1.  Maintaining the Momentum for Peace in the Middle East --Secretary 

2.  Combating Threats to Peace In the Middle East -- President Clinton, 
Secretary Christopher, Israeli Prime Minister Rabin, White House 
Statement, Joint Statement 

3.  Honoring U.S. Commitments in Haiti and the Persian Gulf --President 

4.  Haiti:  Democratic Government Restored -- Secretary Christopher, 
Fact Sheet

5.  Hope for Peace in Northern Ireland -- President Clinton  

6.  UN Security Council Adopts Resolution 949 on Iraq 

7.  UN Security Council Adopts Resolution 948 on Haiti 

Note:  Additional material relating to the President's trip to the 
Middle East will be printed in Dispatch Supplement No. 10.


Maintaining the Momentum for Peace in the Middle East
Secretary Christopher
Address at Georgetown University, October 24, 1994

Father O'Donovan, ladies and gentlemen:  Thank you, Dean Krogh, for that 

Few institutions have done more to train and test the future leaders of 
our foreign policy than Georgetown.  There is, of course, President 
Clinton.  Only in America could one go on from the high office of 
undergraduate Chairman of the Georgetown Food Service Investigation 
Committee to become Commander-in-Chief.  Georgetown also provided a home 
for Professor Madeleine Albright, our superb ambassador to the UN.  It 
has sharpened the minds of countless other past, present, and future 
ambassadors and other diplomats.

Much has changed in the world since the cruel divisions of the Cold War 
disappeared.  Containment of the Soviet Union need no longer be the 
focal point of American diplomacy.  The United States has a new 
opportunity to build a more secure and integrated world of open 
societies and open markets.

But some things do not change.  Four decades ago, in his final State of 
the Union address, President Truman captured the abiding nature of our 
national purpose:  

Circumstances change, and current questions take on different forms, new 
complications, year by year.  But underneath, the great issues remain 
the same--prosperity, welfare, human rights, effective democracy, and 
above all, peace.

The extraordinary events of the last few weeks remind us once again that 
our nation's enduring interests do not shift with the times.  And 
neither does our obligation to pursue those interests through persistent 
and steady diplomacy, backed by a willingness to use force when 
necessary.  That kind of diplomacy does not seek immediate results at 
the expense of long-term goals.  As we have seen so far in this 
remarkable autumn, the pay-off comes over time.

In Haiti, President Aristide's triumphant return capped a three-year 
commitment to restore democratic government.  When every avenue for a 
peaceful resolution was exhausted, we mobilized military action.  Our 
willingness to back our commitments with force allowed us to meet our 
initial goals with maximum speed and minimum bloodshed.  The coup 
leaders are gone.  The legitimate government is back in place.  Refugees 
are returning.  We have sent a powerful message to would-be coup 
plotters:  Democracy, the key to stability in the Americas, cannot be 
overturned with impunity and cannot be stolen from the people.  In 
Haiti, as elsewhere, we must not be complacent.  But we have made great 

Our determined diplomacy on the North Korean nuclear issue has yielded 
an agreed framework that advances long-standing American objectives.  As 
implemented, it will lift the specter of a nuclear arms race from 
northeast Asia.  Over 16 months of negotiations, we consulted closely 
with South Korea, Japan, and the International Atomic Energy Agency.  We 
worked with China, Russia, and the other Security Council members and 
made real the threat of economic sanctions.  The result is a broadly 
supported, verifiable agreement that preserves peace and stability in a 
region vital to our interests.

The recent achievements in Haiti and on the North Korean nuclear issue 
were the direct result of sustained American leadership, coalition-
building, and diplomacy backed by force.  That same consistent purpose 
and engagement have been the hallmark of this Administration's policy 
toward the Middle East.  Today, I would like to focus on the dramatic 
changes that are occurring in this vital region.  The Arab-Israeli 
conflict is coming to an end, with American leadership playing a 
critical role. What I want to do is to set the scene for the President's 
trip to the Middle East, which begins tomorrow morning.

The day after his election, almost two years ago, President Clinton 
reaffirmed America's enduring interest in the Middle East.  He vowed to 
make the pursuit of Arab-Israeli peace one of his top priorities.  And 
he put in place a comprehensive strategy to accelerate progress.

Diplomatically, the United States has helped to energize and sustain 
negotiations launched in Madrid and based upon UN Security Council  
Resolutions 242 and 338.  Economically, we have marshalled international 
support for the Israeli-PLO Declaration of Principles.  We have 
established the U.S.-Israel-Jordan Economic Commission.  And we have 
pressed for an end to the Arab boycott.  Strategically, we have 
strengthened our security ties with Israel and our key Arab friends, and 
thus formed a bulwark against aggression by the region's rogue regimes, 
especially Iraq and Iran.

Today, this strategy is producing historic results.  In 24 hours, the 
President will embark on a trip that will reinforce every element of the 
basic approach he laid down almost two years ago.

First, to advance the peace process, he will witness Jordan become only 
the second Arab state to sign a full peace treaty with Israel.  In 
Damascus, he will seek to build on this momentum by pressing for 
progress in negotiations between Israel and Syria.

Second, in his meetings in Israel, Jordan, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia, the 
President will preview next week's economic conference in Casablanca.  
There, 900 chief executive officers and senior executives from Israel, 
the Arab states, and around the world will explore the opportunities 
being created by the transformation of the Middle East and North Africa.

Finally, in Kuwait, the President will visit with American soldiers--
part of the force he deployed there two weeks ago to turn back Saddam 
Hussein's threat to his neighbors.

Throughout his trip, the President will deliver an unmistakable message:  
The United States will do everything in its power to advance the 
opportunity that exists to build a new future for the Middle East.  We 
cannot allow the terrorists of Hamas and Hezbollah or the rogue regimes 
of Iraq and Iran to kill the prospects for peace.  Standing shoulder-to-
shoulder with Israel and our Arab partners, the United States will stay 
the course to ensure that the forces of the future triumph over the 
forces of the past.

This is also the message that Jordan and Israel will send at their 
signing ceremony on Wednesday.  King Hussein and Prime Minister Rabin 
are committed to building a "warm" peace.  These two courageous leaders 
are determined that their border will become a gateway rather than a 
barrier.  Already, there are ads in Israeli papers for tours of Jordan's 
great historical sites in Petra and Jerash.  Through the work of the 
U.S.-Jordan-Israel Trilateral Commission, plans are underway to develop 
joint economic projects, to share water resources, and to develop the 
Jordan Rift Valley.  These projects will build bonds of human contact 
and common interest.  They will cement an enduring peace.

Over the last year, the Middle East has begun a broad transformation 
that I believe is fundamental.  The changes have been so rapid and 
constant that, today, we take for granted developments that two years 
ago seemed fantastic.

The Israeli-PLO Declaration of Principles is giving more than 800,000 
Palestinians in Gaza and Jericho control over their lives.  An agreement 
has been reached on early empowerment for the West Bank, and 
negotiations have begun for Palestinian elections.  Of course, great 
difficulties remain.  But Prime Minister Rabin, Foreign Minister Peres, 
and Chairman Arafat are determined to make peace a reality.

