Basic Elements of Democracy

 Democracy

·         Popular sovereignty

o       A people…”social contract” agreement among elements of a society to form a single self-governing country

o       Self-governing country

o       Citizens/citizenship

§         Rights and responsibilities

§         Roles of

§         Participation of

·         Elections and voting – free, periodic

o        Majority/supermajority rule

o        Minority rights

·         Representation

o        Legislatures

o        Forms of representation

o        Equality

 

Liberalism

  • Individual rights/human rights
    • Personal
    • Economic
    • Political

 

  • Civil society
  • Market economy (creates and disperses power outside of government and checks powers)

 

Constitutions and Constitutionalism

  • Constitution – alternative definitions of
  • Constitutional government/constitutionalism

·         Empower and limit government

·         Allocate powers

·         Establish governmental institutions

·         Establish fundamental rights of citizens

·         Rule of law

o        Independent judiciary

 

Politics

Government and purposes of government

  • Authority, power, legitimacy
  • Purposes of government

Political culture

Justice

Freedom

Equality

Free society

Participation