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U.S. Department of State
96/11/13 Remarks with French Foreign Minister de Charette
Office of the Spokesman

                      DEPARTMENT OF STATE
                    OFFICE OF THE SPOKESMAN

For Immediate Release                       November 13, 1996

                         REMARKS BY

                       Quai d‚Orsay

MINISTER DE CHARETTE: (Through Interpreter) You may have noticed that 
I‚m wearing a pocket handkerchief.  It‚s an attempt to do as well as 
Warren Christopher who in this domain has always enjoyed my utmost 
respect.  We began with a little private talk and we‚ll be pursuing our 
work over a working dinner with the delegations right after this press 
conference.  In our private discussion, we spoke mainly about the 
conference that will be held tomorrow on Bosnia and Herzegovina and on 
the whole issue of Zaire.   

First on the question of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the conference.  
With the upcoming conference to be held in London within three weeks, 
the main purpose of tomorrow‚s conference is to lay the ethical 
foundation linking the international community and the Bosnian 
authorities over the next two years.  France, in Florence, put forward a 
consolidation plan that has been the object of a lot of work since 
January and is now the basis of the documents that will be coming out of 
tomorrow‚s conference.  The document that will be coming out of 
tomorrow‚s conference is a moral, ethical contract, binding, on the one 
hand, the international community and, on the other hand, the Bosnian 
authorities for the period of 1997 and 1998.  

It will then be up to the Bosnian and Herzegovinian authorities to 
establish the necessary institutions laid down in this contract.  And of 
course to solve the key, the central issue at hand, the problem of 
refugees.  And also to deepen their cooperation with the international 
war crimes tribunal, so that those who are under accusation by that 
tribunal can be taken there and judged.  And in passing, we mustn‚t lose 
sight of the need to establish the right and to show the respect to the 
free movement and of a market economy that can ensure recovery.  

On the basis of these commitments, the international community agrees to 
come to the assistance of Bosnia and Herzegovina to ensure recovery and 
further development.  

Tomorrow‚s conference will not be dealing with military issues at hand, 
that is, the future possible mandate of the IFOR when the present 
mandate expires.  These questions have to be dealt with in a military 

On the question of Zaire, we discussed at some length, Warren 
Christopher and myself -- and we‚re pleased to announce that in the wake 
of the very, very recent decision of President Bill Clinton, the 
international community will be intervening on a humanitarian basis in 
Zaire to save millions of lives.  Canada has offered its services in 
leading this humanitarian operation.  We immediately agreed with this 
excellent proposal.  We‚ve already begun to work out the ways and means 
and we‚ll pursue that work, and we have reaffirmed the need for France 
and the United States to work as closely as possible to ensure the best 
outcome of this operation.

It was a great pleasure for me to speak with Warren Christopher and it‚s 
a great pleasure for me to host a dinner for him.  I realize that most 
of you think that there are a host of problems, of disagreements 
separating the United States and France.  You‚re off base, you‚re 
totally wrong.   Your impressions are totally false and groundless.  
Presidents Clinton and Chirac have excellent relations, they get along 
great -- and I personally have a great deal of respect and friendship 
for Warren Christopher.  And there is no issue, no bone of contention, 
that France and the United States will not be able to overcome.

I‚ll prove it to you in a few moments, but first I‚d like to give the 
floor to Warren Christopher.

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Mr. Minister, let me thank you for your 
hospitality in hosting this dinner tonight but also for France‚s 
leadership in hosting the meeting tomorrow.  We are at a very critical 
stage in Bosnia.  We are emphasizing now the need to implement the 
Dayton agreement; to move into a situation where reconstruction can take 
place and some of the benefits of peace can be brought home to the 
people of Bosnia. 

As Minister de Charette has just indicated, tomorrow we‚ll be focusing 
on how the international community can work together to achieve that.  
He has well described the focus of tomorrow‚s meeting.  I do want to 
underscore the many issues on which we‚ve worked very closely together 
in Bosnia -- the elections, the war crimes tribunal and certainly IFOR, 
where France has played a leading role along with the United States and 
United Kingdom.  