Economic development is essential to the Palestinians' success.  
Palestinians need proof that peace will improve their lives.  That is 
why the United States has mobilized the donor community to support 
Palestinian self-government.  That is why we have worked so closely with 
Chairman Arafat to allow aid projects to begin in Gaza and Jericho.  But 
more must be done to facilitate the flow of assistance and maximize its 
effect so it can be felt by people on the ground.

If the Palestinians' greatest need is economic development--and it is--
the greatest threat they confront is Hamas terror.  As surely as last 
week's bus massacre was targeted at Israelis, it was also aimed at 
destroying Palestinian aspirations.  If peace brings nothing but more 
terror, the process of reconciliation surely will not succeed.  
Palestinians, more than anyone, will suffer.  It is imperative that 
Chairman Arafat fulfill his responsibility to root out terror in the 
areas he controls.  The same courage he has demonstrated in making peace 
must now be shown in fighting the enemies of peace.

The Israeli-Syrian negotiating track also has undergone important 
changes in the last year.  For the first time, these once bitter enemies 
are engaged in serious negotiations to end their conflict.  I have spent 
dozens of hours in intensive discussions with President Asad and Prime 
Minister Rabin.  I can tell you that both men are deeply engaged in 
addressing the central issues of a settlement.  We have succeeded in 
narrowing differences, but important gaps remain.

In my view, the time is fast approaching when some very difficult 
decisions must be made.  If these talks are to succeed, if they are to 
produce the "peace of the brave" of which President Asad speaks, then 
the deliberate pace of the current negotiations must give way to a 
bolder approach.

We understand the risks and costs involved.  For Syria, peace requires 
overcoming decades of suspicion and ending policies geared to 
confrontation.  In an environment of genuine and comprehensive peace, in 
which there will be no place for terrorists on Israel's borders, we can 
look to the day when relations between Syria and the United States will 
improve.  For Israel, peace with Syria will require difficult decisions.  
But the promise of peace is powerful:  an end to the Arab-Israeli 
conflict, an end to the threat of war, and Israel's full integration 
into the political and economic life of the Middle East.

There are stern tests for peace between Israel and Syria.  First, it 
must be a real peace that reflects an active commitment to 
reconciliation.  It is significant that President Asad has said that 
Syria has made a strategic choice for peace with Israel and is prepared 
to meet its objective requirements.  The requirements of real peace are 
clear to all:  Agreed-upon withdrawal, full diplomatic relations, 
borders that facilitate the movement of people and goods, and a 
commitment never to threaten each other again.

Second, peace between Israel and Syria must provide security for both 
sides.  After decades of hostility, each side needs to be sensitive to 
the security concerns of the other.  If requested, the United States 
stands ready to participate, in an appropriate form, in the security 
arrangements negotiated between the parties.

Let there be no doubt on this point: America's strategic commitment to 
Israel's security is unshakable.  We will maintain Israel's qualitative 
military edge and its ability to defend itself by itself.  As President 
Clinton has pledged, the United States will do all it can to help Israel 
minimize the risks it takes for peace.

Finally, peace between Israel and Syria must open the way to a 
comprehensive peace.  An Israeli-Syrian agreement will inevitably widen 
the circle of Arab states making peace with Israel.  And it will build 
the confidence of all that peace will endure.  This is why we say an 
agreement between Israel and Syria is a key to a comprehensive peace.  
Our vision is simple:  on the one hand, an Israel that is secure and at 
peace with every Arab and Islamic state of goodwill; on the other hand, 
an Arab world liberated from conflict, able to devote its resources to 
economic development and the needs of its people.

We are making dramatic progress toward a comprehensive peace.  In just 
the last month, with American encouragement, Morocco and Tunisia 
established official ties with Israel.  And in a meeting with me at the 
UN a very short time ago, Saudi Arabia and the other states of the Gulf 
Cooperation Council announced an end to the secondary and tertiary 
boycott of companies that deal with Israel.  This opens enormous trade 
and investment opportunities both for Israel and American business.  
Very soon, we hope to see the entire boycott relegated, as it must be, 
to the history books.

Next week in Casablanca, the Middle East's progress toward a new future 
will take a leap forward when Morocco's King Hassan convenes the Middle 
East/North Africa Economic Summit Conference.  Just as the Madrid 
conference shattered the taboo on political contacts between Israel and 
the Arabs, so too will Casablanca shatter the taboo on private sector 

Our message there will be powerful:  The Middle East is open for 
business.  Through investment, trade, and joint ventures, private 
commerce can build the ties that will transform peace between 
governments into peace between peoples.  Only a vibrant private sector 
can generate the growth and integration needed to undergird an enduring 
peace.  I am pleased that American companies will be well represented at 
Casablanca, and that they are poised to take advantage of tremendous new 
opportunities in the Middle East and North Africa.  Governments, too, 
must do their part.  They must reduce economic barriers and help build 
the infrastructure that joins the Middle East by road, air, fax, and 

Redefining the Middle East from a zone of continuing conflict to one of 
expanding reconciliation is the opportunity that we must seize now.  And 
that is the opportunity that we must protect from the enemies of peace.  
The recent wave of terror against Israel has been undertaken by 
desperate forces who know that their extremism has no future in a region 
moving toward peace. Their only hope is to fight a rearguard action of 
violence designed to return the Middle East to a tragic past of fear and 
conflict.  We will not let them succeed.

The international community must reject the terrorism of Hamas, 
Hezbollah, and other extremists.  Strong condemnation of terror, 
especially from Israel's Arab partners, is an essential starting point.  
But condemnation is not enough.  A real penalty must be imposed.  We 
must join together to turn off all foreign sources of funding for 
terrorism, both public and private.  Front organizations based abroad 
that are linked to terrorism must be shut down.  And the perpetrators 
and organizers of terror must be punished.

That is the course we are urging upon governments in the Middle East and 
around the world.  And that is the course we are pursuing.  We will do 
everything we can--and seek legislation where necessary--to ensure that 
Hamas and other terrorists do not get support from inside the United 

Of course, radical groups could not continue their atrocities without 
the support of rejectionist states.  Iran and Iraq remain the region's 
most dangerous actors.  Through our policy of dual containment, the 
United States is leading the world in combating the threat they pose.

Iran is the world's most significant state sponsor of terrorism and the 
most ardent opponent of the Middle East peace process.  The 
international community has been far too tolerant of Iran's outlaw 
behavior.  Arms sales and preferential economic treatment, which make it 
easier for Iran to divert resources to terrorism, should be terminated.  
The evidence is overwhelming:  Iran is intent on projecting terror and 
extremism across the Middle East and beyond.  Only a concerted 
international effort can stop it.

In recent days, the rogue state of Iraq has tested our resolve, and we 
have met the test.  In a scenario chillingly like that preceding the 
1990 invasion of Kuwait, Saddam Hussein moved troops to the Kuwaiti 
border.  Within hours, President Clinton deployed U.S. forces to Kuwait.  
Saddam got the message, stopped dead in his tracks, and pulled back.

The UN Security Council--acting under U.S. leadership--passed a 
unanimous resolution demanding that Saddam withdraw the forces he had 
moved to the south.  It barred him from taking any actions in the future 
to enhance his military forces there.  And it warned Saddam never again 
to threaten his neighbors or UN operations in Iraq.

