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U.S. Department of State
96/09/11 Statement: UN Adopts Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
Office of the Spokesman

                      U.S. Department of State
                      Office of the Spokesman
For Immediate Release                             September 11, 1996



	The UN General Assembly's vote yesterday to adopt the 
Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) was a landmark decision 
that will strengthen the security of the United States and that of every 
nation in the world.  It moves us toward the fulfillment of a decades-
old dream that there will be no nuclear explosions anywhere.  This dream 
has been shared by world leaders beginning with Presidents Eisenhower 
and Kennedy.

	The CTBT will prohibit any nuclear explosion, whether for military 
or peaceful purposes.  It will effectively constrain the development and 
improvement of nuclear weapons, and contribute to the prevention of 
nuclear proliferation and our ultimate goal of nuclear disarmament.
	President Clinton's personal leadership played a key role in the 
success of the CTBT negotiations.  The President's decision in July 1993 
to extend the moratorium on U.S. nuclear testing laid the groundwork for 
the negotiations, and his announcement in August 1995 that the United 
States would support a zero-yield CTBT paved the way for resolution of 
one of the Treaty's central issues. 

	Of course, this success would not have been possible without the 
strong and unstinting efforts of so many of our allies and friends 
around the world.  I want especially to acknowledge the role played by 
the Government of Australia, which led the effort to bring the CTBT to 
the UN. 

	This treaty demonstrates the power of the international community 
to unite around a great goal, and to act together to improve the 
security of all its members.  The United States calls upon all nations, 
especially those with a historic commitment to the CTBT, to sign and 
ratify it without delay. 

	We have another landmark arms control opportunity before us this 
week as the Senate is considering the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).  
This Convention is of critical importance to the security of the United 
States.  The threat of chemical weapons, whether in the hands of 
governments or terrorists, is one of the most pressing security 
challenges we face in the post-Cold War era.

	The CWC is a crucial tool in our global fight against chemical 
weapons proliferation.  It establishes an international legal basis to 
seek out and isolate anyone who seeks to develop, produce or stockpile 
chemical weapons.

	The CWC has bipartisan backing.  It was negotiated during the 
Reagan and Bush Administrations and has the full support of President 
Clinton.  We urge prompt ratification of the CWC to demonstrate to the 
world our determination to defeat the rogue states or terrorists who 
would use such weapons of mass destruction.

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