 8 in Faranah, the military authorities sent 
soldiers to control a demonstration by disgruntled youths who 
had paid to be recruited into the army and then were rejected 
by army recruiters, allegedly for their opposition sympathies.  
One soldier fired directly into the crowd, killing 3 women and 
injuring 20 other demonstrators when the youths began 
destroying the property of local officials.  Military 
authorities investigated and transferred the soldier to another 
part of the country.

On June 4, security forces fired into a crowd of protesters in 
Dinguiraye, killing Ousmane Ba and another man and injuring 15 
others.  Although an investigation was opened by the local 
prosecutor, no charges were filed or arrests made.  

In August Conakry police tortured several detainees and beat 
one person to death in a case in which the son of a prominent 
businessman had been murdered.  The police reportedly tried to 
cover up the incident by forcing a doctor to issue a false 
death certificate listing heart failure as the cause of death.  
The authorities suspended and detained the police official in 
charge of the station where the torture reportedly occurred. 
Authorities arrested two officers.  They remain under 
detention, pending a review of the case by a court of first 

     b.  Disappearance

There were no reports of disappearances.  There was no progress 
in resolving the disappearance of 63 people arrested in the 
wake of the April 1984 seizure of power and the July 1985 coup 
attempt, despite a suit filed in 1992 by the Association of 
Victims of Repression (AVR) against present and former 
government officials involved in the arrests. 

     c.  Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading 
         Treatment or Punishment

The 1965 Penal Code and the 1990 Constitution prohibit torture 
and cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment.  However, the 
police are often responsible for brutality against suspects 
and, in at least one case, beat to death a detainee (see 
Section 1.a.).  The use of beatings to extract confessions is 

Prison conditions, including those in the women's prison, are 
primitive and unhealthy.

     d.  Arbitrary Arrest, Detention, or Exile

The Penal Code requires that detainees must be charged within 
72 hours before a magistrate.  Once charged, the accused may be 
held until the final outcome of the case, including during the 
period of any appeals.  Release on bail is at the discretion of 
the magistrate who has jurisdiction in the case.  The 
Constitution proscribes incommunicado detention.  The law 
guarantees attorneys access to their clients, but this 
provision is often not respected.

In practice, administrative controls over the police are 
ineffective, and security forces rarely follow the Penal Code; 
arbitrary arrest remained a persistent threat to Guineans.  
During the election campaign security forces detained and 
tortured a bodyguard of one of the opposition candidates.  The 
authorities never brought charges against those involved, even 
after public disclosure of the incident.

In April security forces arrested two members of the Air Force, 
Lieutenant Madice Keita and Lieutenant Souleymane Dayan Diallo, 
and held them for 15 days, ostensibly for involvement in a coup 
plot.  During the election campaign, the military held several 
junior officers incommunicado for questioning; they were 
released within a week.

At year's end, there were no known political or security 
detainees being held by the Government.  The authorities freed 
Amadou Diallo, who was arrested in 1992 for allegedly plotting 
to kill the President.

     e.  Denial of Fair Public Trial

The Constitution affirms the judiciary's independence.  
However, magistrates are civil servants with no guarantee of 
tenure and are susceptible to influence by the executive 
branch.  Judicial authorities often defer to central 
authorities in politically sensitive cases.  In addition, the 
administration of justice is plagued by numerous other 
problems, including a shortage of magistrates (who generally 
are poorly trained) and lawyers (there are 45 in all), and an 
outdated and overly restrictive Penal Code.  There are also 
allegations of corruption and nepotism in the judiciary, with 
relatives of influential members of the Government being 
virtually above the law.

The Penal Code provides for the presumption of innocence of 
accused persons, the independence of judges, the equality of 
citizens before the law, the right of the accused to counsel, 
and the right to appeal a judicial decision.  Although the 
Government in principle provides funds for legal defense in 
serious criminal cases, in practice these funds are rarely 
disbursed; the lawyer frequently either receives no payment or 
provides no services to defend the accused.