Saddam has shown himself to be a repeat offender, trusted neither by the  
international community nor by the Arab world.  We have put him on 
notice that any repetition of his recent threats will be met by all 
means necessary, including military force.

The Iraqi people should understand that Saddam's brutal regime bears 
full responsibility for their suffering.  Saddam has continued to waste 
Iraq's resources on military ventures.  He has refused to take advantage 
of UN resolutions that would permit humanitarian needs to be met.  I 
assure you that Saddam will not intimidate the UN into lifting 
sanctions.  He knows that sanctions can only be eased after Iraq 
complies in full with all relevant Security Council resolutions.  Not 
surprisingly, that is the only approach he has not tried.

Saddam's continued aggression and Hamas' recent campaign of terror 
underscore that forces of hatred and extremism still stalk the Middle 
East.  But we will not allow their violence to blind us to the broader 
sweep of history at work in the region.  Amazing change is under way.  
As this century draws to a close, Arabs and Israelis stand on the 
threshold of a new future--one of hope and peace, not despair and war.

American leadership, power, and diplomacy, through Administrations of 
both parties, has been indispensable in bringing us to this moment of 
promise.  If the United States had not stepped forward, Iraqi forces 
might today be back in Kuwait City, North Korea would be proceeding to 
build nuclear weapons, and Haitians would still be suffering under 
military dictators.  Our recent achievements remind us that only the 
United States has the strategic vision and the global capabilities to 

Now more than ever, American leadership is critical to ensure that the 
promise of peace becomes a reality.  We cannot--we will not--allow the 
forces of the past to destroy this historic opportunity.  The momentum 
for peace must be maintained.  Thank you very much. 



Combating Threats to Peace in the Middle East
President Clinton, Secretary Christopher, Israeli Prime Minister Rabin, 
White House Statement, Joint Statement

President Clinton
Statement released by the White House, Office of the Press Secretary, 
Washington, DC, October 19, 1994.

The terrorist bombing this morning in Tel Aviv is an outrage against the 
conscience of the world.  Our thoughts and prayers are with the 
Government and people of Israel at this terrible moment, especially the 
families of those killed and wounded in this criminal act.

This attack comes at a moment when we are rejoicing in the progress 
which has been made toward a real and lasting peace in the Middle East.  
The terrorists who committed this act are enemies of that peace and 
enemies of all those who are working to create a better future for the 
people of the region.  Their violence is aimed at destroying the hopes 
of the Palestinian people as surely as it is directed at the people of 
Israel.  They must not be allowed to succeed.  I call upon leaders in 
the Middle East and throughout the world to condemn this act and to 
ensure that there is no haven or support for those responsible.  
Together, we will ensure that the promise of peace for which we have 
worked so long is realized.

President Clinton
Statement released by the White House, Office of the Press Secretary, 
Washington, DC, October 14, 1994.

I wish to express my profound shock and abhorrence at the death of Cpl. 
Nachshon Wachsman as the result of his kidnaping by Hamas terrorists.

On behalf of the American people, Hillary and I would like to convey our 
deepest sympathy to the Wachsman family and to the people of Israel at 
this dark moment.  Nachshon Wachsman was a son of Israel, but he was 
also a son of America.

Terrorists must know that these acts will not defeat the process that is 
bringing peace to Israel and its Arab enemies.  In the face of such 
cowardly and evil actions, I know that it is hard to go forward.  But we 
owe it to all those who have paid such a heavy price to persist and 
finally prevail in our pursuit of peace. 

Secretary Christopher
Remarks at a press conference, Alexandria, Egypt, October 14, 1994.

It is always a pleasure to be back here in the presence of President 
Mubarak, who has contributed so much to the peace process.  I came here 
expecting to report to him on the peace process--the remarkable progress 
that has been made.  Unfortunately, I have found that we are having to 
deal with two of the most notorious threats to the peace process--Saddam 
Hussein and Hamas.  Those two subjects, I'm afraid, have intruded on our 
discussions on the peace process.  I emphasized to the President that, 
in my view, the sole purpose of this week's wave of terror by Hamas is 
to kill the peace process.  I stressed that we must not permit that to 

In the discussion that I had with President Mubarak, we were joined for 
a few minutes at the end by Chairman Arafat, who had just arrived here.  
I stressed to him in the strongest possible terms that he must take 
every conceivable step to provide the safe freedom of Corporal Wachsman, 
to punish whoever has kidnaped him, and to confront the reign of terror 
imposed by Hamas.  I feel that there can be no compromise with Hamas as 
killers and as kidnapers.

President Mubarak and I reviewed the situation in the Gulf before we 
were joined by Chairman Arafat.  I briefed him on my trip to Kuwait and 
found him steadfast in his opposition to the steps taken by Saddam 
Hussein and fully supportive of the stance taken by the coalition:  the 
United States, the United Kingdom, France, and the Gulf Cooperation 
Council countries, Syria, and Egypt.  He agreed that the Iraqis must not 
be permitted to threaten Kuwait again.  I think we are steadfast in the 
notion that there must be no easing of the sanctions at this time under 
the threats from Saddam Hussein.  To put it in a somewhat larger vein, 
both Hamas and Saddam Hussein are fighting the rearguard action against 
the great progress that has been made.

The transformation of the Middle East is a dominant factor here, and 
President Mubarak has been one of the leaders in this historic 
transformation.  We will not permit any of the enemies of peace to 
interfere in the tremendous progress, the bright hope that there is.  I 
have always enjoyed being in the presence of President Mubarak, because 
he has been a strong force in this transformation of the Middle East 
peace process.  Thank you very much.

Secretary Christopher
Remarks at Andrews Air Force Base, Washington, DC, October 14, 1994.

Before going home tonight, I wanted to make a statement expressing my 
great sorrow and anger over the death this evening of Cpl. Nachshon 

I cannot begin to express my outrage at the terrorists responsible for 
this tragedy.  Nor can I adequately convey the sympathy I feel for the 
parents and family of Corporal Wachsman and for the Israeli people, who 
have all been victims in this national tragedy.  The hearts of all 
Americans go out to Israel tonight as we stand together in the fight 
against terror.

As a parent, I cannot imagine anything more painful than the nightmare 
that Corporal Wachsman's parents have been forced to endure.  Their son 
was just 19 years old, only months out of high school.  He was also an 
American, whose life ended in the cruelest manner for no other reason 
than that he was also an Israeli and a Jew.

The responsibility for the tragic death of Corporal Wachsman and his 
Israeli comrade rests squarely on Hamas.  The killers of Hamas place no 
value on human life.  Their only objective is to intimidate, to 
terrorize, and to kill.  Once again, Hamas has shown it has no place in 
the civilized world.

There can be no compromise with these killers.  We can never surrender 
or turn a blind eye to their terror.  The United States stands side by 
side with Israel and all those who seek to give terror no quarter.

Hamas's efforts to kill the peace process are first and foremost a 
threat to Israelis and Palestinians and their process of reconciliation.  
Palestinians are building institutions of self-government, and there can 
be no place for the proponents of terror in the new society they are 
creating.  I stressed this point today with Chairman Arafat and urged 
him to do everything in his power to accomplish it, and he said he 

Palestinians and Israelis need our help in this struggle.  Countries 
throughout the region and the international community must take steps to 
fight Hamas by shutting down its operations and its sources of funding.  
Terrorism knows no borders, and eliminating it must be a collective 
responsibility of the international community.

