U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
MAY 1995 GUIDE TO ENVIRONMENTAL NGO'S IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
BUREAU OF OCEANS AND INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL AND SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS
A GUIDE TO AMERICAN ENVIRONMENTAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS ACTIVE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface 3 Organization List African Wildlife Foundation 4 Conservation International 4 The Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund 5 Environmental Investigation Agency 5 Friends of the Earth 6 Heifer Project International 8 International Crane Foundation 9 Missouri Botanical Garden 10 The Peregrine Fund 11 Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund, Inc. 12 Wildlife Conservation Society 13 IUCN- The World Conservation Union 13 World Resources Institute 15 World Wildlife Fund 16 Reference Sources 18
This modest publication is intended as a user-friendly guide to the major U.S. non-governmental organizations (NGOs) doing environmental work in Sub-Saharan Africa, for the use of American diplomatic missions, African governments, and the public generally.
The Clinton Administration has made the environment a top foreign policy priority. We are keenly aware of the leading role played by non- governmental organizations in this sector, nowhere more so than in Sub- Saharan Africa. For years NGO's have done pioneering conservation and sustainable development work, often under conditions of hardship and even danger. Together the NGO community represents an unmatched pool of expertise, as well as financial resources which are increasingly significant in view of the downward trend in official development assistance.
It is a central element of our policy to work in partnership with NGO's to the maximum extent possible. To do so it is essential to provide our Ambassadors, their staff, and their African counterparts with timely information about the diverse range of American NGO's active in this field. We encourage our diplomatic missions and their USAID and Peace Corps components not only to support NGO's in their respective countries, but also to communicate directly with them on matters of mutual interest, such as forming partnerships with African NGO's and identifying new and promising project opportunities.
This compilation focuses primarily on organizations involved in conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. It does not include many important organizations, such as CARE, World Vision, and many more, which are oriented primarily toward community development and welfare, although such work often includes significant emphasis on the sustainable use of natural resources. Depending on the reaction of readers, we may attempt to expand future editions to include development NGO's as well.
We hope to update this listing on an annual basis, and encourage users to draw our attention to errors and omissions, as well as suggestions for improvement.
Elinor G. Constable
Bureau of Oceans and International
Environmental and Scientific Affairs
U.S. Department of State
AFRICAN WILDLIFE FOUNDATION 1717 Massachusetts Avenue NW PO Box 48177 Washington DC 20036 Nairobi, Kenya Telephone: (202) 265-8393 Fax: (202) 265-2361
General Objectives: The financing and operation of wildlife conservation projects with African governmental ministries.
Overview of Current Activities: -- Maintains an international office in Nairobi, Kenya which includes wildlife management, scientific and education experts. -- Provides technical assistance to national parks. -- Carries out conservation education programs in schools and communities.
Future Interests in Africa: Continue to promote the conservation of natural resources in Africa.
Name of CEO: R. Michael Wright
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Andy Schultheiss (Washington DC) or Mark Stanley-Price (Africa)
Total Budget: $6,100,000
African Budget: Unavailable
1015 18th St., NW Suite 1000
Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: (202) 429-5660
Fax: (202) 887-518
General Objectives: The conservation of biodiversity while building local capacity.
Overview of Current Activities: -- Natural resource conservation and historic preservation in central Ghana. -- Conservation and building local capacity in Madagascar. -- Conservation and education projects in Botswana.
Future Interests in Africa: Maintaining assistance to present projects until they become self-sufficient.
Name of CEO: Peter Seligmann
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Lee Hannah
Overall budget: $12,900,591
African Budget: $1,846,823
THE DIAN FOSSEY GORILLA FUND 45 Inverness Drive East, Suite B Englewood, Colorado 80112 Telephone: (303) 790-2349 Fax: (303) 790-9460
General Objectives: To study and protect the world's 650 remaining mountain gorillas which inhabit a small ecosystem in Rwanda, Zaire, and Uganda.