The judiciary includes courts of first instance, two Courts of 
Appeal (one in Kankan and one in Conakry), and the Supreme 
Court, the court of final appeal, which heard its first case in 
April.  There is also a State Security Court, but it has not 
met since the trial of those allegedly involved in the coup 
attempt of 1985.  A military tribunal prepares and adjudicates 
charges against accused military personnel.  Since 1988 all 
judgments regarding violations under the Penal Code have been 
rendered by civilian courts.  There is a traditional system of 
justice at the village or urban neighborhood level at which 
litigants present their civil cases before a village chief, 
neighborhood chief, or council of wise men.  If a case cannot 
be resolved to the satisfaction of all parties in the 
traditional system, it may be referred to the formal system for 

Guinea did not have any known political prisoners at the end of 

     f.  Arbitrary Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, or 

The Constitution provides for inviolability of the home.  In 
public statements, the Government also stressed the 
inviolability of the home, and judicial search warrants are 
required by law.  However, these procedures are frequently 
ignored or not strictly followed, and interference in citizens' 
lives continued, primarily through police harassment.  Police 
and paramilitary police often ignore legal procedures in the 
pursuit of criminals and frequently detain private civilians at 
night roadblocks in order to extort money to supplement their 
low salaries.  It is widely believed that security officials 
monitor mail and telephone calls.

Section 2  Respect for Civil Liberties, Including:

     a.  Freedom of Speech and Press

The Government has stated publicly that it supports free speech 
and a free press, and the new Constitution provides freedom of 
expression, subject to certain limitations.  The Government 
introduced in 1992 a new Press Law and a National 
Communications Council (NCC), ostensibly to assure impartiality 
in the media.  While proclaiming freedom of the press and 
communications, the Press Law gives the Government a 
sufficiently broad range of possible restrictive actions as to 
vitiate any real protection.  It prohibits seditious talk or 
chants uttered in public, establishes defamation and slander as 
criminal offenses, and prohibits communications that offend the 
President, incite violence, discrimination, or hatred, or 
disturb the public peace. 

The Government owns and operates the electronic news media, 
with national and rural radio being the most important outlet 
in reaching the public.  It also publishes the official 
newspaper, Horoya.  Reporters for the official press, who are 
government employees, practice self-censorship in order to 
protect their jobs.  The Ministry of Communication continues to 
act as overseer of state-owned media.

In May the NCC granted free air time--only 5 minutes on 
television and 10 minutes on radio per month--to all political 
parties.  During the fall presidential election campaign, 
candidates expressed their views freely and had alloted access 
nightly to the television and radio network.  Of the total of 
240 broadcasts prepared by the candidates, the Communications 
Commission rejected one broadcast because it used an unofficial 
language (the candidate did not protest) and rejected another 
due to alleged slanderous content (this candidate's banned 
remarks were soon printed and distributed throughout Conakry.) 

A vocal and active opposition press has grown since 1992 and is 
widely read by politically active Guineans, mainly in the 
capital.  Its reporters do not practice self-censorship, and 
its articles harshly criticized the President and the 
Government.  At least one new independent journal, L'Horizon, 
was launched.  The approximately 25 existing publications, many 
launched in 1992, continued to publish despite continuing 
technical and financial difficulties.  Some newspapers are 
linked with opposition parties while others offer news and 
criticism of both the Government and the opposition.

Many political tracts, both signed and unsigned, circulated 
widely throughout Conakry and other regions, and included 
specific criticisms of the President and high officials.  
Foreign publications, some of which include criticism of the 
Government, circulated freely.

There were no known attempts to interfere with foreign radio 
broadcasts.  However, the Government showed its sensitivity to 
its image abroad by harassing several journalists involved in 
international reporting.  The radio authorities on March 15 
officially suspended Ben Daouda Sylla, a journalist at the 
state-owned national radio station and correspondent for Africa 
Number One, ostensibly for his portrayal of a "truncated image 
of Guinea," but presumably for his more critical accounts 
transmitted outside the country.  He was allowed to resume his 
duties for Africa Number One in May.  The police interrogated 
Serge Daniel, a journalist from Benin working as the Radio 
France correspondent, ostensibly because his visa papers were 
not in order, but allegedly due to his reporting on the 
political situation.

The Ministry of Higher Education exercises limited control over 
academic freedom through its influence on the faculty hiring 
process.  In general, teachers are not subject to classroom 

     b.  Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association

Freedom of association is protected by law, but there are legal 
restrictions on assembly.  The Penal Code bans any meeting that 
has an ethnic or racial character or any gathering "whose 
nature threatens national unity."  A September 1992 statute 
allows public gatherings only with prior notification to the 

Pursuant to this statute, local administrative authorities may 
cancel a demonstration or meeting if they have grounds to 
believe that public order will be threatened.  Event organizers 
may be held criminally liable if there is violence or 
destruction of property.  Local officials declared opposition 
parties liable for the destruction of property after the May 25 
march (see Section l.a.), but the Government did not press 
charges, and the case was eventually dropped.  In late 
September, the Government reported that 63 people died in 
interethnic violence following political marches in Conakry.  
The Government did not charge the march organizers with 
responsibility for the violence.  The Government suspended the 
right to march in the streets in response to this outbreak of 
violence.  During the election campaign, the Government 
permitted political parties to hold mass demonstrations 
throughout the country.

