US Department of State 

Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992


UN Security Council Resolution on "No-Fly" Zone Over Bosnia-Hercegovina

UN Source: Security Council, United Nations Description: Resolution 781, New York Date: Oct, 9 199210/9/92 Category: Speeches, Testimony, Statements Region: E/C Europe Country: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia-Montenegro Subject: United Nations, Regional/Civil Unrest, Military Affairs [TEXT] Resolution 781 (October 9, 1992) The Security Council, Reaffirming its resolution 713 (1991) and all subsequent relevant resolutions, Determined to ensure the safety of humanitarian flights to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Noting the readiness of the parties, expressed in the framework of the London Conference, to take appropriate steps in order to ensure the safety of humanitarian flights and their commitment at that Conference to a ban on military flights, Recalling in this context the Joint Declaration1 signed at Geneva on 30 September 1992 by the Presidents of the Republic of Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro), and in particular paragraph 7 thereof, Recalling also the agreement reached on air issues at Geneva on 15 September 1992 among all the parties concerned in the framework of the Working Group on Confidence and Security-building and Verification Measures of the London Conference,2 Alarmed at reports that military flights over the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina are none the less continuing, Noting the letter of 4 October 1992 from the President of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina addressed to the President of the Security Council,3 Considering that the establishment of a ban on military flights in the airspace of Bosnia and Herzegovina constitutes an essential element for the safety of the delivery of humanitarian assistance and a decisive step for the cessation of hostilities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Acting pursuant to the provisions of resolution 770 (1992) aimed at ensuring the safety of the delivery of humanitarian assistance in Bosnia and Herzegovina, 1. Decides to establish a ban on military flights in the airspace of Bosnia and Herzegovina, this ban not to apply to United Nations Protection Force flights or to other flights in support of United Nations operations, including humanitarian assistance; 2. Requests the United Nations Protection Force to monitor compliance with the ban on military flights, including the placement of observers where necessary at airfields in the territory of the former Yugoslavia; 3. Also requests the United Nations Protection Force to ensure, through an appropriate mechanism for approval and inspection, that the purpose of flights to and from Bosnia and Herzegovina other than those banned by paragraph 1 above is consistent with Security Council resolutions; 4. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Council on a periodic basis on the implementation of the present resolution and to report immediately any evidence of violations; 5. Calls upon States to take nationally or through regional agencies or arrangements all measures necessary to provide assistance to the United Nations Protection Force, based on technical monitoring and other capabilities, for the purposes of paragraph 2 above; 6. Undertakes to examine without delay all the information brought to its attention concerning the implementation of the ban on military flights in Bosnia and Herzegovina and, in the case of violations, to consider urgently the further measures necessary to enforce this ban; 7. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter. VOTE: 14-0-1 (China). 1S/24476, annex. 2S/24634, annex. 3S/24616.
Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992 Title:

UN Security Council Resolution on "No-Fly" Zone Over Bosnia-Hercegovina

Perkins Source: Ambassador Perkins, US Permanent Representative to the United Nations to the UN Security Council Description: Explanation of vote on the "No-Fly" Zone over Bosnia-Hercegovina, New York City Date: Oct, 9 199210/9/92 Category: Speeches, Testimony, Statements Region: E/C Europe Country: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia-Montenegro, United States Subject: United Nations, Regional/Civil Unrest, Military Affairs [TEXT] Mr. President, in establishing a "no-fly" zone over Bosnia-Hercegovina, the Security Council is taking an important step to address the violence that has wracked that republic and to support the efforts of the London conference. Our support for this action was clearly stated by President Bush on October 2, when he observed: At London, the parties agreed to a ban on all military flights over Bosnia. Yet the bombing of defense-less population centers has actually increased. This flagrant disregard for human life and for a clear agreement requires a response from the international community, and we will take steps to see that the ban is respected. The London conference agreements reflect the approach of the international community to the crisis and include the concurrence of the warring parties in Bosnia. The proposed UN Security Council resolution codifies a ban on military flights in Bosnia-Hercegovina, an action specifically agreed to by Bosnian Serb representatives. Our vote in favor of the current resolution reflects our view that, in the case of violations, it binds the Council to further action. It is up to the parties themselves to carry through on all London commitments and this resolution calling for the ban of military flights over Bosnia-Hercegovina. Such responsible action would remove from this body the need to consider further enforcement measures resulting from noncompliance. If, however, the current resolution is violated, my government will move to seek adoption by the Council of a further resolution mandating enforcement of a "no-fly" zone over Bosnia-Hercegovina. (###)
Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992 Title:

US Urges Quick Arrangements For Angolan Runoff Elections

Boucher Source: Richard Boucher, State Department Spokesman Description: Statement, Washington, DC Date: Oct, 19 199210/19/92 Category: Speeches, Testimony, Statements Region: Subsaharan Africa Country: Angola Subject: Democratization, Human Rights, United Nations [TEXT] The UN Secretary General's Special Representative for Angola, Margaret Anstee, made a statement [on] Saturday, October 17, on the Angolan elections. We concur in the UN judgment that "while there were certainly some irregularities in the electoral process, these appear to have been mainly due to human error and inexperience." We further accept that there is "no evidence of major, systematic or widespread fraud, or that the irregularities were of a magnitude to have a significant effect on the results." The United Nations concluded that the elections held [on] September 29-30 were generally free and fair. We support that conclusion. Because no presidential candidate obtained the requisite 50% majority, a second round of elections for president will be necessary. The United Nations has declared that it will be involved with the certification of this round as well, and we strongly support this effort. We urge the parties to make the necessary arrangements for this election as quickly as feasible. (###)
Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992 Title:

Participation in Resistance Activities In Thailand and Laos

Boucher Source: Richard Boucher, State Department Spokesman Description: Statement, Washington, DC Date: Oct, 9 199210/9/92 Category: Speeches, Testimony, Statements Region: Southeast Asia Country: Thailand, Laos Subject: Regional/Civil Unrest [TEXT] The Department of State has received complaints from the Governments of Thailand and Laos concerning the alleged conduct of US nationals and legal residents who are reportedly involved in efforts to overthrow or otherwise destabilize the Government of Laos. These activities have allegedly taken place in Thailand and Laos. In July 1992, three US citizens and one legal resident were arrested in Thailand for the possession of unauthorized materiels. All four were subsequently deported from Thailand. The US Government does not support or condone such efforts in any manner. While the Department of State cannot confirm these allegations, we believe that it is prudent to advise US nationals and residents of the possible consequences of engaging in such activities. Many US laws apply to involvement in foreign armed conflicts. In particular, US neutrality and related laws impose substantial criminal and civil penalties for individuals who engage in prohibited activities related to the financial or materiel support of such conflicts. For example, section 960 of the Federal Criminal Code (Title 18 of the US Code) provides for up to 3 years' imprisonment, a $3,000 fine, or both for anyone who " within the United States, knowingly begins or sets on foot or provides or prepares a means or furnishes the money for, or takes part in, any military or naval expedition or enterprise to be carried on thence against the territory or dominion of any foreign state or people with whom the United States is at peace...." In addition, nationals and permanent residents of the United States who become involved in foreign armed conflicts run a serious risk of violating the laws of foreign states. In the event such individuals are arrested or imprisoned abroad, the ability of the Department of State to provide assistance is severely limited. (###)
Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992 Title:

Gist: US Foreign Policy and the International Environment

PA Source: Office of Public Communication, Bureau of Public Affairs Date: Oct, 19 199210/19/92 Category: Policy Briefs (Gist) Region: Whole World, Polar Regions Country: Thailand, Laos, Antarctica Subject: Environment, United Nations [TEXT] The environmental challenges confronting the world today are greater than at any time in recent history. Threats to the global environment--such as stratospheric ozone depletion, potential climate change, and the loss of biological diversity and forests--affect all nations, regardless of their level of development or the nature of their political or economic systems. As a result, the environment is becoming an increasingly important part of the foreign policy agenda. The United States has given high priority to environmental issues and is in the forefront of global efforts. As a world leader in environmental protection, the United States plays a key role in developing solutions to international environmental concerns. The United States is pursuing a wide-ranging agenda of action to protect the environment and promote the goal of sustainable development. The US action agenda has focused heavily on forests and oceans, which are home to the vast majority of life on earth.
The world's forests provide a wide range of valuable benefits such as protecting soil and water resources, providing timber and fiber, absorbing carbon dioxide, and serving recreational and other purposes. In addition, tropical forests are among the most species-rich ecosystems on earth. The rapid destruction of forests in many regions of the world is one of the world's most pressing environmental concerns. At the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), the United States led efforts to adopt a statement of forest principles as one of the three main conference documents. The UNCED forest principles set guidelines for all countries for the adoption of measures in support of the conservation and sustainable management of forests throughout the world. In June 1992, the United States announced the Forests for the Future Initiative, a commitment to quick, positive, and cooperative action to begin implementing the forest principles agreed to at UNCED. The initiative offers partnerships between developed and developing countries for meeting economic and environmental needs and stemming forest loss and degradation. Under the plan, the United States would increase bilateral assistance by $150 million and called on other countries to increase total international forest assistance in support of the initiative.
Marine Conservation and Pollution
The world's oceans face a number of threats from human activities such as overharvesting of resources and the generation of wastes. The United States has long played an active role in ocean conservation. For example, US efforts in the early 1980s were instrumental in the International Whaling Commission's decision to establish a moratorium on the commercial harvest of whales. More recently, work is underway to ensure that fishing practices by tuna and shrimp fleets minimize the impact on dolphins and sea turtles. The United States has been very active in the growing worldwide effort to address problems associated with driftnet fisheries. These fisheries, using nets up to 40 miles in length, are responsible for a very large take of marine mammals, seabirds, and other species, which has an adverse impact on the marine environment. To address this concern, the United States was successful in gaining support at the UN General Assembly for a moratorium on all driftnet fishing; the moratorium will go into effect at the end of 1992. In the area of marine pollution, the United States has been a leading proponent of two major international agreements: the Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, which regulates discharges of harmful substances during the normal operation of ships at sea, and the London Dumping Convention, which bans the ocean disposal of a number of wastes and lists others that may be disposed of only with special care. Because pollution from land-based sources now represents the most serious threat to the marine environment, the United States has promoted efforts to address this concern. Delegates to UNCED adopted a US proposal calling for an intergovernmental conference to consider effective ways for dealing with land-based sources of marine pollution. In addition, pursuant to President Bush's initiative at the 1989 economic summit, the United States and 79 other nations agreed in November 1990 to an International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response, and Cooperation.
Protection of the Ozone Layer
There is scientific consensus that depletion of stratospheric ozone--which protects human health, crops, and marine life by filtering the sun's ultraviolet rays--is a serious and growing problem. Reduced levels of stratospheric ozone, for example, may increase the number of skin cancer cases. The most recent scientific reports indicate that the degree and extent of ozone layer depletion is greater than previously believed. The United States has led efforts to address this threat to the atmosphere, beginning with a decision in 1978 to ban the use of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in non-essential aerosols. Because protection of the ozone layer is only possible with participation by all countries, the United States urged the conclusion of agreements to restrict CFC use. This led to a succession of landmark international agreements: -- The 1985 Vienna Convention under which a framework was set up to respond to the problem; -- The 1987 Montreal Protocol which called for a 50% cut in CFC use; and -- The 1990 amendments to the Montreal Protocol, under which countries agreed to completely phase out the production of CFCs and most other ozone-depleting substances by the end of the century. In February 1992, President Bush announced that the United States would phase out CFCs and most other ozone-depleting substances by the end of 1995. The United States is now seeking an amendment of the Montreal Protocol to incorporate this earlier phase-out date.
Global Climate Change
The possibility that cumulative human activities such as fossil fuel burning and deforestation may result in climatic change is a major environmental concern. The United States has been active in the international effort to develop an appropriate response to climate change. Negotiations on a framework convention on climate change began in Washington, DC, in February 1991 and culminated in an agreement in May 1992. The convention, which was signed by President Bush on June 12, 1992, establishes an effective process for dealing with this global issue in a concrete way. Industrialized countries will develop specific action plans to limit their emissions of greenhouse gases and enhance forests and other "sinks" for these gases. There will be a rigorous review process of the specific action plans and how they were met, whether the actions had the projected effect, and what effect they had on overall greenhouse gases. The agreement also establishes a global partnership between developed and developing countries to provide financial support and further the flow of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries. The United States has pledged support for "country studies," for the Global Environment Facility, and for various other programs that will help developing countries begin the process of producing their own action programs. The United States is already developing the specific elements of its national program to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Among the specific actions that the United States will undertake are adoption of a National Energy Strategy, implementation of the world's most stringent clean air legislation and a new transportation law, and expansion of US forests. It is estimated that these actions alone will reduce projected US greenhouse gas emissions by about 125-200 million tons in the year 2000. The United States has called for all industrialized countries to join in a "prompt start" to implementing commitments under the climate change convention.
