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U.S. Department of State
96/05/07 Remarks at American Chamber of Commerce-Mexico City
Office of the Spokesman

                            US STATE DEPARTMENT 
                          Office of the Spokesman 
                              (Mexico, City) 
For Immediate Release                                  May 7, 1996 
Text As Prepared For Delivery 
                 Remarks by Secretary of State Christopher
                                  to the
                 American Chamber of Commerce-Mexico City. 
Thank you, Mack, for that very kind introduction.  It is a great 
pleasure to be here with you this morning.  I want to commend the 
Chamber for the constructive role you have long played to support trade 
and investment opportunities between our two nations-- and to help bring 
NAFTA from a bold vision to a successful reality. 
One of the privileges and pleasures of my job is working with people of 
the caliber of Mack McLarty.  Mack is a trusted Counselor to the 
President, an effective advocate for American business, and one of the 
guiding forces of the Miami Summit and the process of economic 
integration that it has spurred through the hemisphere. 
Let me say a word about another speaker who should have been with us 
this morning.  Ron Brown was well known in Mexico-- and to many of you 
here today.  He worked hard to promote trade and investment between the 
United States and Mexico-- and he earned enormous good will for America 
here and everywhere else he traveled around the world. 
Ron's mission to Bosnia and Croatia epitomized our Administration's 
approach to international economic diplomacy-- as well our country's 
unique tradition of pragmatic idealism.  He and his government 
colleagues, and the business leaders accompanying them, were opening 
opportunities for American companies while promoting our strategic goals 
in an area of critical interest to the United States. 
This morning I want to call to your attention another opportunity to 
invest in peace and reconciliation-- in Mexico's immediate neighbor to 
the south.  Central America's last remaining internal conflict-- 
Guatemala's 35-year-old civil war-- is finally coming to an end.   
Yesterday, the parties signed an accord that sets out principles under 
which their country can lift its economy and the living standards of all 
its people.   
I want to encourage U.S. and Mexican business to invest in the new 
opportunities that a democratic Guatemala at peace offers.  
This is the fourth meeting of the U.S.-Mexico Binational Commission 
meeting that I have attended.   In that time, I have seen the emergence 
of a new understanding -- that our common challenges can only be met 
through cooperation based on mutual respect. 
This year's Binational Commission meeting is turning out to be 
extraordinarily productive.  We welcomed recent progress in our common 
fight against drug trafficking-- and agreed to crack down on money-
laundering and strengthen control of precursor chemicals.  Today we will 
sign an agreement assuring full consular protection for our nationals in 
both countries-- and we will reaffirm our commitment to preventing 
abuses at our borders, whether by alien smugglers or law enforcement 
We will also sign Border XXI-- a new framework that will strengthen our 
environmental cooperation and ability to solve pollution problems 
locally.  And we have agreed to cooperate in research and development of 
renewable energy and energy efficient technology.   
Our cooperation through the Binational Commission reflects how far our 
partnership has come.  Our partnership was tested by last year's crisis-
- and it was strengthened by our joint response.  President Clinton 
immediately recognized the vital interest of the United States in the 
stability and prosperity of Mexico-- as well as the threat posed to the 
other emerging markets of the hemisphere.   
He acted decisively to mobilize U.S. and international support.  It was 
not the easy thing to do, but it was the right thing to do-- and it is 
The tough measures taken by President Zedillo have earned the confidence 
of the world and put the Mexican economy back on the road to long-term 
growth.  Interest rates and inflation are down.  Reserves are up.  
Mexico is paying off its loans on time, decisively re-establishing its 
international credit-worthiness.   
All the evidence suggests that the courage of the Mexican people in the 
face of hardship will be rewarded.  Mexico's economy is expanding again. 
The costs of adjustment would have been much more severe for Mexico 
without NAFTA and our close cooperation.   
The contrast with the 1982 debt crisis is striking.  U.S. exports to 
Mexico fell 50 percent after the 1982 debt crisis and did not recover 
for the better part of a decade.  This time, Mexico's NAFTA status 
allowed it to eliminate its trade deficit by raising exports instead of 
restricting imports.   As a result, trade has risen in both directions 
across the border.  
I am confident that Mexico will continue to offer growing opportunities 
for U.S. exports and investment in the coming years.  As you know so 
well, helping U.S. companies expand their presence in this dynamic 
economy is a top priority for Ambassador Jones and his team here in 
Mexico City and at our 8 other posts around the country.   
Their work helped bring about last week's contract signing that will 
allow construction of the large electrical power generating plant near 
Ciudad Juarez to go forward with U.S. participation.  We just concluded 
a telecommunications agreement that will pave the way for U.S. firms to 
offer satellite transmission services in Mexico for the first time.  And 
we are working closely with the Government of Mexico to enable U.S. 
firms to participate in sectors of the economy recently opened to 
private investment. 
We are focusing on overcoming other obstacles to entering the Mexican 
market.  We are working to strengthen protection of intellectual 
property rights, especially of copyrights and trademarks.  We are 
working to harmonize product standards so that they do not restrict U.S. 
exports.  Progress in these and other areas will improve the quality and 
efficiency of Mexico's business environment-- and benefit companies and 
consumers in both countries. 
The work of Ambassador Jones and his team is matched by our efforts in 
Washington and at our posts around the world to go to bat for American 
business.  This is an Administration that has been determined to make 
commercial diplomacy a top priority.  But our continued success depends 
on adequate resources for our missions.  We welcome your help to insure 
that the United States does not retreat into protection and isolation.  
We can't compete if we can't put a full-time team on the field.  
From the day he took office, President Clinton has placed open and fair 
markets at the center of our foreign policy.   That is why the President 
pushed hard to ratify NAFTA and to complete the GATT Uruguay Round-- and 
to break down barriers across the Pacific through APEC and across the 
Atlantic with the European Union.  And that is why he shaped the 
consensus at the Summit of the Americas in Miami to negotiate a Free 
Trade Area of the Americas-- an FTAA. 
We remain on track to achieve the Free Trade Area by 2005.  At trade 
ministerial meetings in Denver last June and in Cartagena this March, we 
laid the foundations for negotiations and established working groups 
covering everything from market access to intellectual property.  We 
will consider their recommendations at the third trade ministerial next 
year in Brazil, and discuss how to open formal negotiations on an FTAA. 
The stakes are immense-- a 12 trillion dollar market of 850 million 
consumers.  The private sector must lend its advice and support to 
ensure that every step we take has practical relevance to business.  Let 
me tell you today what I told the Council of the Americas yesterday 
morning in Washington and the American Chamber of Commerce two months 
ago in Sao Paulo: without the intensive involvement of the private 
sector in the Miami process, we will not be able to meet our goals on 
the road to 2005. 
The United States and Mexico share great opportunities-- and great 
responsibilities.  If our governments continue to deepen our 
cooperation, we can lift the lives of millions of people on both sides 
of the border.  If our business people continue to strengthen their 
ties, we can create jobs and spur growth in both our countries.  I am 
confident that the private sector will do its part.   
Your companies are breaking down barriers between our economies and 
building bridges between our peoples-- and that is the best investment 
that anyone can make in our shared future. 
Thank you very much. 
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