Overview of Current Activities: Focuses on daily anti-poaching patrols of mountain gorilla habitat in Rwanda and Zaire.
Future Interests in Africa: -- Resumption of scientific field study of mountain gorilla behavior and afro-montane eco-system biodiversity in Rwanda and elsewhere. -- Resumption of the graduate studies program in Rwanda including field study for graduate students at Karisoke. -- Initiate additional educational initiatives in Africa. -- Sponsorship of small-scale sustainable economic development projects benefiting local villagers. This will be accomplished in partnership with other NGO's when appropriate.
Name of CEO: H. Dieter Steklis, Ph.D., Executive Director
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: H. Dieter Steklis, Ph.D. (908) 932-7602
Overall Budget: $649,497
African Budget: $304,556
ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY
1611 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 3B
Washington DC 20009
Telephone (202) 483-6621
General Objectives: -- To prevent the over-exploitation of animals and plants due to international commercial trade through investigations and increased enforcement of domestic and CITES regulations. -- To promote alternative benign uses of wildlife to the benefit of ecosystems, local communities, and range states.
Overview of Current Activities: -- Conducts investigations into the illegal trade of wildlife and its derived products such as wild caught birds, ivory and rhino horn. -- Promotion of improved wildlife law enforcement capabilities and effectiveness within and between range states. -- Research into and development of benign uses for wildlife by range states and local communities, such as "ecotourism". Examples of projects: 1992 - Investigation into the illegal trade in African gray parrots in West Africa. Report presented to the Ghanaian government. 1989-92 - Investigations into the illegal trade in ivory and rhino horn in Southern Africa. 1992 - Initiated and cosponsored the African Wildlife Law Enforcement Co-operation Conference, Zambia. 1993-94 - Research, development and promotion of ecotourism projects in Senegal and Ghana.
Future Interests in Africa: Continuation and development of the above activities and projects.
Name of CEO: Allan Thornton, President
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Allan Thornton, Cliff Wood
Overall Budget: Not Available
African Budget: Not Available
FRIENDS OF THE EARTH
1025 Vermont Avenue NW, Suite 300
Washington DC 20005
Telephone: (202) 783-7400
Fax: (202) 783-0444
In Africa: Les Amis de la Terre Friends of the Earth BP 03-1162 P.M. Bag 950 Cotonou, Benin 33 Robert Street Freetown, Sierra Leone Friends of the Earth Les Amis de la Terre Togo PO Box 3794 BP 20190 ACCRA, Ghana Lome, Togo
General Objectives: To help people protect their planet by focusing on the underlying social and economic causes of environmental crises both at home and abroad, building coalitions and working with our international network of grassroots environmental groups in 52 nations. We continue to promote economic reform, redefine prosperity, and empower people and communities to reach our broad goals.
Overview of Current Activities: -- Benin: Forestry, Climate Change, Agriculture, Sustainability, Trade/Environment, Tourism, Biodiversity, Fundraising, Women and Resources -- Ghana: Forestry, Multilateral Development Banks, Women and Resources -- Sierra Leone: Forestry -- Togo: Forestry, Agriculture, Sustainability, River/Dams, Energy, Transportation
Future Interests in Africa: Establish more African environmental organizations as Friends of the Earth international affiliates, especially in South Africa.
Name of CEO: Brent Blackwelder, President, FOE-U.S. John Hontelez, Chair, Friends of the Earth International
Contact People for Africa: Benin: Venance Dassi, CEO Telephone: 229-302105 Ghana: Theo K. Anderson, Environment and Trade Expert Telephone: 233-21-225-963 Fax: 233-21-227-993 Sierra Leone: Puck Cummings, Forestry Expert Telephone: n/a Fax: n/a Togo: Mensah Franco Todzro, CEO Telephone: 228-221731 Fax: 228-221732
Overall Budget: $2,600,000 (FOE-US)
African Budget: $65,000
HEIFER PROJECT INTERNATIONAL
1015 S. Louisiana
PO Box 808
Little Rock, AR 72203
Telephone: (501) 376-6836
Fax: (501) 376-8906
General Objectives: The HPI Africa/Near East Program supports sustainable, livestock-based projects to assist resource-poor families in Africa and the Near East. Project participants are then required to pass on the gift of training and livestock to other neighbors in need.
