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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE 

OFFICE OF THE SPOKESMAN 

SEPTEMBER 29, 1994 

 

                    REMARKS BY 

       SECRETARY OF STATE WARREN CHRIST0PHER 

                      TO THE 

          UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL 

                 NEW YORK, NEW YORK 

                 SEPTEMBER 29, 1994 

 

Mr. President, distinguished member of the Security 

Council, colleagues, and friends.  I am pleased to 

have the opportunity to review with you the status 

of our efforts in Haiti. 

 

This Council continues to play a vital role in 

giving Haiti's people a chance to take back their 

destiny. Our shared determination is delivering 

tangible results.  The military leaders will step 

down. Legitimate government will be restored. The 

people of Haiti will have a chance to rebuild their 

country on a stable foundation of democracy and 

respect for human rights. 

 

The multinational coalition is the culmination of 

three years of intensive, coordinated efforts by the 

United Nations, the Organization of American States, 

and the friends and neighbors of Haiti.  Since the 

1991 coup, this Council has viewed the overthrow of 

democracy in Haiti as a threat to regional security 

and to international norms.  We recognized our 

responsibility to stand together for stability and 

the restoration of democratic government in the 

Western Hemisphere. 

 

Together, we explored every avenue to achieve a 

peaceful resolution.  We negotiated in good faith.  

We imposed and then strengthened sanctions.  We made 

plain to the military leaders that their tyranny in 

Haiti was neither tolerable nor tenable. 

 

For almost three years, they met our efforts with 

defiance and disdain.  In July 1993, General Cedras 

signed the Governors Island Agreement, which had 

been negotiated under U.N. auspices.  But he refused 

to implement the accord.  Instead, widespread 

atrocities continued.  Three months ago, the 

military leaders expelled the monitors sent by the 

U.N. and the OAS to encourage respect for human 

right.  This Council then determined that the time 

had come to take decisive action. 

 

U.N. Security Council Resolution 940 and the 

multinational coalition it authorized are an 

expression of our collective resolve.  An expanding 

coalition of 28 nations, geographically diverse as 

Bangladesh, Benin, and Bolivia, has been forged in 

pursuit of a common cause. 

 

This partnership is in the best tradition of the 

United Nations.  It is grounded in principled 

diplomacy, and it is backed by the determination to 

use force if necessary.  Our willingness to exercise 

military might, pursuant to Resolution 940, allowed 

us to reach an agreement for the peaceful 

restoration of democracy that has made the mission 

safer for our coalition and the Haitian people.  It 

is enabling us to implement our common goals:  the 

departure from power of the de facto leaders, the 

restoration of Haiti's legitimate government, and 

the return of President Aristide.  It is allowing us 

to establish a safe and secure environment more 

quickly than would otherwise have been possible. 

 

As leader of the multinational coalition in Haiti, 

the United States values and depends on close 

consultation with other Member States.  Let me 

report to you on our progress.  As you know, the 

first 3,000 soldier stepped off their helicopters 

and landing craft on September 19.  Since then their 

ranks have grown to almost 16,000. 

 

The coalition has taken swift and important steps 

toward establishing a secure and stable environment.  

Among the immediate priorities was to secure the 

airport in Port-au-Prince and seaports around the 

country.  With the transportation hubs under 

control, we have moved nearly 42,OOO tons of 

supplies into Haiti. 

 

Another important element of promoting security is 

reducing the number of guns on the streets.  The 

coalition is taking a variety of measures to achieve 

that goal.  Finally, hundreds of coalition personnel 

are in training in Puerto Rico, on their way to 

oversee and monitor the police in Haiti.  The first 

group of international police monitors will arrive 

in Haiti in the next few days.  With the coalition's 

deployment, the time has come to prepare for the 

resumption of normal economic activity in Haiti. 

 

The United States and Haiti have introduced, with 

President Aristide's support, a resolution in the 

Council to lift U.N. sanctions completely when 

President Aristide returns.  By passing this 

resolution, we will reinforce Haitian democracy.  

And we will signal our readiness to support Haiti's 

recovery when democratic government is restored. 

