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U.S. Department of State
96/11/20 Press Remarks following meetings in Beijing, China
Office of the Spokesman



                          U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
                          Office of the Spokesman

                              (Beijing, China)

______________________________________________________________________
For Immediate Release                                November 20, 1996


                                 REMARKS BY 
             U.S. SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRISTOPHER


                            China World Hotel
                              Beijing China
                             November 20, 1996



SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Good evening.  Today I have held an intensive 
series of meetings with President Jiang Zemin, Premier Li Peng and Vice 
Premier Qian Qichen.  These meetings reflect the importance that both 
the United States and China attach to strengthening our relationship.  I 
was particularly pleased that we had time to discuss at some length the 
strategic basis for the ties between the United States and China.  
Indeed our two nations do share many important interests, which we can 
best advance by working together.  I intend to elaborate on these common 
goals in my speech tomorrow in Shanghai.

Our talks today also helped prepare for the meeting between our two 
Presidents this Sunday at the APEC meeting in the Philippines.  
President Clinton looks forward to building on the positive momentum we 
have established in recent months and to setting the stage for further 
progress during his second term in office.  

In today's meetings, the United States and China reached some specific 
understandings in several important areas.  Let me go through them and 
highlight them for you tonight.

First in the broadest terms, both sides agreed that a healthy 
relationship between the United States and China is in the interests of 
both countries.  Also, in the interest of the Asia Pacific Region and to 
the world as a whole.  We are both pleased with the recent progress we 
have made and we look to strengthen further our relationship.

Second, both sides agreed to expand high level contacts.  We agreed that 
further discussions on this topic will be held by our two presidents in 
the Philippines.

Third, on non-proliferation, we discussed several important areas and I 
want to take time to go through them one by one with you.  On nuclear 
non-proliferation we agreed that both sides will work for an early 
implementation of the 1985 US-China Agreement for Peaceful Nuclear 
Cooperation.  This will require establishing the basis for putting the 
agreement into practice.  I am encouraged that China has agreed to 
formulate and adopt comprehensive nationwide regulations on nuclear 
export control.  Both sides reiterated that we will fulfill our previous 
obligations, including the May 11, 1996 Chinese commitment not to 
provide assistance to unsafeguarded nuclear facilities, a very important 
commitment on their part.  The Chinese also indicated that they are 
studying the question of joining the Zangger NPT Suppliers Committee, 
and that they will take into account US concerns regarding sensitive 
nuclear related transfers.  I made clear our strong concerns about 
nuclear cooperation with Iran.  As we move forward on nuclear 
nonproliferation, the United States is prepared to consider, as 
consistent with US law, further steps in the area of peaceful nuclear 
cooperation, even in advance of our full implementation of the 1985 
Agreement.

On missile non-proliferation, a very important but distinct area, the 
United States and China reiterated their commitment to the October 1994 
Joint Statement on Missile Proliferation that I signed with Vice Premier 
Qian Qichen.  In our meeting today the Chinese government reaffirmed its 
commitment to the guidelines and parameters of the MTCR, the Missile 
Technology Control Regime.

On chemical weapons, the United States and China agreed to seek 
ratification of the Chemical Weapons Convention by the end of April 1997 
so that both of our nations can be original parties to the Convention.  
In addition, on the issue of advanced conventional arms, the United 
States stressed the risk that is posed for the stability of the Persian 
Gulf by the sales of such arms to Iran.  

Our discussion generally on non-proliferation has advanced our 
cooperation in this area of vital interest.  But we agreed we must do 
more to achieve our goals.  I am very pleased that China has agreed to 
establish regular dialogues on global security, non-proliferation and 
arms control.  I have taken some time to go through these issues on non-
proliferation because, although they are technical, they are of very 
high importance, and those of you who have a special interest in this 
area will receive some briefings and further information after I have 
finished.

Now fourth, and turning to trade, I indicated the United States 
continues to support Chinese accession to the World Trade Organization 
on commercially meaningful terms.  We look forward to intensifying our 
discussions toward this goal that we share with the Chinese.   In 
addition, we discussed several areas of bilateral cooperation, including 
effective implementation of our agreements on Intellectual Property 
Rights.