Political parties must provide information on their founding 
members and produce internal statutes and political platforms 
which are consistent with the Constitution before the 
Government will recognize them.  The 43 parties that applied 
for official recognition received it.

     c.  Freedom of Religion

The Constitution declares Guinea to be a secular State, and 
religious groups enjoy religious freedom.  An estimated 85 
percent of the population is Muslim.  The Government observes 
major Christian and Muslim holidays.  Foreign missionaries, 
both Catholic and Protestant, operate freely.

The Government and the quasi-governmental National Islamic 
League have spoken out against the proliferation of 
"pseudo-sects generating confusion and deviation" (within 
Guinean Islam) but have not restricted these groups.  The 
Constitution provides religious communities the freedom to 
administer themselves without state interference.

     d.  Freedom of Movement Within the Country, Foreign 
         Travel, Emigration, and Repatriation

Guineans are generally free to travel within the country and to 
change their place of residence and work.  Travelers face 
periodic harassment by police and military roadblocks, 
particularly at night.  Citizens commonly pay bribes to avoid 
police harassment.  Foreign travel is not restricted; many 
Guineans travel widely.

The Government restricted movement on election day.  Also, at 
the height of the election campaign, the Minister of Defense 
issued an order, without specified time limit, closing Guinea's 
land borders.  The Government had not rescinded this order at 
year's end, although cross-border movement of people and goods 
soon resumed.

There were two incidents of travel restrictions for political 
reasons.  On election day, paramilitary police at a checkpoint 
outside Conakry did not allow opposition presidential candidate 
Jean Marie Dore to pass, thereby preventing him from voting.  A 
few days later at the same checkpoint, security forces denied 
passage to opposition presidential candidate Mamadou Ba.  The 
order was reversed within 8 hours.

Guinea currently hosts approximately 580,000 Liberian and 
Sierra Leonean refugees.  An additional 80,000 Guinean 
residents of Liberia and Sierra Leone fled violence and 
returned to Guinea, where they received relief assistance.  The 
Government continued to work closely with the United Nations 
High Commissioner for Refugees and many other international and 
nongovernmental organizations to provide food and shelter to 
those designated as refugees.

Section 3  Respect for Political Rights:  The Right of Citizens 
           to Change Their Government

Throughout 1993 President Conte, his Cabinet, and the 
presidentially appointed legislature (CTRN) wielded full powers 
of government.  On December 19, Guineans had their first 
opportunity in over 30 years to change their government by 
democratic means.  However, the Government controlled the 
electoral process, and Lansana Conte was elected President in a 
disputed outcome.  A former military officer, Conte first came 
to power in 1984 in a bloodless military coup d'etat.

Following the vote, opposition candidates claimed serious 
electoral irregularities and, in particular, protested the 
unilateral annulment by the Minister of Interior and Security 
of results from Siguiri prefecture, which voted heavily for an 
opposition candidate.  They also pointed out that the 
provisional results announced by the Minister of Interior and 
Security on December 23, which gave President Conte a majority 
of 50.93 percent, were inconsistent with the preliminary 
results that they and independent observers had noted at the 
National Vote Counting Commission.  Subsequently, the 
opposition petitioned the Supreme Court to nullify the results 
that had given President Conte a first-round victory.  On 
January 4, 1994, the Court annulled the results of Siguiri 
prefecture and the city of Kankan and declared candidate 
Lansana Conte the winner with 51.7 percent of the vote.

The Government postponed the first elections for the National 
Assembly, scheduled for 1992, until 1994 pending, among other 
things, the completion of a national census upon which voter 
rolls could be based.  The Government completed that census in 
November.  The opposition alleged that the Government 
manipulated the voter census in Conte's favor, but 
international observers stated the census was acceptable.

The presidential party, the Party for Unity and Progress (PUP), 
held a preeminent position going into the December election.  
Throughout the year, the opposition made credible claims that 
the Government provided the PUP with state resources to support 
its campaigns, refused to modify preelection procedures, and 
pressured civil servants to support, or not to oppose openly, 
the PUP.  The Government rejected opposition political groups' 
demands for the establishment of a transitional government of 
national unity prior to the election.  Although the Government 
established a National Electoral Commission as demanded by the 
opposition, it was an advisory panel without authority to 
direct the elections.