 

As President Clinton announced on Monday, we will 

act expeditiously, consistent with Resolutions 917 

and 940, to allow goods essential to the coalition's 

efforts to enter Haiti.  In addition, the United 

States will lift all unilateral sanctions on Haiti 

except those targeted on the coup leaders and their 

named supporters.  We urge other nations to do the 

same. 

 

Part of the coalition's task is to create conditions 

in which refugees can safely return.  Reassured that 

they can walk their streets, speak their minds, and 

sleep in their homes without fear, hundreds of 

Haitians have voluntarily left Guantanamo for Haiti 

since September 26.  We are confident that with 

President Aristide's restoration, many more will 

want to go back to their homeland. 

 

I believe that political developments in Haiti are 

also cause for optimism.  Two weeks ago, President 

Aristide eloquently demonstrated his commitment to 

democracy when he said that the true test of a 

democracy is its second free election.  He has 

called repeatedly for a spirit of reconciliation, 

and he is making frequent radio statements urging 

the people of Haiti to remain calm and to avoid 

disrupting a peaceful transition. 

 

President Aristide has also called the Haitian 

parliament into session with an amnesty law as its 

first order of business.  As you know, the 

parliament began its deliberations yesterday.  Only 

two weeks ago, many Haitian parliamentarians were in 

holding, fearful for their lives, or in exile.  Now 

the presence of coalition forces permits them to 

emerge and to represent the Haitian people in 

safety. 

 

Another hopeful step forward is occurring today.  

Mayor Evans Paul, barred from City Hall by armed 

thugs last year, will reclaim his rightful office.  

We should all be proud of the superb efforts of the 

coalition force in Haiti.  We should remember that 

two weeks ago, elements of the Haitian security 

forces and the attaches were free to intimidate the 

public with impunity . 

 

Today, coalition forces allow Haitians to enjoy 

their first respite from terror in three year.  The 

compassion and the competence of these troops have 

inspired the confidence of the Haitian people. 

 

We all know that in Haiti, the international 

community has taken on a serious challenge.  Our 

courageous troops will face difficult, and sometimes 

dangerous, situations.  There will be setbacks and 

risks, and we must be ready for them.  Our hard work 

and commitment are essential.  But we have the plans 

and the determination to move ahead. 

 

A top priority for the coalition is enabling the 

U.N. Mission to enter Haiti promptly under 

conditions that will allow it to assume its full 

responsibilities.  The United States will do its 

part to ensure an early and smooth transfer of 

authority.  Twelve observers from UNMIH are in Haiti 

to coordinate with the coalition.  They are working 

closely with General Shelton. 

 

Just as the coalition is fulfilling its mandate, so 

the U.N. Mission in Haiti must be ready to assume 

responsibility when a safe environment has been 

restored.  Most of the nations participating in the 

coalition, including the United States, have 

indicated they will also participate in UNMIH.  A 

number of other states have expressed an interest in 

joining.  Clearly, the continued support of the 

Council, Member States and the Secretary General 

will be essential to ensure that the transition is 

seamless and effective. 

 

Our mission in Haiti reminds us once again of the 

importance of effective U.N. peace operations.  The 

United States is providing $1.2 billion for 

peacekeeping this year--a major step toward meeting 

our obligations.  We have also proposed reforms to 

improve the way in which operations are financed, 

equipped, and organized.  When we ask the U.N. to 

act, as we have in Haiti, we must provide it with 

the means for mounting successful missions in a 

timely manner. 

 

The coalition will establish and the U.N. mission 

will help maintain a secure environment in Haiti.  

But the broader international community must provide 

Haiti with the economic, humanitarian, and technical 

aid that will spur development and consolidate 

democracy.  An extensive humanitarian assistance 

program is already under way.  Food, medicine, and 

medical supplies are being distributed.  Sanitation 

is being improved.  Engineering teams are helping to 

restore electricity. 

 

Last month, a World Bank meeting of many countries 

represented here today favorably reviewed President 

Aristide's economic recovery program.  The United 

States has already committed $100 million and is 

ready to provide additional aid.  But our effort 

must be part of a much larger undertaking.  We look 

to other nations and the international financial 

institutions to respond rapidly and generously. 

 

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