Fifth, we had useful talks about the future of Hong Kong.  China 
confirmed its intention to honor its commitment under the 1984 United 
Kingdom-PRC Joint Declaration.  I made clear our support for a 
successful transition that would preserve Hong Kong's high degree of 
autonomy, its distinct economic and legal systems, civil liberties and 
democratic development.

We also had good discussions today, reassuring discussions, concerning 
the basis of our Consulate General to continue operations in Hong Kong 
after July 1, 1997.  China indicated its willingness to provide as much 
protection to our officials and citizens as currently exists in Hong 
Kong.   I must say a considerable reassurance to me on that point.

Sixth, we agreed to bolster our cooperation in law enforcement, in 
combating illegal drugs and in deterring alien smuggling.  I extended an 
invitation to the Vice Minister for Public Security to visit Washington, 
DC in the near future.

Seventh and lastly, on the environment, we reviewed the progress we had 
made in recent weeks on several areas of importance to both countries, 
including climate change, fisheries and toxic chemicals.  I made clear 
that Vice President Gore looks forward to strengthening our forum on 
sustainable development which he will chair jointly with Premier Li 
Peng.  Of course, the United States and China continue to have areas of 
difference which we discussed today openly and candidly.

On human rights I raised the full range of our concern including the 
treatment of those who express their views peacefully, along with 
raising also the situation in Tibet.  The United States will continue to 
speak out in the area of human rights in China and around the rest of 
the world.  The ideals that guide our actions reflect not just American 
ideals, but universal aspirations.  

As always we discussed the situation with respect to Taiwan.  We noted a 
welcome reduction in the tensions in the Taiwan Strait in the last 
several months.  We will continue to urge both Beijing and Taipei to 
pursue the resolution of their differences on a peaceful basis, and to 
resume at an early time, the cross Strait dialogue.

We also had an opportunity today, because we had more time than usual, 
to discuss several regional and global issues of great interest and 
importance to both nations and to the region.  These included most 
prominently the Korean Peninsula, where China has recently confirmed its 
willingness to participate in four party talks.  Other topics that we 
discussed of that character today included South Asia, the Middle East 
and the forthcoming APEC meetings.  

In sum, we made useful progress today.  We are committed, both of our 
nations, to developing our long term cooperation and intensifying our 
exchanges.   To that end I have invited Vice Premier Qian Qichen to 
visit Washington at a time to be determined along with my successor.  In 
order to deepen our strategic dialogue we have also agreed to establish 
regular exchanges between officials responsible for regional affairs and 
for policy planning.  My sixteen meetings over the last four years with 
Vice Premier Qian Qichen, four a year approximately, have helped to 
advance, I believe, the common interests of peoples of both countries.  
I thank him for his unfailing courtesy and for his professionalism.  He 
has shown me a good deal of courtesy and he has always been able and 
professional in all of the 16 meetings we have had over a four-year 
period.  I also want to thank President Jiang Zemin and Premier Li Peng 
for their hospitality and their courtesy for meeting with me at 
considerable length today and for their expressions of appreciation for 
me.  Thank you 

QUESTION:  Mr. Secretary, your comment about the United States being 
prepared to consider some steps for furthering peaceful nuclear 
cooperation with China in advance of their full adherence to the 
agreement.  Could you explain exactly what you mean by that?  Does this 
mean that the United States is now prepared to go forward with some of 
the billions of dollars of nuclear reactor deals that American industry 
wants?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Carol, I really meant just what I said, that if 
they are making progress toward putting the 1985 Agreement into effect, 
we are prepared to consider other things so long as we feel that they 
are making a faithful and conscientious effort and it might well include 
cooperation of the kind that you mentioned.

QUESTION:  This morning the Chinese Foreign Minister discussing Taiwan 
said that what mattered was U.S. actions not words.  I'm wondering if 
you would apply the same standard to China and its behavior towards Hong 
Kong?  Specifically its actions concerning the legislation there, 
whether you feel that their actions match the words that they agreed to 
in the Joint Declaration.

