U.S. Department of State
96/03/13 Fact Sheet: Nuclear Weapons in the New Independent States
Bureau of Public Affairs
The U.S. Congress established the Nunn-Lugar program authorizing Department of Defense funds to be spent in the New Independent States of the former Soviet Union for the non-proliferation and safe and secure dismantlement (SSD) of nuclear weapons. The Defense Department has committed a total of $1.54 billion (including FY 1996 proposals) in the form of implementing agreements with Russia, Ukraine, Kazakstan, and Belarus.
SSD assistance facilitates the denuclearization of Belarus, Kazakstan, and Ukraine and the dismantlement of weapons in Russia. Preventing proliferation of weapons of mass destruction is another important goal; the U.S. will use its assistance for this critical problem as well.
Russia. The U.S. has agreed to provide Russia with over $750 million in assistance (including FY 1996 proposals). The two top priorities for this assistance have been strategic nuclear delivery vehicle dismantlement and construction of a storage facility for fissile material removed from dismantled weapons.
Ukraine. The U.S. has agreed to provide Ukraine with almost $400 million in assistance (including FY 1996 proposals). The vast majority of the U.S. assistance will be used to eliminate the missiles, their associated silos, and the bombers deployed in Ukraine. U.S. assistance will also focus on enhancing Ukraine's capability to prevent nuclear smuggling.
Kazakstan. The U.S. has agreed to provide about $170 million in Nunn- Lugar assistance to Kazakstan (including FY 1996 proposals). The largest portion of this assistance will be used to eliminate the SS-18 missiles, their associated silos, and strategic bombers deployed in Kazakstan. Other significant projects will protect nuclear material in Kazakstan from smuggling.
Belarus. Following Belarus' ratification of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty and the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the U.S. agreed to provide assistance totaling about $120 million (including FY 1996 proposals) to facilitate Belarus' transition to a non-nuclear state.
SSD Projects by Country -- figures below are proposed obligations through FY 1995 ($ millions):
RUSSIA Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination 162.00 Chemical Weapons Destruction 55.00 Fissile Material Storage Facility Equipment 75.00 Fissile Material Containers 50.00 Fissile Material Storage Facility Design 15.00 Weapons Security Storage 5.00 Weapons Security Transportation 27.00 Industrial Partnerships 38.00 Defense Enterprise Fund 10.00 Defense and Military Contacts 11.55 Emergency Response Training/Equipment 15.00 Material Control and Accountability 45.00 International Science & Technology Center 35.00 Export Control 2.26 Security Enhancements for Russian Railcars 21.50 Armored Blankets 5.00 Arctic Nuclear Waste 30.00 Research and Development Foundation 10.00 Total Russia 612.31 UKRAINE Strategic Nuclear ArmsElimination 215.00 Nuclear Infrastructure Elimination 10.00 Emergency Response Training/Equipment 5.00 Industrial Partnerships 50.00 Defense and Military Contacts 5.03 Material Control and Accountability 22.50 Science & Technology Center 15.00 Export Control 13.26 Government-to-Government Communications 2.40 Multilateral Nuclear Safety Initiative 11.00 Total Ukraine 349.19 KAZAKSTAN Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination 70.00 Nuclear Infrastructure Elimination 7.00 Emergency Response Training/Equipment 5.00 Industrial Partnerships 15.00 Defense Enterprise Fund 7.00 Defense and Military Contacts 0.90 Material Control and Accountability 8.00 Science & Technology Center 9.00 Export Control 7.26 Government-to-Government Communications Link 2.30 Total Kazakstan 131.46 BELARUS Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination 16.00 Emergency Response Training/Equipment 5.00 Industrial Partnerships 20.00 Defense Enterprise Fund 5.00 Defense and Military Contacts 7.53 Material Control and Accountability 3.00 Science & Technology Center 5.00 Export Control 16.26 Continuous Communication Link 2.30 Site Restoration (Project Peace) 25.00 Total Belarus 105.09 OTHER Defense Enterprise Fund 7.67 Other Assessments/Administrative Costs 30.40 Total Other 38.07 GRAND TOTAL 1236.12
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