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U.S. Department of State
96/11/14 Statement: Paris Peace Implementation Council Steering Group
Office of the Spokesman

                       U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
                        Office of the Spokesman

                           (Paris, France)
Text as Prepared for Delivery                     November 14, 1996

                            STATEMENT BY
                          WORKING SESSION

                International Conference Center
                           Paris, France

	I want to thank Foreign Minister de Charette for hosting this 
important meeting.  Let me express my gratitude to France for the vital 
part it has played in the effort to secure peace with justice for the 
people of Bosnia.  Today's Steering Board meeting is another important 
step in that long-term effort.

	One year ago today, we were beginning the final week of the talks 
that ended the war.  I remember that we were tantalizingly near to 
closure, and potentially just as near to closing down.  The world was 
watching, waiting, to see if the parties, with the support of the 
international community, could break through the mistrust.  We proved 
the doubters wrong then, and we have many times since.

	We have made tremendous strides together in the year since Dayton.  
We have separated the warring armies.  Railways and airports are 
reopening, and people are resuming normal lives.  Elections have given 
the people of Bosnia a say in their future.  The three members of 
Bosnia's new Presidency have met together seven times, and each time 
their dialogue has become more substantive.

	For all of the progress that we have made over the last year, much 
more remains to be done.  Our task today is to chart the course for our 
future civilian implementation efforts in Bosnia.  

	Today we have before us Guiding Principles that we have agreed to 
for the Civilian Consolidation Plan for the next two years.  The Plan 
includes a 13-point action agenda dealing with such key issues as 
respecting human rights, building institutions and ensuring freedom of 
movement.  In particular, I want to highlight the action agenda's call 
for full cooperation by the parties with the War Crimes Tribunal, and 
for indicted persons to be surrendered without delay.

	Today the Steering Board has also agreed to several other critical 
steps that must be taken to move ahead with civilian implementation:  

-- We will hold the parties to an increasingly greater level of 
responsibility for the functions such as assuring freedom of movement 
and resettlement of refugees now undertaken or coordinated by the 
international community.

-- We have made it clear to the parties that the Security Council will 
consider imposing measures if they fail to significantly meet their 
obligations under the Peace Agreement.

-- We will link economic reconstruction assistance to the implementation 
by the parties of the Agreement -- including cooperation with the War 
Crimes Tribunal.
-- We have agreed that the OSCE will prepare and conduct the municipal 
elections in 1997. 

	The Guiding Principles we have agreed to today clearly establish 
the commitments that must be met and the responsibilities that must be 
undertaken if we are to achieve success over the next two years.

	We must recall that the heart of the Dayton Agreement is the 
effective functioning of joint institutions for a unified state.  That 
goal is not yet fully achieved.  I understand how difficult this has 
been.  But now is the time to put aside procedural disputes and to 
concentrate on shared interests.  It is vital that you move forward with 
the selection of the Council of Ministers.  Bosnia's Parliamentary 
Assembly must also meet and start doing business.  All the 
representatives to the Constitutional Court must be appointed.  You have 
a responsibility to the people who have elected you, to the process you 
embraced, and to future generations to make these institutions work.

	In the coming months, the civilian side of implementation and the 
efforts of the High Representative will take on even greater importance.  
The international community must strengthen our support for his efforts, 
just as Bosnia's leaders must cooperate in good faith.  In particular, 
we must speed up the pace of reconstruction assistance. We must 
translate pledges into money, and money into projects on the ground, so 
that people can see the tangible benefits of peace and gain a stake in 
preserving them.  We must also strengthen the International Police Task 
Force.  We need a high caliber force that has the authority to respond 
effectively as problems arise.

	Cooperation with the War Crimes Tribunal is also crucial.  For 
Serbia, Croatia, and each entity within Bosnia, it is an essential 
condition for rejoining the international community.  I am pleased that 
the Bosnian Serb leaders have taken steps to remove indicted war 
criminals, including General Mladic, from positions of authority.  But 
they will not meet their obligations until these war criminals are 
turned over to the Tribunal.

	In the months ahead, we will face these and many other practical 
challenges together.  We must at all times remember that our purpose is 
to help build a peaceful, democratic and unified Bosnia.  We can only 
assist the process if Bosnia's elected leaders continue to move toward 
that goal.  A minimum condition for U.S. reconstruction assistance to 
each entity is that it participates, fully in good faith, in creating 
and running of joint institutions.  Each must also cooperate with the 
international community to hold successful municipal elections in 1997.  
We expect nothing less than full cooperation with the OSCE between now 
and the elections.

	Everything we are doing has a straightforward purpose.  It is to 
implement the Dayton Agreement in letter and in spirit.  That is the 
only option we can consider, the only goal we can support, the only way 
to achieve a lasting peace in Bosnia.  It is why we have all come to 
Paris this week.  And it is what we will continue to move forward when 
we come together again next month in London.

	Our goal is for Bosnia and its neighbors to rejoin Europe as 
stable, democratic and tolerant states.  Our goal is for Bosnia to 
emerge as a European nation in the Balkans, not as a Balkanized nation 
on the periphery of Europe.

	We have our road-map; we know the direction in which we are 
heading and we have long ago decided that there is no turning back.  Let 
us continue to travel the road to peace together.

	Thank you very much.

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