We cannot allow Hamas and the enemies of peace to destroy the remarkable 
progress we have made.  The Middle East is in a process of 
transformation.  The future is one of hope, and we will not permit 
terrorism to stop it.

Again, I want to express my deepest sympathies to Corporal Wachsman's 
parents and family.  My thoughts and prayers are with them at this very 
sad and difficult time.

Secretary Christopher, Prime Minister Rabin
Remarks following a meeting at the Ministry of Defense, Tel Aviv, 
Israel, October 13, 1994.

Prime Minister Rabin.  Mr. Secretary, your colleagues:  We welcome you 
again on your visit to Israel.  As I told you on several occasions, we 
appreciate very much your efforts, your contribution to the peace 
process--to what has been achieved and to what is needed to be achieved.  
No doubt, your efforts helped us so far and no doubt will continue to 
help us in solving the problems, removing the obstacles, and reaching 
comprehensive peace.  In our talks today, the first issue, of course, 
was the terrible event carried out by the Hamas of kidnaping an Israeli 
soldier and bringing him--in accordance to our information--to Gaza and 
holding him as a hostage, and I explained Israel's policy to the 
Secretary.  We see the Palestinian Authority and its leader, Chairman 
Arafat, responsible for the well-being, life, and the safe return of 
Nachshon Wachsman to his family and to Israel.

In accordance with the implementation of the Declaration of Principles-- 
the way it was formulated in the Cairo Agreement--the Palestinian 
Authority and its leader, Chairman Arafat, have received a certain area 
that comes under their control.  I refer to the Gaza Strip and Jericho, 
and they are responsible for what is done or is not done there.  
Therefore, for us, they are the address to make sure that the soldier be 
kept alive and returned alive to Israel.  I described the severe 
consequences, if this does not happen, to the continuation of the 
implementation of the Declaration of Principles between the Palestinians 
and Israel.  We negotiate with every Arab partner in the context of the 
Madrid peace conference on the merits of the bilateral issues.  
Therefore, this issue is related only to the continuation of the 
negotiations and the implementation of the Declaration of Principles 
between us and the Palestinians and will not affect our progress with 
Jordan and hopeful progress with Syria and Lebanon.

We discussed the situation in all these areas of negotiations, and we 
look forward with great hope that we will move ahead.  In certain areas, 
it will take longer; in certain areas, I hope less time will be needed 
to reach agreements.  And no doubt, I would like to thank, in the name 
of the Government of Israel, the U.S. Secretary, for your efforts, for 
what has been done by you and what will be done with you.  

Secretary Christopher.  Thank you very much, Mr. Prime Minister.  When I 
met with the Prime Minister this morning, I conveyed the sense of 
outrage and anguish I felt over the Hamas-sponsored terrorist incident.  
I particularly told him that I felt outraged about the kidnaping of 
Corporal Wachsman and that we were doing everything we could to assist 
in his safe return.  I reported my telephone call to Chairman Arafat and 
the follow-up calls that my staff has been making to Chairman Arafat to 
try to ensure that every conceivable thing is being done for his safe 
return.  We discussed the role of Hamas in this situation.  I emphasized 
that, in my judgment, Hamas is recognizing the progress that is being 
made, recognizing the transformation of the landscape, and is taking 
these actions out of desperation, because they see that progress is 
being made.  The Prime Minister asked me to report briefly on my trip to 
Kuwait, and I did so.  I told him that one of the high points of the 
trip was the condemnation of terrorism by the Gulf Cooperation Council.  
That is something that wouldn't have happened before, and that is an 
indication that the area is changing, that things are improving, and, in 
a sense, Hamas is fighting a desperate rearguard action.  Things are 
changing; things are improving, and Hamas will not be permitted to kill 
these hopes--to kill the prospects for peace.

I am going to stay in close touch with the Prime Minister as we move 
through this very difficult period, but I think both of us are resolved 
to try to keep this process on the tracks.  As the Prime Minister said, 
we will be moving ahead on these tracks, making all possible progress--
some more accelerated than others--but, nevertheless, trying to seek 
peace with security for Israel and peace with its neighbors.  Thank you 
very much, Mr. Prime Minister, for the support and cooperation you are 
giving me. 

Secretary Christopher
Statement following meeting with Syrian President Asad, Damascus, Syria, 
October 13, 1994.

President Asad, Foreign Minister Shara, Dennis Ross, and our ambassador 
and I met for about three and a half hours.  We had a very substantive 
discussion.  I was renewed in my feeling that both parties are very 
serious; both parties are seeking and pursuing a peace agreement with 
great determination.  I find them in a problem-solving mode, more so 
than on any prior occasion.  I feel that the parties are moving in the 
right direction, and that we are on a steady course.  At the same time, 
there are gaps that remain, and much hard work is yet to be done.  I 
want to compliment both President Asad and Prime Minister Rabin, who I 
met with this morning, for the seriousness with which they are going 
about this endeavor.  I believe this is probably the most substantive 
and serious discussion I have had with both of them all through this 
process, but, as I said, there is a lot of work ahead.

White House Statement
Statement by White House Press Secretary Dee Dee Myers, Washington, DC, 
October 13, 1994.

President Clinton strongly condemns the cruel and cowardly abduction of 
Israeli Cpl. Nachshon Wachsman by the violent terrorist group Hamas.

Secretary of State Warren Christopher has discussed the issue with Prime 
Minister Rabin and Chairman Arafat and offered American assistance.  The 
President expects Chairman Arafat to do all in his power to ensure 
Corporal Wachsman's safe return to his family.  

The U.S. Government will continue to work closely with the Israeli 
Government and the Palestinian authorities until Corporal Wachsman 
is returned unharmed.

The President shares the anguish and grief of the Wachsman family and 
conveys the sympathy and prayers of the American people for his safe and 
speedy return.

Joint Statement
The following was issued by the United States, United Kingdom, and the 
Gulf Coordination Council, Kuwait City, Kuwait, October 12, 1994.

The Foreign Ministers of the six members of the Gulf Cooperation 
Council, joined by U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher and U.K. 
Foreign Secretary Douglas Hurd, met in Kuwait October 12 in order to 
review the threat to peace and regional security posed by Iraq's recent 
provocative actions--including threatening military movements and 
bellicose statements--and appropriate responses to those actions.

The Ministers expressed their unwavering support for Kuwait's 
independence and territorial inviolability, and their collective 
determination to confront together threats to the region.  They 
condemned in strongest terms Iraq's recent hostile military movements--a 
clear violation of UN Security Council resolutions, and called upon the 
international community to join in prompt steps to end the current 
threat to Kuwait and to ensure that Iraq does not again threaten the 
State of Kuwait or the stability of the region.  Iraq's announcement of 
the withdrawal of troops mobilized on Kuwait's borders does not change 
the fact that the Iraqi Government has again, as so tragically in the 
past, demonstrated a willingness to resort to the threat of force to 
achieve its objectives.  They welcomed the statements throughout the 
Arab world denouncing Iraqi behavior.