PUP's strength also rested on the fragmentation of the 
opposition.  The three leading opposition parties are the 
Malinke-based Assembly of the Guinean People, the Peuhl 
(Fulani)-based Union for the New Republic, and the Party of 
Renewal and Progress.

While women are poorly represented in the Government, they 
voted overwhelmingly in the presidential election on December 
19.  All voters, male and female, were able to vote in secret 
and were treated equally.

Section 4  Governmental Attitude Regarding International and 
           Nongovernmental Investigation of Alleged Violations 
           of Human Rights

Local nongovernmental organizations primarily interested in 
human rights issues included:  the Guinean Organization for 
Human Rights (OGDH); the Guinean Association for the Defense of 
Human Rights; the Children of the Victims of Camp Boiro; the 
Association of Victims of Repression (AVR); and the Committee 
for the Defense of Civic Rights formed in 1993.  These groups, 
especially OGDH and AVR, were vocal in calling attention to 
human rights abuses but had to be cautious in criticizing the 
Government.  Following an appeal by the president of the 
International Federation for Human Rights, in March the 
Interior Minister withdrew his August 1992 suspension of OGDH 
and AVR for taking part in a political march in July 1992.

The Government does not welcome commentary or investigation by 
outside groups of its human rights practices, which it sees as 
strictly an internal matter.

Section 5  Discrimination Based on Race, Sex, Religion,
           Disability, Language, or Social Status

The Constitution states that all persons are equal before the 
law regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, language, beliefs, 
political opinions, philosophy, or creed.


Although the Constitution provides for equal treatment of men 
and women, women face discrimination, particularly in rural 
areas, where opportunities for women are limited by custom and 
the demands of child-rearing and arduous subsistence farming.  
The Government has affirmed the principle of equal pay for 
equal work, but in practice women receive less pay than men in 
most jobs.  In education, according to a United Nations 
Development Program report for 1991, females receive only 
20 percent as much schooling as males.

Violence against women, including wife beating, is common, 
although social workers differ as to the extent of the 
problem.  Wife beating is a criminal offense and constitutes 
grounds for divorce under civil law; however, police rarely 
intervene in domestic disputes.  The issue received some 
exposure in locally produced television dramas but is rarely 
mentioned in the press or given governmental attention.


The Constitution provides that the Government has a particular 
obligation to protect and nurture the nation's youth. The 
Government devotes a significant percentage of its annual 
budget to primary education.

Female genital mutilation (circumcision), which has been 
condemned by international health experts as damaging to both 
physical and mental health, is performed at an early age and  
is practiced among Muslims and animists in Guinea.  According 
to an independent expert, about 60 percent of Guinean females 
have undergone this procedure.  Grandmothers frequently insist 
on the circumcision of a granddaughter, even when the parents 
are opposed.  The most dangerous form of circumcision, 
infibulation, is not practiced.  The Government has recently 
made efforts to educate health workers on the dangers of this 
procedure, and at the World Health Organization Assembly in May 
cosponsored a resolution calling for a plan of action for 
eliminating the harmful traditional practice worldwide.

     National/Racial/Ethnic Minorities

While racial or ethnic discrimination is prohibited by the 
Constitution and the Penal Code, ethnic identification is 
strong, and mutual suspicion affects relations across ethnic 
lines, in and out of government.  The Cabinet includes 
representatives of all major ethnic groups.  A disproportionate 
number of senior military officers are Soussou, the ethnic 
group of President Conte.  In March there were incidents of 
interethnic violence between Soussou and Peuhl, including in 
Forecariah, where houses were looted and destroyed in the wake 
of a political rally, and in Conakry, where a minor incident 
escalated into fighting that resulted in two deaths.  In late 
September, interethnic violence between Peuhl and Soussou in 
Conakry led to 63 deaths.  During the election season, Malinke 
supporters of presidential candidate Alpha Conde clashed with 
mainly Soussou supporters of President Conte in different areas 
of Upper Guinea.  Presidential voting often divided along 
ethnic lines.

     People with Disabilities

The Constitution declares that all persons are equal before the 
law.  There are no special constitutional provisions for the 
disabled.  The Government has not mandated accessibility for 
the disabled.

Section 6  Worker Rights

     a.  The Right of Association

The Constitution provides for the right of employees to form 
labor unions and protects them from discrimination based on 
their union affiliation.  Only an estimated 5 percent of the 
workforce is unionized.  Most union members are government 
employees or employees of the national utilities (electric, 
water, and telephone companies.)

