U.S. State Department Geographic Bureaus: Europe and Canada Bureau

U.S. Department of State
95/11/17 Fact Sheet: NATO Partnership for Peace
Bureau of Public Affairs

Fact Sheet
NATO Partnership for Peace

What It Is

-- A U.S. initiative, Partnership for Peace (PFP) was launched by the January 1994 NATO summit to establish strong links between NATO, its new democratic partners in the former Soviet bloc, and some of Europe's traditionally neutral countries to enhance European security.

-- It provides a framework for enhanced political and military cooperation for joint multilateral crisis management activities, such as humanitarian assistance and peacekeeping.

-- It enables PFP members to consult with NATO when faced with a direct threat to its security but does not extend NATO security guarantees. Participation in PFP does not guarantee entry into NATO, but it is the best preparation for states interested in becoming NATO members.

Who Has Joined

-- 26 countries: Albania, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.

How It Works

-- Once a country has joined the PFP, it submits a Presentation Document to NATO explaining what resources it will contribute to PFP activities and the steps that it will take to meet PFP political goals, such as democratic control of the military. To date, Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, and Ukraine have submitted Presentation Documents.

-- A unique Individual Partnership Program (IPP), is then agreed to with the alliance. IPPs set forth shared objectives, (for instance, establishing democratic control over military forces; developing transparency in defense planning and budgetary processes; developing inter-operability with NATO forces) and list activities planned to meet those objectives.

-- NATO has reached agreement on IPPs with Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Sweden. IPPs for several other partners are under consideration.

-- Partners can assign personnel on a full-time basis to NATO Headquarters in Brussels and to the Partnership Coordination Cell (PCC) at Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE) in Mons, Belgium.

-- Partners may participate in an optional Defense Planning and Review Process (PARP) designed to evaluate and enhance a partner nation's interoperability with NATO. Participating states work with NATO to develop interoperability objectives, which can be used to help refine IPPs. As of May 12, 14 partners--Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, and Ukraine--are participating in PARP.

PFP Joint Military Exercises

-- 1994. Three joint military exercises were held, including "Cooperative Bridge" in Poland marking the first time NATO forces had joined with former adversaries on the territory of a former Warsaw Pact state.

-- 1995. 11 exercises are planned in field, maritime, search and rescue, and command post functions. The U.S. will host a PFP field training exercise at Fort Polk, Louisiana in August.

U.S. Policy in Brief

NATO's Partnership for Peace will strengthen its ties to Central Europe and to the New Independent States. NATO will move forward with its steady and deliberate process to accept new members, following the approach laid out by the NATO ministers last December. And we will seek a stronger relationship between NATO and Russia in parallel with NATO expansion. In the process of NATO expansion, each potential member will be judged individually, according to its capabilities and its commitment to the principles of the NATO treaty. The fundamental decisions will be made by NATO, in consultation with potential members. The process will be transparent to all and there will be no vetos by third parties.

--Secretary Christopher, March 29,1995

November 17, 1995 (###)

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