UN Conference on Environment and Development
The UN Conference on Environment and Development--held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in June 1992--was a landmark event in addressing the global environment. Unlike other environmental conferences, UNCED focused on "sustainable development," i.e., economic growth that takes into account environmental concerns. With over 100 heads of state in attendance, UNCED gave unparalleled global attention to environmental concerns. UNCED resulted in adoption of three key documents: -- Agenda 21, an action program to guide national and international environmental and development efforts into the 21st century; -- The Rio Declaration, a statement of principles regarding environment and development; and -- A statement of principles for the conservation and sustainable use of forests worldwide. UNCED recommended to the UN General Assembly the formation of a Commission on Sustainable Development under the UN's Economic and Social Council. The commission would review reports, including national reports, on the implementation of recommendations made at UNCED. The United States played a key role in the UNCED process. President Bush's Forests for the Future Initiative will be a key first step in implementing the UNCED forest principles. US proposals for protecting the marine environment form the core of UNCED recommendations on oceans. UNCED also adopted US proposals for enhancing technology cooperation and increasing public participation in environmental decision making.
Transboundary Pollution
All countries increasingly face the need to work with their neighbors to deal with transboundary pollution. The United States is actively engaged with Canada and Mexico in resolving transboundary concerns. In March 1991, President Bush and Canadian Prime Minister Mulroney signed a landmark air quality agreement with mechanisms and procedures for addressing transboundary air pollution issues, including commitments to reduce emissions of "acid rain" precursors such as sulfur dioxide. This agreement complements long-standing efforts through the International Joint Commission to deal with water pollution issues in the Great Lakes and elsewhere along the border. A framework for cooperation with Mexico was established in a 1983 agreement to deal with a range of environmental problems along the US- Mexican border. In November 1990, Presidents Bush and Salinas called for the development of a comprehensive border environment plan, building on the 1983 agreement. The new plan, which was announced in February 1992, addresses problems of air and water pollution, hazardous wastes, chemical emergencies, pesticides, and enforcement. The border plan supports the negotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement goal of ensuring that economic growth and environmental protection proceed in tandem.
Protection of the fragile environment of Antarctica is a priority for the United States. Under the 1959 Antarctic Treaty, the continent has been a zone of peace and a place for conducting scientific research into issues such as global climate change and stratospheric ozone depletion. In October 1991, the parties to the Antarctic Treaty agreed to a comprehensive environmental protection protocol designed to ensure the protection of this vast wilderness for generations. The new protocol includes measures related to the conservation of Antarctic fauna and flora, waste disposal, marine pollution, environmental impact assessment, and area protection and management. Mineral resource activities, except for scientific research, are prohibited for at least 50 years.
The United States is party to a large number of bilateral and multilateral agreements designed to protect endangered species and ensure wildlife conservation. One of the most important is the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), which enables the 116 CITES signatories to monitor and control international trade in wild species. CITES was crucial in efforts by the United States and other countries to protect the African elephant by banning trade in elephant ivory. Demand for ivory had been identified as the main cause of the precipitous decline of elephant populations. While CITES has been effective in protecting species endangered as a direct result of international trade, the main cause of species loss is habitat destruction. The United States is seeking to address this issue through a variety of means, such as the Forests for the Future Initiative, the establishment of protected areas under the World Heritage Convention, the Man and the Biosphere Program, and the Ramsar (Iran) Treaty on International Wetlands, and through other agreements. In addition, the US Agency for International Development currently provides more than $160 million a year in assistance for tropical forestry and biological diversity conservation programs.
Hazardous Wastes and Toxic Chemicals
US domestic hazardous waste disposal laws are among the strictest in the world--the United States exports less than 1% of the hazardous wastes it generates every year. The United States likewise has been a leader in requiring the formal consent of receiving countries before allowing exports of hazardous wastes. In March 1990, the United States signed the Basel Convention on the Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, an international treaty regulating the trade in hazardous wastes. The convention provides safeguards to ensure that transboundary movements of hazardous wastes are conducted in an environmentally sound manner. With regard to toxic chemicals, the United States has promoted international cooperation on chemical risk assessment and management and supports an intergovernmental mechanism for this purpose. The United States also supports the widespread use of community-right-to-know programs and the development of national databases on toxic release inventories that can be linked to a future international database. In the US experience, these programs have been effective tools for the purposes of preventing pollution and reducing the risks of chemical accidents and other hazards. (###)
Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992 Title:

Gist: Protection of the Antarctic Environment

PA Source: Office of Public Communication, Bureau of Public Affairs Date: Oct, 19 199210/19/92 Category: Policy Briefs (Gist) Region: Polar Regions Country: Antarctica Subject: Environment, United Nations, International Law [TEXT]
The United States is committed to protecting the Antarctic environment and ensuring that human activities do not compromise the opportunities this unique area offers for scientific research into natural processes of global significance. This commitment is a fundamental element of US Antarctic policy and complements our objective of maintaining Antarctica as a zone of peace, the primary goal of the Antarctic Treaty. In order to further ensure the protection of Antarctica's environment, the treaty countries, including the United States, have signed the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty which imposes stricter, more detailed environmental safeguards. The protocol is now before the Senate for advice and consent to ratification and will enter into force when formally ratified by the United States and other treaty parties.
The Antarctic Treaty System
The Antarctic Treaty of 1959 establishes an international framework, consistent with the UN Charter, for managing human activities in Antarctica. Military activity, nuclear explosions, and disposal of radioactive waste are forbidden within the treaty area, while freedom for scientific research and other peaceful uses is guaranteed. The treaty celebrated its 30th anniversary in 1991 as an outstanding example of international cooperation. Environmental protection is a priority issue for the treaty parties, which have grown from 12 original signatories to 40 current members representing over two-thirds of the world's population. A wide range of environmental protection measures have been adopted over the years to address new activities and circumstances. The most significant of these are the 1964 Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Flora and Fauna, which prohibit the taking of plants, birds, and marine mammals native to the continent, except for scientific purposes, and establish a system of specially protected areas in which human access is strictly limited. Two other international environmental protection agreements are part of the Antarctic Treaty system. The 1980 Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) applies an innovative ecosystem approach to conservation in the seas surrounding Antarctica. Research by the CCAMLR parties (26 nations and the European Community) has made significant progress in understanding the interrelationships and population dynamics of the fish, mammal, and invertebrate species found in Antarctic waters. This research has led to the institution of protection measures, including major restrictions on commercial fisheries such as catch quotas, gear regulation, and area and seasonal closures, enforced through a system of at-sea inspection of fishing vessels. The 1972 Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Seals, to which 14 countries-- including the United States--are parties, provides for conservation and necessary protection of Antarctic seal populations.
Protocol on Environmental Protection
The new Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty is a major addition to the Antarctic Treaty system. Signed in Madrid on October 4, 1991, the protocol prohibits any activity relating to Antarctic mineral resources, except for scientific research, but provides that this ban can be reviewed 50 years after entry into force. The protocol sets forth basic principles for the protection of the Antarctic environment, establishes an environmental advisory committee, and includes a system of annexes setting forth detailed, mandatory measures for environmental protection. Five annexes have been concluded. Three contain strict measures on marine pollution, waste disposal, and environmental impact assessment. An annex on conservation of flora and fauna expands and strengthens the 1964 Agreed Measures. The fifth annex contains expanded provisions for establishing and managing protected areas in parts of Ant- arctica with unusual environmental sensitivity or scientific value. To promote compliance with its rules, the protocol provides for on-site inspections, reporting of implementation measures, and dispute settlement procedures. The protocol institutes compulsory dispute settlement among parties over its key provisions, the first major international environmental agreement to do so.
Next Steps
The Senate gave its advice and consent to ratification of the protocol on October 7, 1992. The Administration introduced implementing legislation in Congress in 1992. Pending entry into force of the protocol, the United States and the other treaty parties have pledged to begin complying with its environmental protection measures as soon as possible. Preservation of Antarctica's environment and wildlife will continue to be a priority for the United States and the other treaty parties as they carry out their obligation under the treaty to protect the southern continent. (###)
Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992 Title:

Gist: High-Seas Driftnet Fishing

PA Source: Office of Public Communication, Bureau of Public Affairs Date: Oct, 19 199210/19/92 Category: Policy Briefs (Gist) Region: Pacific, East Asia, Southeast Asia Country: Antarctica Subject: Environment, United Nations, International Law, Resource Management [TEXT] International fisheries issues, once focused on division of the catch, increasingly are related to the conservation of marine life and averting threats to life in the high seas. The United States has long shared a deep concern for the conservation and protection of living marine resources. Through negotiation of bilateral and multilateral agreements and by promoting UN and other projects calling for greater multilateral cooperation, the State Department aims to conserve and protect marine resources and prevent unacceptable impacts on high-seas living marine resources. Large squid and tuna driftnet fishing fleets from Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan operate throughout the Pacific and potentially pose a major conservation and environmental problem. Driftnet fishing indiscriminately ensnares both target species, such as squid and tuna, as well as other marine mammal species, seabirds, salmonids, and other living marine resources.
South Pacific
The issue of driftnet fishing has been of continuing concern in the South Pacific, mainly because of possible depletion of South Pacific albacore tuna stocks. The United States has supported efforts by the Pacific island nations concerning driftnets, such as in co-sponsoring a resolution in the 44th UN General Assembly calling for a moratorium on driftnet fishing in the South Pacific. The United States also signed the Wellington Convention in 1991 prohibiting the use of large driftnets in the South Pacific. The United States is also negotiating with South Pacific nations to develop a conservation and management agreement for albacore tuna. Japan also is participating in these negotiations, which are being conducted separately from the driftnet ban.
North Pacific
In 1989, 1990, 1991, and 1992, bilateral agreements were reached with Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan which established scientific monitoring and enforcement programs for driftnet fisheries in the North Pacific. These joint programs monitored the numbers of fish, mammals, seabirds, and other living marine resources taken by the driftnet fleets. Bilateral enforcement programs also were established so that these fleets do not operate in areas where they may take US-origin salmonids.
Global Moratorium
The data collected through the scientific monitoring programs provided the information needed to understand and document how such fleets affect the high-seas marine environment. In light of the strong concerns about large- scale pelagic driftnet fishing, the 46th UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 46/215 on December 20, 1991, which calls for a global moratorium on large-scale high-seas driftnet fishing effective December 31, 1992. The United States is committed to the full implementation of this resolution and will continue to be a strong leader and advocate in the protection of high-seas living marine resources. (###)
Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992 Title:

Meeting With Sudanese Bishops

Boucher Source: Richard Boucher, State Department Spokesman Description: Statement by Department Spokesman Richard Boucher, Washington, DC Date: Oct, 21 199210/21/92 Category: Speeches, Testimony, Statements Region: MidEast/North Africa, Subsaharan Africa Country: Sudan Subject: Human Rights [TEXT] Under Secretary for Political Affairs Arnold Kanter met yesterday with Sudanese Catholic Bishops Taban Paride and Makram Mas Gassis. The two bishops are involved in humanitarian efforts in Sudan and share our concern regarding recent developments in the country. Under Secretary Kanter expressed strong concern over Khartoum's serious human rights abuses in Juba and in the Nuba mountain area and noted disturbing evidence of increasing religious intolerance in Sudan. He said we are working with others to give notice to the Khartoum regime that it will become increasingly isolated unless these policies are reversed. He added that we also will be consulting about possible UN actions. Under Secretary Kanter noted our continuing support to UN agencies and NGOs [non-governmental organizations] for food and medical deliveries to the area. He added that we are pressing the Government of Sudan and all other parties involved to permit free access to all areas where people are in need. He expressed American outrage at the Government of Sudan's execution without trial of two local USAID [US Agency for International Development] employees and an EC [European Community] relief worker on unproven allegations of aiding the SPLA [Sudan Peoples' Liberation Army]. He called on the Government of Sudan to abide by the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to which it is a signatory. The Under Secretary also deplored the SPLA's murder of UN personnel and urged all parties to work toward the peaceful resolution of their differences. (###)
Dispatch, Vol 3, No 42, October 19, 1992 Title:

New Ambassadors

PA Source: Office of Public Communication, Bureau of Public Affairs Date: Oct, 19 199210/19/92 Category: Speeches, Testimony, Statements Region: Whole World Country: Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brunei, Canada, Cote d'Ivoire, Czechoslovakia (former), Gabon, Georgia, Ghana, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Liberia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Moldova, Nigeria, Philippines, Qatar, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Singapore, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Sao Tome and Principe Subject: State Department, NATO [TEXT] New Ambassadors
July-September 1992
Azerbaijan--Richard Monroe Miles, August 18, 1992 Belarus--David Heywood Swartz, August 25, 1992 Brunei--Donald Burnham Ensenat, August 13, 1992 Canada--Peter Barry Teeley, June 18, 1992* Cote d'Ivoire--Hume Alexander Horan, July 8, 1992 Czechoslovakia--Adrian A. Basora, July 14, 1992 Gabon; Sao Tome and Principe--Joseph Charles Wilson IV, July 24, 1992 Georgia--Kent N. Brown, August 14, 1992 Ghana--Kenneth L. Brown, July 22, 1992 Guinea-Bissau--Roger A. McGuire, August 24, 1992 Indonesia--Robert L. Barry, July 20, 1992 Kazakhstan--William Harrison Courtney, August 20, 1992 Kyrgyzstan--Edward Hurwitz, September 3, 1992 Laos--Charles B. Salmon, Jr., July 29, 1992 Liberia--William P. Twaddell, September 1992 (assigned Chief of Mission) Madagascar--Dennis P. Barrett, July 1, 1992 Malaysia--John Stern Wolf, August 24, 1992 Maldives; Sri Lanka--Teresita Currie Schaffer, August 19, 1992 Marshall Islands--David C. Fields, July 17, 1992 Moldova--Mary C. Pendleton, August 17, 1992 Nigeria--William Lacy Swing, July 29, 1992 Philippines--Richard H. Solomon, August 11, 1992 Qatar--Kenton Wesley Keith, August 14, 1992 Seychelles--Mack F. Mattingly, August 17, 1992 Sierra Leone--Lauralee M. Peters, August 4, 1992 Singapore--Jon M. Huntsman, Jr., August 28, 1992 South Africa--Princeton Nathan Lyman, July 31, 1992 Sudan--Donald K. Pettersen, July 16, 1992 Tajikistan--Stanley Tuemler Escudero, August 17, 1992 Tanzania--Peter Jon de Vos, August 25, 1992 Turkmenistan--Joseph S. Hulings III, August 17, 1992 Uzbekistan--Henry Lee Clarke, August 24, 1992 US Mission to NATO--Reginald Bartholomew, July 20, 1992 * Inadvertently omitted from July 27, 1992 listing for April-June 1992 (###)