Overview of Current Activities: The program has offices with full time representation in Cameroon, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. A total of 188 projects are currently being funded with smaller projects in Somalia, Iraq, Zambia, and Egypt. A majority of HPI support goes toward small-scale dairy cattle and dairy goat projects. However, the program also supports work with draft cattle, meat goats, rabbits, poultry, guinea pigs, pigs, and honeybees. In addition, significant attention is given to soil conservation, tree and legume planting, animal health and nutrition, biogas, and effective use of medicinal plants for veterinary purposes.
Future Interests in Africa: -- Initiate new programs in Mozambique, South Africa, and Ghana as well as expand its presence in Zambia and Egypt. -- Continue to promote sustainability and independence in all of its project efforts. -- Increase efforts with groups raising indigenous livestock species such as ostriches and camels. -- Generate local and international support for its project efforts in Africa through in-country generated fund raising.
Name of CEO: Jo Luck, Executive Director
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Daniel J. Gudahl, Program Director, Africa/Near East
Overall Budget: $8,408,200
African Budget: $1,432,140
INTERNATIONAL CRANE FOUNDATION PO Box 447 Baraboo, Wisconsin, 53913-0447 Telephone: (608) 356-9462 Fax: (608) 356-9465 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
General Overview: The International Crane Foundation (ICF) is a grassroots, non-profit organization dedicated to the conservation of cranes and the communities which serve, in part, as crane habitat. Because human beings are also an integral part of these natural communities, ICF works with local villagers to promote the wise use of natural resources and with local and regional governments to empower local villagers with the necessary decision-making authority to manage their resources. Key conservationists in each particular country, region, or village are supported, trained, and assisted in the field until they are self-sufficient in carrying out their conservation agenda. ICF has assisted with conservation programs across the globe, including among others Australia, Cambodia, China, Cuba, India, Iran, Kenya, Korea, Nepal, Nigeria, Russia, and Vietnam.
Overview of Current Activities: -- Africa is home to six species of cranes, including four resident species and two inter-continental migrants. These cranes draw our conservation focus to some of the most important wetlands in Africa, including the Okavango Delta, Niger Delta, Senegal Valley, Kafue Flats, Bangweulu Basin, Sudd, Lake Chad, and Zambezi Delta, as well as important small wetlands ranging from Burkina Faso to Ethiopia to Kenya to South Africa.
-- In August, 1993, ICF held a workshop in Maun, Botswana, that was attended by 100 African conservationists from 20 African nations. During the workshop, participants drafted Action Plans for the conservation of cranes and wetlands in each represented nation. ICF is currently working to implement these plans.
-- ICF assists, trains, and advises African conservationists in 24 African nations. Since 1987, conservationists from Kenya, Uganda, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, and South Africa have attended training courses at ICF.
-- ICF facilitates four working groups on cranes and wetlands, based in Kenya (East African Working Group), Burkina Faso (West African Working Group), Morocco (North African Working Group), and South Africa (Southern Africa Working Group).
Future Interests in Africa: In 1995, ICF and the Department of Flora and Fauna in Mozambique will be initiating a broad-based conservation program in the Zambezi Delta, Mozambique. This program will include field training for local staff, field research, and a timetable for prescribed water release from the Cahora Bassa Dam in order to restore the wetlands and fisheries of the Delta for people and wildlife. Other activities will include sponsoring delegations of five African conservationists to train at ICF in our field ecology program, and field training in-country for other conservationists. Field projects in Nigeria, Botswana, and Zambia are also in planning, as is a 1996 African crane and wetland workshop in Uganda.
