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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Office of the Spokesman
Taken Questions of 4/5/94

1. JAPAN

Q: Has the U.S. made a formal request to Japan to halt remittances to North Korea by individuals in Japan?

A: THE U.S. HAS BEEN CONSULTING VERY CLOSELY WITH JAPAN REGARDING THE NORTH KOREAN NUCLEAR ISSUE. WE APPRECIATE JAPAN'S COOPERATION THUS FAR IN THE INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS TO DEAL WITH THIS PROBLEM, AND WE EXPECT SUCH COOPERATION WILL CONTINUE. WE ARE NOT NOW SEEKING TO IMPOSE INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC SANCTIONS AGAINST NORTH KOREA. THERE IS NO LEGAL OBSTACLE AT PRESENT TO KOREAN RESIDENTS OF JAPAN SENDING MONEY TO NORTH KOREA.

2. NORTHERN IRAQ

Q: Are there any Americans in the North, i.e. civilian or military?

A: THERE ARE APPROXIMATELY FIFTY U.S. CITIZENS IN NORTHERN IRAQ. THEY ARE ALL ASSOCIATED WITH THE INTERNATIONAL RELIEF EFFORT AND WORK FOR THE U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, THE U.S. ARMED FORCES, THE UNITED NATIONS, OR PRIVATE NGO'S.

Q: Do we have any reports of harassment of relief efforts like those reported some time ago, i.e. bombs on relief trucks?

A: RELIEF EFFORTS IN NORTHERN IRAQ CONTINUE TO BE HAMPERED BY HARASSMENT. IN THE PAST FEW MONTHS, UNITED NATIONS AND PROVIDE COMFORT VEHICLES HAVE BEEN FIRED ON OR DETAINED. A BOMB WAS FOUND UNDER A UNICEF CONVOY TRUCK IN DECEMBER. WE KNOW OF SIX ATTACKS ON UNITED NATIONS OR EUROPEAN UNION PERSONNEL AND JOURNALISTS IN NORTHERN IRAQ SINCE EARLY MARCH. IN THESE MOST RECENT ATTACKS, TWO RELIEF WORKERS WERE KILLED AND TEN WERE INJURED. ADDITIONALLY, SEVEN RELIEF WORKERS, INCLUDING FIVE EXPATRIATES, WERE KILLED IN NORTHERN IRAQ IN 1993. THE U.S. STRONGLY CONDEMNS ALL OF THESE ATTACKS, PARTICULARLY THE RECENT UPSURGE OF INCIDENTS WHICH FOLLOWS REPORTS THAT THE GOVERNMENT OF IRAQ HAS OFFERED A BOUNTY FOR ANYONE WHO MURDERS EXPATRIATES WORKING IN THE NORTH.

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