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  We will be watching both their actions and their 
words in the Hong Kong situation.  We discussed today how much it is in 
their self interest to live up to their commitments made to the United 
Kingdom to insure that Hong Kong remains a region where they have the 
rule of law, where there is respect for property rights and where the 
rights of the individual are respected as they have been in the past, 
and I think the entire world will be watching that.  I made the point to 
Vice Premier Qian Qichen that the United States and its citizens were 
very interested in this.  The matter will have high visibility as we 
roll up to the date of July 1, 1997.  So, yes, we will be watching both 
their words, but also the actions they take to carry out the commitments 
they made under  their agreement with the United Kingdom.

QUESTION:  Mr. Secretary, when you met with the Chinese leadership, did 
you raise the case of Mr. Wang Dan, and also last month another Chinese 
dissident,  Mr. Wang Xizhe, sent you a letter and requested you to hand 
over the letter to Mr. Qian Qichen.  This letter was about his 
willingness to go back to China.  Did you do so?  If yes. what was the 
response of Mr. Qian Qichen?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:   On your first question, I did raise the 
question, the answer is yes.  On the second question, I have not seen 
the letter so I cannot answer your question.

QUESTION:  Mr. Secretary, you obviously talked to the Chinese officials 
about human rights.  I have two questions: One, did Mr. Shattuck 
participate in the discussion or did he merely sit at the table and, 
two, did the Chinese actually engage with you on a discussion of human 
rights and individual cases or did they simply say these were a question 
of Chinese internal law, and none of United States'  business as their 
spokesman had said yesterday?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Human rights was discussed in each of the three 
meetings that I had today.   I suppose that probably more time was spent 
on that subject than any other with the possible exception of non-
proliferation .  You can see from my catalogue of matters, on non-
proliferation a good deal of time was spent on that.  The format of the 
meeting was that it was conducted by Qian Qichen on the Chinese side and 
by me on the American side.  That's the tradition.  That's the way that 
those meetings generally work and that' s the way this one worked.  

If I could go back to the lady that I just spoke to.  I didn't mean to 
be impolite about that at all, I simply have not received a letter.  If 
the letter is brought to our attention, we will have some comment on it, 
but the pace of  today is such that I did not receive the letter about 
which you spoke.

QUESTION:  Recently, there has been quite a tax on textiles.  Was this 
issue brought up in the recent discussions and what was the Chinese 
reaction?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  We discussed the textile issue briefly.  I 
pointed to the importance of the resumption of the negotiation in early 
December and urged that there be a prompt resolution of that issue 
before it becomes more intensified.

QUESTION:  Mr. Secretary, the Foreign Minister this morning also linked 
the issues of cooperation on U.S. non-proliferation with the curtailment 
of arms sales to Taiwan.  Is that something the United States is 
prepared to consider now?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  We are faithfully carrying out the commitments 
under the three communiquŽs.  We are accessing, very carefully, any arms 
sales to Taiwan and even though it is not called for in the communiquŽs, 
there has been in the past and we continue to limit those sales to 
defensive weapons.  So we are proceeding with that, as I say, with a 
faithful commitment carrying out the provisions of the three 
communiquŽs.

QUESTION:  Two questions: One that was put to you earlier and that was, 
did the Chinese in fact engage with you during your discussion of human 
rights or simply listen to your presentation.  And my second question is 
were your surprised at all with the nature of Mr. Qian Qichen's 
presentation this morning in which he began with the Taiwan issue and 
called it the core issue between the United States and China.

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Steve, they very definitely engaged with us on 
the human rights issues.  There was a detailed discussion of several of 
the most important and urgent issues.  Our stating our position and they 
stating their position.  It was, I think, probably the most coming-to-
grips discussion that we have had of human rights issues for some time 
and maybe the most of all.  I'm never surprised when the Chinese raise 
the Taiwan issue first.  They do regard it as the core issue; it is of 
high importance to them.  So that comes as something that I've learned 
through the course of these discussions, the importance of that issue to 
the Chinese,  and once again we had a good discussion of that today and 
its various parameters.

QUESTION:  Mr. Secretary, bearing in mind the points that you raised on 
progress, do you think that there was enough progress for you to 
recommend a summit to the President?  And do you expect a summit 
conference between President Clinton and President Jiang?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Tyler, we had a good discussion of the issue of 
the highest-level meetings.  I think I will save my recommendations for 
the President himself.  I do expect that this matter will be discussed 
between the two Presidents when they meet in Manila in four days.  

Thank you very much, and thank you for your patience and courtesy. 


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