Name of CEO: Dr. George Archibald, Director
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Richard Beilfuss, Africa Program Coordinator
Overall Budget: $1,500,000
African Budget: $90,000
MISSOURI BOTANICAL GARDEN
PO Box 299
St. Louis, Missouri, 63166-0299
Telephone (314) 577-5100
Fax (314) 577-9521
General Objectives: The Africa and Madagascar Department within the Research Division of the Missouri Botanical Garden is committed to fulfilling the Garden's mission to discover and share knowledge about plants and their environment in order to preserve and enrich life. This mission is supported through technical and professional training of foreign country collaborators, institutional support and development, sharing of botanical knowledge and expertise, and exchanges of materials for scientific research between individuals and institutions. All of the Garden's programs in Africa involve significant botanical collecting, supporting inventories, ecological sampling, sample collections for pharmaceutical research and land-use studies. Objectives of many of our programs for Africa are taxonomic treatments and floras, checklists, databases, information management and dissemination through electronic means and active collaboration with host-country scientists.
Future Interests In Africa: -- Maintain the existing programs so that we can continue to work with and develop our collaborators and institutions within these countries. Superimpose the successes of previous and existing programs and projects to other African countries. In this way we hope to expand the scientific exchange of ideas and materials between African institutions and encourage international collaborative efforts to meet the above objectives. -- Increased utility of collaborating institutions so that botanical expertise could be more accessible through service-oriented contract work for conservation, land-use, plant genetic resources, in-situ conservation, biodiversity preservation, pharmaceutical, etc., research programs. -- We are presently developing projects in Congo and Uganda and looking for initiating projects and collaborative research programs in Mozambique, Angola and within the central and southern African regions as a whole. -- We have initiated the idea of producing a computerized checklist of all the plants of Africa.
Name of CEO: Dr. Peter H. Raven, Director
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Dr. Daniel K. Harder, Assistant Curator
Overall Budget: $19,078,912
African Budget: $977,837
THE PEREGRINE FUND
5666 West Flying Hawk Lane
Boise, ID 83709
Telephone (208) 362-3716
Fax (208) 362-2376
Internet E-mail: RBIPFUND@IDBSU.IDBSU.EDU
General Objectives: Develop local capacity for conservation of endangered species and their habitats through hands-on training and education in applied research and management techniques, while applying these techniques in real situations.
Overview of Current Activities: -- Kenya Project: Developing local capacity for raptor conservation with four goals- 1)public awareness and education; 2)student training; 3)studies on endangered species and/or use of birds for ecological monitoring; and 4) development of protection for ecologically important areas. -- Madagascar Project consists of two separate projects: 1) Wetland conservation and development of community based conservation efforts, using the endangered Madagascar Fish Eagle as a flagship species for conservation. 2) Rain forest conservation and developing local capacity to monitor and evaluate the impact of "integrated conservation and development projects" on rain forest biodiversity. -- Zimbabwe Project: Develop local capacity for conservation by providing technical training, funding and institutional support to the Zimbabwe Department of Wildlife Conservation and the Zimbabwe Falconers Club.
Future Interests In Africa: Develop similar projects in countries where our expertise and abilities are not duplicated by others, and where the conservation need is urgent, concentrating on central and west African countries.
Name of CEO: Dr. Bill Burnham
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Dr. Richard T. Watson
Overall Budget: $4,000,000
African Budget: $330,000
SIERRA CLUB LEGAL DEFENSE FUND, INC.
180 Montgomery Street, 14th Floor
San Francisco, CA 94104
Telephone: (415) 627-6700
Fax: (415) 627-6740
General Objectives: SCLDF is a public interest environmental law firm which represents environmental organizations and others in litigation to protect the environment. The International Program of SCLDF works in the areas of human rights and environment, trade and environment, and general international environmental law.