There are many other issues that we‚ll be able to take up tonight, I 
hope, including the Middle East and NATO, places where we have a current 
and historic convergence of our interests, and the United States is, I 
think, very fortunate to have an ally of the quality of France.  I‚ll be 
telling my successor when I leave in January what I‚ve said several 
times before -- that when the United States and France are working 
together, we can achieve very important and decisive progress that would 
not come about if we were not working together in the way that we have 
in the past.  

Mr. Minister, thank you very much for the cooperation that you are 
giving at the present time.  We‚ve got lots of work to do together in 
the next two months and I wish you well in the years ahead.  Thank you 
very much. 

QUESTION:  Mr. Secretary, is there a reason for concern that the 
fighting in Bosnia will escalate (inaudible)?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  I think we‚ve been very fortunate to come 
through this year with no serious incidents, no attacks on the IFOR 
troops, and I urge all of the people in Bosnia to avoid the kind of 
incident that took place yesterday; that is not constructive, and it can 
only harm efforts to achieve peace there.  The freedom of movement is 
one of the primary matters that needs to be worked on in the future.  As 
the Foreign Minister has said, the return of the refugees to areas where 
they lived before is one of the unfulfilled aspects of the Dayton 
agreement, and we‚ll be talking about that later tonight.  We‚ll also be 
talking with all the Bosnian parties on that subject. I did raise it 
this afternoon and urged the parties to give greater attention to that 

QUESTION:  What is the U.S. commitment going to be in Zaire?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Well, as we all know, there is a humanitarian 
crisis in Eastern Zaire that the international community has been 
talking about over the last several days.  What was announced tonight in 
Washington is that the United States has agreed, in principle, to 
participate in a humanitarian endeavor there under the leadership of 
Canada.  We expressed appreciation to Canada for their willingness to 
take the lead in this humanitarian endeavor.  We also expressed 
appreciation to France and the other members of the international 
community who‚ve shown a willingness to participate in this.  With 
respect to the detailed modalities, they‚ll be worked out in discussions 
over the next several days between the military officials of the 
countries involved, and I don‚t want to speculate on the precise 
details.  As I say, those will be worked out over the next several days 
as we hear from the survey team that went into the area, as well as 
getting the input from France and other countries who are knowledgeable 
in that area.

QUESTION : What more needs to be done to fully implement the Dayton 

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Well, there are obviously a number of steps that 
need to be taken.  Probably, the most important is to get on with the 
reconstruction which can create a more normal economy and provide jobs 
in the region.  There will need to be the municipal elections sometime 
next year.  I met with Ambassador Frowick who will once again head up 
that election endeavor.  There needs to be, I think, a more active 
international police force, which will be one of the elements and, as 
you know, NATO will be discussing over the next days and weeks whether 
there will be an international military presence there after IFOR 
withdraws -- whether that will be necessary.  There‚s lots of work yet 
to do in Bosnia, but I think what we ought to recognize is that peace 
continues in that region that was torn by four years of war.

MINISTER DE CHARETTE: (Through Interpreter) You‚ve put many questions to 
the Secretary of State and I think that will be enough for today.  I‚ve 
put together a little present here for Warren Christopher because he‚ll 
be having a lot of leisure reading time in the future, and also to 
deepen and reinforce his knowledge of the French language.  He knows 
more than you think.  These are the books that have received awards this 
year.  In fact, I‚m pointing this out for the benefit of the American 
press because the French press knows that this is quite fresh, just a 
few days ago.  I think it would be a great honor, quite appreciated by 
the authors of these works, to know that they‚re now in the hands of the 
American Secretary of State. 

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Thank you very much, Mr. Minister.  I look 
forward to taking these to California with me and they will be good 
companions.  I‚m very grateful to you; they‚ll remind me of our good 
times together.  Thank you so much.

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