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95/06/04 Press Conf. following Summit of Americas Review Session

                      U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE 
                       Office of the Spokesman 
                       (Port-au-Prince, Haiti) 
For Immediate Release                                  June 4, 1995 
                         PRESS CONFERENCE 
                     FOLLOW-UP REVIEW SESSION  
                        Montrouis, Haiti 
                          June 4, 1995 
SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  Good afternoon.  Today marks a signal event: the 
gathering of the hemispheric community in a democratic Haiti.  We are 
here because our nations and the international community took resolute 
action eight months ago to stand up for democracy. 
Our effort in Haiti would not have been possible without a remarkable 
convergence of values and interests among the 34 democratically elected 
governments represented here today.  Our common resolve also made 
possible last December's Summit of the Americas in Miami, and its 
historic decision to advance the integration of the Western Hemisphere. 
Mack McLarty, who is the President's Special Representative for the 
Summit of the Americas, and I have just come from a meeting of the 
foreign ministers, where we discussed the progress we have made in 
implementing the Summit and as you know Mack has a special 
responsibility in that regard.   
Our leaders made a commitment at the Summit to negotiate a Free Trade 
Area of the Americas by 2005.  Our trade ministers of the countries 
involved will meet in Denver on June 30 to discuss preliminary steps 
toward that goal to translate our consensus on open markets into an 
action plan.  The Denver Ministerial will be followed by a Trade and 
Commerce Forum, an opportunity to advance commercial possibilities for 
the people of the Americas and to help create jobs in a market of 750 
million consumers.  We are also moving ahead with discussions to admit 
Chile into NAFTA, the next step in our commitment to regional 
We have also taken important steps in the last six months to fulfill our 
Summit commitments.  The Organization of American States (OAS) is 
strengthening its ability to uphold democracy and defend human rights.  
The Inter-American Development Bank has committed to lend several 
billion dollars to support the Summit priorities of education and 
We are taking a tough stand against crime and illegal drugs.  This fall 
marks the inauguration of a common strategy to fight money laundering.  
The United States is also increasing its drug control budget to 15 
million dollars, more than one-third of which will be to reduce demand.  
All in all, I think we've made a good start  on beginning the 
implementation of a very active action plan, a very demanding action 
plan.  I think today's meeting, which we've just left, showed a strong 
will to sustain the spirit of Miami and the vital force of hemispheric 
The United States is also committed to helping the Haitian people 
consolidate their hard-won democracy.  Earlier this afternoon, I met 
with the first graduates of Haiti's civilian police academy.  This 
institution is absolutely vital to the success of democracy and the rule 
of law in Haiti.  Working with France, Canada, and the UN, we plan to 
double the number of cadets graduating from the academy.  We want to 
ensure that a professional and accountable force is in place when UN 
peacekeepers leave Haiti.  I think the ceremony we witnessed this 
afternoon was very moving and a very strong indication of the commitment 
to the rule of law here in Haiti under the direction of President 
Aristide and his strong commitment to honor and respect.  And now I will 
ask Mr. McLarty to make a brief comment and then we will take your 
THOMAS F. MCLARTY:  Mr. Secretary, thank you very much.  I am very 
pleased to continue my engagement on Summit issues at the request of the 
President and the Secretary of State.  We emphasized today that Summit 
of the Americas implementation was a key foreign policy goal of 
President Clinton.  The importance of this hemisphere, I think, was 
stated very well by the Secretary both in terms of trade and democracy 
and certain sustainable development issues.  I also think that the 
credibility of our respective governments to implement a plan of action 
to make a difference in people's lives is a critical item.  I think it 
is a fair assessment to say that the Summit of Americas meeting in Miami 
did create a new consensus that was echoed in comments made in today's 
meeting:  that open markets work, democratic governments are just, and 
together they clearly offer our best hope to lift our people's lives.  