Overview of Current Activities: SCLDF's current activities in Africa consist primarily of research into African environmental problems, dissemination of materials on human rights and environment, and examination of the environmental consequences of military activities and apartheid in Africa.
Future Interests in Africa: SCLDF's future interests in Africa will evolve with the evolution of Africa's environmental problems and its legal institutions. We may increase our activities with respect to the transboundary shipment of hazardous wastes and/or with respect to the environmental provisions of the African Charter of Human and Peoples' Rights.
Name of CEO: Victor M. Sher, President
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Neil A.F. Popovic, Attorney, International Programs
Total Budget: $10,000,000
African Budget: No specific budget for Africa
WILDLIFE CONSERVATION SOCIETY
185th Street and Southern Boulevard
Bronx, New York 10460
Telephone: (212) 220-5155
Fax: (212) 364-4275
General Objectives: Dedicated to preserving the earth's wildlife and ecosystems.
Overview of Current Activities: -- Collects and generates essential information about species, ecosystems, and the problems that confront them and applies this information to the design of management plans and the resolution of conflicts between people and wildlife. -- Trains national and local personnel to continue in applied research and in monitoring management activities. -- Conducts long term research in Zaire. -- Builds local expertise in Uganda. -- Educates on coastal conservation in Ivory Coast. -- Identified and established a protected area in Congo. -- Scientific training for conservation in Cameroon. -- Measuring biodiversity in Madagascar.
Future Interests in Africa: Continue current activities maintaining an active, long-term field presence.
Name of CEO: Dr. William Conway
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Dr. Amy Vedder, Africa Program Director
Total Budget: Unavailable
African Budget: Unavailable
IUCN- THE WORLD CONSERVATION UNION
United States Office:
1400 16th St. NW
Washington DC 20036
World Headquarters: 28, Rue Mauverney CH 1196 Gland Switzerland Regional Headquarters for Southern Africa: PO Box 745 Harare, Zimbabwe Regional Office for East Africa: PO Box 68200 Mukoma Road Langata Nairobi, Kenya
National offices of project offices in Africa are located in: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia.
General Objectives: Influence and guide societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity, productivity and diversity of nature and to use natural resources appropriately and sustainably.
Overview of Current Activities: -- Consolidates an informal network of local expertise on the regional level. -- Supports development of a conservation strategy on the national level. -- Conducts studies on the importance of wetlands. -- Promotes natural resource management strategies and national standards for environmental assessment and education. -- Assists national environmental agencies with developing national strategies for sustainability.
Future Interests in Africa: -- To broaden the regional and international conservation agenda in order to address the needs of people who are directly dependent on the natural resource base. -- To assist with elaborating and implementing national strategies for sustainable development. -- To promote conceptual frameworks and logistical structures for coordinating environmental action in Southern Africa. -- To strengthen national and intra-regional capacities for environmental management, thereby enhancing the use of Southern African expertise in the development and implementation of the programme. -- To provide leadership and technical advice on key natural resource management issues.
Name of CEO: Mr. David McDowell, Director General
Domestic Contact Persons for Africa: Catherine Allen
Overall Budget: $55,400,000
African Budget: $16,000,000
WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE
1709 New York Avenue, NW
Washington DC 20006
Telephone: (202) 638-6300
Fax: (202) 638-0036
General Objectives: WRI is an independent research and policy institute created in 1982 to help governments, the private sector, environmental and development organizations, and others grapple with one of our time's most pressing questions: How can societies meet human needs and nurture economic growth without destroying the natural resources and environmental integrity that make prosperity possible?
To address this question, WRI conducts policy research, publicizes policy options, encourages adoption of innovative-approaches, and provides strong technical support to developing countries to help them implement policies that sustain healthy economic development. WRI carries out policy research in five major areas: (1) climate, energy, and pollution; (2) biological resources and institutions; (3) economics and population; (4) technology and the environment; and (5) resource and environmental information.