The Ministers agreed that mobilization of resources and deployment of 
forces should continue until they are assured that Iraq no longer poses 
an immediate threat.  The Coalition-GCC forces should remain at the 
highest degree of readiness so long as the current threat to Kuwait 
exists.  They agreed on the importance of further enhancement of 
Coalition-GCC military coordination of ongoing deployments and joint 
activities in the region.

The Ministers underscored the continuing importance of the activities of 
the UN Special Commission (UNSCOM) inside Iraq, and stressed the 
importance of a firm response to any attempt by Iraq to interfere with 
UNSCOM's mission.  Iraqi activities of the past week have shown that 
Iraq poses a continued threat to the security of Kuwait.  Saddam Hussein 
has severely set back any prospect of relieving sanctions on his 
country.  Relaxation of sanctions will remain premature until Iraq 
complies fully with its obligations under the relevant UNSC resolutions.

The Ministers emphasized that they had no quarrel with the Iraqi people.  
They drew attention to the humanitarian provisions of the UNSC 
resolutions which the Iraqi regime has failed to take up.  The 
responsibility for the hardship of the Iraqi people lies entirely with 
the regime of Saddam Hussein.

The U.S. Secretary of State praised the support for the Middle East 
peace process provided by the GCC member states' decision to lift the 
secondary and tertiary aspects of the boycott and to support Arab League 
action with respect to the primary boycott.

He briefed the Foreign Ministers 
on latest developments in the peace process, including his just-
completed visits to Israel, Syria and Jordan.  
The Ministers welcomed the positive steps achieved in the peace process 
thus far and expressed their support for the continuing efforts of 
Secretary Christopher to assist the parties in reaching a just and 
comprehensive settlement of the Middle East conflict.  They declared 
their opposition to acts by terrorist groups designed to disrupt the 
progress toward and the hope for peace.  They also expressed their 
support for the Middle East/North Africa Economic Summit Conference 
being organized by his Majesty King Hassan of Morocco in order to 
encourage greater private sector involvement in the peace process.

Kuwait's Foreign Minister in welcoming visiting Ministers expressed his 
deep appreciation for the swift and decisive steps taken over the past 
week by the U.S., U.K., GCC countries and other Coalition members to 
meet the threat posed by Iraq's new provocations.

The Ministers express their appreciation to the Government of Kuwait for 
holding the meeting and their intention to continue to consult and 
cooperate closely on matters of regional peace and security.  

Secretary Christopher, Prime Minister Rabin

Remarks following meeting at the Office of the Prime Minister, 
Jerusalem, October 10, 1994.

Prime Minister Rabin.  Mr. Secretary and colleagues:  We welcome your 
visit that has become part of the effort to achieve peace based on the 
principles that have guided us since the Madrid conference almost three 
years ago.  Unfortunately, your visit today is under the shadow of the 
terrible terrorist act carried out against innocent Israelis in the 
center of Jerusalem.  Those enemies of Israel--the Hamas and other 
murderous organizations--will not hesitate to do everything to prevent 
us from living in peace--to hit wherever and whenever possible to kill 
Israelis because they are Israelis and to undermine the prospects of 
peace.  We will fight these murderous organizations.  We will prevent 
them to the best of our ability from killing Israelis.  And by no means 
will we allow them to achieve their goal--to interfere with our move 
toward peace.

Mr. Secretary, allow me to thank the United States and to thank you for 
the efforts that brought about in the last few months many positive 
results.  I believe that we continue in the process of the 
implementation of the Declaration of Principles with the Palestinians.  
I believe that we are moving hopefully toward peace this year with 
Jordan.  You brought about a decision by the Gulf countries to ignore 
the boycott--the second and the third chapters of it.  And there is no 
doubt in my mind that your visit this week to the Middle East will make 
possible other steps toward the achievement of our goal.  I know the 
problem of the negotiations with Syria remains unsolved.  There are gaps 
between the positions of Syria and Israel.  What we want is peace and 
security with dignity for Israel and Syria.  We want a fair, real peace 
that brings about normalization and security to both our countries, and 
it has to be done while maintaining the dignity of our peoples and our 
countries together.  Because otherwise it will not be based on a real, 
solid basis.

I wish you, Mr. Secretary, a fruitful visit in the region.  And thank 
you very much.

Secretary Christopher.  Thank you, Mr. Prime Minister.  I am very 
pleased to be back here in the region and to have a chance to exchange 
views with the Prime Minister and to work with him to facilitate the 
peace process.  Unfortunately, as the Prime Minister said, other items 
have arisen on the agenda.  Only last night, as he said, the enemies of 
peace once again showed their cowardly face.  These terrorists have no 
purpose but to kill--to kill innocent men, women, and children and, most 
of all, to kill the peace.  Our being here brings home to us the terror 
with which the people of Israel live day after day.  I just want to tell 
you on behalf of President Clinton and myself:  We are determined that 
they shall not succeed in killing the peace.  I want to express my own 
sense of outrage at this atrocity and give my condolences to all of the 
families of those who were killed and injured in this terrible attack.

The Prime Minister and I also reviewed this morning the situation on the 
Iraq-Kuwait border.  We expressed our resolve that Saddam Hussein would 
not be permitted to intimidate the people of Kuwait or the people of 
this region.  Our resolve is clear:  The Iraqis must comply with all the 
relevant Security Council resolutions, and there shall be no easing of 
the sanctions until that happens.  I think this incident shows once 
again the need to maintain a very strong front against this kind of 
conduct.  We will certainly not allow him to threaten regional stability 
again.  I am glad to say that there seems to be a strong convergence of 
the forces in this region that recognize that that  simply cannot be 
permitted to happen.

As the Prime Minister noted, we have seen a number of steps in recent 
days that indicate that Israel's relations with its Arab neighbors are 
vastly improved.  The limitations on the enforcement of the boycott by 
the Gulf Cooperation Council countries is an important step.  The 
relations between Israel and Tunisia and Morocco are also an indication 
of the changing character of the scene here.  The landscape really is 
being transformed as we watch.  We will be seeing a very important 
meeting in Casablanca at the end of this month, in which there is an 
opportunity for all the countries of the region to join with businessmen 
and leaders from around the world in presenting economic opportunities 
that flow from the peace process.

As the Prime Minister said, much hard work remains, particularly on the 
track between Israel and Syria.  I will be devoting a good deal of my 
time to that effort while I am here, and I am leaving for Syria early 
tomorrow morning.  The interview given on Israeli television by Foreign 
Minister Shara is, I think, an indication of the way circumstances are 
changing.  It is a good first step, but it also indicates the gaps that 
exist and the distance that we have to travel.  I want to renew the 
dedication that President Clinton, our Administration, and I have to 
facilitating the efforts to reach a peaceful, comprehensive settlement 
at the earliest possible time.  I am very honored to have an opportunity 
to work with the Prime Minister in this historic effort to achieve peace 
for the region.  I feel, as the Prime Minister said, that we have great 
opportunities before us, and I will be working hard to achieve that.  
Thank you very much.  


Honoring U.S. Commitments in Haiti and the Persian Gulf
President Clinton
Radio Address to the nation, Washington, DC, October 15, 1994

Good morning.  I want to begin by expressing my profound shock and 
abhorrence at the death of Corporal Nachshon Wachsman as a result of his 
kidnaping by Hamas terrorists. On behalf of the American people, Hillary 
and I want to convey our deepest sympathy to the Wachsman family and to 
the people of Israel at this dark moment.  Nachshon Wachsman was a son 
of Israel, but he was also a son of America.

