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U.S. Department of State 
96/11/21 Statement: Assessment of Intl Science and Technology Center 
Office of the Spokesman 
Press Statement by Glyn Davies/Acting Spokesman 
November 21, 1996 
     Assessment of the International Science and Technology Center 
The National Academy of Science, through the National Research Council, 
yesterday released an assessment of the International Science and 
Technology Center (ISTC).  The Science Centers program -- which includes 
the ISTC and the Science and Technology Center in Ukraine (STCU) -- is a 
nonproliferation program that the United States, the European Union, 
Japan, and Russia initiated following the collapse of the Soviet Union.  
The main objective of the program is to give former Soviet weapons 
scientists and engineers, particularly those with expertise in weapons 
of mass destruction and delivery systems, opportunities to redirect 
their talents to peaceful activities.  The Department of State is the 
U.S. coordinator for this effort, working closely with the Departments 
of Defense and Energy. 
The Academy assessment, done at the request of the Office of the 
Secretary of Defense, concludes that the ISTC has been successful and 
effective in meeting its primary objective -- reducing the risk of 
weapons proliferation through brain drain.  The report also concludes 
that the program has been successful in addressing secondary objectives, 
including solution of national and international technical problems; 
support of basic and applied research and technology development for 
peaceful purposes; and reinforcement of the transition to market 
economies of participating NIS countries. 
The report also notes, however, that the proliferation risk remains high 
and that this program continues to have an important role in mitigating 
that risk.  The report notes the progress made through the ISTC to 
engage and redirect biological and chemical weapons expertise, but calls 
for an expansion of activity in these areas. 
We believe that this program is an outstanding example of U.S. 
interagency and international cooperation and that it is making a 
valuable contribution to reducing proliferation risk.  It is extremely 
rewarding to see that the National Academy of Science shares this 
assessment.  We will be reviewing the findings and recommendations of 
the assessment with our interagency and international partners. 
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