Overview of Current Activities: Activities for Africa are conducted through the Center for International Development and Environment. The Center's primary focus in Africa is on influencing and strengthening institutions that affect natural resources management, access to resources, popular participation in development activities, and use of sustainable technologies.
-- The Africa program provides policy and planning advice, technical assistance, information services, and other types of support to public institutions and non-governmental organizations concerned with resource management and economic development in Africa.
-- Current project activities include improving NGO participation in the policy reform process, land tenure studies in Tanzania, natural forest management studies in Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya, and global climate change adaptation strategies in selected countries.
-- WRI acts as the secretariat for the Policy Consultative Group, a organization composed of experts on natural resources management in Africa. The PCG provides short-term technical assistance to programs in the field, advisory services to USAID and WRI, peer review and an umbrella for special Africa studies.
Future Interests in Africa: -- Expand land tenure work in Tanzania to other countries in Africa. This work includes documenting cases where communities and local governments are working together to manage natural resources. -- Support African journalists who are interested in environmental issues. -- Expand efforts in NGO participation in policy reform to include Botswana and Senegal. The Program anticipates future activities in Central Africa on priority-setting for forest management and timber certification. Possibly, the Africa Program will be working with the for-profit private sector in Southern Africa as well.
Name of CEO: Jonathan Lash
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Peter G. Veit
Overall Budget: $15,000,000
African Budget: $1,200,000
WORLD WILDLIFE FUND
1250 24th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037-1175
Telephone: (202) 293-4800
Fax: (202) 293-9211
General Objectives: The overall mission of World Wildlife Fund is the conservation of nature. The Africa and Madagascar Program at WWF has four principal objectives:
-- Building African capacity through training people and strengthening institutions -- Linking conservation and human needs; testing innovative approaches -- Sustaining protected areas, habitats and species of special concern -- Planning and research for improved management -- Addressing global threats of climate change such as conserving African forests
Overview of Current Activities: WWF supports numerous conservation initiatives throughout Africa and Madagascar. Ongoing projects focus on:
-- Protecting endangered species -- Safeguarding habitats such as tropical rain forests, wetlands, marine and coastal areas -- Establishing and maintaining parks and reserves -- Training African professionals and providing technical assistance in conservation -- Developing community-based approaches to natural resource management
Future Interests in Africa: Continue current activities
Name of CEO: Kathryn S. Fuller, President
Domestic Contact Person for Africa: Henri Nsanjama, Vice President for Africa and Madagascar
Overall Budget: $79,939,435
African Budget: $6,435,314
Diong, Ibrahima Cheikh. African Regional NGOs: An Overview of Institutions. August, 1994.
This directory, sponsored by the US Department of Agriculture's Forest Service, Office of International Forestry, provides a description and commentary on African regional NGO's. It also discusses the role and vision of African NGO's and how American organizations can play a role in these organizations.
Gordon, Rue E. (ed). 1995 Conservation Directory. National Wildlife Federation, 1995.
This excellent source lists and describes the environmental departments, agencies, and offices of 2391 US Government agencies, international, national, and regional organizations and commissions, colleges and universities with conservation programs, US and Canadian government agencies and citizens' groups, and government agencies and citizens' groups in countries other than the US and Canada. Additional information in this publication includes periodicals of interest and environmental databases.
Handbook of Tropical Forestry Organizations. US Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Office of International Forestry, 1990.
This handbook contains a brief description of some of the diverse organizations that are active in tropical forestry and natural resources specifically focusing on US based organizations.
Voluntary Foreign Aid Programs: Report of American Voluntary Agencies Engaged In Overseas Relief and Development Registered with the US Agency for International Development. USAID Bureau for Humanitarian Response, Office of Private and Voluntary Cooperation, 1994.
This publication provides an overview of the work being carried out by the private voluntary organizations(PVOs) that are registered with USAID. Information on the geographic and sectoral focus of each PVO, as well as summaries on support, revenue, and expenditures are also included.
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