Terrorists must know that these acts will not defeat the process that is 
bringing peace to Israel and her Arab neighbors.  In the face of such 
cowardly and evil actions, I know it is hard to go forward, but we owe 
it to all those who have paid such a heavy price to persist and finally 
to prevail in the pursuit of peace in the Middle East.  

Our efforts to achieve a comprehensive peace in the Middle East are part 
of an overall strategy to enhance American security and broaden American 
opportunities in the post-Cold War world--by promoting democracy, 
increasing trade, and reducing the threat of terror, chaos, and weapons 
of mass destruction.

We are making progress on all fronts.  U.S. and Russian missiles are no 
longer targeted at each other.  We are expanding trade through NAFTA, 
the GATT world trade agreement, and a new agreement with Japan.  This 
means more jobs for Americans and less tension with other countries.  
And we have to be encouraged by the recent successes of democracy and 
our peace efforts in the Middle East, in Northern Ireland, and, of 
course, in South Africa.

Today, I want to talk with you about Haiti and Iraq.  In Haiti this 
week, we helped restore the democratic government of President Aristide 
after three years of brutal military rule.  In the Persian Gulf, our 
resolve in the face of Iraq's provocative actions is preserving security 
in that vital region.

Even as I speak with you this morning, Haiti's first democratically 
elected President is flying home to resume his rightful place at the 
helm of his country.  President Aristide's return marks the end of one 
leg of a long and difficult journey and the start of a new era of hope 
for the Haitian people.

They have come a long way since a military coup toppled the democratic 
government in 1991.  For three years, the international community, led 
by the United States, tried diplomacy and economic sanctions to force 
the brutal military regime from power.  They were unwilling to yield.  
Four weeks ago, faced with an imminent, U.S.-led invasion authorized by 
the United Nations, the military regime finally agreed to peacefully 
give up power.  Since then, our troops, together with those of our 
coalition partners, have done a remarkable job in moving Haiti from fear 
to freedom.

President Aristide returns today to a more stable, less violent nation.  
The parliament is once again open for business.  In the best sign that 
democracy is taking hold, thousands of refugees are returning from 
Guantanamo.  But let me say, dangers still remain.  We know that.  
Still, thanks to the men and women of our Armed Forces and the brilliant 
work they have done in Haiti, democracy is back on track.

Now the difficult job of rebuilding Haiti must begin.  Countries from 
around the world have pledged to do their part, starting with a $550-
million recovery and reconstruction program.  In the end, though, only 
the Haitian people can do the job of rebuilding their country.

It clearly will be a difficult task.  But the people of Haiti have 
survived decades of violence and terror and poverty with dignity, pride, 
and hope.  Now they have an opportunity to make democracy work for 
themselves and to reach their God-given potential.

Our troops have helped to give them the chance to do so, just as they 
also are giving the people of Kuwait the confidence that they can live 
in peace.  It was less than four years ago that the men and women of 
operation Desert Storm drove Saddam Hussein's troops out of Kuwait.  
This time, we are determined not to let Iraq violate its neighbors' 
borders or to create new instability in the Gulf region.  That is why, 
in the face of Iraq's threatening troop movements on the Kuwaiti border 
last week, I ordered our troops, ships, and attack aircraft to the Gulf.  
Our policy is clear--we will not allow Iraq to threaten its neighbors or 
to intimidate the United Nations as it ensures that Iraq never again 
possesses weapons of mass destruction.

Much of the force that Iraq sent to the border has retreated.  But 
significant elements still remain within striking distance of Kuwait.  
We are watching this situation very carefully and continuing with the 
deployment of our own forces.  They will remain in the area and on alert 
until we are absolutely satisfied that Iraq no longer poses threats to 

At the same time, we are working to ensure that Iraq does not threaten 
its neighbors or UN weapons inspectors in the future.  We are seeking 
support in the UN Security Council for a strong resolution that would 
prevent renewed provocations by Iraq.

I share the pride of every American in the men and women of our Armed 
Forces.  In both the Western Hemisphere and on the edge of the Persian 
Gulf, they have answered the call of duty; they have performed difficult 
tasks with great skill and devotion.  They have shown again that the 
American military remains the finest in the world.  And, thanks to their 
effort, the world now knows again that the United States will honor its 
commitments, just as we expect others to honor the commitments they make 
to us. 



Haiti:  Democratic Government Restored
Secretary Christopher, Fact Sheet

Resuming the Journey to Freedom and Reconstruction
Remarks by Secretary Christopher at the departure ceremony for Haitian 
President Aristide, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, October 15, 1994.  
(Opening remarks omitted.) 

Distinguished representatives of other foreign governments, members of 
Congress, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen:  In a few moments, 
we will depart on a joyous and historic journey to accompany President 
Aristide on his triumphant return to Haiti.  Today, the people of Haiti 
will resume their journey to freedom and reconstruction in dignity and 
in peace.  Haiti will resume its rightful place in the community of 
democratic nations.  In less than four hours, President Aristide will be 
back home.

Today's ceremony and celebration mark the culmination of an intensive 
three years of American and global commitment to the restoration of 
democracy in Haiti.  That commitment was backed by Americans who care 
deeply about Haiti, and, I am glad to say, many of them will be on the 
plane to take President Aristide back today.

It was a commitment that was effectuated by President Clinton and the 
remarkable international coalition that he formed.  Now the President's 
leadership has brought us to this great day.  The United States has kept 
its word.

We have sent a clear and powerful message to would-be coup leaders 
throughout the hemisphere:  Democracy--the key to stability in the 
Americas--cannot be overthrown with impunity and cannot be stolen from 
the people.

Haiti is the nation with the longest history of independence of any of 
the nations in Latin America or the Caribbean.  Haiti is also a country 
with an elected president, an elected government, a democratic 
constitution, and a people who long to be free.  Three years of 
repression and terror have not altered these facts.  Indeed, Haiti's 
experience reminds us that fear cannot extinguish the memory of freedom 
from people's minds or the desire for freedom in their hearts.

The role of the multinational force is to promote stability and 
security, but the responsibility for rebuilding Haiti now rests with the 
government and its people.  They understand that the time for struggle 
and resistance is past and the time for governance has begun.

In support of that effort, the United States will continue to rally the 
international community to provide Haiti with humanitarian, economic, 
and technical assistance--assistance that it badly needs--to consolidate 
the rule of law and to promote development.

When President Aristide arrives in Haiti, it will be a glorious moment 
for the Haitian people and for all those in the United States who have 
worked so long and so hard for the restoration of democracy.  Indeed, it 
will be an inspiring victory for all of us who believe that freedom and 
democracy are the keys to a brighter community for each of our nations 
and for the world.  

A Renewed Beginning
Toast by Secretary Christopher at a luncheon on the occasion of 
President Aristide's return to Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, October 15, 
1994.  (Opening remarks omitted.)

Only one month ago, we stood with you at the White House and pledged to 
give Haiti's people a chance to rebuild their country in liberty, 
dignity, and peace.  Today, we are proud to stand with you in your 
house--a house that once again belongs to the people of Haiti and the 
president they chose.  The democracy that was stolen from this nation 
has been restored.

