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U.S. Department of State
93/06/09 Statement at EC Ministerial, Luxembourg
Office of the Spokesman

Statement by
Secretary of State Warren Christopher
at the conclusion of the 
EC Ministerial

Plateau du Kirchberg, Luxembourg
June 9, 1993

America's Partnership With the European Community

Thank you Mr. Minister.  I want to express my thanks to Minister Helveg 
Petersen for his leadership during the Danish Presidency of the European 

We have enjoyed excellent cooperation during the Danish Presidency and 
we have made a good deal of progress on key issues.  We look forward to 
working just as closely with the Belgian Presidency starting in July.

This is the first time I have met with the EC Foreign Ministers as a 
group and I felt it was important--during our working session this 
morning and over lunch--to reaffirm how strongly the new Clinton 
Administration views its partnership with Europe.

The United States and Europe are inextricably linked.  Our ties could 
not be deeper.  The United States is absolutely committed to European 
security, and to a full range of economic and political interests that 
we will pursue together.

The end of the Cold War and our shared victory over communism provides 
the United States and Europe with an historic opportunity to pursue a 
new agenda.  This broad-ranging, positive agenda is based on our common 
commitment to democratic values, collective security, human rights, and 
free market principles.

Today, I made presentations on five areas of concern to the United 
States and Europe.  These topics included:  

(1) strengthening our economies; (2) intensifying support for democracy 
and free markets in Russia and the former Soviet Union; (3) searching 
for a settlement of the conflict in the former Yugoslavia and making 
sure that it does not spread into a wider Balkan war; (4) achieving a 
lasting peace in the Middle East; and (5) curbing the proliferation of 
weapons of mass destruction.

The Clinton Administration defines American security not only in 
political and military terms, but also in terms of economic strength.  
The economic relationship that we discussed today not only spans the 
Atlantic, but reaches eastward--across Europe to Russia and all the way 
to Asia.

I also reviewed President Clinton's economic program.  I noted that his 
program has already helped push down long-term interest rates in the 
U.S. to their lowest levels in two decades.  Adoption of the President's 
economic program will reduce the U.S. budget deficit and help spur 
economic growth.

The strength of America's economy--and the economy of each of our 
nations--also depends on opening markets and expanding trade.

Along these lines, we discussed our determination to successfully 
conclude  the Uruguay Round trade talks by the end of the year.  We 
noted the significant progress being made on market access agreements.  

Our trade relationship already totals almost 200 billion dollars a year 
and a broad trade agreement will generate further economic growth and 
prosperity on both sides of the Atlantic.  

I applauded the steps Europe is taking towards integration and 
reaffirmed our support for a strengthened European Community.  European 
integration can also lead to a strengthened U.S.-EC partnership, 
especially as we look eastward.

Second, support for reform in the former Soviet Union.  Even at a time 
of belt-tightening in the United States, President Clinton has taken a 
series of courageous steps to support reform in Russia and the former 
Soviet Union.  He has made this case to the American people because of 
his conviction that nothing is more important to the security of Europe 
and North America than the success of economic and political reform in 

I urged the EC to support three important initiatives announced at the 
April G-7 Ministerial in Tokyo:  (1) The two billion dollar Special 
Privatization and Restructuring Fund; (2) the Nuclear Threat Reduction 
Program, modeled on our Nunn-Lugar program; and (3) the establishment of 
a G-7 Special Implementation Office in Moscow to monitor assistance and 
remove bureaucratic bottlenecks.

We all agreed to redouble our efforts to support Russian reform.  If 
reform fails, if Russia reverts to dictatorship, the consequences would 
be appalling.  We would again face the shadow of nuclear confrontation, 
increased defense budgets and a major setback for the worldwide movement 
towards democracy. We also discussed the importance of political 
engagement with Ukraine.  I reviewed the trip that Secretary Aspin and 
Ambassador Talbott recently made to Kiev.  

Third, Bosnia.  Our work here and later this week in Athens will focus 
on the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 836 establishing 
safe areas.  This resolution is an intermediate step to help bring the 
killing to an end, and contributes to our goal of containing the Balkan 
conflict while pressure grows on the warring parties--especially the 
Serbs--to enter into negotiations that will lead to a political 
settlement bargained in good faith.

I made clear our commitment to provide airpower to protect UNPROFOR 
forces on the ground and our commitment to eventually provide ground 
forces in connection with an agreement negotiated in good faith by all 
the parties.  I also stressed the determination of the United States to 
take steps in Kosovo and Macedonia that will prevent the spillover of 
this conflict elsewhere.  On these points, I am sure that there is no 
confusion or mistaken impressions.

Fourth, the Middle East.  I told my colleagues that the Middle East 
Peace Talks will resume in Washington on June 15 under the sponsorship 
of the United States and Russia.  I believe it will be possible to see 
some tangible results emerge.

I am convinced that 1993 can be a breakthrough year, and the United 
States will be pursuing intensive efforts to bring the parties together.  

I reviewed three immediate objectives we have in fulfilling our role as 
a full partner in these talks.  First, we are helping the parties to 
narrow gaps and draft language to represent emerging areas of agreement.  
Second, we are pressing parties to make sustained efforts to improve the 
situation on the ground. Security is important, but basic human rights 
must also be respected to give people reason to continue their support 
for these talks.  Third, we are encouraging tangible actions to address 
the economic and social needs in the region.  I discussed monetary 
commitments we have made in this regard and suggested that the EC should 
also play a constructive role.

Fifth, the prospects for peace in that troubled region led me to make a 
presentation on the long-term threat posed by the most urgent arms 
control issue of the 1990s--proliferation.

I departed from the agenda of these discussions to call for strong, 
collective action by the U.S. and Europe to deal with the proliferation 
of weapons of mass destruction, missiles for their delivery, and 
sophisticated conventional arms and dual-use technologies.

We need concerted action to deal firmly and creatively with dangerous 
states that are contributing to tensions in regions like the Middle 

The most worrisome of these countries--and the one that Europe can most 
directly influence--is Iran.  I suggested that the U.S. and the EC adopt 
a collective policy of containment.  Iran must be persuaded to abandon 
its nuclear, chemical, biological, and missile programs.

Iran's economy is in trouble.  Iran will be vulnerable to concerted 
pressure from the West if it is clear that we seek strictly defined 
changes in its behavior.  The United States has moved, at some cost, to 
forgo sales of certain dual-use goods and we have moved to control 
exports of certain strategic goods and technologies.

Iran must understand that it cannot have normal commercial relations and 
acquire dual-use technologies--while at the same time trying to develop 
weapons of mass destruction.

This policy of containment and pressure will work if we pursue it 
together with European nations.  I called upon the European Community 
today to consider a coordinated approach to this important and vital 

Those are the elements of my presentations today in the meetings here in 
Luxembourg.  I would be happy to take a few questions.  


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