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U.S. Department of State
96/09/05 Press Briefing with French ForMin de Charette, France
Office of the Spokesman

                         U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
                         Office of the Spokesman

                            (Paris, France)

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                             September 5, 1996

                         JOINT PRESS AVAILABILITY

               At the Foreign Ministry (Quai D'Orsay)
                          Paris, France
                        September 5, 1996

FOREIGN MINISTER DE CHARETTE:  Ladies and Gentlemen, thank you for 
coming out in such large numbers for this press conference.  I have just 
had an excellent working meeting with Warren Christopher.  You know that 
this meeting follows on the heels of a decision that was made in Lyon on 
the 27th of June where we decided that in order to further enhance and 
strengthen Franco-US concentration, we would be meeting together again, 
here in Paris, at the beginning of September.  And we bid Warren 
Christopher and his entire staff a warm welcome here in Paris.

We've had in-depth talks during the working session.  We have also 
decided to continue with this intensive Franco-US cooperation and to see 
one another again at the end of November
in Washington.  
We obviously discussed a vast number of issues, I won't touch upon them 
all right now, but I would like to highlight just some of the most 
important points.  Just to pre-empt any questions you might have on the 
subject, yes indeed we did speak about Iraq.  We have agreed to take the 
results of our talks forward, to the meeting with the President of the 
Republic, in just a few moments, and it's just after that's concluded 
that we will be able to share with you the results of our talks.  Please 
be patient!

Obviously, we had in-depth discussions on all those issues that are most 
vital to Franco-American cooperation and concentration.  One of the 
things that we noted was considerable convergence of views on the future 
of the Atlantic Alliance and the security of European countries.  One of 
the main topics that we discussed was, of course, the renovation of the 
alliance, which will be the object of the main decisions taken at the 
Brussels Summit meeting.  We also discussed the enlargement of the 
alliance, which will be placed against the backdrop of the broader 
context of security in Europe.  And speaking on the issue of European 
security in a broader sense, we both agree that at the end of all of the 
work that lies ahead of us and at the end of the decisions that are to 
be taken, each party involved should be fully satisfied in its ability 
to freely determine the terms of its own security in Europe.

On Bosnia, we both recalled the deep and acute attention that both of 
our countries pay to developments there, and in particular to the full 
implementation of the terms of the agreement negotiated in Dayton and 
signed in Paris.  This, obviously, covers the next milestone in the 
process, the elections to be held on the 14th of September and which 
should constitute a decisive step in the entire process, and obviously 
we'll be paying careful attention to developments there.  We also 
reached an agreement on the need to organize and to set up a peace 
consolidation plan in Bosnia.  This is something that was done at the 
behest of France.  The details of this shall be finalized during a 
ministerial-level steering committee meeting to be held sometime during 
the autumn.  

Obviously,. we had an exchange of views, information and analyses on the 
situation in the Middle-East, once again, underscoring our desire to see 
the peace process get on track.  In fact, this has led us to the 
objective observation that there do not exist separate policies in the 
Middle-East, a French policy and the U.S. policy ,which is somehow very 
different in nature.  Quite the contrary, what does exist is a 
convergence of efforts to make sure that the peace process does get back 
on track.  

I don't want to go on at any greater length.  I'll hand over to Warren.  
But before I do leave, I would just like to once again stress that our 
meeting took place in an atmosphere that was very friendly, very 
serious, very dispassionate and once again, what we saw was a strong 
convergence of projects and initiatives on both sides.

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Thank you very much, you've given such a 
comprehensive summary that there is little for me to do except first to 
thank you and your colleagues for your generous hospitality and for 
producing such a gorgeous day in Paris.  I also want to thank you for 
pre-empting all the questions on Iraq, that's very thoughtful of you to 
do that.  I want to emphasize the convergence of ideas and policies that 
came out of these discussions.  I think this was probably the best 
meeting that we've had, the most harmonious one that made the most 
progress on these subjects. 

This is a big year for the Alliance and for Western Europe.  We have a 
great deal to do with the modernization of NATO, a new NATO and a new 
Europe and with the meeting this December of the North Atlantic Council, 
I think we have an opportunity to make great progress in looking to the 
days of 1997.

In addition, on Bosnia, the upcoming elections and the formation of a 
government to follow the elections is a culmination of a great deal of 
work that we've done together, beginning from the earliest days and the 
culmination of the Dayton conference and now these events.  One thing 
that I might add, and that is we talked about the great importance of a 
comprehensive test ban treaty in which France and the United States have 
worked so closely together.  I believe we're now up in addition to more 
that 80 co-sponsors of the Resolution at the General Assembly, based 
upon the Australian text, and are anxious to enlist additional co-
sponsors so that we can achieve a very positive result on that front.  

But with those very few additions, I just want to thank the Minister 
again for staging an excellent meeting for us here and for summarizing 
it so well.  Now in the time we have, I will be glad to respond to your 

QUESTION: Mr. Secretary: You probably do have sound reasons for wanting 
to be firm when it comes to dealing with Iran.  One thing that I fail to 
understand however, is in the case if Iraq, why you've failed to try to 
curtail the assault of some Churlish factions in that part of the 
country, which are obviously Churlish factions that are benefiting from 
support from Iran and whose aim is to destabilize that part of the 

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Well, we have long sought a reconciliation 
between the two Kurdish groups and we hope we can get those discussions 
back under way.  I would think that each of the two factions would not 
benefit from assistance from the outside or at least would not want to 
be involved either with Iran or with Saddam Hussein.  As soon as we have 
an opportunity to do so, we are going to try to promote the 
reconciliation between the two Kurdish groups because there is so much 
humanitarian need there.  There is so much poverty that certainly their 
resources and energy should not be caught up in this fighting and split, 
and we want to get back to that particular track just as soon as we can.

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Just a minute, not to leave any doubt,  we 
strongly oppose the involvement of Iran on the side of Mr. Talabani's 
group of Kurds just as we strongly oppose the involvement of Saddam with 
respect to Barzani.  Neither one of those seems to us to be constructive 
or healthy for the groups of Kurds.

FOREIGN MINISTER DE CHARETTE:  We apologize we have to be at the Elysee 
right now in fact so we can have time for just one more question.

QUESTION:  The question to you, Mr. Secretary, is what would the United 
States do if the Iraqis do not respect the newly-defined no-fly zone up 
to the 35th parallel because the United States unilaterally imposed had 
imposed this extended no-fly zone and France apparently does not go 
along with this?

SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  The United States intends to enforce the new 
"no-fly zone" as defined by the President.  But let me emphasize what 
the Foreign Minister said.  He and I had a discussion of these matters, 
we intend to carry on these discussions with the President of France, 
and thereafter will be reporting to you further with respect to the 
outcome of those discussions.  So I don't want anything I say in any way 
to pre-empt the fact that the important discussions lie ahead with the 
President of France on that subject.

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