The Summit did provide an architecture.  It does rely very strongly on 
the OAS and the IDB as an institutional framework to help implement the 
Summit agenda as well as the ministerial meetings that Secretary 
Christopher noted in his comments.  All in all, I think we have a 
positive beginning and a continuing positive experience of mutual 
respect and trust as we move forward.  I would encourage your review of 
the implementation report for today's foreign ministers' meeting.  Thank 
QUESTION:  Could you talk at all about the situation in Bosnia and 
whether or not you have anything new to report this afternoon? 
SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  We did not discuss Bosnia in the ministerial 
meeting and I don't have anything new to report.  Unfortunately, there's 
no new indication with respect to the whereabouts or condition of the 
pilot.  Ambassador Frasure sent me a message just before I got on the 
plane this morning, and said that he had spoken with President 
Milosevic, who said that he did not know the whereabouts or condition of 
the pilot, but offered to continue pressing the Bosnian Serbs for that 
information.  There's no further release, as far as I know, of those who 
were detained by the Bosnian Serbs.  Although once again Ambassador 
Frasure had reported to me that he had pressed President Milosevic very 
hard to ensure the release of the hostages, or detainees, and that 
Milosevic had indicated that he would continue trying, but that he was 
encountering difficulty with the Bosnian Serbs.   
QUESTION:  Would you say a bit more about the adherence of Chile to 
NAFTA, please? 
SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  We're in the course of active negotiations with 
Chile, and we hope they'll be completed in the near future.  That's the 
next step in the economic integration of the hemisphere.  I can't say 
anything beyond that except that it's a very important step, and it's 
one that we feel committed to take, and we're working hard to bring 
those negotiations to a conclusion.   
QUESTION:  Mr. Secretary, thank you very much for your words.  We have 
35, not 34 states, members of the Organization of American States, and 
Inter-American citizens.  Cuba as a state is a member of this 
organization.  But not the government of Cuba, which is a totalitarian, 
communist regime.  Will the United States keep the embargo against the 
Cuban government, and keep it out of  the Organization of American 
States, until the Cuban government becomes democratic and respects human 
SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  I hope I fully understood your question.  Let me 
say that one of the strongest sentiments that came out of Miami was the 
importance of adding the other missing country from the Summit, and that 
was Cuba.  Cuba should move toward democracy and market reform, and the 
hope, I think, of all the leaders there was that a democratic Cuba would 
be in a position to attend the next meeting of the Summit.  But, I 
didn't hear any suggestion that Cuba -- and certainly I would not 
recommend that Cuba, without a change in it's approach to government and 
approach to market economics should be admitted to a Summit, which was 
basically a summit of democracies in the hemisphere.  
The United States and other countries in the Hemisphere have a common 
goal, and that is to try to cause movement within Cuba in the direction 
of democracy.  We have different routes to achieve that goal, but the 
goal is a common one.  The United States is following the provisions of 
the Cuban Democracy Act which, as you know, is basically two-fold.  One, 
the maintenance of the embargo, and second, the improvement of 
communications between the people of Cuba and  the people of the United 
States.  We're going to be continuing to work to that end.  Just let me 
repeat that it was a common feeling of those at the Summit of the 
Americas in Miami that, we should all work to try to make sure that at 
the next meeting of the Summit leaders, we will have Cuba represented by 
a democratically chosen government.  One more question. 
QUESTION:  (Translated from Spanish)  I represent a newspaper from the 
Dominican Republic  and I want to express a concern about the elections 
that are about to be held in the Dominican Republic in 1996 under a 
document which is called the Democratic Pact, the Pacto Democratico, in 
which the government sector has more or less invited the United States 
to come into and participate in the affairs of the Dominican Republic.  
My question is: does the State Department continue to be interested in 
the elections to be held in the Dominican Republic on August 16th, 1996?  
SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER:  I think it is one of the achievements of the OAS 
to work out - to help broker - the agreement that called for the 
elections that you speak of.  The United States is very interested in 
seeing those elections held on time and in a way that will give great 
reassurance to the people of the Dominican Republic that they were free 
and fair.   
The next session of the ministers was scheduled to start at 5:30 so I 
think that it's time for me to terminate this press conference but I 
understand that there may be another one to follow. 
Thank you. 
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