This historic celebration caps three years of intensive efforts by the 
United Nations, the Organization of American States, and the friends and 
neighbors of Haiti.  Our extraordinary coalition is the embodiment of 
our collective will.  And our solidarity will hold firm, President 
Aristide, as your government and your people begin the hard work of 
reconciliation and reform.

Mr. President, you understand more than anyone that today's celebration 
marks a renewed beginning, not a conclusion.  You know it rests with you 
and your fellow Haitians to build a working democracy, where the force 
of argument conquers the argument of force; to create accountable 
government that exists to serve the people, not to serve itself; to 
breathe life into your economy and lift the lives of your people; and to 
safeguard the freedom for which you have sacrificed so much.  

We have seen democracy prevail throughout the Americas.  We have 
witnessed implacable foes join hands in the Middle East.  We have 
marveled at the victory of unity over vengeance in South Africa.  And 
now it is Haiti's turn.

As its bicentennial approaches, Haiti has a chance to begin anew and 
take its rightful place in the community of democratic states.  To 
become an inspiration to other nations--a "rainbow," as you called it--a 
model of dignity and hope.  One month ago, President Aristide, you told 
us, "A new day is coming for Haiti; may it come soon."  Mr. President, 
that day is here.  Today is Haiti's day.  The whole world is on your 

Let us raise our glasses to President Aristide, the people of Haiti, and 
the future of Haitian democracy.  

The Lessons of Haiti
Excerpt from remarks by Secretary Christopher following the return of 
President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 
October 15, 1994.

There are some important lessons that ought to be drawn from this.  One, 
to me, is that steady diplomatic pressure is often the solution to 
problems.  There are no miracle solutions.  We began with every form of 
diplomacy we could find, then applied sanctions, then tougher sanctions.  
But finally it was necessary to support diplomacy with the use of force 
that brings us to this day.

I hope all would-be coup leaders and all military men in the hemisphere 
who have designs on their democratic governments will take a lesson from 
this--that not only the United States but the hemisphere as a whole 
stands ready to defend democracy and to protect democracy in our 
hemisphere.  I thought it was very significant that the foreign minister 
of Argentina at the luncheon today spelled that out as a new commitment 
of this hemisphere.

The Steel in the Sword of U.S. Diplomacy
Remarks by Secretary Christopher during a review of U.S. troops, Port-
au-Prince, Haiti, October 15, 1994.

I am honored to be here with you.  Over these last few weeks, I have 
addressed many audiences about our goals in Haiti.  But today, I enjoy a 
rare privilege.  Today, I stand before the dedicated men and women who 
have taken our goals and turned them into achievements.  Today, I say, 
on behalf of President Clinton and the American people, thank you.

Many of you have been here for almost a month.  I have been here for 
less than a day.  But already I have witnessed the extraordinary 
transformation that is taking place in Haiti.  We all can be proud of 
what our country has accomplished here, just as your country is proud of 

Only one month ago, Haiti was ruled by fear.  Today, you have given the 
rule of law a chance to prevail.  You have fostered stability with a 
minimum of  violence.  You have worked systematically to remove heavy 
weapons from the army, to disarm the paramilitary forces, and to begin 
getting guns off the streets.  You have ensured that promises delivered 
were kept:  Cedras, Francois, and Biamby are gone.  In 27 days, you have 
made history.

We have been impressed by your competence and inspired by your 
compassion.  We have learned from the example of staff sergeant Donald 
Holstead, who showed courage and resilience when he was ambushed October 
3.  We have been moved by the service of the Haitian-Americans among 
you, who are acting not only as soldiers but as ambassadors of good 
will.  From the highest commander to the newest recruit, everywhere we 
look we see a hero. 

Of course, this operation is not yet over.  Risks remain, and serious 
challenges lie ahead.  Haiti's democratic institutions have been 
restored.  Now, you and your colleagues in the multinational force must 
help maintain the secure environment that will permit them to function 

Let me emphasize the value we place on the multinational character of 
our efforts in Haiti.  The coalition includes troops from countries as 
distant as Poland and Benin.  We Americans may take for granted the 
values and institutions we are defending in Haiti.  But many of our 
partners have learned from experience that democracy is fragile and that 
liberty and justice must be guarded.

I know it is hard to be away from your families and homes.  But the role 
that you are playing is indispensable.  As President Clinton said last 
week, "The awesome force you represent is the steel in the sword of 
American diplomacy."  We see your spirit reflected in the crowds of 
Haitians who cheer you on.  We see your confidence mirrored in the 
smiles of those who taste liberty for the first time in years.  

Your country and I salute you with respect and admiration. 

Fact Sheet
Released by the White House, Office of the Press Secretary, Washington, 
DC, October 14, 1994.

The President this morning signed an executive order terminating the 
national emergency and U.S. sanctions against Haiti effective 12:01 a.m. 
Sunday, October 16, 1994.  The order:

--   Terminates the national emergency regarding Haiti that President 
Bush declared following the 1991 Haitian coup when he issued Executive 
Order 12775 on October 4, 1991.  Under the International Emergency 
Economic Powers Act, the national emergency was the basis for imposition 
of all unilateral and OAS-based U.S. sanctions against Haiti.

--  Revokes all executive orders imposing sanctions on Haiti, whether 
unilateral or based on actions of the Organization of American States or 
the UN Security Council.  UN Security Council Resolution 944 directs the 
lifting of UN-mandated sanctions on the day after President Aristide 
returns to Haiti.  Lifting unilateral sanctions at the same time is 
consistent with the purposes for which they were imposed as well as with 
the spirit of UN Security Council Resolution 944.

The UN-based sanctions lifted on October 16 include:

--  The comprehensive import and export embargo that allowed only 
humanitarian exports to Haiti;

--  The protective blocking of Government of Haiti assets;

--  The blocking of the assets of the de facto regime in Haiti, 
including the 1991 coup leaders, the military and police, and their 
named supporters; and

--  All remaining prohibitions on flights between the United States and 

Unilateral U.S. sanctions previously suspended include:

--  The blocking of assets of Haitian nationals resident in Haiti not 
identified as de facto regime members or supporters;

--  The prohibition on payments and financial transfers between the 
United States and Haiti or the de facto regime and its members and 

--  The prohibition on commercial exports of food to Haiti;

--  The prohibition on entry to U.S. ports by vessels calling in Haiti 
for unauthorized purposes;

--  The prohibition on temporary import and export of journalists' and 
broadcast media equipment; and

--  The prohibition on regularly scheduled commercial passenger flights 
between the United States and Haiti.

As of 12:01 a.m. EDT on Sunday, October 16, 1994 (the day after 
President Aristide returns), all U.S. and UN sanctions against Haiti 
will have been terminated. 


Article 5
Hope for Peace in Northern Ireland
President Clinton

Statement  by President Clinton 
released by the White House, Office of the Press Secretary, Washington, 
DC, October 13, 1994.

