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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE
Office of the Spokesman
Taken Questions of January 28, 1994

1. CHINA Q. Any details on the proposed missile nonproliferation agreement with China?

A. WE HAVE PROPOSED THAT THIS AGREEMENT BE CONTAINED IN A MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING BETWEEN OUR TWO GOVERNMENTS THAT WOULD BE STRUCTURED ALONG THE LINES OF THE AGREEMENT EXECUTED ON SEPTEMBER 2, 1993, BETWEEN THE U.S. AND RUSSIA.

--AS WE NOTED YESTERDAY, THIS BINDING INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT WOULD CONFIRM BOTH GOVERNMENTS' COMMITMENT TO OBSERVE THE CURRENT GUIDELINES AND ANNEX OF THE MISSILE TECHNOLOGY CONTROL REGIME (MTCR) AND PREVENT THE FUTURE EXPORT OF CERTAIN MISSILES AND MISSILE TECHNOLOGY TO PAKISTAN.

--THE PROPOSED BILATERAL AGREEMENT WOULD SPECIFY HOW THE MTCR GUIDELINES SHOULD BE APPLIED. IT WILL BE RECIPROCAL, APPLYING RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS EQUALLY TO BOTH THE U.S. AND CHINA. WE EXPECT TO RESUME DISCUSSIONS IN THE COMING MONTH.

--THE MISSILE PROLIFERATION SANCTIONS ARE SEPARATE FROM THE TIENANMEN SANCTIONS. THE DISCUSSIONS THIS WEEK FOCUSED ONLY ON THE MISSILE SANCTIONS.

2. LAOS Q: Is Laos cooperating in accounting for American MlAs?

A.--COOPERATION ON THE POW/MIA ISSUES IS A PRIORITY IN OUR RELATIONS WITH LAOS.

--PROGRESS WITH LAOS IN THIS AREA HAS STEADILY INCREASED DURING THE PAST SEVERAL YEARS, PARTICULARLY SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF DETACHMENT 3 OF THE JOINT TASK FORCE FULL ACCOUNTING OFFICE IN VIENTIANE IN JANUARY 1992.

--SINCE 1985, WE HAVE CONDUCTED 35 JOINT FIELD OPERATIONS WITH LAOS (THE 36TH OPERATION IN CURRENTLY UNDERWAY); 15 OF THESE ACTIVITIES HAVE TAKEN PLACE SINCE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF DET 3.

--505 AMERICANS REMAIN UNACCOUNTED FOR IN LAOS; HOWEVER, MORE THAN 80 PERCENT OF THEM WERE LOST IN AREAS THAT AT THAT TIME WERE UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE NORTH VIETNAMESE. THESE CASES WERE THE SUBJECT OF THE FIRST-EVER TRILATERAL OPERATION ALONG THE LAOS-VIETNAM BORDER, WHICH WAS COMPLETED ON DECEMBER 20.

IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENTS WHICH RECENTLY HAVE ADVANCED POW/MIA COOPERATION IN LAOS ARE: LAO WILLINGNESS TO PERMIT ACCESS TO THE STATE CINEMATOGRAPHY OFFICE WHERE U.S. PERSONNEL ARE CURRENTLY REVIEWING FILM ARCHIVES; ACCESS TO MILITARY MUSEUMS; INTERVIEWS CONDUCTED WITH TWO KEY PATHET LAO FIGURES FROM THE WARTIME ERA; AND A LIVE SIGHTING INVESTIGATION CURRENTLY UNDERWAY AT NHOMMARATH PRISON.

OUR JOINT TASK FORCE TEAMS IN THE FIELD HAVE PRAISED THE COOPERATION OF LAO COUNTERPARTS. REPORTS FROM THE OPERATION CURRENTLY UNDERWAY HAVE INDICATED THAT THE LEVEL OF LAO COOPERATION DURING THE COURSE OF THE ACTIVITY HAS BEEN OUTSTANDING.

WE WILL CONTINUE TO PRESS FOR ADDITIONAL COOPERATION AND PROGRESS IN THIS AREA, PARTICULARLY IN THE AREAS OF FLEXIBILITY IN THE FIELD, ACCESS TO OTHER POSSIBLE ARCHIVAL HOLDINGS AND EXPEDITIOUS LIVE-SIGHTING INVESTIGATIONS.

3. US/EU Q: At what level is the upcoming meeting taking place? It's my understanding that this is the U.S.-EU Commission.

A: AS PART OF OUR REGULAR CONSULTATIONS WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION, SECRETARY CHRISTOPHER IS SCHEDULED TO MEET ON JANUARY 31 WITH GREEK FOREIGN MINISTER PAPOULIAS, CURRENT PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN UNION COUNCIL OF MINISTERS, AND HANS VAN DEN BROEK, COMMISSIONER FOR EXTERNAL POLITICAL RELATIONS IN THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION.

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