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U.S. Department of State
96/10/11 Remarks in Tanzania
Office of the Spokesman

                         U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
                          Office of the Spokesman
                             (Arusha, Tanzania)
For Immediate Release                               October 11, 1996

                             WARREN CHRISTOPHER

                              Novotel, Mt. Meru
                               Arusha Tanzania
                              October 11, 1996

	Good Afternoon.  I have come to Arusha to meet with President 
Mkapa, President Moi, President Museveni, former President Nyerere, and 
foreign ministers from around the region.  I want to thank President 
Mkapa for hosting today's meetings and our other colleagues for 
participating in them.

	The most urgent issue on our agenda today is Burundi.  The United 
States condemned the July coup in Burundi and we have supported regional 
leaders in their extraordinary efforts to resolve the conflict.  Our 
goals are clear:  to restore democracy, to protect minority rights and 
to prevent further bloodshed.  These goals cannot be achieved by force 
of arms or imposed by one group of Burundians over another.  The United 
States calls on both sides in the conflict to suspend their hostilities 
and to begin all-party negotiations.

	Of course we cannot dictate the terms of a settlement; that is the 
responsibility of Burundi's people.  Our responsibility is to press both 
sides to reach an agreement that allows all the people of Burundi to 
live together in a secure and democratic country.  

	When we see progress, we must be ready to recognize it.  Both 
sides have expressed a willingness to negotiate.  Mr. Buyoya's decision 
to reopen the National Assembly and to lift the ban on political parties 
is encouraging.  The rebel groups must know that we expect them to 
choose dialogue as well.  It is time for all sides to stop the killing 
and to start talking.

	With good faith on all sides and the continued engagement of a 
united region, we believe a peaceful settlement is attainable.  Should 
the situation in Burundi deteriorate further, however, the international 
community must be prepared to act quickly to prevent a humanitarian 
catastrophe.  Yesterday at the OAU, I called for the creation of an 
African Crisis Response Force so that the continent will have the 
ability to respond rapidly and effectively to crises in Africa and 

	We also spoke today about our efforts to encourage the voluntary 
repatriation of Rwandan refugees.  The U.S. has provided $850 million in 
humanitarian aid to this region since 1993.  We recognize the burden the 
countries of this region have faced and we appreciate their generosity.  
But we must now pursue a more comprehensive approach to the problem the 
camps pose.  

	We believe it is time to close the camps closest to the Rwandan 
border that pose the greatest security threat.  The refugees should be 
encouraged to return voluntarily to Rwanda, which we believe most can 
now do safely.  Where that is not possible, they should be moved to 
camps further from the border.

	Later today, I will meet with Louise Arbour, the Chief Prosecutor 
of the International War Crimes Tribunal.  The Tribunal serves a 
critical purpose -- not just to punish genocide in Rwanda but to deter 
genocide in Burundi and elsewhere.  The United States has been the 
strongest supporter of the Rwanda Tribunal.  I am pleased to announce 
that we will contribute an additional $650,000 for its work, which will 
be tied to improvements in its management.  Today, I urged all the 
governments of this region to cooperate fully with this effort.

	Finally, we spoke today about the East African nations' growing 
political and economic cooperation.  The United States strongly supports 
the East African Community's effort to create a single East African 
marketplace.  It is a reminder that most of the nations and people of 
East Africa are moving away from conflict and catastrophe, even as they 
try to resolve the crises in Burundi and Rwanda. 

	The United States will stand with them as they move toward 
democracy, free markets and integration.  And we will continue to work 
with them as they try to heal the region's remaining wounds.

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