I welcome today's announcement by the Combined Loyalist Military Command 
in Northern Ireland declaring an end to its campaign of violence.  The 
cease-fire announcement by the IRA on August 31 and today's announcement 
by Loyalist paramilitaries present the best hope for peace in a 
generation in Northern Ireland.  The parties must now build on this 
historic step forward and enter into negotiations for a lasting 

Prime Minister John Major of the United Kingdom and Prime Minister 
Albert Reynolds of Ireland deserve great credit for their leadership and 
persistence in pressing for progress.  The principles put forward in 
their Downing Street Declaration provide an important foundation for a 
just and lasting peace.  I look forward to the next steps in the 
process, including the Forum for Peace and Reconciliation proposed by 
Prime Minister Reynolds, and the round-table talks convened by the Irish 
and British Governments with all involved parties.

I am pleased that the United States has been able to contribute to the 
peace process in Northern Ireland.  We continue to stand ready to assist 
in achieving a negotiated, democratic settlement supported by both 
communities in Northern Ireland. 


Article 6

UN Security Council Adopts Resolution 949 on Iraq

Resolution 949
(October 15, 1994)

The Security Council,

Recalling all its previous relevant resolutions, and reaffirming 
resolutions 678 (1990) of 29 November 1990, 686 (1991) of 2 March 1991, 
687 (1991) of 3 April 1991, 689 (1991) of 9 April 1991 and 833 (1993) of 
27 May 1993, and in particular paragraph 2 of resolution 678 (1990),

Recalling that Iraq's acceptance of resolution 687 (1991) adopted 
pursuant to Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations forms the 
basis of the cease-fire,

Noting past Iraqi threats and instances of actual use of force against 
its neighbours,

Recognizing that any hostile or provocative action directed against its 
neighbours by the Government of Iraq constitutes a threat to peace and 
security in the region,

Welcoming all diplomatic and other efforts to resolve the crisis,

Determined to prevent Iraq from resorting to threats and intimidation of 
its neighbours and the United Nations,

Underlining that it will consider Iraq fully responsible for the serious 
consequences of any failure to fulfil the demands in the present 

Noting that Iraq has affirmed its readiness to resolve in a positive 
manner the issue of recognizing Kuwait's sovereignty and its borders as 
endorsed by resolution 833 (1993), but underlining that Iraq must 
unequivocally commit itself by full and formal constitutional procedures 
to respect Kuwait's sovereignty, territorial integrity and borders, as 
required by resolutions 687 (1991) and 833 (1993),

Reaffirming the commitment of all Member States to the sovereignty, 
territorial integrity and political independence of Kuwait and Iraq,

Reaffirming its statement of 8 October 1994 (S/1994/PRST/58),

Taking note of the letter from the Permanent Representative of Kuwait of 
6 October 1994 (S/1994/1137), regarding the statement by the Revolution 
Command Council of Iraq of 6 October 1994,

Taking note also of the letter from the Permanent Representative of Iraq 
of 10 October 1994 (S/1994/1149), announcing that the Government of Iraq 
had decided to withdraw the troops recently deployed in the direction of 
the border with Kuwait,

Acting under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations,

1.  Condemns recent military deployments by Iraq in the direction of the 
border with Kuwait;

2.  Demands that Iraq immediately complete the withdrawal of all 
military units recently deployed to southern Iraq to their original 

3.  Demands that Iraq not again utilize its military or any other forces 
in a hostile or provocative manner to threaten either its neighbours or 
United Nations operations in Iraq;

4.  Demands therefore that Iraq not redeploy to the south the units 
referred to in paragraph 2 above or take any other action to enhance its 
military capacity in southern Iraq;

5.  Demands that Iraq cooperate fully with the United Nations Special 

6.  Decides to remain actively seized of the matter. 

VOTE:  Unanimous (15-0).  


Article 7

UN Security Council Adopts Resolution 948 on Haiti

Resolution 948
(October 15, 1994)

The Security Council,

Recalling the provisions of its resolutions 841 (1993) of 16 June 1993, 
861 (1993) of 27 August 1993, 862 (1993) of 31 August 1993, 867 (1993) 
of 23 September 1993, 873 (1993) of 13 October 1993, 875 (1993) of 16 
October 1993, 905 (1994) of 23 March 1994, 917 (1994) of 6 May 1994, 933 
(1994) of 30 June 1994, 940 (1994) of 31 July 1994 and 944 (1994) of 29 
September 1994,

Recalling the terms of the Governors Island Agreement (S/26063) and the 
related Pact of New York (S/26297),

Recalling also the different positions taken by its members when 
resolution 940 (1994) was adopted,

Looking forward to the completion of the mission of the Multinational 
Force in Haiti (MNF) and to the deployment of the United Nations Mission 
in Haiti (UNMIH) as soon as a secure and stable environment is 
established, as foreseen in resolution 940 (1994),

Having received the reports of the MNF, dated 26 September 1994 
(S/1994/1107, annex) and 10 October 1994 (S/1994/1148, annex),

Having also received the report of the Secretary-General of 28 September 
1994 (S/1994/1143), submitted pursuant to paragraph 16 of resolution 917 

Welcoming the letter from the Secretary-General (S/1994/1169), 
confirming that President Aristide has returned to Haiti,

1.  Welcomes with great satisfaction the return to Haiti of President 
Jean-Bertrand Aristide on 15 October 1994 and expresses its confidence 
that the people of Haiti can now begin to rebuild their country with 
dignity and consolidate democracy in a spirit of national 

2.  Welcomes in particular that, with the convening of the Haitian 
Parliament and the departure of the military leadership, the process of 
implementing the Governors Island Agreement, the New York Pact, and the 
objectives of the United Nations as expressed in the resolutions of the 
Council is well under way;

3.  Expresses full support for efforts by President Aristide, democratic 
leaders in Haiti, and the legitimate organs of the restored government 
to bring Haiti out of crisis and return it to the democratic community 
of nations;

4.  Commends the efforts of all States, organizations and individuals 
who have contributed to this outcome;

5.  Recognizes in particular the efforts of the MNF, authorized under 
resolution 940 (1994), and those of the Member States participating in 
the MNF on behalf of the international community in creating the 
conditions necessary for the return of democracy to the people of Haiti;

6.  Expresses its support for the deployment of the advance team of the 
United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) and the continued efforts of the 
Secretary-General to complete the composition of UNMIH;

7.  Notes that under the terms of resolution 940 (1994) UNMIH will 
replace the MNF when the Security Council determines that a secure and 
stable environment has been established;

8.  Welcomes the appointment of the new Special Representative of the 
Secretary-General and thanks the former Special Envoy of the 
Secretaries-General of the United Nations and the Organization of 
American States for his efforts;

9.  Urges that cooperation continue between the Secretaries-General of 
the United Nations and of the Organization of American States, 
especially regarding the rapid return to Haiti of the members of the 
International Civilian Mission (MICIVIH);

10.  Welcomes the fact that, now that President Aristide has returned to 
Haiti, sanctions will be lifted in accordance with resolution 944 

11.  Reaffirms the willingness of the international community to provide 
assistance to the people of Haiti, with the expectation that they will 
do their utmost to rebuild their country;

12.  Decides to remain actively seized of the matter. 

VOTE:  12-0-1 (Brazil abstaining).  




To the top of this page

Index of Dispatch Magazine Archives 1994 Issues|| Index of Dispatch Magazine Archives|| Index of "Briefings and Statements"
Index of Electronic Research Collections ERC Reference Desk || Alphabetic Index || Sitemap || ERC Homepage
Last modified: Jun. 8, 1999