Guinea's Labor Code, drafted with the assistance of the 
International Labor Organization (ILO) and promulgated in 
January 1988, states that all workers (except military and 
paramilitary) have the right to create and participate in 
organizations that defend and develop their individual and 
collective rights as workers.  The Labor Code requires elected 
worker representatives for any enterprise employing 25 or more 
salaried workers.

While the new Labor Code ended the previously existing trade 
union monopoly system, most union workers still belong to the 
former sole confederation, the National Confederation of 
Guinean Workers (CNTG).  The CNTG is indirectly funded by the 
State, although officials seek to increase the Confederation's 
freedom from government control.  Independent unions and 
confederations are rapidly gaining popularity, such as the 
National Organization for Free Trade Unions of Guinea and the 
Free Union of Teachers and Researchers of Guinea.

The Labor Code grants salaried workers, including public sector 
civilian employees, the right to strike 10 days after their 
representative union makes known its intention to strike.  In 
sectors affecting "essential services" (e.g., hospitals, 
schools, media, and bakeries) some provisions for a minimal 
level of service may be required, though it is not clear how 
this principle is to be applied.

In 1993 workers increasingly resorted to strikes and threats of 
strikes to achieve their demands.  In April and May union 
leaders at the state-owned electric utility, Enelgui, led two 
successful strikes demanding salary increases.  Workers in 
Guinea's six banks went on strike for 1 week in May and 
threatened to do so again in June, seeking compliance with bank 
regulations on salaries and other issues applicable in 
surrounding Francophone countries.

Unions may freely associate with international labor groups.  
The Government continued to designate the CNTG to represent 
Guinean workers in the ILO Conference in 1993.

     b.  The Right to Organize and Bargain Collectively

Under the Labor Code, representative workers' unions or union 
groups may organize the workplace and negotiate with employers 
or employer organizations.  Collective bargaining for wages and 
salaries without government interference is protected by law. 
Work rules and work hours established by the employer are to be 
developed in consultation with union delegates.  The Code also 
prohibits antiunion discrimination.  Union delegates represent 
individual and collective claims and grievances with 
management.  Individual workers threatened with dismissal or 
other sanctions have the right to a hearing before management 
with a union representative present and, if necessary, to take 
the complaint to the Conakry Labor Court which convenes weekly 
to hear such cases.  In the interior, civil courts hear labor 

There are no export processing zones.

     c.  Prohibition of Forced or Compulsory Labor

The Labor Code specifically forbids forced or compulsory labor, 
and there is no evidence of its practice.

     d.  Minimum Age for Employment of Children

The minimum age for employment under the Labor Code is 16 
years.  However, apprentices may start at 14 years.  Workers 
and apprentices under the age of 18 are not permitted to work 
at night, for more than 12 consecutive hours, or on Sundays.  
The Labor Code also states that the Minister of Labor and 
Social Affairs must maintain a list of occupations in which 
women and youth under 18 may not be employed.  In practice, 
enforcement by Ministry inspectors is limited to large firms in 
the modern sector of the economy; children of all ages work on 
family farms and in small trades.  No minimum years of 
schooling are required; fewer than one-third of school-age 
children attend school.

     e.  Acceptable Conditions of Work

The Government has not yet enacted minimum wage legislation, 
but the Labor Code provides for the eventual establishment by 
decree of a guaranteed minimum hourly wage.  There are also 
provisions in the Code for overtime and night wages which are 
fixed percentages of the regular wage.  According to the Labor 
Code, regular work is not to exceed 10-hour days or 48-hour 
weeks, with a 40-hour workweek being the norm, and at least 24 
consecutive hours of rest each week, usually on Sunday.  Every 
salaried worker has the right to an annual paid vacation, 
accumulated at the rate of at least 2.5 workdays per month of 
service.  In practice, these rules are enforced only in the 
relatively small modern urban sector.

The Labor Code contains provisions of a general nature 
respecting occupational safety and health, but the Government 
has not yet elaborated a set of practicable workplace health 
and safety standards.  Neither has it as yet issued any of the 
ministerial orders laying out the specific requirements for 
certain occupations and for certain methods of work that are 
called for in the Labor Code.  The Ministry of Labor and Social 
Affairs is responsible for enforcing labor standards, and its 
inspectors are empowered to suspend work immediately in 
situations hazardous to health.  However, enforcement remained 
more of a goal than a reality.  Labor inspectors acknowledge 
that they cannot even cover Conakry, much less the entire 
country, with their small staff and meager budget.

[end of document]


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